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L52 I 

1910 ;; 






833 01757 0448 


Being the Fourth Tear of Issue 

The Legitimist 






" Sur le retour [du monde] a la verity, sur I'epoque de ce retour, 
sur les causes qui I'ameneront, je ne puis etre aussi precis que sur les 
malheurs que je prevois ; mais j'ai en moi un secret instinct qu'il se fera 
a un moment donne comme tine avant-dernicre revelation de la verite 
dans lespi-it des tnasses. On sera tout 6tonn^ de voir et de comprendre 
que ce qu'on cherchait dans le malaise des discussions et des disputes est 
simple et facile, et ce jour-la /a Revolution sera _finie I" — De Maistre. 




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Morrison & Gibb Limited 


Price Ten Shiliings. 


Ebitor's ipreface 

'T^HE Legitimist Kalendar for 1910 was already in print when 
an incomparable loss was sustained by the Legitimists of 
.^ Christendom in the death of His Majesty King Charles VIL of 
Spain and XL of France. 

Where possible, as in the account of the " De Jure Sovereigns of 
Europe," I have altered the name to that of His present Majesty, 
King James HL and I. In other parts of the book, that were 
printed off, alterations were impossible. 

I must therefore beg the indulgence of our readers for seeming 
M inconsistency, offering them the best of all compensation in the 
\ PoHtical Testament of the late King of France and Spain. 

To add words of mine to those of His Majesty would be 
presuming as well as superfluous, and it but remains for me to thank 
all those who have kindly helped me with the book. 


political tlestamcnt to tbe Carlists b^ tbc 
late Ikino Cbarlee tbe Vlh of Spain 
ant) JL of ifrance* 

IN full possession of my faculties, when my life, fuller in experience than in 
years, does not, according to human probabilities, seem near its end, I 
wish to leave my sentiments on record for you, my loyal and beloved Carlists, 
who are a part of my own self. 

From my abode in exile, thinking of death for myself, and of life for Spain, 
with my mind fixed on time and on eternity, I write these lines so that even 
from beyond the tomb they may carry my voice to your homes and recall 
the image of one whom you so loved, and who so loved you. 

\Vhen they are published I shall have appeared before the Divine Presence 
of the Supreme Judge. He who searches the heart knows that they are not 
dictated merely by a sentiment of natural pride. 

They are inspired by that sense of duty and by that love of Spain, and of 
you, which have ever been the guidance of my life, which would seem to me 
incomplete if I did not leave you a political Testament epitomising the fruits of 
my experience, and showing you that even after my heart has ceased to beat, 
my soul will stay among you, anxious for your welfare, grateful for your love, 
careful for your well-being, the soul, in fact, of a most loving father, which is 
what I have always wished to be to you. Moreover, I pay a debt of gratitude. 

You are my family, the example and the consolation of all my life, as I 
have stated on solemn occasions. Your heroism, your constancy, your devo- 
tion, and your nobility of soul have given me immense encouragement in the 
days of strife and of prosperity, and the greatest support in sorrow, in suffering, 
and in that terrible inaction which is the heaviest of all crosses, the only one 
which has broken down my strength in the battle of life. 

I cannot better reciprocate all for which I am indebted to you, than by 
leaving to you in these lines the best of my mind. 

In my private last will I set down my fervent profession of the Catholic 
Faith. I wish to repeat and confirm it here in the face of the whole world. 

God alone knows what circumstances will surround my death. But 
whether it overtakes me on the throne of my ancestors, or on the field of 
battle, or in my banishment, a victim of the revolution to which I declared 
implacable war, I hope to draw my last breath kissing the Crucifix, and I 

vi political Testament to tbe Carltsts 

implore the Redeemer of the world to accept this life of mine, which I have 
consecrated to Spain, as an offering for the redemption of Spain. 

In truth I declare to you that during the whole of my existence, from when 
in my infancy there arose in me the first dawnings of reason, till now when I 
have reached the mature age of manhood, I have always done everything as I 
honestly understood it, and have never left anything undone, which I thought 
might be useful to our country, and to the great cause which I have so long 
had the honour of leading. 

" I shall return," I told you at Valcarlos, on that bitter day, memorable 
among the most memorable of my life. And that promise, which sprang from 
my inmost being with faith, conviction, and unquenchable enthusiasm, I still 
firmly hope will be fulfilled. But if God in His inscrutable designs should 
have decided to the contrary, if my eyes are not to see again that sky which 
makes me think all others pale, if I am to die far away from that blest land for 
which my longing never leaves me, even so that cry of my heart will not 
have been in vain. 

If Spain is curable I shall come back to her even if I am dead. 
I shall come back with my principles, which alone can restore her 
greatness ; I shall come back with my flag, which I never surrendered, and 
which I have had the honour and happiness to keep for you without a single 
stain, refusing every sort of compromise, so that you may hold it high. 
A man's life is scarcely as one day in the life of nations. 
My personal endeavours would have been powerless had it not been for 
your concurrence, which helped me to create that vigorous, faithful, and 
patriotic band of youths, which I see already prepared to recover our inherit- 
ance, and to continue our mission. If during my career in the world I have 
succeeded in preserving for Spain this hope of glory, I die satisfied, and I can 
say with legitimate pride, that in exile, in misfortune, and in persecution, I 
have governed my country in reality more than those who one after the other 
have taken the reins of power. 

Government is not compromise, as was shamefully believed and practised 
by the political adversaries who have opposed me with all the material appear- 
ances of triumph. Government is resistance, just as the head resists the 
passions in a well-balanced man. 

Without my resistance and yours, what barrier could have been opposed to 
the revolutionary torrent by the sham rulers who in my time have succeeded 
one another in Spain? Whatever has been saved from the wreck, we, not 
tliey, have saved it, and we have saved it by our own energy. 

Go forward, then, my beloved Carlists ! Go forward for God and for 
Spain ! Let this be your watchword in the combat, as it was ever mine, and 
those of us who may have fallen in the fight will implore from God new 
strength for you so that you may not lose courage. 

Uphold your faith intact, the cult of our traditions, and the love of our 

My son James, or whoever succeeds me in the right, knowing what the 

{political XTestament to tbe Carlists vii 

right means and requires, will continue my work. And even if the cup of 
bitterness were drained to the dregs, and the legitimate dynasty, which has 
been to you as a providential light, were to become extinct, your own dynasty, 
the dynasty of my admirable Carlists, the Spaniards par excellence, can never 
be extinguished. ^ 

You can save the country, as you saved it, with the King at your head, ^Kt^^jL 
from the hordes of the Mahometans, and as when bereaved of a sovereign you / ^^^^ 
saved it from the legions of Napoleon. Tho vicbu's of Navas and of Baiten , > 

were ' ffie "aiicestors of the volunteers of Alpens and of Lacar. Both had the 
same faith in their souls, the same battle-cry upon their lips. 

My sacrifices and yours to form this great Spanish family, which is a guard 
of honour to the sanctuary where our venerable traditions are enshrined, are 
not, cannot be, fruitless. 

God Himself, the God of our fathers, has given us a pledge of His promise 
when He granted us superhuman strength to work out this real prodigy of 
modern times, to maintain inviolate amidst the unbridled attacks of victorious 
revolutionaries the living and fecund traditions of our race, as though the 
current of some crystal stream should flow through the ocean, without injury 
to the purity and sweetness of its waters. 

None have been more attacked, none more calumniated, none made the 
target of greater injustice than the Carlists and I. So that no adverse circum- 
stance should be wanting to us, we have frequently seen those turn against us 
whose best interest lay in helping us, but we have not been discouraged by 
ingratitude. Workers for the future, we laboured for history, and not for 
any personal benefit, the rebuffs of the passing hour mattered little to us if 
only the grain of sand which each one carried to the common work, could 
become one day the monolithic foundation for the greatness of our 

For that reason my death will be a family bereavement for all of you, but 
not a disaster. 

' You have loved me much, as much as I loved you, and more were 
impossible. I know that you will mourn for me like affectionate sons, but I 
know the temper of your souls, and I know also that the grief of losing 
me will be an additional stimulus to honour my memory by serving our 

Our Monarchy is above individuals. The King cannot die. 

Although you cease to see me at your head, you will continue to acclaim, 
as in my time, the lawful and traditional King of Spain, and to defend the 
fundamental principles of our programme. 

You have them set forth in all my manifestoes. 

They are the same which I have upheld, and proclaimed ever since the 
abdication of my most beloved father in 1868. 

These principles, if applied from the summit of power by a King in very / fl^ 
truth, having as fellow-workmen the soldiers of Spain, riiejfirsMn the world, ^ ^ 

and by that nation of giants, great as none other in their faith, their daring,^t-«r>»V^ ' 

viii ipolitical XTestament to tbe Carlists 

their contempt of death and of all material advantages, could in a very 
short time carry out my policy which aspired to revive the old Spain of the 
Catholic Kings and of Charles V, 

Gibraltar for Spain, union with Portugal, Morocco for Spain, federation 
with our former colonies, that is to say, integrity, honour, and greatness. There 
you have the legacy, which, by fair means, I aspired to leave to my Country- 

If I die without accomplishing it, do not forget that this is the goal, and that 
to reach it it is indispensable to cast out beyond our frontiers those institutions 
imported from other nations which do not feel, or reason, or love as we do, 
and to restore the traditional institutions of our history, without which the body 
of our nation is a body without a soul. 

With regard to proceedings and forms, and to all that is merely accidental 
and external, the circumstances and requirements of the time will show such 
alterations as may be necessary, but without touching the essential principles. 

Although Spain has been the worship of all my life, I could not forget that 
my birth imposed upon me duties towards France, the cradle of my family. 

For that reason I upheld intact the rights which belong to me as the first- 
born of my House. 

I charge my successors not to abandon them, as a protest for the right, 
and in the interests of that noble and misguided nation, as well as of the Latin 
idea, which I hope is destined to revive in future ages. 

I wish also to record here my gratitude to the small but select band of 
French legitimists who, since the death of Henry V., have gathered around 
my father and myself, faithful to their flag, and to the Salic Law. 

I also equally give thanks from the depths of my soul, to those many 

sons of chivalrous France, who, by their conduct towards me and mine, ever 

i protested against those injustices of which the descendant .of Henry IV, and 

-ik-y w<^Louis XIV. was a victim in their midst, it being well known to me that the 

, ^ ,^f*hostile acts of the French revolutionary government, frequently inspired by 

^^^^^11 t ^^ greatest enemies of our race, did not represent the national sentiment of 

fU^J>» France. 

Let those, however, who come after me bear in mind that the head of our 
House belongs to Spain, which for his sake has lavished rivers of blood and 
treasures of love. 

My last salute on earth will be to that sacred yellow and red flag, and 
if God in His infinite mercy has pity, as I hope, upon my soul, He will allow 
me to see from heaven the ideals of my life triumphant under that glorious 
ensign. And to you who have with such energy defended them by my side, I 
offer my last farewell. 
/ I shall remember you all, and I should like to mention you all individually 

, here, but how is it possible ? makin^as you do an innumerable people. 

My gratitude to all who live, and to aTl who have died for our cause, is 
immeasurable. To prove it, and to perpetuate their memory, I have instituted 
the national feast of our martyrs. Continue it as a part of your faith, you who 
may survive me. Meet together, for mutual stimulation and encouragement, 


political Uestainent to tbe Carlists ix 

and in testimony of gratitude to those who have preceded you in the path 
of honour, on March loth of each year, the anniversary of the death of my 
most pious and exemplary grandfather, who with no less reason than the first- 
crowned leaders of the Keco7tquista^ should be included in the list of 
genuine Spanish Kings. 

But if I cannot name all one by one, I bear you all in my heart, and I 
choose among you to bless specially, as father and King, him who till now 
has been proud to bear the title of first of my subjects, my beloved son James. 

God, who has chosen him to succeed me, will give him the light and the 
power necessary to lead you. 

I need not remind him that while he will find a kind of moral aristocracy 
in you, who have ever been Carlists, all Spaniards, from the mere fact of their 
being Spaniards, have a right to his care and affection. I never could bring 
myself to consider any son of the Spanish soil as an enemy, but it is certain 
that many among them fought against me as adversaries. t^ ^ 

Let them know that I hated no one, and that they were to me nothing but 'T / _ 
sons, misled, some by errors of education, others by invincible ignorance, /^•Ji.*-'*^ jf 
most of them by the force of irresistible temptations, and the deleterious ^y^.' y ifiu/S ' 
influences of the atmosphere in which they were born. X / J'^j 

One of the faults which have found me most inflexible, is that com- "'''^^ 
mitted by those who have put obstacles in the way of their admission to our 

I charge my son James to persevere in my policy of forgetfulness and 
pardon towards all men. Let him never fear to carry this too far, provided 
that he remains uncompromising as regards principles. 

I charge him also not to forget how he is bound by my solemn oaths to 
respect and defend the traditional privileges of our peoples.^ By my memor- 
able oaths of Guernica and Villafranca I intended to be bound in the presence 
of God, and before men, for myself and for all my family. 

I would have contracted the same sacred pledges to each of the regions of 
Spain, one and indivisible, as I offered to Catalonia, Aragon, and Valencia, if it 
had been materially possible for me to do so. 

Thus with the duties of loyal subjects and the dignity of free citizens 
mixed and identified in all Spaniards worthy of the name, and with the royal 
power and the high charge of prime guardian of the national liberties united in 
me, I have believed and can affirm in all truth that wherever I have been I 
have taken with me the Covadonga^ of modern Spain. 

And since, while, naming as first among you the Prince of the Asturias, I 
unite in the same feeling of heartfelt tenderness my family by blood, and my 
family according to my heart, I cannot take leave of you without recording 
here the names of the two good angels of my life, my most beloved mother, 
and my most beloved wife, Maria Bertha. 

IThe reconquest of Spain from the Moors. 

2 Special privileges of certain provinces. 

3 Covadonga is the site of the chief victory over the Moors. 

X ^ ipolitical XTestanient to tbe Carltsts 

I owe to the teachings of the one and to the consolations of the other, that 
which I can never repay. The first by inculcating into my mind from infancy, 
those solid Christian principles which she drew from the very depths of her 
soul, set the path of duty straight before me. 

The second sustaining me in my sorrows, gave me strength to tread it 
firmly, without stumbling over the difficulties encountered on my way. 

Engrave in your hearts, and teach to the lisping voices of your children, 
those two blessed names, Maria Beatrice and Maria Bertha. And when you, 
who have the happiness of living among the admirable women of Spain, 
feel yourselves comforted by a mother, or daughter, or sister, or wife, on 
looking into the mirror of their souls and seeing reflected there the virtues of 
Heaven, remember that these are also reflections from the souls of those two 
chosen ones who have lighted the desert of my life. 

I now leave you, sons of my choice, companions of my warfare, sharers of 
my joys and of my griefs. 

Do not weep for me, instead of tears give me prayers. Pray to God for 
my soul, and for Spain, and think that while you are praying for me, I shall, 
by the grace of the Saviour of the World be invoking the Virgin Mary, St. 
James our Patron, St. Louis and St. Ferdinand, my heavenly protectors, 
supplicating them with the faith of ancient Spain, which was strengthened 
in me in Jerusalem at the Sepulchre of Christ, that they will reward you on 
earth as what you are, crusaders and martyrs. 

Before closing this, my political testament, and desiring that the present 
original, entirely written by my own hand, shall remain first in the possession 
of my widow, and failing her in that of my legitimate successors, I take two 
copies, one literally in Spanish, and the other in French, to be communicated 
to the press of both Spain and France as soon as my eyes have been closed. 

Done at my residence the Loredan Palace, Campo San Vio, in Venice ; 
on the feast of the Epiphany in the year of Grace 1897. 

Sealed with my Royal Seal. 

It consists of six double sheets, forming twenty-four pages, numbered by 


This is an exact copy of my political Testament, and consists of five pages. 
It is intended for the Spanish press. 

fIDanifesto of Iking James Ul, anb L of 
Spain ant) iFrancc 

FOR the first time in nearly a century, this day,^ the most auspicious of 
the whole year for the Carlist community, has become for it a day 
of mourning. There is hardly a church in Spain wherein numerous con- 
gregations have not assembled to pray for the soul of my father ; I give 
thanks for those prayers ; they prove that your affection is not confined to this 
life, it passes by means of prayer over the grave and reaches its fulness in 
heaven. On this day the hearts of all Spaniards worthy of the name are 
more fervently than ever united with mine in the Cathedral of Trieste, that 
Escurial of exile, watching the tomb containing the remains of him whom 
we all equally lament, because he was King and father to us all. 

I am unwilling that so memorable a date should pass without a word of 
encouragement to you from me, and I choose it specially to address you. I 
will say little, and need say little. 

If God has called to Himself the august sentinel who guarded the sacred 
deposit of our national traditions, the post which during forty years he filled i,] 
with so much honour is not vacant. I am come to relieve him. /V "^ ' ' 

On succeeding with filial piety to a heritage not less onerous than _glorious, \j '■"•^■t 
I take on myself at once his rights, his duties, his ideas, his sentiments, and / 

his affections. I do not speak of his hatreds, for his heart, like mine, hac- 
boured none. ' ■ ', . ' • ty^ 

I might almost be excused if I abstained frcfei addressing you in a 
manifesto, seeing that I adopt and endorse as my own all those issued by my 
father, from the letter to^ my beloved uncle the Infant Don Alfonso, down 
to the religious and patriotic declarations of his political testament. 

Identified, however, though I be with the principles set forth in those 
immortal documents, I am conscious that it is incumbent on me to make my 
own comments thereupon, and to develop them to their final consequences. 

This I shall do, but not now when in spirit, like all of you, I am not 
only in Spain, but also on the other side of the Straits. Yonder floats that 
red and yellow flag which has been the idol of my whole life, which shaded 
my cabin while I was ploughing the most distant seas, and which, often saluted 
by the enemy's fire, floated over my campaigning tent in the vast solitudes of Asia. 
So long as a national war is being waged under this blest ensign, our hearts i 

1 The feast of St. Charles Borromeo, name day of Don Carlos and his two predecessors. 

2 This letter, dated June 1S69, contained Don Carlos' first public pronouncement. 


/[Manifesto of IRlng James ill. anb I. 


)L A*^^ 


must beat for it alone ; and I am nothing, and wish to be nothing, but a 
Spaniard anxiously following it with eyes and heart, and deploring that I 
cannot serve it with my blood. 

Only when it shall wave victorious, washed of all the insults which have 
been put on it, I shall remember that I have other duties, placed on me 
by my birth, which I cannot evade. Whilst awaiting that day which, thanks 
to the heroism of our soldiers, I hope will soon dawn, I pray God to give me 
strength to accomplish the sacred task laid on me by my dear father's death. 
Hard as I know it to be, I firmly believe that I shall not fail, because I shall 
have in it the help, which I earnestly invoke, of all good Spaniards, and 
because from Heaven the necessary grace will be obtained for me by the 
ntercession of my never-to-be-forgotten mother, that exemplary and most 
5weet Queen, whose premature death left in Spain, in the cause, and in my 
family, a void which has never been filled, and whose memory is an object of 
just and deserved veneration in every Carlist home. 

Strengthened by these hopes, I have promised on my father's tomb to 
remain faithful until death to this chivalrous war-cry of a dynasty of exiles : 
All for God, for country, and for honour. 

I am sure that in the depths of your hearts, which are sanctuaries of 
loyalty, you take the same vow, and are ready, as I am, to sacrifice your life 
to accomplish it. This vow which we renew before Spain is more than ever 
necessary now for her service. 

Social order, so shaken by the revolution, is threatened to its very 
foundations, and not so much by the force of the anarchist hordes as by the 
cowardice of the authorities who treat with them, giving them as hostages 
their lives and their interests. In the approaching violent strife between 
civilisation and barbarism, I yield to none the first place in the vanguard to 
fight for society and fatherland. 

Never shall the dread of terrorist anger cause me to draw back one step 
on the path of duty. I am a Spaniard, and there is no room for fear in my 
programme. Death and I have often met in the most sanguinary battles 
recorded in modern history. I was fighting then under the flag of a great 
nation which was not my own ; I shall know better how to offer my life for 
Spain my mother. 

Frohsdorf, i,t1i November 1909. 

ZnUc of Contente 


The Editor's Preface iii 

Political Testament to the Carlists of the Late King 

Charles VII. and XI.^ v 

Manifesto of King James III. and I.^ xi 

Index xv 

Kalendar for 1910 I 

The De Jure Royal Houses of Christendom .... 26 



The Jacobite and Legitimist Party and the existing 

Legitimist Societies 52 

A Table of Dates of Events affecting, or relating to, 

the History of the Royalist and Jacobite Cause . 55 

The Seize Quartiers of those Princes and Princesses 

WHO, but for the Act of Settlement, would have 

reigned over these Realms, and of their Consorts. . 88 

Documents relating to the Succession, etc.— 

The Declaration of Indulgence of King James II. and VII. . 103 

The Protest of King James II. and VII. against the Treaty of 

Ryswick .......... 106 

The Protest of King James III. and VIII. against the Claims of 

the House of Hanover ........ 107 

The Protest of Charles Edward Prince of Wales against the 

Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle . . . . . . .110 

The Will and Protest of King Henry IX iii 

The Protest of Anne Duchess of Savoy against the Act of 

Settlement . . . . . . . . . .114 

The Martyr Roll of Loyalty 115 

A List of those Attainted and Convicted of High Treason 
for Adherence to their rightful Sovereigns since 1558 121 

A List of those Persons who were Exempted from the 
Acts of Indemnity of 1641, 1645, 1647, 1651, 1654, 1690, 
1717, and 1747 135 

A Short Account of the Proceedings in the Convention 
Parliament of 1688-9, and of the Act of Settlement, the 
Abjuration Act, the Settlement of the Succession in 
Scotland, and the Septennial Act, showing the relative 
strength of the Whigs and Jacobites on the different divisions, 
together with the names of those Members of both Houses of 
Parliament who voted against the elevation to the Throne of the 

1 We have given to both their Majesties their full de jure styles advisedly, though well 
aware that so far neither Prince has consented to claim (otherwise than in theory) his 
indisputable title to the throne of France. — Ed. 

xiv TTable of Contents 


Prince and Princess of Orange, of the Members of the House of 
Commons who voted against the Act of Settlement, of the Peers 
who protested against the Abjuration Act, and of the Members of 
the Scottish Parliament who voted against the Union and the 
succession of the Hanoverian dynasty . . . . . .138 

A List of those Titles still under Attainder for Fidelity 
TO the Legitimate Dynasty . 147 

A Tentative List of the Ministers of the Exiled Sove- 
reigns 149 


The Legitimist Party, with some particulars as to its 
Organisation, etc 155 

Documents relating to the Succession, etc. — 
Declaration of King John HL .... 

Address presented to King Charles XL 

His Majesty's reply ...... 

Letter from King Charles XI. to the Prince de Valori 
Protest of King Charles XL to the Comte de Paris 
Reply of the Comte de Paris 

Letter from the Earl of Ashburnham to King Charles XL 
Letter from King Charles XL to the Earl of Ashburnham 





The Legitimist Party, with some particulars as to its 
Organisation, etc. 161 

Documents relating to the Succession — 

Protest of H.R.H. the Infant Don Carlos (afterwards Carlos V.) 

against the abrogation of the Salic Law . . . . .162 
Abdication of Don Juan III., with letter from Don Carlos VII. 

notifying the same to the Sovereigns of Europe . . .162 
Protest of Don Carlos VII. on the birth of the Infant Don Alfonso 163 


Protest of the 20th September 1S70, etc. ..... 164 


The Legitimist Committees, etc 165 


The Legitimist Party 165 

Document relating to the Succession — 

Protest of Dom Miguel I. against the Convention of Evora Monte 166 


Table of the Descendants of Mary, Queen of Scots . . 167 

List of those Personages who have by strict Hereditary 

Right a Prior Claim to the Throne of Great Britain 

AND Ireland to that ok its Present Occupant. . . 168 

Supplement i89 


Abbott, G., 121. 

— T., 121. 

Abercorn, Earl of, 124, 126. 
Abercromby, P., 153. 
Aberdeen, Earl of, 146. 
Abernethy, A., 132. 

— G., 132. 

Abington, Earl of, 133, 146. 

— Edward, Esq., 116. 
Aboyne, Viscount, 124, 135. 
Acton, Sir E., 141. 

Adelaide, St., Queen Consort, 6, 73, 

Adelgonda, H.R.H. Princess, 21, 

29, 168. 
of Bavaria, Queen Dowager, 7, 

98, 102. 
Airly, Earl of, 124, 135, 146. 
Albert, H.R.H. Prince, 10, 29, 83, 


— Edward, de facto King, 187. 

— King of Belgium, 26, 175. 

— King of Saxony, 9. 

— Prince of Saxe-Coburg, 102. 
Aldobrandini, J. F., 89. 

— Margaret, 89. 

Alexander HI., Emperor of Russia, 

6, 22, 23. 

— King of Servia, 17, 81. 
Alexandra of Denmark, de facto 

Queen, 102. 
Alfonso or Alphonso {de facto King 

of Spain), 18, 163, 165, 172, 178. 
Alford, Earl of, 149. 
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and 

Gotha, 16. 
Alice, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, 25. 
Almond, Countess of, 151. 
Alphonso, King of the Two Sicilies, 

7, 49- 
Altieri, M. A., 186. 

— Maria A., 186. 

— C, 186. 

— L., 186. 
Ancrum, James, 132. 
Anderson, F., Esq., 129, 132. 

Anderton, Hugh, 118, 126, 129. 

Andrew, St., 23. 
Andrews, Col., 117. 
Anglade, Marquis d', 156. 
Anglesey, Earl of, 146. 
Anhalt, Duke and Duchess of, 9. 
Anjou, Philip, Duke of, 155. 
Annandale, Marquis of, 145. 
Anne, Empress of Austria, 19. 

— Queen of Sardinia and Duchess of 

Savoy, 17, 103, 114. 

— of Bohemia, 102. 

— Boleyn, 102. 

— of Cleves, 102. 

— of Denmark, 91. 

— Princess, 102, 142, 144. 
Anne-Mary, Queen of Sardinia, 167. 
Annesley, Hon. A., 142. 

Anstis, John, Esq., 142. 

Anthone, A., 123. 

Antoinette, Queen of the Two 

Sicilies, 6, 49, 174. 
Antonelli, Cardinal, 164, 165. 
Antuni, Prince Ferdinand of, 187. 
Aosta, Prince A. of, 171. 
- — Prince Aynon of, 171. 

— Duke of, 178. 

— L., Dowager Duchess, 178. 
Apponyi, Countess, 178. 
Aquila, L. M., Count of, 172. 

— Prince P. of, 172. 
Araye, Robert, 115. 
Archer, Mr., 146. 

Arco-Stepperg, Countess S. of, 176. 
Arco-Zinneberg, Count Joseph of, 

• — Count Ferdinand of, 176. 

— Countess Marie Sidonia of, 176. 

— Countess Leopoldina Irene of, 176. 

— Count Maximilian of, 176. 

— Count Nicolas of, 176. 

— Count Aloysius of, 176. 

— Countess Leopoldina of, 176. 

— Countess Helen of, 176. 

— Countess Mechtilda of, 176. 

— Countess Marie Sophia of, 1 76. 



Arco-Zinneberg, Countess Irene of, 

— Countess Anna of, 176. 

— Countess Elizabeth of, 176. 

— Count Francis of, 176. 
d'Argenson, Isabel, Marquise, 185. 

— Countess C, 1S5. 
Argyll, Marquis of, 4, 11, 13. 

— Earl of, 4, II, 13, 60. 
Armarer, C, gentleman, 122. 
Arquien,Lord of (A. de la Grange), 90. 

— Marquis of (H. de la Grange), 

90, 91. 
Arsoli, Prince, 179. 
Arthur, Thomas, 154. 
Arundel, Lord, 140. 

— F., 143- 

— Henry, 154. 

Ashburnham, Earl of, 25, 74,81, 159, 

160, 162. 
Ashton, Col. E., 118. 

— John, 118, 129. 

— Thomas, 118. 
-J., 126. 
Aston, Sir E., 143. 
Astorga, Marquis of, 171. 
Athol, Duke of, 21, 71. 

— Earl of, 135. 
Atkins, Thomas, 149. 
Atkinson, John, 115. 
Atterbury, Bishop, 5. 
Aubigny, Baron d', 156. 
Auchmontie, Lieut., 127. 
Auchmonty, Lieut., 127. 
Augusta, late Queen of Prussia, 19, 21. 
Augustus I., Elector of Saxony, 94. 

— II., Elector of Saxony, 94. 
d'Aurimont, Marquis de Griftblet, 156. 
Austria, Archduke Francis Ferdinand 

of, 25, 41, 174. 

— Archduke Rudolph, 41. 

— Maria Theresa, Archduchess 
Charles L. of, 173. 

— Maria Theresa, Archduchess 
Charles S. of, 174. 

— Joanna of, 89. 

— Mary J. of, 94. 

— Archduchess Elizabeth of, 99. 

— Archduke Joseph of, 81, 99. 

— M., Duchess of Modena, Arch- 

duchess Otho of, 170. 

— Archduke Charles F. J. of, 170. 

— Archduke Maximilian E. L. of, 


Austria, Princess Augustine, Arch- 
duchess Joseph A. of, 170. 

— Archduke Joseph F. of, 170. 

— Archduke Ladislaus of, 170. 

— Archduchess Sophia of, 170. 

— Archduke Charles of, 174. 

— Archduke Leo of, 174. 

— Archduke William of, 174. 

— Archduchess Eleanor of, 174. 

— Archduchess Rennee of, 174. 

— Archduchess Matilda of, 174. 

— Clothilda, Archduchess J. of, 176. 
— • Archduke J. A. of, 176. 

— Archduchess Elizabeth of, 176. 

— Archduchess Clothilda of, 176. 

— Archduke Albert of, 178. 

— Archduchess Marie Christine of, 


— Archduchess Marie Anne of, 178. 

— Archduchess Marie H. of, 178. 

— Archduchess Gabrielle of, 178. 
— ■ Archduchess Isabella of, 178. 

— Archduchess Marie Alice of, 178. 

— Archduke Charles S. of, 178. 

— Archduke Eugene of, 178. 

— Isabella, Archduchess F. of, iSi. 
Austria-Hungary, Archduchess Maria 

A. of, 173- . 

— Archduchess Elizabeth of, 173. 
Aylesford, Earl of, 146. 
Aylmar, Sir G., 126. 

— • Lady E., 126. 
Aytoun, W. E., 16. 
Azambuja, Count of, 173. 

Babington, A., 116, 123. 

— Thomas, 141. 

Baden, Grand Duchess of, 24. 
Bagnall, Dudley, 150. 
Bagot, Edward, 143. 
Bagott, John, 151. 

— R., 152. 

Baillie of Littlegil, A., 123. 

— A., 123. 

— James, 123. 

— W., of Lamingtoun, 145. 
Balcanqual, Master W., 135. 
Balcarras, Earl of, 127. 
Balcas, Countess M. de, 185. 
Balcas d'Aulps, F. de, 185. 
Bale, C, 140. 

Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, 12S. 

— Sir J., 123. 

— R-, 123. 



Balfour of Burleigh, M., 129. 

— Major H., 145. 
Ballard, Rev. J., 116. 
Balmerino, Lord, 17, 119, 145, 146. 

— and Coupar, Elphinstone, Lord, 

Bamf, Lord, 146. 
Bandeville, Marquis de, 186. 
Banks, Sir J., 141, 143. 

— C, 141. 

Bannerman, Sir A., 136. 
Barbour, William, 123. 
Barclay, Sir G., 12S, 132. 
Bardi, Count of, 169. 

— Countess of, 173. 
Barere, 21. 

Bargeny, Lord, 136, 145. 
Bari, Count of, 174. 
Barker, Sir J., 141. 

— Col. W. M., 154. 
Barnaghy, J., 132. 
Barnewall, R., 123. 
Barney, Kenelm, 116, 
Barnwell, P., gentleman, 116. 
Barrington, Sir C, 142. 
Barry, Dr. P., 136, 151. 
Bartlet, J., 132. 

Barton, L., 132. 

Barwick, John, gentleman, 119. 

Basset, Sir W., 141. 

Bath and Wells, Bishop of, 140. 

Eaufifremont, Prince T. of, 171. 

— Princess H. of, 171. 
Bauffremont Courtney, Princess M. 

of, 171. 
Bavaria. For Her Majesty, Princess 
Louis of Bavaria, and all in the 
direct de jure succession to the 
British Throne, see under their 
Christian names. 

— Prince Adalbert of, 171. 

— Prince Alfonso of, 172. 

— Princess Alfonso of, 175. 

— Princess Amelia of, 172. 

— Prince Arnolph of, 170. 

— Princess Clara of, 172. 

— Duchess Charles Theodore of, 173. 

— Duke Christopher of, 176. 

— Prince Conrad of, 170. 

— Prince Ferdinand of, 93, 96. 

— Duke F. J. of, 173. 

— Prince George of, 170. 

— Archduchess G., Princess Leopold 

of, 41, 178. 


Bavaria, Princess Hedvviga of, 90, 91. 

— Prince Henry of, 170. 

— Prince J. C. of, 172. 

— Prince Leopold of, 170. 

— Prince Louis of (Prince Consort), 

2, 86, 99, 100, 102, 170. 

— Prince L. F. of, 172. 

— Duke L. W. of, 173. 

• — ■ Prince Luitpold, Regent of, 6, 42, 

— Duke Luitpold of, 176. 

— Duchess Magdalena of, 90, 91. 

— Maria, Princess L. F. of, 170. 

— Princess Maria of, 171. , 

— Mary A. C. V. of, daughter of 

Duke of, 93, 96. 

— Mary F. of, daughter of Elector of, 


— Duke Sigefred of, 176. 

— Princess Theresa of, 1 70. 
Bayne, John, 145. 
Baynes, Lieut. D., 127. 

— Lieut. J., 127. 
Beard, William, 132. 
Beaton, J., 132. 

Beatrice, Princess Royal, 41. 
Beaufort, Duke of, 140. 
Beaufort-Spontin, Frederick, Duke of, 

— Mary, Duchess of, 182. 

de Beaufort, Count Henry, 182. 

— Countess Mary, 182. 

— Countess Eleanor, 182. 
Beaumont, Sir G., 143. 

— (minister), 117. 
Belasis, Thomas, 150. 
Belasy, Matthew Khuon of, 93. 

— Lcewenstein-Wertheim, Mary P., 

Princess of, 93. 
Belcarras, Earl of, 146. 
Belgium, Prince L. of, 26, 173. 

— Prince C. of, 26, 173. 

— Princess M. of, 26, 173. 
Belhaven, Lord, 145. 
Bell, Lieut., 127. 
Bellamy, J., 116. 
Bellasyse, Sir H., 142. 
Bellevue, Viscount de, 156. 
Belmont, Dowager Countess of, 174. 

— (Counts and Countesses of), 174. 
Benbow, Col., 117. 

Benedict XHL, Pope, 5. 
Benedict XIV., Pope, 112. 
Bennet, A., 129. 



Bennet, Sir L., 140. 

Benozzi, Jerome, 153. 

Benson, 117. 

Berengaria of Navarre, 102. 

Berkley, Edward, 141. 

Berney-Ficklin, P., Esq., 82. 

Berry, Duke of, 3, 4, 167. 

Bertha, Queen Consort of France and 

Spain, 9, II. 
Bertie, Hon. C, 141, 143. 
Berty, Charles, 141. 
Berwick, Duke of, 127, 147. 

— John, 132. 
Betham, Dr., 151. 
Bethune of Balfour, 145. 
Bettely, John, 118. 

Biby, John, gentleman, 125. 
Bickerstaff, P., 141. 
Biddulph, Mrs., 151. 

-R., 151- 
Billsborough, R., 129. 
Birkenfeld, Count Palatine of, 98. 
Bisaccia, Duke of, 182. 
Bishop, gentleman, 116, 122. 
Bissingen und Nippenburg, Countess 
M., 177. 

— Countess G., I77- 

— Countess E., 177. 
Blackburn, Cornet, 117. 
Blair, Sir A., 127. 

— Dr., 153. 

— John, 129. 

— P., 136. 

— A., 136. 

Blakestone, M., gentleman, 122. 
Blanckenburg, L., Prince of, 95. 

— Elizabeth C., Princess of, 96. 
Blantyre, Lord, 145. 
Blavette, Count de, 156. 
Bliss, Thomas, Esq., 143. 
Blofield, Thomas, Esq., 143. 
Blois, Frances M. of, 95. 
Blood, A., or Blyde, 119, 132. 
de Boissieu, Countess 11., 184. 
Bolingbroke, Earl of, 149. 

— Viscount, 128. 
Bonaparte, General, 10, 166. 

— Princess N., 187. 
Bonchamp, M., 6. 
Booth, Charles, 151. 
Bouchier, G., 116. 

— J., 118, 127. 

Bourbon, Maison de, 155, 160. 

— John de, 155. 

Bourbon, y d'Ast, Prince A., 171. 

— y d'Ast, Princess Y., 171. 

— y d'Ast, Princess M. I., 171. 

— y Bernaldo de Quiros, Don L. , 


— y Bernaldo de Quiros, Don M., 


— y Castillvi, Prince F. , 171. 

— y Gurowski, Dona M. I., 171. 

— y Leon, Prince H., 171. 

— y Leon, Prince A., 171. 

— y Madan, Don F., 172. 

— y Madan, Dona jNL C., 172. 

— y Madan, Dofia M. P., 172. 

— y Muguiro, Dona M. C, 172. 

— y Muguiro, Dona E., 172. 

— y Maguiro, Dona A., 172. 

— y Parade, Princess M. M. E., 171. 

— y Parade, Princess H., 171. 

— y de la Torre, Prince F., 171. 

— y de la Torre, Prince J., 171. 

— y de la Torre, Princess E. , 171. 

— y de la Torre, Princess M., 171. 

— y de la Torre, Princess M. de las 

Dolores, 171. 
Bourg, J. du, 156. 
Bourke, Lord, 148. 

— Col. the Hon., 117. 

— Hon. J., 126. 

— Hon. R., 152. 
Boyd, George, 132. 
Bradshaw, James, 120, 132. 
Brady, M., 120, 132. 
Braganza, John of, 165. 
Brand, James, Esq., 120, 132. 
Brandenburg - Bayreuth, Christian 

Ernest, Margrave of, 94. 

— Christina of, 94. 

— Sophia of, 98. 
Brandenburg, Elector George of, 90. 

— Magdalena of, 90. 
Brandolin-Rota, Countess, 179. 
Brazils, Isabella, Empress of, 26, 172. 

— P., Prince Lnperial of, 20, 26, 172. 

— Prince L. of, 26, 172. 

— Prince A. of, 26, 172. 
Brent, R., 136. 
Brenton, E., 141. 
Brierley, 128. 

Briers, Thomas, gentleman, 129. 
Briflalini, Octavio, 89. 

— Hortense, 89. 
Brigg, John, 140. 
Brillebautand Fontancier, Lord of, 90. 




Brillebaut and Fontancier, Frances of, 

Brisbane, J., of Bishopstown, 145. 
Brisgau, Duke of, 99. 

— F., Duke of, 96, 97. 
Brittas, Lord, 126, 149. 
Brittough, William, 132. 
Broele-Plater, Count von, 178. 

— M., Countess von, 178. 
Brodhurst, J. Pendrell, Esq., 86. 
Brodie, G., 145. 

— Lieut., 127. 

Brodie-Innes, J. W., Esq., 82, 83, 85. 
Bromley, Mr., 146. 

— William, Esq., 143. 
Brook, Thomas, Esq., 116. 
Brooke, Lord, 6, 140. 
Broomer, J., 149. 

de Brouchoven de B., Countess, 184. 
Brown, J., 131. 

— R., 132. 
Browne, Hon. H., 149. 

— R., 125. 

Brownlow, Sir J., 141. 
Bruce, Countess de, 181. 

— J., Captain, 119, 129. 
Brunswick, Lewis, Regent of, 97. 

— Elizabeth of, 95, 97. 

— Elector of, 108. 

— Margrave of, 99. 

— Frederica of, 99. 
Buchan, Earl of, 145. 

— Thomas, General, 127. 
Buchanan, F. , 120, 1 31. 
Buckenham, Robert, 151. 
Buckingham, Duke of, 146. 
Buffalini, O., 89. 

Bulgaria, Boris, Crown Prince of 3, 
38, 169. 

— Marie Louise, late Princess of, 37. 

— Princess Eudoxia of, 169. 

— Princess Nadejda of, 169. 

— Cyril, Prince of Preslav, 169. 

— Alexander, Prince of, 8. 
Bulkley, Viscount, 143. 
BuUer, James, Esq., 142. 
Bulstrode, Sir R., 150. 
Bulteel, James, Esq., 142. 
Burdet, Robert, 141. 
Burgundy, L., Duke of, 94, 161. 

— Henry, Duke of, 165. 
Burke, Edmund, 14. 
Burleigh, Captain, 117. 
Burnett, John, gentleman, 132. 

Burns, Robert, 15. 
Burton, P., 136. 

— (historian), 144. 
Bushel, Captain Brown, 117. 

de Busset (nee d'Ursel), Countess J., 

— Count A., 184. 

— Count J., 184. 

— Countess S., 184. 
Butler, Sir N., 136. 

— E., 118, 126. 

— R., 129. 

— of Garrendenny, 148. 

— T., 152. 

-R., 153- 
Butter, Hon. J., 126. 
Byerley, Robert, 140, 143. 
Byers, P., 136. 

Cabra, Count of, 171. 

Caesar, Charles, Esq., 143. 

Cage, William, Esq., 143. 

Cahir, Lord, 126. 

Cairney, Sir C. , 127. 

Caithness, Earl of, 145, 146. 

Calabria, Ferdinand, Prince Royal 

and Duke of, 11, 29, 174. 
Calder, Robert, 126. 
Callendar, Earl of, 135, 147. 
Caloen, M. Perrin de, 156. 
Cameron of Lochiel, 83. 

— Sir Ewan, of Lochiel, 125. 

— John, of Lochiel, 125, 129. 

— D., the younger, of Lochiel, 131. 

— Dr. A., 12, 120, 132. 

— H., 120, 132. 

— M., 120. 

— A., ofDungallon, 131, 136. 

— L., 131. 

Campbell, Lord, of Glenderowell, 129. 

— Sir J., 136, 154, 155. 

— A., 132. 

— Robert, called "Rob Roy," 129. 

— J-, 132. 

— P., 132. 

— M. G., 132. 

Campobello, T. , Duchess of, 186. 
Campofranco, H., Prince of, 179. 

— Marie, Countess of Waldeck, 
Princess of, 179. 

Cane, Mr., 151. 
Cannon, Colonel, 125. 

— Lieut. -General, 127. 
Canterbury, Archljishop of, 117, 140. 



Capell, Lord, 117. 

Capet, Hugues, 159. 

Cappock, Lord, 120. 

Car, Sir R., 141. 

Carevv, Sir H., 116. 

Carmichael of Ballrae, 128. 

Carnagy, A., 129. 

Carnegie, J., of Phinhaven, 145. 

— J., of Boysack, 136. 
Carney, Dennis, 1 51. 
Carnwath, Earl of, 124, 128. 
Caroline, Queen of Sweden, 16. 

— of Brandenburg, 102. 

— of Brunswick, 102. 
Carruthers, John, 145. 
Carteret, Sir C, I5i- 

— Lady M., 153. 
Cary, William, 140, 142. 
Caryll, Baron, 149. 

— Mr., 151. 
Cassie, A., 129. 
Cassillis, Earl of, I2I. 
Castell-Castell-Remlingen, W. G., 

Count of, 92. 

— Juliana D. of, 92. 
Castlemain, Earl of, 136. 
Castlerosse, Lord, 126. 
Castle Connell, Lord, 126, 
Castries, Countess A., 181. 
Cataldi (notary), 113. 
Cathcart, Sir H., 145. 
Cathelineau, Count de, 6, 13, 156. 
Catherine of Braganza, 25, 102. 
Catlyn, Sir N., 141. 

Cave, Sir G., 141. 
Caze, Viscount de, 155- 
Cecil, Hon. W., 143. 
Cerveteri, Prince A., 187. 
Cesarini, Bishop, iii. 
Cetto, Baroness M. de, 176. 

— Baron E. de, 176. 

— Baroness L. de, 176. 
Chadwick, J., 119, 132. 

— T., 119, 132. 
Chaffin, T., Esq., 142. 

Challoner, , 116. 

Chalmer, D., 121. 

Chambord, Comte de, 156, 157, 


— Comtesse de, 157. 
Chandos, Lord, 140. 
Charette, M., 6. 

Charles L, King and Martyr, 3, 4, 8, 
9, 12, 17,21, 23, 30, 31, 82, 83, 

84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 91, 93, 94, 
96, 99, 100, 103, 117, 121, 135, 
142, 167, and Supplement. 

Charles IL, King, 2, 4, 7, 8, 10, 
II, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 22, 32, 
81, 89, 103, 121, 125, 161. 

Charles IIL, King (the Prince 
Regent), 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 
13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, 31, 33, 86, 91, 92, 
93. no, 119, 143, 155. 

Charles IV., King, 20, 32, 33, 94. 

Charles XL and VIL, King of 
France and Spain, Preface and 7, 
9,23,87, 155, 156,158,159, 160, 
161, 162, 163, 168. 

Charles VI., King of Spain, 2, 8, 20, 
22, 155, i67._ 

Charles V. of Spain, 6, 7, 11. 

Charles Emmanuel III., King of 
Sardinia, 5, 93, 96, 97. 

Charles Felix, King of Sardinia, 32. 

Charles IL, Duke of Parma, 167. 

Charles III., Duke of Parma, 2, 7, 

Charles VL, Emperor, 95, 96, 97, l6l. 

Charles III., King of Norway, 19. 

Charles I., King of Roumania, 9, 39. 

Charles, H.R.PI. Prince, 10, 29, 186. 

Charles L., H.R.H. Prince, 29, 186. 

Charlotte of Mecklenburg, 102. 

Charnley, William, 119. 

Charnock, Captain, 118. 

— John, 123. 

— John, Esq., 116. 

— Robert, 128. 

Charteriss, Captain Robert, 127. 

— Captain William, 127. 
Chartor, Captain, 124. 
Chartres, Duke of, 175. 

— Duchess of, 172. 
Chastel, Countess M., 184. 

— Count J., 184. 

— Count E., 184. 

— Count F., 184. 

— Count F., 184. 

— Countess H., 184. 
Chatelherault, Duke of, 121. 
Chatre, F. de la, 90. 
Chaumont, J. de, 152. 
Chauvelin, Marquis de, 155. 
Chesneleng, M., 21. 
Chesterfield, Earl of, 140. 
Chetwynd, John, 17, 141, 146. 



Chevigne, E., Dowager-Viscountess, 

Cheyne, William, 141. 
Chichester, Bishop, 140. 

— Sir A., 140. 
Child, SirF., 143. 
Chilton, C, 152. 
Chisholm, R., 129. 

— T., 123, 136. 
Chisnal, Sir E., 141. 
Chivers, H., 141. 
Cholmondley, F., 141. 
Chorley, Richard, Esq., 119, 129. 

— Charles, Esq., 119, 129. 
Christian IV. of Denmark, 5. 
Christian IX, of Denmark and 

Norway, 8. 
Christian IX., King of Denmark, 26, 
Christina, Queen of the Two 

Sicilies, 3. 
Christine of Great Britain, Queen of 

Naples, 22, 161. 
Clancarty, Earl of, 126, 136, 148, 

152, 154. 
Clanronald, Lady, 13. 
Clare, Viscount, 126, 148. 
Clare-Hitchings, E. H., 84. 
Clarendon, Earl of, 138, 140. 
Clarges, Sir T., 141. 
Clary and Aldringen, Prince of, 183. 
— Princess, 183. 
Clary, Count of, 183. 

— Countess M. of, 183. 

— Count S. of, 183. 

— Count A. of, 183. 

— Countess E. of, 183. 

— Countess S. of, 183. 

— Count M. of, 183. 

— Count E. of, 183. 

— Countess M. of, 183. 

— Countess D. of, 183. 
Clavering, E., gentleman, 120, 132. 
Claxton, R., gentleman, 122. 
Cleiland, 125. 

Clement VII., Pope, 19. 
Clement XI., Pope, 90. 
Clementina, Queen, 3, 15, 90, 102. 

— Princess, 175. 
Clepham, Major, 129. 
Clerk, Henry, 132. 
Clermont, Robert of, 155. 
Clifton, G., 129. 

Clothilda, St., Queen Consort of 
France, 94, 102. 

Cochrane, Captain, 124. 

— William, 145. 
Codroipo, Countess V., 186. 
Cokayne, G. E., Esq., 88. 
Coke, John, 140, 142. 
Coleman, William, 140. 
Collier, J., gentleman, 125. 
Collingwood, George, Esq., 119, 129. 

— R., 122. 
Collins, D., 118, 126. 
CoUoredo, Paul, INIarquis, 186. 

— Countess L., 186. 

— Countess E. , 186. 

— Countess P., 186. 

— Count H., 186. 

— Countess R., 1S6. 

— Count E., 186. 

— Countess M., 186. 
Collyns, R., 153. 
Colmon, W., 141. 

Cologne, Philip, Archbishop and 

Elector of, 45. 
Colquhoun, Sir H., 145. 
Colvill, Lord, 145, 146. 
Compton, Bishop, 144. 
Comyns, J., Esq., 112. 
Connock, J., 152. 
Connor, M., 118. 
Conock, Dame, 153. 
Conquest, Henry, 150, 151, 152. 
Constable, John, 152. 
Conyers, Thomas, 142. 

— Ralph, Esq., 122. 

— Ralph, gentleman, 122. 
Conyngham of Drumquhaissel, 231. 

— J-, 123- 
Cope, 119. 

Conolly, W., 120, 130. 
Cook, Sir W., 141. 

— P., 127. 

— W., 140. 
Cooke, J., 125, 132. 
Copley, J., 151. 
Coppoch, J., 132. 
-T., 132. 
Cordell, Sir W., 141. 
Core, E., 129. 
Cornbury, Lord, 141. 
Cornwall, H., Esq., 140, 143. 
Coryton, Sir J., 140. 

— SirW., 142. 
Cotton, Sir R., 140. 
Coulson, Thomas, Esq., 142. 
Counter , 128, 



Courcy, Viscountess S. de, 185. 

— Viscount A. P. de, 185. 

— Viscount X. R. de, 185. 

— Viscountess C. de, 185. 
Coventry, Lord, 140. 
Cowper, R., Esq., 129. 

— J., 122. 

Cox, Charles, 143. 
Cranbourn, Charles, 118, 128. 
Cranstoun, Lord, 135. 
Craven, Lord, 140, 144. 
Crawford, Earl of, 124, 135. 

— James, 125. 

Crawley, R., Esq., 142, 143, 
Creagh, Sir M., 154. 
Creighton, J., 132. 
Crewe, N., Bishop of Durham, 136. 
Crighton, Captain-Lieut., 128. 
Crispe, J. D., 136. 
Cromartie, Earl of, 131, 147. 
Cromwell, O. (regicide), 3, 15, 18, 25, 

— R., II. 
Crone, M., 136. 
Cross, Sir T., 143, 146. 

— Godfrey, Esq., 118. 
Crossby, William, 132. 
Crow, John, 119, 129. 
Croy-Dlilmen, A., Princess Philip of, 


— Prince Edward of, 180. 

— Princess M. of, 180. 

— Princess A. of, 180. 

— Prince Max of, 180. 

— L., Princess Emmanuel of, 181. 
Croy, Charles, Hereditary Prince of, 


— Prince Emmanuel of, 180. 

— Prince Engelbert of, 180. 

— Prince Anthony of, 181. 

— Princess Isabella of, iSi. 

— Princess Marie of, iSo. 

— Prince Edward of, 181. 

— Prince Stephen of (1872), 181. 

— Prince Stephen of (1S98), 181. 

— Princess Eleanor of, iSi. 

— Princess Pauline of, 181. 

— Princess Emma of, 181. 

— Prince Charles of, iSi. 

— Prince William of, iSi. 

— Prince Stephen of (1899), 181. 

— Princess Dorothy of, 181. 

— Princess Helena of, iSi. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 181. 

Croy, Prince Leopold of, 181. 

— Prince Clement of, 181. 

— Prince Francis of, 181. 

— Princess Marie of, 181. 

— Princess Wilhelmina of, 182. 

— Prince Alexander of, 182. 

— Princess Cunegonda of, 182. 

— Princess Elsie of, 182. 

— Princess Stephanie of, 182. 

— Prince Henry of, 184. 

— Prince Alfred of, 184. 

— Prince Ferdinand of, 184. 

— Prince Charles of, 184. 

— Prince Albert of, 184. 

— Princess Madeline of, 184. 

— Princess Matilde of, 184. 

— Princess Marie L of, 184. 

— Prince Joseph of, 184. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 184. 

— Princess Sophie of, 184. 
Crump, R., 149. 

— E. R., 85. 
Cumberland, Duke of, 9. 
Cumming, C, 136. 
-W., 136. 

Cuningham, Sir D., 145. 
Curzon, John, Esq., 142. 
Cusack, John, 153. 

Cuthbert, Provost of Inverness, 127. 
Czarina, The, 12. 
Czarnkowski, Catherine, 94. 
Czartoryski, A., Prince of, 175. 

— W., Prince of, 175. 

Dacre, Lord, 122. 

— Edward, Esq., 122. 

— R., gentleman, 122. 

— W., gentleman, 122. 
Dalgarno, John, 124. 
Dalton, Rev. J., 129. 

— J., Esq., 129. 
Dalziel, Ensign, 119. 
Danby, C, Esq., 122. 

; — ,13s, 139- 

Daniel, R., gentleman, 129. 

Darnley, Lord, 89, 167. 

Dartmouth, Lord, 140. 

Davers, Sir R., 141, 143. 

Davey, Edward, gentleman, 117, 125, 

Davia, Count, 152, 

David, A., 153. 

Davidson, Captain, 127. 

— A., 132. 

— J-, 132. 



Dawson, J., gentleman, 119, 132. 
Day, Dr. David, 150. 
Dayell, Major-General, 135. 
Deacon, T. T. , gentleman, 119, 132. 

— C, 132. 
Dean, John, 141. 
Deans, Captain, 127. 
Decoppet, C, of Vaud, 51. 
Dellard, W., 120, 132. 
Dempsey, W., 120, 132. 
Denbigh, Earl of, 144. 
Denis, St., 20. 

Denmark, Princess Anne of, 89, 114, 

— Christian, Prince Royal of, 26. 

— Prince E. of, 173. 

— Prince Aage of, 173. 

— Prince Axel of, 173. 

— Prince Viggo of, 173. 

— Marie, Princess Waldemar of, 172. 

— Princess Margaret of, 173. 
Denvne, John, 123. 
Derby, Earl of, 17, 20, 117. 

— Countess of, 7. 
Derwentwater, Lord, 5, 24, 72, 119, 

120, 128, 147. 
Deux-Ponts, Christian III., Duke of, 

— F. M., daughter of, 98. 

— Charles II., Duke of, 100. 
Devereux, G., 151. 
Dicconson, R., Esq., 129. 
Dickenson, W., 153. 
Dickeson, W., 150, 151. 
Dietlinda, Mary, H.R.H. Princess, 2, 

30, 168. 
Digby, Lord, 141. 

— Simon, Esq., 116, 122. 
Dingwall, A., 123. 
Disraeli, Benjamin, 9. 
Dixey, John, 151. 
Doblhoff-Dier, Caroline, Baroness, \ 

^ Baron H., 179. 

— Baron F., 179. 

— Baron J., 179. 

— Baroness M., 179. 
Dolben, G., 141. 
Done, Thomas, 141. 
Donne, Henry, 116. 
Dorington, William, 154. 
Dorrell, Captain, 118, 129. 

, 119. 

Douglas, Lieut, -Col., 128. 

Douglas, S., of Whiteriggs, 129. 

— Sir J., 136. 
Dover, Lord, 136, 154. 
Dow, J., 123. 
Doyle, T., 152. 

del Drago, Prince P., 187. 

— A., 187. 

-J., 187. 
-R., 187. 

— M., 187. 
-H., 187. 

— F., Count of Ascrea, 187. 
-L., 187. 

-C, 187. 

— M., 187. 

Drummond, James, Duke of Perth, 


— Lord J., son of Duke of Perth, 


— J., Earl of Melfort, 136. 

— Lord Edward, 153. 

— William, Viscount Strathallan, 131. 

— Sir J., 125. 

— William, of Bahaldie, 136. 

— William, of Callendar, 136. 

— of Hav/thornden, 18. 

— David, 127. 
Dryley, Sir J., 141. 
Dudley, Lord G., 102. 
Duff, D., 132. 

— Alexander, 145. 
Duffus, Lord, 128. 
Dugud, W., 153. 

Duke, G. , gentleman, 125. 

— R., gentleman, 125. 
Diilay, M. J., 156. 

Duleep Singh, Prince Frederick, 86. 

Duniouriez, 7. 

Dunbar, Earl of, 149, 153, 155. 

— Captain R., 128. 

— Sir W., 136. 
Dunboyne, Lord, 126. 
Duncan, Lord, 154, 

— J-, 132- 

— W., 132. 

Dundee, Viscount, Graham of Claver- 

house, 15, 125, 129, 139, 147. 
Dunfermline, Earl of, 125, 147. 
Dungan, Lord, 149. 
Dunkeld, Lord, 125, 147. 
Dunsany, Lord, 126. 
Dupuy, L., 150. 
Durant, a/t'as Durance, 128. 
Durham, H., 119, 129. 



Button, John, 151. 
Dymoke, Hon. L., 143. 

Eaton, M., 120, 132. 
Eden, Sir R., 142. 
Edgar, A., 145. 

— James, 149. 
Edmundston, J., 125. 
Edward I., 14. 
Edward II., 19, 102, 
Edward III., 13, 102. 
Edward IV., 102. 
Edward V., 102. 
Edward VI., 14, 102. 
Edward VII. and I., 88, 102. 
Edwards, Sir F. , 141. 
Eglington, Hugh, Earl of, 121. 
EgUnton, Earl of, 155. 
Eland, Lord, 141. 
D'Elbee, 6. 

Eleanor of Aquitaine, 102. 

— of Provence, 102. 

— of Castile, 102. 

— Dowager Queen of Poland, 95. 
Elgin and Ailesbury, R., 2nd Earl of, 


— T., 3rd Earl of, 92. 
Elizabeth, Empress of Austria, 18. 

— Queen of the Belgians, 26, 173. 

— Princess, 18, 31. 

— Queen of Bohemia, 142. 

— Queen of Roumania, 39. 

— Madame, 10. 

— of York, 102. 

— Wydville, 102. 
Elk-Herrschaft, Margaret, Countess 

von und zu, 177. 

— Count F. von, 177. 

— Count H. von, 177. 

— Count C. von, 177. 

— Countess H. von, 177. 

— Countess M. I. von, 177. 
Elliot, Sir G., 145. 

Ellis, Sir W., 150, 153, 154. 
Ely, Bishop of, 140. 
Emle, Sir J., 141. 
Emolapodilista, Count, 179. 

— Countess, 179. 
Endsworth, J., 120, 132. 
Englefleld, Sir F., 123. 
Erbach-Fiirstenau, Caroline, daughter 

of Count of, 98. 
Ermengard, II.R.H. Princess, 19, 

Ernest II., late Duke of Saxe- 
Coburg, 13. 

Ernest Augustus III., King of Han- 
over, 19, 42, 46. 

Errington, Lancelot, 20, 66. 

— Thomas, 129. 
Erroll, Earl of, 145, 147. 
Erskine, Captain, 119. 

Esseneux, L., Count of, and Baron 
Melsbroeck, 92. 

— Charlotte, Countess of, 92. 

— M. T. C, Countess of, 92. 
Essex, 18. 

Este, Isabel of, daughter of Duke of 

Modena, 93. 
Estrees, Duke of, 182. 
Etrick, William, 141. 
Ettrick, Lord, Earl of Forth, 123. 
Eu, Count of, 175. 
Eustace of Castle Martin, Bart., 126, 


Fairholme, Captain C, 75. 
Falvey, James, 152. 
Falvie, Jolie, 151. 
Farnese, Elizabeth, 93, 96. 
Farquharson, A., of Inverey, 129. 

— J-, 132. 

— J., of Balmoral, 136. 

— F., of Monallrie, 131. 
Farrier, W., 132, 
Faure, J., 153. 

Fede, I., 150. 

Felton, J., 116. 

Fenwick, Sir J., Bart., 63, I18, 128. 

— Tristram, 122. 

— John, 141. 

— of Fenwick, 147. 

Ferdinand Victor, Prince of Great 
Britain and Ireland, 15,25,97, 99. 

— Dowager-Princess, 3, 4, 81. 
Ferdinand I., Emperor, 89. 
Ferdinand I., King of Bulgaria, 5, 38. 
Ferdinand II., King of the Two 

Sicilies, 2. 
Ferdinand II., King of Naples, il. 
Ferdinand IV., 100. 
Ferdinand IV., of Tuscany, 12. 
Ferdinand VII., King of Spain, 161, 

Fergusson of Isle, 145. 
Fermer, R., 152. 
Ferrara, R., Countess of, 185. 
Ferras, Lord, 140. 



Fetherstonhaugh, Sir T., 117. 
Feversham, Earl of, 144. 
Fidler, William, 132. 
Fillingham, Rev. R. C, 86. 
Finch, Hon. H., 143, 152. 
Fingall, Earl of, 126. 
Fish, Rev. J. L., 83, 84. 
Fitzgerald, S., 132. 

— Patrick, 152. ' 

— Edmund, 153. 

Fitzjames, Thomas, gentleman, 125. 
Fleetwood, R., Esq., 143. 
Heming, Lord, J., 121. 
Flemming, H., Esq., 142. 
Fletcher of Saltoun, 145. 

— G., 119, 132. 
Flint, J., 132. 
Foley, Lord, 146. 
Forbes, J., 132. 

— R-, 132. 

— Sir C, 147. 

— of Culloden, 145. 
Forestier, Charles, 149. 
Forrester, Lieut. J., 127. 
Forster, Thomas, Esq., 129. 

— Thomas, the younger, 129. 

— William, 141. 

— Guy, 151. 
Forth, Earl of, 124. 
Fowell, Sir J., 140. 
Fownes, R., Esq., 140, 142. 
Fox, Charles, 141. 

France, Louis, Dauphin of (166 1), 93, 

94, 96. 

— Louis, Dauphin of (1682), 167. 

— Louis, Dauphin of (1729), 94, 167. 

— Princess Louisa of, 167. 

— Duke of, 15. 

— Philip, Dauphin of, 95. 

Francis I., King of Great Britain, 
etc., and Duke of Modena, 7, 
II, 12, 14, 23,34,73,74,97,98, 
102, 165. 

Francis Joseph, Emperor, 9, 17, 24, 
35, 41, 47, 178. 

Francis I., Emperor, 95, 96, 97, 

Francis IL, King of France, 89. 

Francis IL, King of the Two 

Sicilies, 2, 25. 

Francis IIL, Duke of Modena, 95, 

96, 97- 
Francis IV., Duke of Modena, 20, 

95, 102, 167. 

Francis, H.R.H. Prince, 20, 29, 83, 

Francis Ferdinand, Archduke, 25. 
Francis I., Caroline, daughter of 

Emperor, 100. 

— Amelia, daughter of, 100. 
Franckenstein, Baron C, 177. 

— Baron F., 177. 

— Baroness M., 177. 

— Baroness S., 177. 

— Baron G., 177. 

de Francqueville-Bourbon, Countess 
M., 185. 

— Count J., 185. 

— Count B., 185. 

— Countess G., 185. 

— Countess A., 185. 
Eraser, Simon, Lord Lovat, 8. 

— A. A., 82. 

— G. B., 82. 

— William, 118, 126. 

— D., 120, 126. 

— J., of Foyers, 1 36. 

— S., of Avochnacloy, 136. 

— J.) of McGelispick, 136. 

— Hugh, of Leat Clan, 136. 
-J. D.,136. 

— J., of Browick, 137. 
— • T., of Gortuleg, 137. 

Frazer, Lord of Kinmundie, 129, 

Frederick VIII., King of Denmark, 

Frederick III., King of Denmark, 

Frederick II., King of Denmark and 

Norway, 89. 
Frederick III., A., Elector of Saxony, 

King of Poland, etc., 94. 
Frederick, Duke of Anhalt, 9, 42. 
Frederick II. , Grand Duke of Baden, 

Freeman, R. , Esq., 143. 
Frendraught, Viscount, 125, 146, 

Freyen, Countess C. of Euzenberg 

zum, 179. 
Friend, Sir J., Baronet, 118, 128. 
Fullan, D., 152. 
Fullerton J., 136. 
Fulthropp, J., Esq., I16, 122. 

— 132. 

Furnival, T. , 132. 
Fytche, William, Esq., 142. 



Gablenz, Baroness M. von, 182. 

Gadd, James, 132. 

Gaddes, John, 132. 

Gage, R., 116. 

Galliera, Duchess of, 171. 

— Duke of, 171. 

Galloway, Earl of, 136, 145, 146. 

— Sir J., 124. 

Galmoye, Viscount, 126, 148, 150. 
Gape, John, 143. 
Garibaldi, 12, 20, 165. 
Garioch of Margie, A., 137. 
Garvan, C., 152, 153. 
Gascogne, Col., 119. 

— R., 129. 
Gautherne, N., 149. 
Genoa, T., Duke of, 170. 

— E., Dowager - Duchess of, 

— I., Duchess of, 172. 
George, King of Greece, 25, 38. 
George I., 8, 16, 144, 146, 
George II., 21. 

George III., 102. 
George IV., 102. 
George II., Duke of Saxe-Meinin- 

gen, 8. 
George of Denmark, 102. 
George, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg- 

Strelitz, 18. 

— Grand Duke (of Russia), 10. 
George, St., 9. 

Gerard, Sir C., 141. 
Gerhard, Col., 117. 
Gerrard, Sir S., 142. 
Gibbons, G., 81, 82. 

— J., 117. 
Gibert, P., 156. 

Gibson, George, Esq., 129. 
Gifford, Sir J., 150, 151. 
Giles, J., 118, 125. 

Ginnari, , 150. 

Girdler, J., 143. 
Glasford, Lord, 146. 
Glemham, Thomas, 141. 
Glencairn, Earl of, 155. 
Gloucester, Duke of, 14, 142. 

— Bishop of, 140. 
Glyn, N., 140. 
Godert, Thomas, 152. 
Godolphin, Lord, 140. 

— Charles, 140. 
Golding, John, 118. 
-J., 126. 

Gondelinda, H.R.H. Princess, 17, 30, 

Gonzaga, 95. 
Goodbrand, A., 1 32. 
Goolde, Captain, 153. 
Gordon, Lord Lewis, 131. 

— Sir J., 123. 

— Sir W., 131. 

— Captain, 118, 129. 

— Laird of Achintowel, 129. 

— Rev. R., 23. 

— Nathaniel, 117, 135. 

— Charles, gentleman, 120. 

— Charles, 120. 

— George, 124. 

— A., ofBrisemore, 124. 

— Major, 128. 

— J., of Glenbucket, 131. 

— Alexander of Pitburg, 145. 

— C, gentleman, 132. 

— C, of Tarpesso, 132. 

— C, 132. 

■ — J., gentleman, 132. 

— A., 137. 

— John, 137. 

— James, 137. 
-F., 137. 

-R., 137. 

— J., of Glasterum, i^j. 

-R-, 137- 

Gorges, Henry, Esq., 143. 

Goring, Lord, 135. 

— Hon. C, 135. 

— Sir H., 154. 
Gough, Sir H., 141. 
Goulston, R,, Esq., 143. 
Gower, John, gentleman, 122. 
Graeme, Sir J., 149. 
Grafton, Duke of, 140. 
Graham, Lady Hermione, 83. 

— Major, 125. 

— Captain, 127. 

— William, 127. 

— P., 124. 

— D., 124. 

— James, 132. 

— of Inchbrachie, 135. 

— of Gorthie, 135. 

— R., 136. 

— R., of Garrick, 137. 

— J., of Kilmardinny, 137. 

— D., of Fintrie, 145. 
Grammont, Countess, 181. 



Granges, Henri des, 156. 
Grant, J., Laird of Glenmorriston, 

— James, 21. 

— John, 125. 

— W., 132. 

-P., 137- 

Granville, G., Esq., 142. 

— D., Dean of Durham, 150, 152. 
Gray, William, 132. 

Greece, Constantino, Crown Prince 

of, 38. 
Green, 122. 

Gregory IX., Pope, 16. 
Gregson, John, Esq., 129. 
Grey, Lady Diana, 92. 

— William, 118. 

— J-, 141- 

— Thomas, 143. 
Griffin, Lord, 125, 140. 

— ]., 152. 

Griffith, Captain H., 151. 

Grove, H., gentleman, 125. 

Groves, Col. H., 117. 

Grub, W., 141. 

Giiell, Marquis of, 171. 

Guerin, Dr., 153. 

Guernsey, Lord, 146. 

Guilford, Lord, 144. 

Guin, F., 141. 

Guise, Isabella, Duchess of, 171. 

— Prince Henry of, 171. 

— Princess Isabella of, 171. 

— Princess Frances of, 171. 

— Princess Anne of, 171. 

— J., Duke of, 172. 

de Guitant (nee d'Ursel), Viscountess, 

Gumppenburg, Countess M. von, 177. 

— J. H. von, 177. 

— M. T. von, 177. 

— E. von, 177. 

— H. von, 177. 

Gunther, Prince of Schwarzburg 

Rudolstadt, 17. 
Gustavus III., King of Sweden, 6. 
Gustavus IV., King of Sweden, 4, 6. 
Gustavus v.. King of Sweden, 16. 
Guthrie, Andrew, 124. 

— Alexander, 117. 
Guybon, Sir F., 141. 
Gwyn, F., Esq., 143. 

Haakon VII., King of Norway, 36. 

Hackman, Sir W., 143. 
Hales, Sir E., 136. 
Halford, Sir T., 141. 
Halifax, 138, 139. 
Hall, John, gentleman, 116. 

— J., Mr. Justice, 119. 

— J., 129. 

Hallam (historian), 139. 
Halyburton, Alexander, 118, 126. 

, 125- 

Hamilton, Duke of, 6, 117, 135, 145, 

— Sir A., 121, 

— Archbishop, 116, 121. 

— A., of Cochno, 121. 

— J., of Cochno, 121. 

— J., of Stonehouse, 121. 

— Andrew, of Lekprevck, I2I. 

— James, Nelesland, 121. 

— A., of Netherfield, 121. 

— R., of Kilwinning, 121. 

— R., of Gavane, 121. 

— J., of Samulstoun, 121. 

— J., of Sproustoun, 121. 

— J., of Rouchbank, 121. 

— J., ofWoodhall, 121. 

— John, of Coltcoit, 121. 

— David, 121, 123. 

— Claud, 123. 

— J., of Aberbrothock, 123. 

— J., of WoodhousHe, 123. 

— J., of Bothwell, 123. 

— Gavin, of Reploch, 123. 

— R., of Dalserf, 123. 

— D., of Monktown, 123. 

— A., of Helyes, 123. 

— J., of Schawtown, 123. 

— R., of Lethame, 123. 

— J., of Kilbury, 123. 

— of Killrachmont, 128. 

— J., of Aikenhead, 145. 

— R., 150, 151. 
Hampden, John, 13. 
Hanau, J. R., Count of, 98. 

— Charlotte of, 98. 
Hancock, C, 102, 115. 
Handford, P., 128. 
Hanmer, Sir T., 146. 
Hanover, Duke of, 94, 95. 

— Dowager Queen of, 84. 

— Prince George of, 21, 46. 

— Prince Christian of, 46. 

— Prince Ernest of, 46. 

— Princess Mary of, 46. 



Hanover, Princess Alexandra of, 46. 

— Princess Olga of, 46. 

— Princess Anne, 99. 

— Princess Caroline, 99 

— Princess Charlotte, 95. 

— Princess Wilhemina, 94. 

— Elector of, 109. 
Hara, Felix, 118, 129. 
d'Harcourt, M., Duchess of, 183. 

— L., Countess of, 183. 

— E., Countess of, 183. 

— A., Countess of, 185. 

— Count J., 185. 

— B. P., 185. 
-J. H., 185. 

— Count R., 185. 
Harcourt, Lord, 136. 

— Sir Simon, 142. 

— Simon, Esq., 142. 
Harding, P., 118. 
Hardwicke, Earl of, 82. 
Hare, M., 128. 
Hargrave, W., 132. 
Harley, Thomas, 136. 
Harpur, J., Esq., 142. 
Harrington, Sir J., 136, 
Harris, R., 125. 
Harrison (regicide), 20. 
Hart, Sir R., 141. 

de Hartley, C., 113. 
Hartley, G., 132. 

— J., 132. 
Harvey, Sir T., 141. 

— T., 132. 
Harvie, J., 120, 132. 
Hatcher, Mr., 151. 
Haviland, C. , 125. 
Hawtrey, Ralph, 141. 

Hay, Col. the Hon. Sir J., 129, 


— Sir F., 117. 

— J., Esq., 131. 

— A., 132. 

— J., 132. 

— P., 132. 

— of Delgartie, 124. 

— Andrew, 137. 

— James, 153. 

— John, 153. 
Hayes, T., 120, 132. 
Hayn, William, M.P., 140. 
Haynes, J., 118. 

Heath, Sir R., 136. 

Heathcote, Miss M. G. C, 83, 85. 

Hebborne, A., Esq., 122. 

Heighington, R., gentleman, 122. 

Hele, R., Esq., 142. 

Helme, N. , 151. 

Helmtruda, H.R.H. Princess, 7, 30, 

Helyar, W., 141. 
Hempseid, Lieut., 127. 
Henderson, J., 120. 

— J., gentleman, 132. 
— • Sir John, 124. 
Hennessy, Sir J. Pope, 20, 75. 

— Countess M., 185. 

— Patrick, 185. 

— Killian, 185. 

— Jacqueline, 185. 
Henrietta-Maria, Queen, II, 15, 16, 

89, 91, 102, 135, 167. 
Henry H., 25, 55, 88, 99, 102. 
Henry IH., 23, 102. 
Henry IV., 102. 
Henry V., 102. 
Henry VL, 102. 

Henry VIL, 3, 12, 55, 88, 99, 102. 
Henry VIIL, 102. 
Henry, IX., 6, 14, 85, 91, 102, 

III, 113, 114. 
Henry III., King of France, 11, 155. 
Henry IV., King of France, 10, 89, 

9i> 157, 158- 
Henry v.. King of France, 3, 14, 15, 

17, 19, 21, 23, 155, 156. 
Henry the Yr., 102. 
Henry, Prince de Valois, 11. 

— Duke of Burgundy, 165. 

— King Consort of Scotland, 4. 
Henryson, Lieut., 127. 
Hepburn, Sir A., 121. 

— P., 121. 

— Henry, 121. 

— T., 121. 
Hepworth, Col., 85. 
Heraclius, Czar of Georgia, 29. 
Herberstein, Count of, 178. 

— J., Countess of, 178. 
Herbert, SirW. , 136. 

Hercules III., Duke of Modena, 95, 

Herries, Lord, 86, 124. 
Hesketh, G., gentleman, 129. 
Hesse - Cassel, Alexander Frederic, 

Elector and Landgrave of, 46. 

— Elector Frederic William I., 46. 

— Prince Frederic Charles of, 46. 



Hesse-Darmstadt, Louis V., Grand 
Duke of, 43. 

— Louis v., Landgrave of, 90. 

• — George IL, Landgrave of, 90, 91. 

— Louis VIIL, Landgrave of, 98. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 91, 92, 93. 

— Prince G. W. of, 98, 100. 

— Prince G. of, 100. 

— Prince A. of, 100. 

— Prince George of, 43. 

— Princess Augusta of, 98. 

— Princess Fredrica of, 98. 
Hesse-Rottenberg, E. L., Landgrave 

of, 93. 96, 9^- 

— William, Landgrave of, 93. 

— Polyxena Christina J. of, 93, 96, 

98, 167. 
Hewit, Dr., 118. 

Heysham, Robert, Esq., 143, 146. 
Hickley, Robert, 115. 
Higgins, Thomas, 150. 
Higgons, Sir T., 149. 
Highmore, Mr., 23. 
Hildegarda, H.R.H. Princess, 6, 30, 

Hill, J., lis. 
Hillard, Thomas, 118. 
Hillyard, T., 125. 
Hind, P., gentleman, 120. 
Hodgson, George, 119. 

— A., Esq., 129. 

— P., Esq., 129. 
Hohenberg, Prince M. of, 174. 

— Princess S. of, 174. 
Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg, A. 

M. T., Princess of, 169. 

— Charles, Hereditary Prince of, 169. 

— Prince A. of, 169. 

— Princess M. of, 169. 
Hohenlohe - Langenburg, Philippa, 

Countess of, 92. 

— F., Count of, 92. 

— Countess P. H. of, 92. 
Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, Kraft, Count 

of, 92. 

— Eleanor of, 92. 
Hohenzollern, W., Hereditary Prince 

of, 172. 

— Antonia, Princess of, 172. 

— Prince F. V. of, 172, 

— Prince F. J. of, 172. 

— Princess A. V. of, 172. 

— Prince C. A. of, 172. 

— Prince Albert of, 172. 

Hohenzollern, Princess S. of, 172. 

— Princess Marie of, 172. 

— Marie Theresa, Hereditary Prin- 

cess of, 174. 

— Josephine, Princess C. A. of, 175. 
Holden, J., 137. 

— A., 137. 
Holeman, G., 154. 
Holford, R., Esq., 143. 
Holland, Princess Juliana, 35. 

— Earl of, 6, 117. 
Holloway, Sir R., 136, 
Holmes, Major G., 128. 

— H., Esq., 143. 
Holms, Sir R., 141. 

Holstein and Sleswig, Ernest Gun- 

ther, Duke of, 16. 
Holt, v., 120, 132. 
Home, Earl of, 146. 

— Hon. J., 129. 

— Sir P., 145. 

— Col. W., 124. 

— D., 133. 

— W., 133. 
Hood, Lord, 17. 
Hooper, N., Esq., 142. 
Hope, T., of Rankeiller, 145, 
Home, F., Esq., 142. 

— D., gentleman, 120. 
Horner, R., 115. 

Homes, Princess E. P. C. of, 92. 

— P. E., 2nd Prince of, and Count 

of Bassigny, 92. 

— M. E., 3rd Prince of, 92. 
Horsington, J., 118, 125. 
Horsley, George, gentleman, 122. 
Hotham, Sir J., 116. 

— Captain, 116. 
Houssaye, Viscount de la, 156. 
Houston, Sir J., 145. 

How, Right Hon. J., 142. 
Howard, Lord T., 136. 

— Hon. J. S., 150. 

— Bernard, 153. 
Humbert, King of Sardinia, 6. 
Hume, Ferdinando, 121. 
Hungate, Captain, 128. 
Hungerford, Mr., 146. 
Hunt, P., 133. 

— J., 141. 

Hunter, John, Esq., 119, 129. 

— W., 120, 133. 
-D., 137. 
Huntingdon, Earl of, 136. 



Huntley, Marquis of, 117, 123, 124, 

Huoluhan, Dr., 153. 

Hurrie, Col., 124. 

— Sir J., 135. 
Hurry, Sir H., 117. 
Hutchinson, A., 133. 

— John, 145, 146. 
Hyde, Lady Anne, 102. 

— Lord, 142. 

— Sir H., 117. 

— R., 141. 

Ikerrin, Viscount, 126. 
Liisberg, P., Princess A., 182. 
Inese, Father L., or Innes, 149, 150, 

Ingleton, Dr. John, 151. 

Inglis, R., 145. 
Innes, Sir H., 145. 

— Alexander, 127. 

— William, 127. 

— James, 120, 133. 
Inniskillen, Lord, 154. 
Innocent V., Pope, 13. 

— XL, Pope, 16. 

— XII., Pope, 19. 
Inverness, Earl of, 149. 
Ireton (regicide), 3. 
Irvine, Alexander, 137. 

— of Stapletown, 128. 
Irwin, John, 123. 

— Andrew, 123. 

Isabel of Angouleme, 102. 

— of Gloucester, 102. 

— of France (1308), 102. 

— of France (1396), 102. 
Isabella, Empress of the Brazils, 15, 

26, 172. 
Isemburg-Birstein, F. F,, Hereditary 
Prince, 175. 

— Princess M., 175. 

— Princess A. J., 175. 

— Princess S., 175. 

— Princess A. A., 175. 

— Prince Charles, 175. 

— Prince Victor, 175. 

— Prince A., 175. 

— Prince E., 175. 

— Princess Margaret, 175. 

— Princess Marie, 175. 

— Princess E., 175. 

— Princess A., 175. 
Isham, Sir J., 141, 143. 

D'Israeli, Isaac, 3. 

Iveagh, Viscount, 126, 148, 

James III. and VIII., King, 2, 3, 10, 
12, 18, 20, 25, 83, 89, 90, 91, 
102, 107, III, 113, 128, 144, 151. 

James II. and VII. , King, 4, 9, 19, 
20, 24, 25, 32, 81, 82, 89, 91, 
93, 102, 103, 106, 126, 127, 138, 
139, 149. 

James I. and VI., King, 7, 12, 89, 
91, 94, 95> 99, 100, 102, 142, 

James V. , King of Scotland, 24. 

Jaines III., King of Scotland, 12, 17. 

James II., King of Scotland, 16, 

James I., King of Scotland, 5. 

James, Dauphin and Prince of the 
Asturias, now King James III. 
of Spain and I. of France ; Pre- 
face, 13, 27, 50, 80, 81, 87, 168. 

James, John, Esq., 143. 

Jane of Navarre, 102. 

— Seymour, 102. 

— Grey, 102. 

— (d'Albret), Queen of Navarre, 89, 

Jeffreys, Lord, 136, 144. 

— Mr., 146. 
Jellins, J. J., 133. 

Jenkins, William, gentleman, 125. 

Jenkinson, Sir R., 141, 143. 

Jennens, William, Esq., 142. 

Jenner, Sir T., 136. 

Jennings, Sir J., 141. 

Jenny, Thomas, gentleman, 122. 

Jermyn, Lord, 140. 

Joan of Arc, 2, 9, 11, 157. 

John III. , King of France and Spain, 

2, 23, 155, 156, 162, 168. 
John VI., King of Portugal, 166. 
John III., King of Poland, 12, 90, 

John, 102. 
Johnson, Sir IL, 141. 

— W., 141. 

— Dr. , 22, 24. 

— Henry, Esq., 123. 

— Andrew, 133. 

— John, 116. 

— alias Harrison, 1 28. 
Johnstone, Hon. John, 127. 
Jones, Edward, Esq., 116, 123. 

— Francis, gentleman, 125. 



Jones, Thomas, Ii8, 126. 

— E., 141. 

Joseph I., Emperor, King of Bohemia, 

Joseph Emmanuel of Portugal, 165. 
Juan III. of Spain (see John III. of 

France and Spain). 
Juan de Bordon, 163. 
Juliers, William, Duke of, 90. 

— Anna of, 90. 
Julius II., Pope, 5. 

"de Junquieres, M. Maurice de, 155. 

Kaley, R., 115. 

Katherine of Arragon, 17, 102. 

— of France, 102. 
Kearny, Sir R., i. 

— J-, 154- 

Keble, Rev. John, 7, 9. 

Keightly, Thomas, 133. 

Keir, P., 133. 

Keis, P., 120. 

Keith, Earl Marischal, 128. 

Kellie (or Kelly), Earl of, 135, 136. 

Kellie, R., 145. 

Kelly, Charles, 131. 

— G., 137- 
Kency, , 118. 

Kenmare, V. Browne, Viscount, 126. 
Kenmure, Viscount, 5, 119, 128, 135. 
Kennedy, A., 120, 133. 

— M., 153. 
Kent, Earl of, 140. 
Kerby, Henry, 151. 
Kerr, Captain, 118, 129. 

— H., gentleman, 131. 
Kersabiec, Viscount Jean de, 156. 

— Viscount Henri de, 156. 

— Viscount Edward Sioc'han de, 156. 
Keys, Thomas, 118, 128, 145, 147. 
Kilmallock, Viscount, 148. 
Kilmarnock, Earl of, 17, 119, 131, 

Kilsyth, Viscount, 128. 
Kincardyne, Earl of, 146. 
King, Edward, gentleman, 118, 128. 

— Thomas, 143. 
Kingsale, Lord, 126. 
Kingston, Viscount, 147. 
Kingstone, Viscount, 128. 
Kingstown, Viscount, 146. 
Kinloch, A., 133. 

— C,, 133. 

— Robert, 127. 

Kinloch, Sir J., 131. 
Kinnaird, Lord, 145, 146. 

— Charles, 127. 
KinnouU, Earl of, 124. 
Kinsth, Countess A., 1S2. 
Kirkaldy, Sir J., 116. 

— Sir William, 116. 
Knatchbull, Richard, Esq., 143. 
Knight, Sir J., 141. 
Knightley, A., 127, 152. 
Kniveton, D., 116. 

Knyvet, Thomas, 141. 
Kynaston, Edward, 141. 

— John, 143. 

Lackey, W., 133. 
Lake, Dr. John, 17. 
Lambert, R., Esq., 122. 
Lampton, William, 140. 
Lancellotti, Prince, 187. 

— Prince J., 187. 

— Prince P., 187. 

— Prince M., 187. 

— Princess A., 187. 

— Princess F., 187. 

— Princess C, 187. 

— Prince L., 187. 

— Prince L., 187. 

— Prince P., 187. 

— Princess M., 187. 

— Princess R., 187. 

Landry, Count Urbain de Maille de 

la Tour-, 155. 
Landsburg-Velen, Baroness B., 181. 

— Baron E., 181. 

— Baron A., 181. 

— Baron E., 181. 

— Baron H., 181. 

— Baroness G. , 181. 

— Baroness A., 181. 
Langdale, J., Esq., 129. 
Lansdowne, Lord, ir. 
Lauchlan, D., 123. 

Laud, Archbishop, 2, 5, 55, 117. 
Lauder, Captain R., 121. 
Lauderdale, Earl of, 127, 135. 
Lawder of Fountainhall, 145. 
Lawson, T. , 133. 
Layer, Christopher, Esq., Ii, 70,86, 

119, 130. 
Lear, Sir J., 142. 
Lechelle, General, 21. 
Lechmere, Mr., 146. 
Lee, Henry, Esq., 143. 



Lee, Dr. F. G., 80. 

— Samuel, 133. 

— R., 152. 

— T., 152. 
Leigh, Lord, 140. 

— Thomas, Esq., 143. 
Leiningen-Billiegheim, Count of, 176. 
Leith, Alexander, 120, 133. 

Leo XIIL, Pope, 6, 15. 
Leopold I., Emperor, 94, 95. 

— IL, Emperor, 99, 100, 175. 

— IL, King of the Belgians, 8. 
Lerchenfeld, Countess O. von und zu, 


— Count L. von und zu, 176. 

— Count J. von und zu, 176. 

— Count H. von und zu, 176. 

— Count H. von und zu, 176. 
Lescure, de, 6. 

Leslie, Sir J., 124. 

L'Estrange, Sir R., 136. 

Levens, Dr., 117. 

Levinz, W., Esq., 143. 

Levistonne, J., 137. 

Lewen, John, 151. 

Lewis, R., 141. 

Leybourne, Charles, 151. 

Leyburne, John, Esq., 129. 

Lezno, R. L., Count Palatine of, 94. 

Lichfield, Earl of, 140. 

Lichnowsky, M,, Princess of, 182. 

— Prince C., 182. 

— Prince W., 182. 

— Princess E., 182, 
Lictervelde, Countess de, 184. 
Lidcot, Sir J., 152. 
Liechtenstein, John IL, Prince of, 


— Prince Francis of, 47, 
Liegois, Le Sieur J. C, 155. 
Ligne, H. L. E., Prince of, 92. 

— M. A., Princess of, 92. 

— L., loth Prince of, 182. 

— Prince A. of, 182. 

— Prince B. of, 182. 

— Prince C of, 182. 

— Prince Charles of, 182. 

— Prince E. of, 182. 

— Prince Edward of, 182. 

— Prince Eugene of, 182. 

— Prince F. of, 182. 

— Prince G. of, 182. 

— Princess E. of, 182. 

— Princess H. of, 182. 

Ligne, Princess Helen of, 182. 

— Princess I. of, 182. 

— Princess J. of, 182. 

— Princess M., 182. 
Limerick, Earl of, 126, 148. 

— Countess of, 126. 
Linange-Daxburg-Heidesheim, Count 

of, 98. 

— Countess Mary L. A. of, 98, 100. 
Lincoln, Bishop, 140. 

Lindesay, Patrick, 120. 

— Pm 133- 

— D., 127. 
Lindoris, Lord, 146. 
Lindsay, Earl of, 86, 87, 140. 

— of Pitscandly, 129. 

— Jm 133- 

— R., 124. 

Linhares, Countess A., 174. 
( — Counts and Countesses), 174. 
Linlithgow, Earl of, 1 28, 147. 
Lippe, Ernest, Count Regent of, 2. 

— Leopold IV. , Prince of, 43. 

— Ernest, Hereditary Prince of, 43. 
Lisle, Sir G., 17, 117. 

Lismore, Earl of, 149. 
Livingston, Captain J., 128. 
Livingstone, Lord, 139. 
Lloyd, David, 151. 
Lochiel, 83. 
Lockhart, Captain, 119. 

— G., gentleman, 133. 
Locquenghien, Marie G. de, 92. 
Loe, Degenhard, 5th Count of, 176. 

— Count C. von, 177. 

— Count F. von, 177. 

— Countess M. von, 177. 

— Count L. von, 177. 

— Count G. von, 177. 

— Countess L. von, 177. 
Loewenstein-Wertheim, Maximilian, 

Prince of, 96. 

— Eleanor M. A. of, 96. 

— F, C, Count of, 93. 

— M. C, Count of, 93. 

— Mary A. of, 93. 

— E. M. A. of, 93. 
Loggie, Captain John, 123. 

— A., 124. 

London, Bishop of, 146 
Longueville, Viscount, 144. 
Lonyay, Countess, 175. 
Lome, Lord, 135. 
Lorraine, L. J. C., Duke of, 96. 



Lorraine, Charles, Duke of, 95, 97. 

— Francis I., Duke of, 90. 

— J., Duke of, 97. 

— Leopold, Duke of, 95. 

— Renata of, 90. 
Loudoun, Earl of, 135. 

Louis XIX., King of France, 12, 155. 

— XVIII., King of France, 10, 14, 

19, 23, 155. 

— XVII., King of France, 3, 6, 12, 


— XVI., King of France, 3, 17, 21. 

— XV., King of France, 11, 167. 

— XIV., King of P'rance, iS, 93, 94, 

95. 157, 159. 161. 

— XL, King of France, 14. 

— I., King of France, 13. 

— St., King of France, 17, 157, 159. 
Louis I., King of Bavaria, 98, 100. 
Louisa, Queen Consort of Poland, 90. 

— of Stolberg, Queen Consort, 3, 92, 


— Queen of Denmark, 19, 26. 

— Princess, 19. 
Louie, Duke of, 173. 
Loury, Lord of, 90. 

— Gabrielle of, 90. 
Louth, Lord, 126. 

Lovat, Lord, 120, 146, 154, 155. 
Love, Christopher, 117. 
Low, David, 3. 
Lovvick, Major R., 1 18. 

— R., 128. 
Lowther, R., 141. 
Lucan, Earl of, 20, 126. 

— Countess of, 20, 126. 
Lucas, Sir G., 17. 

— SirC, 117. 

Lucchesi-Palli, Count Anthony, 169. 

— Princess Beatrice, Countess Peter, 


— Countess Maria, 179. 

— Adinolphe, Count, Duke della 

Grazia, 179. 

— Henry, Count, Prince of Campo- 

Franco, 179. 

— Charles, Count, 179, 

— Robert, Count, 179. 

— Countess Frances, 179. 

— Countess Antoinette, 179. 

— Peter, Count, 179. 

— Count Antonio, 179. 
Ludovisi-Boncompagni, Prince F., 


Ludovisi-Boncompagni, Princess E., 

— Princess T., 186. 

— Princess G., 186. 

— Princess G., 186. 
Lugtown, S., 133. 
Lumsdale, A,, 133. 
Lumsden, A., 149. 
Lundy, Col., 136. 
Luttrell, F., 141. 
Lutwyche, Sir E., 136. 
Luxemburg, William, Grand Duke 

of, 47. 

— M. A., Hereditary Grand Duchess 

of, 173- 

— Princess A. of, 173. 

— Princess C. of, 173. 

— Princess E. of, 173. 

— Princess H. of, 173. 

— Princess M. of, 47, 173. 

— Princess S. of, 173. 
Lynsley, Allan, 115. 
Lyon, Robert, 120, 133. 

— William, 127. 

— John, 145. 
-P., 145- 

Macartie, Charles, 149, 151. 
Maccallock, Roderick, 131. 
Maccoiley, J., 133. 
MacDonald, Flora, 6, 13, 14, 71. 

— D., Esq., of Kinloch Moidart, 

120, 131. 

— D., of Tighnadris, gentleman, 120. 

— D., 120. 

— A., 120, 124. 

— Alistair, 124. 

— Sir D., of Sleat, 129. 

— A., of Glengarry, 125, 130. 

— A., of Boisdale, 15. 

— A., of Clan Ronald, 128. 
iNIcDonald, D. , the younger, of Sleat, 


— R., of Moidart, 130. 

— A., ofGlencoe, 130, 137. 

— R., of Clan Ronald, 130. 

— A., 133. 

— Arch., 133. 

— David, 133. 

— D., of Clan Ronald, 133. 

— D., of Lochgarie, 133. 

— D., of Teindreish, 133. 
-P., 133. 

— R., 133- 



McDonald, M., 133, 137. 

— J-, 137- 

— D., of Inveroy, 137. 

— J., of Glengarry, 137. 

— of Auchintriaten, 118. 

— of Auchnaion, 118. 
Macdonel of Moye, Baronet, 148. 
Macdonell, of Keppoch, Alexander, 

Macdonnell, Sir Randal, 151, 153. 

Macghie, Dr., 153. 

Macgilivrae of Drumaglash, 131. 

MacGinnis, T., 120. 

Macgowther or Robertson, gentle- 
man, 133. 

MacGregor, "All persons of the 
Clan," 136. 

— Gregor, 137. 

— J., 120, 133. 
Macguire, Baron, 117. 
Machton, Lord James, 135. 
Maclan of Glencoe, 125. 
Macintosh, L., 133. 
Mackeine, John, 133. 
MacKenzie, Hon. Colin, 125. 

— Sir J., 129. 

— Roderick, 16, 123. 

— Colin, 123. 

— A., of Apple Crosse, 130. 

— A., of Dachmalnoch-, 130. 

— A., of Fraserdale, 130. 

— G., of Ballamukie, 130. 

— G., of Delvin, 130. 

— A., gentleman, 133. 

— D., 133. 

— H., 133. 

— S,, 120, 133. 

— • G., of Inchcoulter, 145. 
MacKinnon of MacKinnon, 129, 131. 
MacKintosh, W,, of Borlum, 130. 
Mackintosh, W., Brigadier, 130. 

— A., 130. 


Macknell, J., 133. 
Mackworth, Sir T., 141. 
Maclauchlan, L., of Castle Laiich- 
lan, gentleman, 131. 

— A., gentleman, 133. 

— J-, 133- 

— John, 133. 
Maclean, M., 124. 
-J., 120, 133. 
Macleod, Sir]., 128. 

Macleod, Alex., 19, 133. 

— M., 137. 

MacMahon, Marie Elizabeth, 173. 
Macnaiighton, Laird of, 125. 

— J., 120, 133. 
Macpherson of Clunie, 131. 
Macqueen, J., 130. 
Macquin, J., 133. 
Macrudder, A., 130. 
Maddison, Rev. Mr., 119, 130. 
Madrid, Duke of {see King Charles 

of France and Spain). 
Maffei, Count Annibal Comes, 

114, 115. 
Magennis, T., 133, 149. 
Magenta, Duchess of, 173. 
Magnieira y Oyangureu, Princess 

Maria, 171. 
Main, J., 133. 

Maistre, Count de, 19, 23, 24, 25. 
Maitland, R., Earl of Lauderdale, 

Malcolm, J., of Grange, 129. 
Mallack, R., 140. 
Maltese, Emmanuele, 165, 
Manley, J., Esq., 142. 
Mansel, Right Hon. T., 143. 
Mansell, T., 141. 
Mansfield, Viscount, 135. 
Manusat, Father, 150. 
Mar, Earl, afterwards Duke of, 65, 

128, 149, 153, 155. 
Marchena, Francis, Duke of, 171. 
Margaret, " AL^id of Norway," 

Queen of Scots, 21. 
Margaret, late Queen of France and 

Spain, 2, 3, 27, 50. 
Margaret of France (1170), 102. 

— (1299), 102. 

— of Anjou, 102. 

— of Valois, Queen Consort, 90. 

— St., 12. 

Maria Theresa, Duchess of Parma, 19. 

Maria L, Dona, 165, 166. 

Maria, Princess, wife of E. Gotti, 

Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary 

and Bohemia, 96. 
Marie, Queen of Spain, 4. 

— de Braganza, 16. 

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, 

16, 20, 22, 167. 
Marie Theresa Charlotte, Queen 

Dowager of France, 21. 



Marischal, Earl of, 135, 145, 147. 
Markenfield, T., Esq., 122. 
Marshall, Rev. R. C, 82. 
Martinash, Elizabeth, 152. 
Martini Marescotti, Countess L., 

Martinozzi, Hieronymus, 89, 91. 

— Laura, 89, 91. 

Mary IV. and III., Her Majesty 

(Princess Louis of Bavaria), 5, 14, 

23, 27, 29, 34, 42, 49, 81, 83, 84, 

85,86,87,99, 100, loi, 102, 168. 
Mary (Beatrice) III. and II., Queen, 

10, 18, 20, 24, 34, 91, 96, 97, 

99, 102, 163, 167. 
Mary II. and I., "Queen of Scots," 

9, 10, 24, 55, 82, 83, 85, 87, 89, 

102, 116. 
Mary I. of England, Queen, 23, 102. 
Mary Beatrice of Modena, Queen 

Consort, 89, 97, 102, 128. 
Mary Clementina Sobieska, Queen 

Consort, 90, 91, 102. 
Mary Theresa of Modena, Queen 

Consort, 95, 96, 97, 99, 102, 

Mary C. S. F., Queen Consort of 

France, 94. 
Mary of Poland, Queen Consort of 

France, 167. 
Mary Theresa, Queen of Hungary 

and Bohemia, 97, 99. 
Mary, Queen Dowager of the Two 

Sicilies, 20. 
Mary de Medicis, 89. 
Mary Adelaide, 167. 
Mary, H.R.H. Princess, Duchess of 

Calabria, 14, 29, 77) 168. 
Mary, Princess of Orange, 22, 25. 
Mary Charlotte, Empress Dowager of 

Mexico, 2, 175. 
Mary de Bohun, Queen Consort, 102. 
Mascali, F. , Count of, 1 74. 

— P., Countess of, 174. 
Masewell, William, 145. 
Mason, B., 120, 133. 

Massa, see under Modena, 97, 99. 
Massimo, Princess Margaret of, 168. 

— Princess Fabiola of, 168. 

— Princess Mary of, 168. 

— Princess Blanche of, 168. 
Massimo and Arsoli, F., Princess of, 


— Francis, Prince of Arsoli, 179. 

Massimo, Prince L., 179. 

— Princess C. , 179. 

— Prince C. C A., 187. 

— Prince M., 187. 
Master, Thomas, 140. 
Mather, E., 16. 

Matilda, H.R.H. Princess, Princess 
Louis of Saxe - Coburg and 
Gotha, 16, 17, 30, 84. 

Mattel, Antici, Prince T., 1S6. 

— Marquis L., 1 86. 
-J., 1 86. 

— C, 1S6. 

— C, 186. 
Matthew, M., 133. 

— R-) 1.33- 
Matthews, J., 119, 130. 

— B., 120. 

— Sir J., 141. 

Maud, Queen of Norway, 36. 
Maurienne, J. B. P., Count of, 32. 
Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 

2, 12. 
Maximilian I. of Bavaria, 100. 

— of Saxony, lOO. 

Maxwell, J., Bishop of Ross, 124. 

— of Orchyairdtown, 127. 

— Ensign R., 127. 

— W,, 116, 124. 
-J., 128. 

— R., 133- 

— Lieut. S., 127. 

— Lieut. W., 127. 

Mayence, Paul Leopold, Archbishop 

and Elector of, 46. 
Mayers, L., 153. 
Maynard, Lord, 140. 
Mayne, Lieut. W., 127. 

— J., 120. 

Mazarin, Cardinal, 89, 91. 
Mazarini, Laura Margaret, 89, 91. 
McAdams, Captain, 127. 
McAllan, F., 123. 
McColmie, John, 124. 
McCra, J., 130. 
McCullane, Murdo, 423. 

— John, 423. 
McDaniel, Randle, 154. 
McGelispick, J. F. , 136. 
Mclntaggartt, D., 123. 
McKege, A., 145. 
McLean, A., 127, 133. 

— Sir J., 125. 

— H., 125. 



McLeish, A., ii8, 126. 

McNeill, Donald, 125. 

McRonald, captain of Clan Ronald, 

Mecklenberg, Ulric, Duke of, 89. 

— Sophia of, 89. 

Mecklenberg-Mirow, Duke of, 98. 
Mecklenburg-Giistrow, G. A., Duke 

of, 92. 

— Christina, Duchess of, 92. 
Mecklenburg - Schwerin, Frederick 

Francis III. of, 8. 

— Frederick, Francis IV. of, 43. 

— Duke Paul Frederick, 43. 
Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Charles, Grand 

Duke of, 98, 100. 

— A. F., Grand Duke of, 98, 100. 

— A. F., Grand Duke of, 43. 

— A. F., Hereditary Grand Duke, 


— Charlotte, Duchess of, 98, lOO. 
Melfort, Earl of, 127, 136, 149. 
Meller, Lady Helen Cliftbrd, 77. 

— W. Clifford, 14, 82, 85, 86. 
Mellin, J., 133. 
Mellinville, M. Bodin de, 156. 
Mendon9a, Dom M. D. de, 173. 

— Doiia Anne de J., 173. 

— Dom N. de, 173. 

— Dom A. de, 173. 

— Dom P. de, 173. 

— Dom J. de, 173. 

— Dona Antoinette de, 173. 

— Dona Anne de, 173. 

— Dona M. de, 173. 

— Dona Amelia de, 174. 
Menzies, Ensign J., 128. 

— A., 130, 137. 
-G., 137. 

— J-, 149- 

Meran, John, second Count of, 178. 

— Count F. of, 178. 

— Count J. of, 178. 

— Count P, of, 178. 

— Count A. of, 179. 

— Count F. of, 179. 

— Count R. of, 179. 

— Countess Anne of, 179. 

— Countess M. T. of, 179. 

— Countess M. A. of, 1 79. 

— Countess Marie of, 179. 

— Countess T. of, 179. 
Mercer, Lawrence, 131. 
-R., 131- 

Mercer, T., 137. 
Meres, Sir T., 143. 
Merode, Marie L. , Countess J. de, 

— Countess L. E. de, 171. 

— Natalie, Countess de, 181. 

— Countess M. de, 181. 

— Countess H. de, 181. 
Merrilees, Rev. W. P. Grome-, 86. 
Merry del Val, Cardinal R., 164. 
Metcalfe, L., Esq., 122. 
Michael, St., 19. 

Middleton, Earl, 127, 147, 149. 

— J., Lord Clermont, 153. 

— Captain J., 118. 

— Sir R., 141. 

— Lieut. -General, 136. 
Middletowne, J., 126. 

Miguel II., King of Portugal, 6, 19, 

37, 80, 166. 
— ■ I., King of Portugal, li, 22, 166. 
Mill, G., 133. 
Miner, F., 149. 
Mingrelia, Nicholas, Prince of, 35. 

— Nicholas, Hereditary Prince of, 35. 
Mitchell, J., 120, 133. 

— W., 133. 
Mitchinson, Bishop, 82. 

Modena, Alphonso III., Duke of, 89, 

— Alphonso IV., Duke of, 89. 

— and Massa, Duke of, 95. 

— Ferdinand, Duke of Brisgau and, 


— Francis I. , Duke of, 89. 

— Francis III., Duke of, 96. 

— Francis IV., Duke of, 91, 96, 97, 


— Francis V., Duke of, 47. 

— Francis VI., Duke of, 47. 

• — Francis VII., Duke of, 47. 

— Francis VIII., Duke of, 47. 

— Hercules HI., Duke of, 95, 96, 97. 

— Maria, Duchess of, 170. 

— Mary Beatrice Ricarda, Duchess 

of, 95 > 97, 99- 

— Mary Theresa, Duchess of, 95, 97, 


— Otto, Duke of, 174. 

— Rinaldo HI., Duke of, 95. 
Moir, Captain W., 128. 

— D., 123. 
-H., 133- 

— J-. 137- 



Moir, Robert, 133. 
-W., 137. 
Moles, Pierre, 26. 
Molison, F., 145. 
Molyneux, William, 136. 
Molza, Count C, 150, 151. 
— • Countess of, 151. 
Mombrim, Father B., 153. 
Monaco, Albert, Prince of, 22, 36. 

— Prince Louis of, 36. 
Monmouth, Countess of, 152. 
Montague, Edward, 141. 
Montenegro, Daniel, Hereditary 

Prince, 38. 
Montenuovo, Prince A. of, 178. 

— Prince F. of, 178. 

— Princess J. of, 178. 

— Princess F. of, 178. 
Monterado, Countess, 186. 
Montferrat, M. J., Duke of, 32. 
Montgomery, Lord, 135, 145. 

— Sir J., 127, 149. 
Montiguoso, Countess of, 169. 
Montpensier, F., Duke of, 171. 

— Prince A. of, 171. 

— Prince L. F. of, 171. 
Montrose, Duke of, 6, 8, 11, 83. 

— Marquis of, formerly Earl of, 117, 

124, 135. 
Moodie, Laird of Melsetter, 130. 

— Captain J., of Melsetter, 130. 
Moon, A., Esq., 143. 

Moor, A., 136. 

Moora, INIadame Maria, 179. 

Morgan, David, 131. 

— Edward, 136. 

— T. D., Esq., 119. 
Morland, G., 140. 
Morley, Sir W., 141. 
-W., 141. 
Morrice, Sir N., 142. 
Morris, Major J., 117. 
Morrison, D., 123. 

— R-) 133- 

Mostyn, Sir R., 142. 
Mountgarrett, Viscount, 126. 
Muirhead, J., 123. 
Mun, Marquis of, 185. 

— Bertrand, Count of, 185. 

— Albert (1841), Count de, 185. 

— Count Bertrand de, 185. 

— Count Simone de, 185. 

— Count Henry de, 1 85. 

— Count Albert (1902) de, 185. 

Mun, Count Anthone de, 185. 

— Count Fernand de, 185. 

— Count Bernard de, 185. 

— Countess O. de, 185. 

— Countess C. de, 185. 
Muncaster, R., 119, 130. 
Munich, Archbishop of, S3. 
Murray, Earl of, 146. 

— Lord William, Marquis of Tulli- 

bardine, 128. 

— William, Lord Nairn, 117, 128. 

— Lord G., 131. 

— Lady, 153. 

— Hon. W., 124, 131. 

— Sir D., 131. 

— Captain J., 128. 
— • Lieut. J., 128. 

— J., of Broughton, Esq., 131. 

— of Strowan, 145. 

— P., 120, 133. 

— R., 133. 

— J-. 137- 

— James, 152. 

Murray-Nairn, Hon. John, 129. 
Musgrave, Sir Christopher, 140, 142. 

— C, Esq., 142. 

— R., Esq., 142. 
Mussel, N., 125. 
Mytton, R., Esq., 143. 

Nagle, Sir Richard, 126, 149, 150. 

— David, 152. 

— James, 154. 

Nairn, Lord, William Murray, 128, 

Nairne, David, 150, 153. 

— Major, 119. 
Naish, Father, 150. 
Napier, Lord, 136. 

— Sir R., 140. 

— Nathaniel, Esq., 142. 

— Thomas, Esq., 152. 

— Theodore, Esq., 81, 82, 83, 84, 

85, 86, 87. 
Naples, Mary C, Princess of, 167. 
Nash, John, 152. 

Nassau, William IV., Duke of, 46. 
Nassau-Saarbriicken, L. K,, Count of, 


— G. A., Count of, 92. 

— L., Countess of, 92. 

— Caroline, Countess of, 98. 
Nassau-Weilburg, Duke of, 99. 

— Henrietta of, 99. 



Natalie, Queen of Servia, 8i. 
Nemours and Alen9on, Ferdinand, 
Duke of, 175. 

— Charles A., 5th Duke of, 93. 

— Charles Philip, Duke of, 175. 

— Princess Blanche of, 175. 

— Mary J. B., Countess of, 93. 
Neper, Francis, 152. 
Neuburg, Philip, Count of, 95. 

— Countess Eleanor M. T. of, 94, 95. 
Nevell, Cuthbert, Esq., 122. 
Nevill, Lady A., 102. 

— Sir John, 122. 

— Christopher, Esq., 122. 
Neville, Thomas, 150, 151, 152. 
Newark, Lord, 146. 
Newbolt, William, 118, 126. 
Newburgh, Viscount, 136. 
Newcastle, Earl of, 152. 
Newlands, Sir B., 141. 
Newman, Cardinal, 28. 
Newport, A., 141. 

Nicholas IL, Czar of all the Russias, 

II, 23, 27, 48. 
Nicholas, Prince of Montenegro, 20, 

Nicholas, Edward, Esq., 142. 

— Oliver, 152. 
Nicholas, St., 24. 
Nichols, A., 133. 

Nicholson, James, gentleman, 120, 


— William, 118. 
Nicholsone, William, 126. 
Nihill, James, 153. 
Nisbit, Sir Philip, 117, 124. 

— A., 127. 

Nithsdale, Earl of, 86, 124, 128, 


— Countess of, 153. 
Noday, Viscount O. du, 156. 
Nodes, Butler, 136. 
Norfolk, Duke of, 116, 123. 
Norreys, Francis, Esq., 143. 
Norris, Lord, 140. 

North, Hon. C, 143. 

— Roger, 150. 

Northburga, H.R.II. Princess, 30. 
Northleigh, Henry, 140. 
Northumberland, Duke of, 140. 

— Earl of, 122. 

— Countess of, 122. 
Norton, R., Esq., 122. 

— F., Esq., 122, 

Norton, C. , gentleman, 122. 

— G., gentleman, 122. 

— M., gentleman, 122. 

— R., gentleman, 122. 

— S., gentleman, 122. 

— T., gentleman, 122. 
Norway, Olaf, Crown Prince, 36. 
Norwich, Earl of, 135. 

— Bishop of, 140. 

Nottingham, Earl of, 138, 140, 144, 

Novelbara, Alphonso, Count of, 95, 


— Gonzaga, Count of, 97. 
Nugent, L. L., Prince, 3rd Count von 

Nugent, 186. 

— L. J., 2nd Count von Nugent, 187. 

— J. A. L., 1st Count von Nugent, 


— Hon. Mrs. Greville, 77, and 


— Sir , Bart., of Moyrath, 126, 


— John, 153. 

— Anne, 152. 

— Bridget, 152. 

Oard, John, Esq., 119, 130. 
Oberndoff, Irene, Countess of, 177. 

— Count Francis von, 177- 

— Count Frederick von, 177. 

— Count Maximilian von, 177. 

— Count Wolfgang von, 177. 

— Countess Antonia von, 177. 

— Countess Hedwiga von, 177. 
Oblizi, Countess H. Zileri dal Verme 

degli, 173. 
O'Brien, Daniel, 136. 
O'Connell, Daniel, 10. 
Odescalchi, Jane, Princess Vittorio, 

Oettingen, Ernest, Prince of, 95. 

— Christina L. of, 95. 
Ogilvie, Lord, 124, 128. 

— Sir T., 124. 

— Sir D., 234. 

— A., of Innerquharitie, 124. 

— A., of Acherus, 137. 
-D., 133. 

— W., gentleman, 120, 133. 

— Thomas, of Coul, 137. 

— T., of East Mill, 137. 

Ogilvy, , of Innerquharity, 117. 

Okeden, 140. 



Oldenburg, Frederic Augustus, Grand 
Duke of, 43. 

— Nicholas, Hereditary Grand Duke, 

Olga, Queen of Greece, 38. 
Oliphant, Lord, 145, 146. 

— Lieut. -Colonel, 127. 

— Charles, gentleman, 133. 

— Laurence, of Gask, the elder, 

gentleman, 131. 

— Laurence, of Gask, the younger, 

gentleman, 133. 

— D., 133. 

— John, 130. 
Olio, General, II. 
O'Neil, Captain, 13. 
Opalinska, C, 94. 

— Henry, 94. 

Orange, Prince and Princess of, 114, 
138, 139, 140. 

— William of, 22, 106, 107. 
Orleans, Henrietta, Duchess of, 12, 

13. 31= 93, 103. 167. 

— PhiHp, 1st and 2nd Dukes of, 93, 

94, 95, 96, 97, 167. 

— Philip, present Duke of, 171. 

— Duchess of, 176. 

— Anne Mary, Princess of, 93, 94, 


— Charlotte, Princess of, 95, 96, 97. 

— Elizabeth C, Princess of, 95, 96, 


— Mary Anne, Princess of, 96. 

— Dowager Duchess of, 171. 

— Princess Louise, 171. 

— Princess Marie, 175. 

— Princess Sophia, 175, 

— Princess Genevieve, 175. 
Ormond, Duke of, 7,65, 128, 140,155. 
Ortega, General, 8. 

Osborne, Hon. P., 141. 
Oswald, J., 127. 
Otho, King of Bavaria, 9, 42, 
Owen, Roger, Esq., 143. 
Oxburgh, Col. Henry, 10, 119. 

— Henry, Esq., 130. 
Oxenford, Viscount, 146. 
Oxford, Earl of, 136. 

— Bishop of, 140. 

Paget, Lord, 123, 146. 

— Hon. C, 123. 

Palatine, Philip W., Elector, 90, 91, 
93, 96. 

Palatine, Elizabeth, Princess, 95. 

— Dorothy, Princess, 96. 

— Edward, Count of the Rhine, 94. 

— Benedicta, Countess, 94. 

— in Neuburg, P. L. , Count, 90. 

— in Neuburg, W. W., Count, 90. 

— Frederic V., Elector, 167. 

— Charles, Elector, 95. 

— Wolfgang, Count, 91. 
Palermo, P. Mazarini, 89. 
Pallavacini - Fibbia, M., Countess, 

Marchioness Centurioni (wife of 
Count von Nugent), 186. 
Palmer, Bryan, Esq., 122. 

— N., Esq., 141, 143. 
Panmure, Earl of, 128, 147. 
Paris, Comte de, 158, 159. 
Park, Thomas, 120, 133. 
Parker, Sir H., 142. 

— A., 133. 

— Henry, 141. 
Parkes, A., I20. 

Parkinson, John, gentleman, 130. 
Parma, Henry, (present) Duke of, 48, 

— Prince Joseph of, 48, 169. 

— Prince Elie of, 169. 

— Prince Charles of, 169. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 169. 

— Princess Marie of, 169. 

— Princess Sextus of, 169. 

— Prince Xavier of, 169. 

— Prince Felix of, 169. 

— Prince R6ne of, 169, 

— Prince Louis of, 169. 

— Princess Louise of, 169. 

— Princess Marie L of, 169. 

— Princess Marie T. of, 169. 

— Princess Pia of, 169. 

— Princess Adelaide of, i6g. 

— Princess Frances of, 169. 

— Princess Zita of, 169. 

— Princess Marie A. of, 169. 

— Princess Isabel of, 169. 

— Princess Henrietta of, 169, 

— Charles HL, Duke of, 99. 

— Francis, Duke of, 93, 100. 

— Reginald Farnese, Duke of, 93, 96. 

— Edward H., Duke of, 93, 96. 

— Duchess of, 97, 173. 

— Princess Caroline of, 100. 

— Princess Mary (Farnese) of, 89, 91. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 97. 
Parrelly, E. J., 153. 



Parry, Dr., Il6. 
Pascal, Maurice, 156. 
Paterson, Sir PL, 129. 
Paton, A., 133. 
Patown, Charles, 127. 
Patrick, St., 7. 
Patrizi, Marquis P., 186. 

— Marquis J., 186. 

Paul, Rev. William, 68, ng, 130. 
Paulet, Earl, 146. 
Paynter, James, 20, 65. 
Pearson, John, 116. 

— William, 127. 
Pedro, Dom, 165, 166. 
Pembroke, Earl of, 140. 
Pendarves, Alexander, Esq., 140, 142. 
Pennyman, R., 116. 
Penruddock, Col. J., 117. 

— John, Esq., 125. 
Penthievre, Duke of, 172. 
Peppard, Thomas, 154. 
Pera (Carlist Officer), 10. 

Percy, Thomas, Earl of Northumber- 
land, 116. 

Pereira de Melo of Cardaval, Duchess, 

Perkins, Sir W., 118, 128. 

— Edward, 150, 154. 
Persan, Marquis B. C. de, 186. 

— Count A., 186. 
Persico, Joseph, 151. 
Perth, Duke of, 131, 152. 

— Duchess of, 151. 

— Earl of, 146, 150. 
Peschard, M., 156. 
Peter, King of Servia, 39. 
Peter, Edward, 136. 
Peterborough, Earl of, 146. 

— Bishop of, 140. 

Petersen, A. L. T. de. Countess 

Mary, wife of, 180. 
Pettus, Sir John, 61. 
Peyrailles, Clarens de, 156. 
Philip v.. King of Spain, 93, 96, 97, 

157, 161. 

— II., King of Spain, 102, 165. 

— Duke of Anjou, 161. 
Philippa of Hainault, 102. 
Piedmont, H., Prince of, 115. 
Pigott, G., Esq., 142. 

Pill, George, Esq., 143. 
Piombino, Rudolpli, Prince of, 48. 
Pilcairn, Andrew, 130. 
Pitcher, Major, 117. 

Pitsligo, Baron, 147. 
Pius X., Pope, 16, 37. 

— IX., Pope, 4, 17, 164. 

— XII., Pope, 17. 

— v.. Pope, 10. 

Platz, Countess J. von., 182. 
Plessington, John, gentleman, 130. 
Plowden, Francis, 150, 152. 

— Mary, 152, 153. 
, 128. 

Plumtree, Rev. T., 102, 115. 
Plunkett, Dr. M., 154. 

— John, 131. 
Plymouth, Earl of, 144. 
Poer, Count De la, 148. 

Poland, Augustus III., King of, 99. 

— Amelia, Princess of, 99. 

— Hedwiga, Princess of, 90. 

— James L. H. Sobieski, Prince of, 

90, 91. 

— Mark Sobieski of, 90. 

— Stanislaus Jabonowski of, 94. 

— Anne Jabonowski of, 94. 
Pole, John, Esq., 140. 

— William, Esq., 142. 
Poley, Sir John, 141. 
Polignac, Princess L. of, 181. 
Pollen, John, 141. 
Pomereu, Marquise A. de, 185. 

— Count A. de, 185. 

— Count G. de, 185. 

— Countess A. de, 185. 
Pooley, Henry, 141. 
Portal, M. la Motte du, 156. 
Porteous, A., 133. 

— J-> I33- 
Porter, James, 151. 
Portman, Sir William, 141. 
Portugal, Dom Alfonso, 165. 

— Dom Miguel, Prince of, 37, 173. 

— Infant Francis Joseph, Prince of, 

i«, 38, 173- 

— Infanta Maria Theresa of, 8, 38, 


— Infanta Elizabeth of, 38, 173. 

— Infanta Maria of, 38, 173. 

— Infi^nta Mafalda of, 38, 173. 

— Infanta Maria Anne of, 38, 173. 
Potocki, Elizabeth, Countess R., 183. 

— Helen, Countess J., 183. 
Poulton, Thomas, 117, 125. 
Poustie, J., 134. 

Power and Coroghmore, Lord, 126, 



Power, R., 150. 
Powis, Duke of, 149. 

— Marquis of, 125, 136. 
Poyer, Captain, 117. 
Praed, James, 140. 

Prasehma, Baroness Marie, wife of 
John, Count, 181. 

— Count J. F., 181. 

— Count Englebert, 181. 

— Count Leopold, 181. 

— Countess Elizabeth, 181. 
Preslav, Prince of, 169. 
Preston, Viscount, 118, 126. 

— Sir J., 129. 
Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, Count E. 

von, 177. 

— Count C. von, 178. 

— Count G. von, 178. 

— Count J. von, 178. 

— Count John von, 178. 

— Countess A. von, 178. 

— Countess E. von, 178. 

— Countess J. von, 178. 

— Countess M. von, 17S. 
Prideaux, John, 140. 
Prie, Lady Anne of, 90. 
Prieur, John, 149. 

Primrose, Sir Archibald, 120, 131. 

Prior, M., 136. 

Prussia, A. F. , Duke of, 90. 

— Magdalena S. of, 90. 

Quatrebarbes, Marquis de, 156. 
Quidley, Patrick, 118, 126. 

Radau, Countess Anne, 179. 
Radcliffe, Hon. Charles, 128. 
Radzivill, Elizabeth, A,, Hereditary 
Princess of, 98. 

— Dowager-Princess, Mary C. L. de 

la Grange, 90. 

— Anthony, Prince, 183. 

— Prince George, 183. 

— Prince Albert, 183. 

— Prince Charles (1886), 183. 

— Prince Leon, 183. 

— Princess Rose, 183. 

— Princess Theresa, 183. 

— Princess Elizabeth (1894), 183. 

— Prince Stanislaus, 183. 

— Prince Janusz, 183. 

— Prince William, 183. 

— Prince Waclaw, 183. 

— Prince Casimar, 183. 

Radzivill, Princess Louisa, 183. 

— Princess Gabrielle, 183. 

— Ferdinand, Prince, Duke of 

Olyka, 183. 

— Prince Michael, 183. 

— Prince Anthony, 183. 

— Prince Charles, 183. 

— Prince Janusz, 183. 

— Princess Margaret, 183. 

— Prince Wladislaus (1836), 183. 

— Prince Charles (1839), 183. 

— Prince Wladislaus {1881), 183. 

— Prince Bogislaus, 183. 

— Princess Elizabeth (1850), 183. 
Ramsay, J., of Drumlochie, 130. 

— Ensign W., 127. 

— George, 134. 
Ranaleigh, Earl of, 141. 
Randel, R., 134. 
Randyl, M., Esq., 143. 
Ranking, Dr. de I'Hoste, 87. 
Rashleigh, John, 140. 
Ratcliff, John, 134. 
Ratcliffe, E., Esq., 122. 
Rattray, Lieut. -Col., 127. 
Rattrey, George, 151. 
Raymond, Sir Robert, 146. 
Read, J., 134. 

— R., 134. 

— John, 149. 

Redern, Mary C, Countess von, 182. 

— V. von, 182. 

— Mary von, 182. 

— M. von, 182. 

— H. von, 182. 

— Count W. von, 182, 
Redman, George, Esq., 116. 
Redmayne, William, 136. 
Redmond, William, 81. 
Reeves, Richard, gentleman, 117. 
Reid, Robert, 120. 

— Allister, 123. 

Rendal, Thomas, Esq., 142. 
Reuss-Greiz, Henry XXIV., Prince 

of, 7, 44. 
Reynell, Richard, Esq., 142. 
Rhine, Prince Rupert of the, 15, 25. 

— Dorothy S. of the, 93. 

Riano, Alexander, Marquis of, 187. 
Rice, Sir S., 154. 
Richard I., 8, 102. 

— H., 102. 

— HL, 88, 102. 
Richardson, R., 128, 152. 



Riddle, John, 137. 

Rives, Richard, gentleman, 125. 

Robarts, Francis, 140. 

Robert, H.R.H. Prince, Duke of 

Cornwall and Rothesay, 11, 14, 

29, 77, 78, 83, 16S. 

— H.R.H. Princess, Duchess of 

Cornwall and Rothesay, 14, 20, 
29, 78, 83. 

— I. of Scotland, 7, 14, 99. 

— n. of Scotland, 9. 

— HI. of Scotland, 8. 

— Duke of Paima, 14. 
Robertson, Alexander, of Struan, 

127, 130. 

— Alexander, 145. 

— Donald, 124, 130. 
of Blairfrely, 119, 130. 

— John, 130. 

— Patrick, 130. 

— David, 137. 
-G., 137. 

— J-, 137. 

— A., 137. 

— Duncan, 137. 
Robespierre, 15. 

Robilant and Cereaglio, Dowager- 
Countess of, 183. 
Robinson, C, 134. 
Robotham, John, 134. 
Rocca-Guiglielmo, L. , Count of, 172. 

— M., Countess of, 172. 
Rocca-Saporiti, Countess M. A., 186. 
Roche, Jordan, 117. 

— Edmund, 117, 

— David, 117. 
Rochefoucauld, Margaret de la, 182. 

— Sosthenes de la, 182. 

— Hedwiga de la, 182. 

— Marie de la, 182. 

— Count Edward de la, 182. 
Rochejacquelein, La, 6, 21, 24. 
Rochester, Earl of, 140. 

— Bishop of, 1 40. 
Rodez-Benavent, Viscount de, 19. 
Roettiers, J., 154. 

— J-, 154- 

— N., 154. 

, 155- 

Rollo, Sir W., 117, 735. 

— R., of Powhouse, 145. 
Rollok, Captain W., 124. 
Ronchi, Don J., 150, 

— Don P., 150. 

Ronchi, John, 151. 

-J- B., 153. 

Rookwood, Ambrose, 118, 128. 

Roper, Edmund, 120, 134. 

Ross, Bishop of, 121. 

— General, 146. 

— Malcolm, 134. 

Rosse, Hugh, Laird of Clara, 130. 
Roumania, Ferdinand, Crown Prince 
of, 39, 172. 

— Marie, Crown Princess of, 39. 

— Prince Carol of, 172. 

— Prince Nicolas of, 172. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 172. 

— Princess Marie of, 172. 
Rous, Sir J., 141. 

Roviano, Frederic, Prince of, and 
Duke of Anticoti-Cossado, 27, 
50, 179. 

Row, David, gentleman, 120, 134. 

Rowbotham, John, 120. 

Rowney, Thomas, Esq., 143. 

Roy, J. McAUeston, 123. 

— Hugh, 134. 

Rudolph, H.R.H. Prince, 11, 50, 168. 

Ruga, Father, 152. 

Ruspoli, Prince Francis, 187. 

— Frances, 187, 

— Giacinta, 187. 

— John, 187. 

— Maria, 187. 

— Giacinta, 187. 

— Fabrizio, 187. 

— Sforza, 187. 

— Napoleon, 187. 
Russell, Sir F. , 140. 
Russia, The Czarewitch, 49. 

— The Grand Duchess Olga, 49. 

— The Grand Duchess Tatiana, 49. 

— The Grand Duchess Marie, 49. 

— The Grand Duchess Anastasia, 49. 

— The Grand Duke George, 10. 
Rustat, T., 81. 

Rutherford, Captain, 127. 

Ruthven, Captain, 127. 

Ruvigny and Raineval, Marquis of, 

75. 76, 148. 
Ryan, Captain John, 152. 

— John, 118, 126. 

Sabran-Pontives, Constance, Countess 
of, 181. 

— Countess Sybil of, 181. 

— Countess Stephanette of, 181. 



Sacheverell, Dr., 63, 64. 
Sackville, Thomas, 151. 
Sacnell, General, 80. 
Sagastizabal, General, 10. 
Salisbury, Thomas, Esquire, 116, 123. 
Salm-Hoogstraten, Count Manfred of, 
I So. 

— Count Rudolph of, iSo. 

— Count Armand of, 180, 

— Count Constantine of, 180. 

— Countess Augusta of, 180. 

— Count Conrad of, 180. 

— Countess Mary of, 180. 

— Countess Pauline of, 180. 

— Count Herman of (1844), 180. 

— Count Otho of, 180, 

— Count William of, 180. 

— Count Herman of (1888), 180. 

— Count Alfred of, 180. 

— Count Louis of, 180. 

— Count Otho of (1886), 180. 

— Count Alfred of (1888), 180. 

— Count Herman of (182 1 ), 180. 
Salm - Reifferscheid - Krautheim, 

Blanche, Altgravine George of, 

— Altgravine Josa of, 179. 

— Altgravine Rose of, 179. 

— Altgravine Eleanor of, 179. 
Salm-Reifferscheid-Reitz, Felice, Alt- 
gravine Robert of, 183. 

Salm-Salm, Leopold, Prince of, 180. 

— Prince Charles of, 180. 

— Prince Alfred of, 180. 

— Prince Emmanuel of, 180. 

— Prince Nicholas of, 180. 

— Princess Rosemary of, 180. 

— Prince Francis of, 180. 

— Prince Alfred of, 180. 

— Princess Mary of, 180. 

— Princess Henrietta of, 180. 

— Princess Rose of, 180. 

— Princess Augusta of, 180. 

— Princess Eleanor of, 180. 

— Princess Marie of, 180. 

— Princess Constance of, 180, 

— Eleanor, Princess of, 180. 
Saltmershe, John, gentleman, 122. 
Saltoun, Viscount, 145. 
Bancroft, Archbishop, 23, 62, 138. 
Sanders, Thomas, 141. 
Sanderson, J., 134. 

— J., gentleman, 134. 
Sandford, John, 141. 

Santa Elena, Marquis of, 171. 
Sardinia, Humbert, Prince Royal of, 

— Princess Yolande of, 170. 

— Princess Mafalda of, 170. 

— Princess Giovanna of, 170. 
Savage, Colonel, 116. 
Savoy, Duke of, 114, 115- 

— Duchess of, 114, 115. 

— Victor Amadeus L, Duke of, 93. 

— Victor Amadeus II., Duke of, 93. 

— Victor Amadeus III., Duke of, 93. 

— Charles Emmanuel II., Duke of, 

89, 93- 

— Charles Emmanuel III., Duke of, 


— Princess Isabel of, 89. 

— Princess Adelaide Henrietta of, 93. 

— Princess Mary Adelaide of, 94. 
Savoy-Genoa, Prince Ferdinand of, 


— Prince Philip L. of, 1 70. 

— Prince Albert of, 170. 

— Prince Eugene of, 170. 

— Princess Margaret of, 170. 

— Princess Mary Adelaide of, 170. 
Sawyer, Sir R., 140. 
Saxe-Altenburg, Princess Theresa of, 

98, 100. 

— Ernest, Duke of, 44. 

— Prince Ernest of, 44. 
Saxe-Coburg, Prince Ferdinand of, 


— Amelia, Princess Charles of, 171. 

— Prince Manuel of, 171. 
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Charles Edward, 

Duke of, 44. 

— J. L., Hereditary Prince of, 44. 

— Prince Antony of, 30, 168. 

— Princess Marie Immaculee of, 30, 


— Prince Peter of, 172. 

— Prince A. L. of, 172. 

— Prince Augustus of, 172. 

— Prince Rainer of, 172. 

— Prince Philip of, 172. 

— Princess Clementina of, 172, 

— Princess Marie of, 172. 

— Prince Louis of, 30, 172. 

— Prince Alphonso of, 172. 

— C. M. I., Princess A. L. of, 174. 

— Louisa, Princess Philip of, 175. 

— Prince Leopold of, 175. 

— Prince Philip of, 176. 



Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince Augustus 
of, 176. 

— Maria Pia, Princess Louis of, 178. 
Saxe-Hildburghausen, Ernest F. I., 

Duke of, 98, 

— Ernest F. II., Duke of, 98, 

— Ernest F. III., Duke of, 98, 100. 

— Frederick, Duke of, 98, 100. 

— Princess Elizabeth Ernestine of, 98. 
Saxe-Meiningen, George II., Duke 

of, 44. 

— Bernard, Hereditary Prince of, 44. 
Saxe-Weimar, William Ernest, Grand 

Duke of, 44. 

— Prince William, 44. 

— Charles Augustus, Hereditary 
Grand Duke of, 23. 

— Ernest Augustus I., Duke of, 98, 


— Duchess Ernestine, A. S. of, 98, 


— Charles Frederick, Grand Duke 

of, 14. 
Saxony, Anthony, King of, 100. 

— Frederick Augustus, King of, 44, 


— John George I., Elector of, 90, 91. 

— John George III., Elector of, 94. 

— Frederick C., Elector of, 100. 

— Frederick Augustus I., Elector of, 


— Frederick Augustus II., Elector of, 


— Prince Maximilian of, 1 00. 

— George, Prince Royal of, 44, 169. 

— Prince Frederic C. of, 169. 

— Prince Ernest H. of, 169. 

— Princess Margaret of, 169. 

— Princess Mary Alice of, 169. 

— Princess Anne Monica of, 169. 

— Prince John George of, 170. 

— Prince Maximilian of, 170. 

— Princess Matilda of, 170. 

— Marie I., Princess John George of, 


— Princess Sophia Eleanor of, 90, 91. 

— Princess Mary Anne of, 100. 

— Princess Mary Josephine of, 94. 
Scaillet, Emile, 156. 
Scarisbrick, R. , Esq., 130. 
Scarsdale, Earl of, 140, 144. 
Schaumburg-Lippe, George, Prince 

of, 45- 

— Adolphus, Hereditary Prince, 45. 

Scheills, A., 145. 

Schleswig and Holstein, Dorothy, 
Duchess of, 175. 

— Dukes of, 26, 27, 46, 50. 
Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, Duke of, 


— Magdalena of, 92. 
Schon, Dr. E. C. J., 43. 
Schonburg - Waldenburg, Prince 

Charles Leopold of, 168. 
Schwarzburg - Rudolstadt, Gunther, 
Prince of, 45. 

— Prince Sizzo of, 45. 
Schwarzburg - Sondershausen, Prince 

Charles of, 16, 45. 

— Prince Leopold of, 45. 
Schwiter, Theresa, Baroness von, 

Scobell, F., Esq., 142. 
Scott, Sir Walter, 17, 19. 

— A., 134. 

— J-, 134- 
-W., 134. 

— R., 145. 
-W., 145. 
Scranston, W. , 115. 

Seaforth, Earl of, 126, 128, 135, 

Seefried auf Buttenheim, Princess E., 

Baroness Otho von, 170. 

— Baroness E. von, 170. 

— Baroness A. von, 170. 

Segorbe and Cardona, L. F. R., 
Duke of, 92. 

— Jane of, 92. 
Sempill, Lord, 145. 

Servia, George, Prince Royal of, 39. 
Sessa and Montemar, Duke of, 171. 
Seville, Marie L., Duchess of, 171. 
Seymour, Sir Henry, 140, 142 

— Sir E., 140. 
Shafto, Captain, 119. 
Shaftoe, William, Esq., 130. 
Shakespeare, William, 12. 
Sharp, T. , of Houston, 145. 
Sharpc, Archbishop, 10. 

— William, gentleman, 134. 
Shaw, R., 130. 

Shee, John, 154. 

Sheldon, Lieut. -General Dominick, 

150, 153- 

— Ralph, 151. 

Shelley, William, Esq., 123. 
Sheppard, James, 119, 130. 



Sherburne, R., 130. 
Sheridan, Sir Thomas, 150, 153. 
Shippen, Mr., 146. 
Shivers, R., 118, 126. 
Shrewsbury, Duke of, 146. 
Shuttleworth, Cornet, 119. 

— Thomas, 119. 

— Ralph, 130. 

— Ronald, 130. 
Siddall, Thomas, 134. 
Sinclair, Lord, 135, 146, 147. 

— Master of, 128. 

— Sir R., 145. 

— William, 127. 

— James, 145. 

— Ensign Alexander, 127. 
Singleton, James, 130. 
Skein, Lieut., 127. 
Skelton, Bevil, 149. 
Slaughter, John, 118, 126. 
SHngsby, Sir Henry, 118. 
Small, John, 134. 

Smith, William, Esq., 122. 

— J., 134- 
-W., 134. 

— Sergeant, 120. 

— Duncan, 137. 

— Donald, 137. 

— David, 137. 
Smithson, Hugh, Esq., 143. 
Snell, Mr., 146. 
Sobieski, James, 90, 91. 

— Mark, 90. 
-J. L. H., 90. 
Solms-Rodelheim, L. , Count of, 98. 

— Catherine P., Countess of, 98. 
Solre and Buren, Philip E., Count of, 


— Countess A. M. J. of, 92. 
Somerset, Duke of, 140. 
Somervall, Capt. R., 127. 
Somervell, A., 121. 
Somerville, Capt. W^., 124. 
Sophia, Electress of Hanover, 142, 

144. 145- 

— D. of Zelle, 102. 
Sora, Ugo, Duke of, 48. 

— Laura, Duchess of, 48. 

— Victoria, late Duchess of, 48, 
Souilly, Viscount of, 90. 
Soulzbach, Joseph C. E., Hereditary 

Prince of, 98, 100. 

— Princess Frances of, 98, 100. 
Southampton, Duke of, 140. 

Southesk, Earl of, 128, 146. 

Southworth, Father, 117. 

Spain and France, Doaa Blanche, n^e 
Princess Royal and Infanta of, 
Archduchess Leopold S. of 
Tuscany, 18, 21, 27, 50, 168. 

— Princess and Infanta Dona Elvira 

of, 15, 27, 50, 168. 

— Dofia Beatrice, Infanta and Prin- 

cess of Roviano and Duchess 
of Anticoti-Cossado, 5, 7, 10, 27, 
50, 168. 

— Princess and Infanta Dona Alice 

of, 13, 28, 50, 168. 

— Don Alfonso, Infant of, 168. 

— Infanta Alphonso of, 16, 173. 

— Princess Maria de las Mercedes 

of, 4. 
Spain, Mary Theresa, Infanta of, 93. 

— Mary A. F., Infanta of, 93, 96, 97, 


— Dona Isabel, 161, 162. 

— Mary Louisa, Infanta of, 99, 1 00. 

— Dona Isabella, 170. 

— Don Alfonso, 170. 

— Infant iVlfonso of, 170. 

— Infant Jaime of, 170. 

— Infanta Beatrice, 170. 

— Infanta Maria of, 170. 

— Infant Alfonso of, 170. 

— Infanta Isabella of, 170. 

— Infanta Maria T. of, 170. 

— Infant Louis A. of, 170. 

— Infanta Josephine of, 171. 
Spalding, D., 137. 
Sparkes, James, 120, 134. 
Sparrow, Sir J., 149. 
Specot, John, 140. 

Spens, Walter, 123. 

— George, 145. 
Spotswood, Colonel, 117. 
Spottiswood, Sir Robert, 3, 117, 124, 

135- . 
Spratt, Bishop, 144. 

Spynie, Lord, 135. 

St. Asaph, Bishop, 140. 

St, Aubyn, Sir J., 140. 

St. George, Mrs. Flora, 83. 

St. John, Henry, 143. 

St. Loe, George, 142. 

St. Martin, Prince Camillus of, 95. 

— Princess Theresa of, 95. 
Stacey, Edward, 118. 
Stafford, John, 152. 



Stafford, Francis, 154. 
Stamford, Earl of, 92. 

— Lady Diana, 92. 
Stammann, Dr. J. O., 43. 
Standish, Ralph, Esq., 130. 
Stanislaus I. of Poland, 94. 
Stanislaus II., last King of Poland, 4, 

Stanley, Thomas, Esq., 130. 
Stawel, Lord, 144. 
Steben, William, 134. 
Steel, Alexander, 134. 
Stephans, William, Esq., 143. 
Sterne, George, 145. 
Stevenson, Alexander, 120, 134. 
Stewart, Sir James, 136. 

— Col. John of Kinnachin, 154. 

— A., Provost of Edinburgh, 136. 

— Duncan, of Appin, 124. 

— John, 124. 

— Alexander, 125. 

— P., of Appin, 125. 

— Robert, 128. 

— R., of Killiharry, 137. 

— Walter, 145. 

— Charles, of Ardsheil, 131. 

— P., 134- 

— D., 134- 

— Jv ^34. 
Stirling, James, 137. 

Stiver, Hans, gentleman, 125. 

Stoker, Hugh, 115. 

Stolberg - Gedern, L. C, Count of, 


— F. C, Count of, 92. 

— G. A,, Prince of, 92. 
Stolberg-Ortenau, Henry V., Count 

of, 92. 

— Countess Anna of, 92. 
Stolberg-Stolberg, Anne, Dowager 

Countess of, 1 77. 

— Frederick L., Count of, 177. 

— Countess Leopoldina of, 177. 
Stolberg- Wernigerode, Henry Ernest 

I., Count of, 92. 

— Elizabeth B.^ Countess of, 177. 

— Francis X,, Hereditary Count of, 


— Count Frederick L. of, 177. 

— Count Joseph of, 177. 

— Countess Marie A. of, 177. 
Stonehouse, Sir J., 142. 
Stormont, Viscount, 145. 
Stormonth, Viscount, 146. 

Stormonth, James, gentleman, 134. 

Story, Dr., 116. 

Stotten, Captain Francis, iSo. 

Stowan, Ensign, 127. 

Strachwitz, Arthur, Count von, 181. 

— Baroness Emma, Countess von, 


— Count Alexander von, 181. 

— Count Rudolph von, 181. 

— Count Stanislaus von, 181. 

— Countess Helen von, 181. 

— Countess Mary A. von, 181. 
Strafford, Earl of, 7, 10, 22, 55, 

Strafford, G., Esq., 122. 
Straglia, J. P., 153. 
Strangeways, Thomas, Esq., 140, 

Strathallan, Viscount, 146. 
Strickland, Lady, 151. 

— Mrs., 151. 

— Roger, 151, 153. 

— Robert, 150, 152. 

— Walter, 150, 152. 

— Theresa, 153. 
Struther, Alderman, 115. 
Stuart, Col. William, 124. 

— R., of Appin, 130. 

— John, of Kynochan, 130. 

— John, of Inneritty, 130. 

— J-. 134- 

— R-, 134- 

— Charles, 137. 

— David, 137. 

— Robert, 137. 
Sturzaker, John, 130. 
Sudermania, Duke of, 6. 
Sullivan, J., 118, 130. 
Sunderland, Earl of, 136. 
Sutherland, Duke of, 147. 

— Hon. William, 129. 

— William, 127. 

— Henry, 127. 
Swan, A., 120, 134. 

Sweden, Gustavus Adolphus, Prince 

Royal, 50. 
Swinbourne, John, Esq., 122. 
Swinburne, Edward, 130. 

— John, 130. 

Swynnowc, R., gentleman, 122. 

— J., 122. 

Syddall, Thomas, 119, 130. 
Symes, James, 150. 

— Elizabeth, 152, 



Talbot, R., captain, 130. 

— R., of Malahide, 154. 

— Bruno, 154. 
Talleyrand, 13. 
Tancred, Christopher, 141. 
Tanner, John, 140. 
Tarbut, Viscount, 147. 

Taylor, Christopher, gentleman, 134. 

— William, 115. 

— R-, 134- 

— P., 120, 134. 
Taylour, Thomas, 122. 
Tempest, Robert, Esq., 122, 

— Michael, 122. 
Tennet, F., 121. 
Terry, James, 152. 

Teschen, Archduke F,, 3rd Duke of, 

Thanet, Earl of, 144. 
Theodoli, Christina, Countess dei 

Marchesi, 186. 

— Alberto dei Marchesi, 186. 

— Clement dei Marchesi, 186. 

— Theodore dei Marchesi, 186. 

— Hugo dei Marchesi, 186. 

— Laura dei Marchesi, 1S6. 

— Maria dei Marchesi, 186. 

— Beatrice dei Marchesi, 186. 

— Louisa dei Marchesi, 186, 
Theresa, Queen of France (Princess 

Royal of Great Britain), 7, 15. 
Thompson, Henry, 115. 

— Robert, 1 16. 

— James, 120, 134. 

— Robert, 136. 

— Alexander, 137. 
Thomson, Sir T. , 1 36. 
Thornton, John, Esq., 130. 
Thorold, Sir J., 143. 
Threcald, Lieut., 127. 
Thrippland, Sir D., 129. 
Throckmorton, F., Esq., 1 16, 123. 
Throgmorton, John, Esq., 1 16. 

de Thun et Hohenstein, Fra G., 35. 
Thiirheim, Andrew, Count of, 182. 

— Count Louis of, 182. 

Thurn und Taxis, Margaret C, Prin- 
cess of, 176. 

— F. J., Hereditary Prince of, 176. 

— Prince C. A. of, 176. 

— Prince L. P. of, 176. 
Thynne, Hon. Henry, 142. 
Tichbourne, C, 116. 
-W., 141. 

Tilney, Charles, Esq., I16, 123. 
Tinsley, R., 134. 

Tomacelli Filomarino della Torre, 
Duca Giustiniano, 165. 

Tompkins, , 116. 

Tonge, Baron de, 156. 
Topley, William, 115. 
Tortler, John, 118, 126. 

— Alexander, 127. 
Townley, Colonel, 136. 
Townley, Francis, Esq., 119, 132. 
Trait, Alexander, 128. 

Trant, Sir Patrick, 126, 148, 153. 
Trap, Christopher, gentleman, 130. 
Traquair, Earl of, 124, 135, 136, 

Travers, John, gentleman, 116, 123. 
Tredenham, Sir J., 140. 

— John, Esq., 142. 

Treves, Michael, Archbishop and 

Elector of, 47. 
Trevor, Lord, 146. 
Tribarren, General, 11. 
Trinder, John, 153. 
Trollopp, John, Esq., 122. 
Tullibardine, Marquis of, 128. 
TuUoch, David, 137. 
Tunstall, William, 130. 
Turene, Matthew, 151. 
Turner, Sir John, 141. 

— T., 134. 

— T., 134. 

— John, 137. 

Tuscany, Blanche, Archduchess 
Leopold Salvator of, 16S. 

— Archduke Rene of, 168. 

— Archduke Leopold of, 168. 

— Archduke Anthony of, 16S. 

— Archduke Francis of, 168. 

— Archduchess Marie Dolores of, 


— Archduchess Marie Immaculee of, 


— Archduchess Margaret of, 168. 

— Archduchess Marie Antoinette of, 


— Archduchess Assunta of, 168. 

— Alice, Dowager Grand Duchess 

of, 169. 

— Archduke Leopold F. of, 169. 

— Archduke Joseph F. of, 169. 

— Archduke Peter F. of, 48, 169. 

— Archduke Gottfried of, 169. 

— Archduke George of, 169. 



Tuscany, Archduchess Helene of, 169. 

— Archduchess Rose of, 169. 

— Archduke Henry F. of, 169. 

— Archduchess Margaret M. of, 169. 

— Archduchess Germana M. of, 169. 

— Archduchess Agnes M. T. of, 169. 

— Archduke Leopold Salvator of, 21, 


— Archduke Francis S. of, 174. 

— Archduke Francis Charles S. of, 


— Archduke Hubert S. of, 174. 

— Archduke Theodore S. of, 174. 

— Archduke Maximilian Charles of, 


— Archduke Ernest of, 174. 

— Archduchess Elizabeth F. of, 174. 

— Archduchess Hedwiga of, 174. 

— Archduchess Gertrude of, 174. 

— Archduchess Sophie of, 174. 

— Ferdinand HI., Grand Duke of, 


— Ferdinand IV., Grand Duke of, 48. 

— Ferdinand V., Grand Duke of, 

48, 175- 

— Marie Valerie, Archduchess Francis 

S. of, 41, 178. 

— Francis, Grand Duke of, 89. 

— Leopold II., Grand Duke of, 100. 

— Augusta, Archduchess of, 100. 

— Mary, Archduchess of, 91. 
Twisden, Sir R., 141. 

Two Sicilies, H.R.H. Mary, Crown 
Princess of the, Duchess of 
Calabria, II, 29, 168. 

— Prince Roger, Duke of Noto, 29, 

49, 1 68. 

— Princess Antoinette of the, 29, 168. 

— Princess Mary Christina of the, 29, 


— Princess Barbara of the, 29, 168. 

— Princess Lucy of the, 29, 168. 

— Ferdinand, Crown Prince of the, 

IS. 49. 171- 

— Prince Charles of the, 4, 49, 174. 

— Prince Gennaro of the, 3, 49, 174. 

— Prince Rene of the, 49, 174. 

— Prince Philip of the, 49, 174. 

— Prince Francis of the, 49, 174. 

— Prince Gabriel of the, 2, 49, 174. 

— Princess Mary Immaculee of the, 

49. 174- 

— Princess Mary Christina of the, 49, 


Two Sicilies, Princess Mary of the 

49. 174- 

— Princess Mary Josephine of the, 49, 


— PrincessLouisa Amelia of the, 104. 
Tyn, William, 143. 

Tyndesley, Thomas, 136. 

Tyrone, Earl of (R. Power, Baron 

le Power), 126. 
Tyrreconnel (or Tyreconnell), Earl of, 

62, 126, 148. 

— Duke of, 154. 

Tyrrell, Sir , Bart., 126, 148. 

Upper Ossory, Lord, 126, 148. 
Urach, Amelia, Duchess of, 170. 

— Prince William of, 170. 
• — Prince Charles of, 170. 

— Prince Albert of, 170. 

— Prince Everard of, 170. 

— Princess Gabrielle of, 170. 

— Princess Elizabeth of, 170. 

— Princess Carola of, 170. 

— Princess Margaret of, 170. 
Ursel, Robert, 9th Duke of, Prince 

of Arche and Charleville, 183. 
d' Ursel, Charles Francis, Count, 183. 

— Countess Chantal Sabine, 184. 

— Countess Antoine, 184. 

— Count Wolfgang, 184. 

— Count Gerard, 184. 

— Countess Pauline, 184. 

— Count Leon, 184. 

— Count Xavier, 184. 

— Count Bernard, 184. 

— Count William, 184. 

— Countess Helena, 184. 

— Count Louis, 184. 

■ — Count Edward, 1S4. 

— Countess Anne, 184. 

— Countess Jeanne, 184. 

— Countess Juliet, 1S4. 

— Countess Molly, 184. 

— Countess Gabrielle, 1S4. 

— Countess Frances, 184. 

— Count Aymard, 184. 

— Count Conrad, 184. 

— Countess Bertha, 184. 

— Countess G. Ghislaine, 184. 

— Countess Margaret, 184. 

— Count Hippolyte, 184. 

— Count John, 1S4. 

— Count George, 184. 

— Count Peter, 184. 



d'Ursel, Countess Isabelle, 184. 

— Count Augustus, 185. 

— Count Anthony, 185. 

— Count Francis, 185. 

— Count James, 185. 

— Countess Louise, 185. 

— Countess Elizabeth, 185. 

— Countess Martha, 185. 

— Countess Madeleine, 185. 

— Countess Marie H., 185. 

— Count Adrien, 185. 

— Count Ernest, 185. 

— Count Emmanuel, 185. 

— Countess Aline, 185. 

— Countess Charlotte, 185. 

— Countess Amelia, 185. 

— Countess Antoinette, 185. 

Valcarios, Marquis of, 171. 
Valli, F., 48. 

Valois, Henry, Prince of, 11. 
Valori, Prince de, 9, 158. 
Vaughan, Captain, 118. 

— William, 137. 

Vegue-Westernach, Leopoldina, Bar- 
oness Godefroy von, 176. 

— Baron Charles von, 176. 

— Baroness Theresa von, 176. 

— Baroness Maria von, 176. 

— Baroness Mechtilda von, 176. 
Vendome, Emmanuel, Duke of, 175. 

— Anthony, Duke of, 89. 

— Henrietta, Duchess of, 175. 
Venevelles, Marchioness of, 181. 
Verney, Hon. John, 143. 

— Sir Ralph, 140, 141. 

Victor I., 2, IS, 93, 95, 96, 97, 102, 

Victor Amadeus H., King of Sardinia, 

94, 96, 167. 
Victor Amadeus HI., King of 

Sardinia, 20, 93, 96, 97, 99, 

Victor Emmanuel I., King of Sardinia, 


Victor Emmanuel H., King of Sar- 
dinia, 8, 165. 

Victor Emmanuel HI., King of Sar- 
dinia, 48, 170. 

Victoria, de facto Queen, 102. 

Victoria, Queen of Sweden, 50. 

Virieu, Countess Caroline de, 183. 

Vivian, Francis, 140. 

Vowel, Peter, 117. 


Wadsworth, J., 130. 

Wahlstatt, Wanda, Princess Bliichar 

von, 183. 
Wake, William, 125. 
Waldburg-Wolffegg-Waldsee, Sophia, 

Princess of, 177. 

— Maximilian, Hereditary Count of, 


— Count Francis of, 177. 

— Count George of, 177. 

— Count Frederic of, 177. 

— Countess Anne of, 177. 

— Countess Sophia of, 177. 

— Count Joseph of, 177. 

— Count Louis of, 177. 

— Count Henry of, 177. 

— Countess Marie of, 177. 
Waldeck Pyrmont, Frederick, Prince 

of, 45. 

— Josias, Hereditary Prince, 45. 
Waldegrave, Sir W. , 1 50. 

— Richard, 152. 
Walker, John, 134. 

— O., 136. 

Walkinshaw, J., of Scotstowne, 130. 
Wallace, Sir William, 127. 

— Thomas, 127. 

— John, 120, 134. 
Waller, , 7. 

Walmsly, Thomas, gentleman, 130. 
Walrond, Edmond, 140. 
Walton, Thomas, gentleman, 130. 
War, Sir Francis, 141, 143. 
War hurt on. Sir George, 142. 
Ward, John, Esq., 143, 146. 
Waring, G., 134. 

— M., 134. 

Warnford, Sir E. , 141. 
Warrington, Earl of, 144. 
Watkins, Lady Muriel, 86, 87. 
Watson, Bishop of St. David's, 136, 


— G. W., 88. 
-T., 134. 
Wauchop, Col., 128. 

— Andrew, Esq., 137. 
W^ebster, D., 134. 

— J-, 134- 

Wedderburn, Sir John, 120, 131. 
Welborne, John, gentleman, 122. 
Weld, G., 141. 
Wenman, Lord, 141. 
Westall, Rev. H., 84. 
Westmorland, Earl of, 121. 



Weston, John, 141. 
Wetham, William, 126. 
Wethame, William, 118. 
Weymouth, Viscount, 140, 144. 
Wharton, Duke of, 131. 

— Baron, 147. 
White, Father D., 150. 

— John, 152. 

— Alexander, 137. 
Whitelock, Sir William, 146. 
Whittaw, Patrick, 121. 
Whitty, Robert, 118, 130. 
Widdrington, Lord, 128, 147. 

— Hon. C, 129. 

— Hon. P., 129. 

Wielopolski, Count Alexander, 178. 

— Count Alfred, 178. 

— Count Albert, 178. 

Wigtown or Wigton, Earl of, 145, 155. 
Wilberie, Anthony, gentleman, 122. 
Wilding, James, 134. 
Wilhelmina, Queen of the Nether- 
lands, 17, 35. 
Wilkie, John, 152. 

— D-. 134- 

Wilkinson, , 1 16. 

William I., King of Prussia, 21. 
William H., King of Prussia, 3, 38, 

William H., King of Wurtemburg, 5, 

William Christian, 2. 

William (and Mary) of Orange, 2, 3, 
4, 96, 102, 139, 144, 14S. 146. 

Williams, C, 151. 

Willis, Edward, 117, 125. 

Willoughby, Sir George, 141, 

Wilson, A., 125. 

Wiltruda, H.R.H. Princess, 22, 30, 

Winceslas, St., Duke of Bohemia, 19. 

Winchelsea, Earl of, 144. 

Winchester, Bishop, 140. 

Windisch-Graetz, Archduchess E. , 
Princess Otto of, 41, 175. 

— M., Princess of, 175. 
Wingate, Mrs., 147. 
Winkley, Edward, Esq., 130. 

— John, 119. 
Winstanley, James, Esq., 143. 

— William, 134. 

Wintoun, Earl of, 16, 68, 128, 147. 
Wishart, J., 134. 
Withers, Sir Francis, 136. 

Wivell, Thomas, 151. 
Wogan, Sir William, 141. 

— N., captain, 130. 

— Charles, 130. 

Wolff- Metternich - zur - Gracht, Fla- 
minia. Countess of, 180. 

— Count A., 180. 

— Count P., 180. 

— Count Fritz, 180. 

— Count L., 180. 

— Count Ferdinand, 180. 

— Count J., 180. 

— Count P'rancis F., I So. 

— Countess M. J., 180. 

— Countess J. H., 180. 

— Countess E., 180. 

Wolfgang, H.R.H. Prince, 14, 30, 168. 

Womat, Lord of, 136. 

Wood, Andrew, gentleman, 120, 134. 

— Lawrence, 152. 
Woodhouse, J. T., 153. 
Woolcomb, John, Esq., 142. 
Worcester, Marquis of, 141. 
Wrbna und Freudenthal, Elvira, 

Countess of, 172. 

— Count R. von, 172. 

— Count A. von, 172. 

— Countess I. von, 172. 
Wrey, Sir B., 140. 
Wright, Peter, 117. 

— Robert, 134. 
Wroth, Sir T., 143. 
Wiirtemburg, Eberhard, Duke of, 


— Duchess Sophia L. of, 94. 

— Frederick Eugene, Duke of, 99. 

— Lewis Eugene, Duke of, 99. 

— Duke Louis of, 99. 

— Mary Dorothy, Duchess of, 99. 

— Duke Philip A. of, 174. 

— Duke Albert E. of, 174. 

— Duke Charles A. of, 174. 

— Duchess Maria A. of, 174. 

— Duchess Maria T. of, 174. 

— Duchess Margaret of, 174. 

— Duke Philip of, 45, 176. 

— Duke Albert of, 176. 

— Duke Robert of, 176, 

— Duke Ulrick of, 176. 

— Archduchess Mary T., Duchess P. 

of, 178. 
Wykes, Mr., 146. 
Wyndc, Richard, 1 15. 
Wyndham, Sir William, il, 63, 67. 


Wyndham, Sir Edward, 141. 
Wytham, Cuthbert, gentleman, 122. 
Wytliington, R., Esq., 130. 

Yarmouth, Earl of, 140. 
Yeoman, Robert, 116. 
Yonge, Richard, 116. 
York, Duke of, 25, 135. 

— Archbishop of, 140. 
Ythane, Lord, 124. 

Zamoski, Prince of (J. Radzivil), 

Zamoyski, Carolina, Countess Andrew, 


— Count Francis, 175. 

— Count Stanislaus, 175. 

— Countess Maria J., 175. 

— Countess Theresa, 175. 

— Countess Caroline, 175. 

Zileri dal Verme, Dofia Marie de 
Carma, Countess H., 173. 

— Count George, 173. 

— Countess Maria A., 173. 

— Countess Anna, 173. 

— Countess Mary C. , 173. 

— Countess Adelgonda, 173. 

— Clementina, Dowager Countess of, 


— Henry, Count, 179. 

— Count Robert, 179. 

— Count Guilio, 179. 

— Countess Berica, 179. 

— Count Luchino, 179. 

— Count Alexander, 179. 

— Gabriella, Countess Robert, 179. 
Zolkiewski, Stanislaus, Chancellor of 

Poland, 90, 91. 

— Theophila, 90, 91. 
Zumalacarregui, 12. 

Note. — No previous issue of the Legitimist Aa/e«i/(j;;- has been indexed, 
and as in a work of this kind a complete index would be almost as long as the 
book itself, there are some few omissions, such as the list of Non-jurors. 

^be 1LeGitimi0t "Ikalenbar 


2 XTbe Xeottimfst Ikalenbac tor 191° 

" I hold that it is unchristian for nations to cast off their governors, 
and much more sovereigns who have the divine right of inheritance." — 
Cardinal Newman {Apologia pro Vita Sua). 






1 1 











Charles II. crowned at Scone, 1651. King James III. 

and VIII. died, 1766. 
Margaret, late Queen of France and Spain, born, 

H.R.H. Princess Dietlinda Mary born, 1888. William 

Christian executed, 1663. 
The Five Members impeached, 1642. 
Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, marched to 

Stirling and halted a day at Bannockburn House, 

King James III. and VIII. entered Dundee, 17 16. 

Epiphany. Joan of Arc born, 1412. 

H.R.H. the Prince Consort born, 1845. Mary 

Charlotte, Empress-Dowager of Mexico, born, 1840. 
Juan III. of Spain abdicated, 1868. 
William of Orange assumed the government of 

Scotland, 1689. 
Ernest, Count Regent of Lippe, born, 1842. 
Archbishop Laud murdered, 1645. King Victor 

died, 1824. 
Ferdinand II., King of the Two Sicilies, born, 1810. 
Prince Gabriel of the Two Sicilies born, 1897. 
The Emperor Maximilian I. died, 15 19. 
Act passed for the change from " Old Style " to 

*'New Style" in Great Britain, 1752. 
Charles VL, King of Spain, died, 1861. Charles III., 

Duke of Parma, born, 1823. 
King Charles I. brought to St. James's, 1649. 
Francis II., late King of the Two Sicilies, born, 1836. 

Events which happened in Great Britain previous to the change of Style 
in 1752 arc given according to the Old Style. Events between 1582 .and 
1752 in countries which had already adopted New Style, are given according 
to the New Style. 

XTbc Xegitimist Ikalenbar tor 1910 













Her Majesty's mother, the Dowager Princess 

Ferdinand, born, 1831. 
Victory of Prince Charles at Falkirk, 1745. 
The Services for Jan. 30 and May 29 expunged 

from the Book of Common Prayer, 1859. 
Queen Clementina (Consort of James III. and VIII.) 

died, 1765. [Richmond, i486. 

Marriage of Elizabeth of York and Henry of 
Battle of Braddock Down, 1643. Isaac D'Israeli 

died, 1848. [1646. 

Murder of Sir Robert Spottiswood at Edinburgh, 
Murder of King Louis XVI., 1793. Charles, Duke 

of Berry, born, 1778. 
The Convention Parliament met and decided, a few 

days later, by a majority of two, to offer the Crown 

to William (of Orange) and Mary, 1689. 
The Scottish Commissioners protested against the 

mock trial of King Charles I., who again refused 

to plead, 1649. 
Prince Gennaro of the Two Sicilies born, 1882. 
Cromwell and Ireton argued with the Scots, and 

tried every means, including threats, to "steel the 

hearts" of the more merciful, 1649. 
Battle of Nantwich, 1644. 
King Henry V. recognised as King by the Orleans 

Princes, 1873. 
The Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal born, 1881. 
David Low, Bishop of Argyll and Ross, last Scottish 

non-juror, died, 1855. 
Sentence pronounced on King Charles L, 1649. 
William II. of Prussia born, 1859. 
Louis XVII. proclaimed King at Ham, 1793. 
Margaret, Queen of France and Spain, died, 1893. 
Queen Louisa (Consort of Charles HI.) died, 1824. 
Jacobite Demonstration, the Statue of King Charles I. 

at Charing Cross decorated for the first time, 1893. 
^t. C^arl«s, ^.hrg nnb Partgr, murdered, 1649. 
The Crown Prince Boris of Bulgaria born, 1894. 
King Charles III. died, 1788. 
Christina, Queen of the Two Sicilies, died, 1836. 

' Prsecepta Regis sunt nobis Vincula Legis." — Piers Plowman. 

XLhc Xeoitlintst IRalen^ar for 191° 

" Fear God ; Honour the King." — i Peter ii. 17. 


Non-jurors expelled, 1691. 

King Charles I. crowned, 1626. 

Margaret, " Maid of Norway," Queen of Scots, born, 

Hume Castle surrendered, 1651. 

Defeat of the Spanish rebels at Lucar, 1875. 

Wedding of their Catholic Majesties the King and 
Queen of Spain, 1867. 

King James II. embarked for France, his last act being 
to send the remnant of his money to Argyll the 
Hanoverian leader, to be distributed among those 
who had suffered through the war, 17 16. 

King Charles II. "conditionally" proclaimed at 
Edinburgh, 1649. 

King Charles II. died, 1685. 

William and Mary of Orange usurped the throne, 1689. 

Gustavus IV. of Sweden died, 1837. 

Pope Pius IX. died, 1878. 

^mtn Parg |. of ^cotlmtir mxH ^^. of fnglanb mtb 
Irdnnb murdered, 1587. 

Murder of Royalists at Liverpool, 17 16. 

Henry, King Consort of Scotland (Darnley), mur- 
dered, 1567. 

Stanislaus II., last King of Poland, died, 1798. 

William and Mary proclaimed, 1689. 

Massacre of Glencoe, 1692. 

Marie, Queen of Spain, born, 1824. 

Gaeta surrendered, i860. 

Charles, Duke of Berry, murdered, 1820. 

Marriage of Prince Charles of the Two Sicilies with 
Princess Maria de las Mercedes of France and 
Spain, 1901. 

Death of the Dowager Princess Ferdinand, Her 
Majesty's mother, 1908. 




























Ube Xeoitimist Ikalen&ar for 191° 



























28 M 

Bishop Atterbury died, 1732. 

Battle of Outen, 1874. 

Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, born, 1608. 

Prayers for the Royal Family altered, 1689. 

Battle of Artiaga, 1873. 

Charles Prince of Wales, the Prince Regent, marched 

to Castlehill, and his army entered Inverness, 

Capitulation of Fort Echarriaranaz, 1835. 
Her Majesty's marriage, 1868. 
Murder of James I. of Scotland, 1437. 
Charles Emmanuel HI., King of Sardinia, born, 1773. 
James I. of Scotland died, 1437. 
Pope Julius n. died, 15 13. 
Pope Benedict XHI. died, 1730. 
The Stuarts succeeded to the Scottish Throne, 137 1. 
William H., King of Wurtemburg, born, 1848. 
Murder of Lord Derwentwater and Lord Kenmure, 

1 7 16. 
Battle of Los Arcos, 1835. 
Impeachment of Archbishop Laud, 1641. 
First Battle of Somorrostro, 1874. 
Ferdinand I., Prince of Bulgaria, born, 1861. 
Augustus, late Grand Duke of Oldenburg, died, 

Marriage of Princess Beatrice of France and Spain 

with Prince Massimo, Duke of Anticoti-Cossado, 
Christian IV. of Denmark died, 1646. 

' Fallitur egregio quisquis sub principe credit 
Servitium ; nunquam libertas gratior extat 
Quam sub Rege pio." — Claudian. 

Ube Xegitiinist 1kalen^ar for 1910 

" A King is the Life of the Law." — Bacon. 

MARCH 1910 






























St. David, Patron of Wales. 

;;^2 0,000 offered for the capture of Montrose, dead 
or ahve, 1645. 

Lord Brooke killed at Lichfield, 1643. Pope Leo 
XIIL born, 1810. 

Pope Leo XIIL crowned, 1878. 

Flora Macdonald died, 1790. Edward IV., the 
rightful heir, recovered the Throne, 1461. 

H.R.H. Princess Hildegarde born, 1881. 

King Henry IX. born, 1725. 

St. Adelaide (Consort of King Charles IV.) d. 1802. 

Death of the usurper, William of Orange, 1702. 

The Duke of Hamilton and Lords Holland and 
Capel murdered, 1649. Te Deum at Lisbon, to 
celebrate the recovery of King Miguel II., 1891. 

The peasants under Cathelineau resisted the decree 
of the National Convention for a levy of 300,000 
men, and disarmed the Republican guard. This 
commenced the La Vendue War, 1 793. 

Battle of Castile de la Piedra, 1837. 

Charles V., King of Spain, died, 1855. 

Alexander III., late Czar of all the Russias, born, 

Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, born, 1821. 
The Act of Settlement passed by a majority of one, 

Gustavus IV., King of Sweden, dethroned by his 

uncle, the Duke of Sudermania, 1809. 
Humbert, King of Sardinia, born, 1844. 
50,000 Royalists in arms for Louis XVII. in La 

Vendee, under D'Elbde, La Rochejacquelein, de 

Lescure, Bonchamp, Charette, etc., 1793. 
Gustavus III. of Sweden assassinated (died March 

29), 1792. 
Antoinette, Queen of the Two Sicilies, born, 1851. 

Zbc %cQitmi5t Ikalen^au tor 191° 











St. Patrick, Patron of Ireland. 

Battle of Ross, 1643. Vendeans victorious at St. 

Fulgent, 1793. 
Modena and Parma incorporated with Sardinia, i860. 
Battle of Hopton Heath, 1643. 
Charles II. proclaimed King by the Scottish Estates, 

and in Dublin by the Duke of Ormond, 1649. 
Sanguinary decree against Royalists, 1793. 
Adelgonda, Queen-Dowager (widow of King Francis), 

born, 1823. 
Henry XXIV., Hereditary Prince of Reuss-Greiz, 

born, 1878, 
The Legitimist Kalendar first published, 1894. 
H.R.H. the Infanta Dona Beatrice born, 1874. 
Battle of Stow, 1646. 
Lord Strafford's trial begun, 1641.. H.R.H. Princess 

Helmtruda born, 1886. 
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany annexed to Sardinia, 

Grantham taken, 1643. 
King James I. and VI, ascended the English Throne, 

Second Battle of Somorrostro, 1874. 
Theresa, Queen-Dowager of France and Navarre 

(Princess Royal of Great Britain, etc.), died, 

Prince Rupert relieved Latham House, held for 

eighteen weeks against 2000 rebels by the Countess 

of Derby, 1644. 
Waller's plot, 1643. 

King Robert the Bruce crowned at Scone, 1306. 
King James I. and VI. died, 1625. 
Charles III., Duke of Parma, murdered, 1854, 
Alphonso, King of the Two Sicilies, born, 1841. 
Battle of Cheryton Down, 1644. 
Charles V., King of Spain, born, 1788. 
Rev. John Keble died, 1866. 
King Charles VII. of Spain born, 1848. 
Letter from Dumouriez to the National Convention, 

recommending them to proclaim Louis XVII. and 

dissolve, 1793. 
King Charles V. of Spain died, 1855. 

XTbc Xecjitimist 1kalen&ar tor 191° 

"The Church must denounce Rebellion as of all possii)le evils the 
worst." — Cardinal Newman. 

APRIL 1910 

H.R.H. Prince Charles born, 1874. 

George II., Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, born, 1826. 

Battle of Branham Moor, 1643. 

King Charles VI. of Spain taken prisoner, i860. 

General Ortega shot, i860. 

King Robert III. of Scotland died, 1406. 

Society of King Charles the Martyr formed, 1894. 

Alexander, late Prince of Bulgaria, born, 1857. 

Protest of the King of Naples against the adoption 

of the title " King of Italy " by Victor Emmanuel, 

Richard Coeur de Lion died, 1199. 
Barnstaple surrendered, 1645. 
Christian IX., King of Denmark and Norway, born, 

Murder of Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat, 1747. 
Leopold II., King of the Belgians, born, 1835. 
Edward IV. died, 1483. 
Frederick Francis III. of Mecklenburg-Schwerin died, 

28,000 Dutch troops landed in England to protect 

the Usurper George, 17 19. 
Stanislaus Poniatowski, last King of Poland, died, 

Capture of the Castle of Axpe (Biscay), 1875. 
Exeter surrendered, 1646. 
Montrose landed in Scotland, and proclaimed 

Charles II., but was defeated and imprisoned, 

Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, marched to 

Culloden House, 1746. 
St. Michael's Mount surrendered, 1646. 




























tLbe Xeoitimist f^alenbar tor 191° 































^dtni of CuUohit. ^uttl^frg of faomtkir |logaUsts bg 

orber of t^t putcnbr:^ Bukc of (iTuinljerlanb, ^746. 
Marriage of King Charles III., 1772. 
Capitulation of the Bass Rock, last place held for 

King James, 1694. 
King Robert II. of Scotland died, 1390. 
Benjamin Disraeli died, i88i. 
Charles I,, King of Roumania, born, 1839. 
Death of H.R..H. Princess Ermengard, 1903, aged 

seven months. 
Battle of Daventry, 1 660. 
Lichfield taken, 1643. 

The Duke and Duchess of Anhalt married, 1854. 
St. George, Patron of England. 
William Shakespeare died, 1616. 
Coronation of James II., 16S5. 
Albert, King of Saxony, born, 1828. 
Battle of Las Amizcoas, 1835. 
The Emperor Francis Joseph married, 1831. 
Hereford surrendered, 1643. 
Rev. John Keble born, 1792. 
Reading surrendered, J 643. 
Battle of Corbiesdale, 1650. 
Otho, King of Bavaria, born, 1848. 
Marriage of King Charles XI. of France and VII. of 

Spain with Princess Bertha de Rohan, 1894. 
Frederic, reigning Duke of Anhalt, born, 1831. 
Victory of Fontenoy, 1745. 

" L'Angleterre a souille ses glorieuses annales de trois crimes principaux ; 
elle a tue Jeanne d'Arc, Marie Stuart et Charies I." — Prince de Valori. 


Ube Xeoitimist 1kalcn^ar for 191° 

" My son, fear thou the Lord and the King ; and meddle not with them 
that are given to change." — Proverbs xxiv. 21. 

MAY 1910 



Pope Pius V. died, 1572. 

The Act of Union came into force, 1707. 



Escape of Queen Mary I. and II. from Loch Leven, 



Archbishop Sharpe murdered, 1679. 

Madame EHzabeth born, 1764. 

H.R.H. Prince Albert born, 1905, at Munich. 



Capture of Thouars by the Vendeans, 1793. 



Death of General Bonaparte, 1821. 

Death in battle of the Carhst General Sagastizabal, 

Victory of Eraul, 1873. 



Battle of Banbury, 1643. 



Queen Mary Beatrice died, 1 7 1 8. 
Battle of Arrigorriaga, 1872. 



|].|v.p. '^xivctt Charles born, 1901, at Bamberg. 
Royal Standard raised at Hamilton, 1568. 
Murder of the Carlist Pera at Vittoria, 1870. 
Battle of Udabe, 1873. 

Marriage of King James III. and VIII., 17 19. 
King Charles II. proclaimed, 1660. 



The Grand Duke George born (April 27), 1871. 



Name Day of the Infanta Dona Beatrice. 



Battle of Fontenoy, 1745. 



Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, beheaded, 



Battle of Langside, 1568. 



Murder of Colonel Henry Oxburgh at Tyburn, 1 7 1 6. 
Deaths of Henry IV., King of France and Navarre, 

1610, and of Louis XIII., King of France and 

Navarre, 1643. 



John III., late King of France and Navarre, and of 

Spain, born, 1822. 
Daniel O'Connell died, 1847. 

Ubc Xe^itimist IRalenbar tor 191° 


M Battles of Stratton, 1643, ^^^ of Onato, 1872. 
Tu Christopher Layer murdered at Tyburn, 1723. 
W i-llp. |rhu£ lohrt born, 1869. 

King Charles V. of Spain abdicated, 1843. 
Nicholas II., Czar of All the Russias, born, 1868. 
Th Battle of Artaun, 1873. 

Lord Lansdowne, Sir William Wyndham, M.P., and 
others indicted for high treason, 1 7 1 6. 
F Ascension Day. Louis XV., King of France and 

Navarre, died, 1774. 
S James Graham, the Great Marquis of Montrose, 
murdered, 1650. 
Bertha, Queen-Consort of France and Spain, born, 

S Ferdinand II., King of Naples, died, 1859. 
M Queen Henrietta Maria impeached, 1641. 

Richard Cromwell resigned, 1659. 
Tu King Charles IV. born, 1751. 

Death in battle of the Carlist General Tribarren, 

W Battle of Huesca, 1835. 

King Charles 11. lands at Dover, 1660. 
Th Dom Miguel I. of Portugal taken prisoner, 1834. 
F St. John, Pope, martyred, 526. 
S Marquis of Argyll executed, 1661. 

S f jjgHl ®nk 5iag. 

King Charles II. born, 1630; restored, 1660. 

Battle of La Hogue, 1692. 

Fall of Constantinople, 1453. 
M H.R.H. Prince Rudolph iDorn, 1909, at Munich. 

Death of the Cariist General Olio, 1874. 
Tu Marriage of H.R.H. Princess Marie, to Prince 
Ferdinand of the Two Sicilies and Duke of 
Calabria, 1897. 

Joan of Arc burnt, 1431. 

" Fianfois d'Autriche [King Francis of England] etait un chevalier 
echappe du moyen age." — Prince Henri de Valori. 


Ube Xeaitimist Ikalcnbar for 1910 

" Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose, 
With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfumed." 

Shakespeare, Henry VI., Part II. Act i. sc. i. 

JUNE 1910 

























King Francis born, 1819. 

Carnarvon surrendered, 1646. 

Battle of Villars, 1873. 

The brigand Garibaldi died, 1882. 

Louis XIX., King of France and Navarre, died, 

Tewkesbury taken, 1644. 

Colours taken at Culloden burnt at Edinburgh, 1746. 
Trinity Sunday. 
Parliamentary Covenant, 1643. 
The Czarina born, 1872. 
Murder of Dr. Archibald Cameron, 1753. 
Confederation of the Rhine formed, 1S15. 
Louis XVII., King of France and Navarre, died, 

SK^ik |lose ,|lag. %i. UlargHrtt of ^tothnJj. 
King James^III. and VIII. born, 1688. 
Ferdinand IV. of Tuscany born, 1835. 
Vendeans capture Saumur, 1793. 
Petition of Rights accepted, 1628. 
King Charles I. married, 1625. 
Battle of Naseby, 1645. 
Rye House Plot to assassinate King Charles II., 

Henry VII. died, 1547. 
Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, born, 1644. 
John III. (Sobieski), King of Poland, died, 1696. 
King James III. of Scotland killed, 14S8. 
Battle of Chalgrove Field, 1643. 
Battle of Waterloo, 1815. 
King James I. and VI. born, 1566. 
Death of Zumalacarregui, 1835. 
Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, murdered, 1867. 

XLbc Xegitimist '(kalcii&ar for 19 lo 














; >/"»*-U 

Oxford surrendered, 1646. 

Ernest II., late Duke of Saxe-Coburg, born, 1818. 

Edward III. died, 1377. 

Battle of Bothwell Bridge, 1679. 

Prince Charles Edward, the Regent, and Prince of 

Wales, embarked at Nantes, 1745, but was delayed --^ ^ 

by meeting a Hanoverian man-of-war. 
Louis I. of France ^Ted^ 840. 
Charles II. landed in Scotland, 1650. 
Battle of Bannockburn, 13 14. ' ■ " 

The rebel John Hampden died, 1643. 
Captain O'Neil was sent to meet Flora Macdonald 

and bring her to Prince Charles, 1746. 
Pope Innocent V. died, 1276. 
James, III. King of Spain, and I. King of France 

and Navarre, born, 1870. 
Flora Macdonald, accompanied by Lady Clan- 

ronald and her daughter, joined Prince Charles, 

Princess Louisa born, 1692. 
Battles of Atherton Moor, 1643, ^■"d Cropredy, 

Venddan attack on Nantes repulsed, 1793. 
Death of Cathelineau, 1793. 
H.R.H. the Infanta Dona Alicia of Spain born, 

Acquittal of the Seven Bishops, 1688. 
The Earl of Argyll executed, 1685. 
Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, died, 1670, at St. 

The Legitimist Jacobite League of Great Britain and 

Ireland formed, 1891. 

" Les Bourbons sent un principe ; tout le reste n'est qu'une intrigue. "- 


ITbe Xeoitimist 1Ralen&ar for 191° 

"A Deo Rex; a Rege Lex. 

JULY 1910 

















Flora Macdonald parted from Prince Charles, and 

was taken prisoner eight days after, 1746. 
Siege of York raised, 1644. 

f «r llajcstg t^t ^ntixi born, 1849. H.R.H. Prince 
Wolfgang born, 1879. Battles of Marston Moor 
begun, 1644, and Alford, 1645. 
Henry Duke of York created a Cardinal, 1747. 
Louis XI. of France born, 1423. 
Louis XVIIL entered Paris, 181 5. 
LUnioii publishes a manifesto from King Henry 
saying — 

" France has need of ^Monarchy. My birth has made me 
your King. . , . The Christian and French Monarchy is 
in its very essence limited {tempcrde). It admits of the ex- 
istence of two chambers : one nominated by the sovereign, 
the other by the nation. ... I do not wish for those 
barren parliamentary struggles whence the sovereign too 
frequently issues powerless and enfeebled. ... I reject 
the formula of foreign importation, which all our past 
traditions repudiate, with its king who reigns but does not 
govern. (Signed) Henry V., 1874." 

Battles of Lansdowne, 1643, ^^'^^ Sedgemoor, 1685. 
H.R.H. Princess Mary born, 1872. Henry Duke of 

Gloucester born, 1640. Edward VL died, 1553. 
Edward L died, 1307. 

Charles Frederic, late Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, 
died, 1853. Beatrice, Princess Royal, only child 
of King Francis, died, 1849. [died, 1797. 

Robert Duke of Parma born, 1848, Edmund Burke 
Marriage of f .|lf . irititc |{oIjert, Jlukc of Corttball, 
with the Duchess Marie Gabrielle, Munich, 1900. 
Robert L of Scotland born, 1274. 
Battles of the Boyne, 1690, and Aughrim, 1691. 
King Henry IX. died, 1807. Battle of Roundway 
Down, 1643. Centenary of Henry IX., an offering 
sent by the Forget-me-not Club to the Cathedral 
of Frascati, with which was purchased ufui croce 
d'oro for the High Altar. A Mass for the House 
of Stuart was said in the private Chapel of Mr. 
Clifford Meller, 1907. 

TLhc Xeoitimist 1kalcnt>av tor 19^° 


















Queen Henrietta Maria sailed for France, 1644. 

Theresa, Queen of France, born, 181 7. 

The Duke of Monmouth executed, 1685. King 

Charles II. proclaimed at Edinburgh Cross, 1650. 
Queen Henrietta Maria landed at Brest, 1644. 
Queen Clementina bom, 1702. 
Death of His Majesty King Charles VII. of Spain 

and XL of France, 1909. 
Vendeans defeated Republicans, and compelled them 

to retreat to Saumur, 1793. 
English Parliament demanded a Scottish army to join 

them in rebellion against King Charles I., 1643. 
Prince Ferdinand of Great Britain and Ireland born, 

1821. Pope Leo XIII. died, 1903. 
Robert Burns died, 1796. 
Cromwell entered Scotland, 1650. 
Cameronian insurrection in Scotland begun, 1680. 

Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, landed at 
King Victor born, 1759. [Eriska Island, 1745. 

Prince Charles was visited by Alexander Macdonald 

of Boisdale, who refused assistance and begged him 

to return to France, 1745. 
Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, landed at 

Borradale in Arisaig, 1745. St. James, Patron of 

Spain. Ferdinand, Crown Prince of the Two 

Sicilies, born, 1869. 
Bristol taken by Prince Rupert, 1643. 
Letter from King Henry V., saying, " With the co- 
operation of all honest men, and with the grace of 

God, I may save France, and will," published, 1879. 
Victory of Killiecrankie, 1689. John Graham, 

Viscount Dundee, died. French Revolution, 1830. 
Battle of Gainsborough, 1643. 
Robespierre guillotined, 1794. 
H.R.H. the Infanta Dona Elvira born, 1871. 
Isabella, Empress of the Brazils, born, 1846. 
Solemn Requiem for King Charles of Spain and 

France at Westminster Cathedral, 1909. 
Murder of Royalists at Kennington, 1746. 
Camp formed in Hyde Park to overawe London 

Jacobites, 17 15. 

" L'or est aisement coupe par le fer." — De Maistre. 


Zhc Xeoitimist IkalenDar tor 191° 

" By me Kings reign, and Princes decree Justice." — Proverbs viii. 15. 

AUGUST 1910 










6 S 

7 S 






The Elector George I. of Hanover proclaimed in 

England, 1714. 
Queen Marie Antoinette removed by night to the 
Conciergerie and delivered by order of the 
" National " Convention to the Revolutionary 
Tribunal, 1792. 
Battle of Rathmines, 1649. Death of Roderick 

Mackenzie at Glenmorriston, 1746. 
Death of James II. of Scotland, 1460. 
Pope Pius X. elected, 1903. 
Escape of Lord Winton, 1 7 1 6. 
William Edmonston Aytoun died, 1865. 
Gowrie Plot, 1601. 

King Gustavus V. of Sweden died, 1877. 
Queen Caroline of Sweden born, 1838. Marie de 
Braganza, Infanta Alphonso of Spain, born, 1852. 
Alfred Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha born, 1844. 
H.R.H. Princess Matilda, Princess Louis of Saxe- 
Coburg and Gotha, died at Davos, 1906. 
Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, born, 

Battle of Dunegan Hill, 1647. 
Charles II. proclaimed at Carlisle, 165 1. 
Death of Queen Henrietta Maria, 1669. 
Atrocities of the French Revolution begun, 1792. 
Ernest Gunther, Duke of Holstein and Sleswig, bom, 

Death of Pope Gregory IX., 1241, and Pope Inno- 
cent XL, 1689. 
Act passed prohibiting the use of Highland dress, 

The Hanoverian camp at Fort Augustus was broken 
up, which made it possible for Prince Charles to 
escape, 1746. 

Zbc %cQ\tm\5t 1f\alen&av tor 1910 








25 ; Th 


26 I F 

27 ^ S 

28 1 S 


31 W 

Battle of Lu^on, 1793. 

Alexander, King of Servia, born, 1876. 

Battle of Kilsyth, 1645. 

Death of Queen Anne of Sardinia, granddaughter of 

Walter Scott born, 1771. [Charles I., 1728. 

Pendennis Castle surrendered, 1646. 

H.R.H. Princess Matilda born, 1877. 

Battle of Preston, 1648. 

Katherine of Arragon, Queen of England, born, 1485. 

Murder of Lord Balmerino and Lord Kilmarnock, 

Francis Joseph, Emperor, King of Hungary and 

Bohemia, born, 1830. 

tlje iloyul ^tnnbarb xixmh at (liUnfimiait, 1745. 

Raglan Castle surrendered, 1646. 

Pope Pius Vn. died, 1823. 

Gunther, Prince of Schwarzburg Rudolstadt born, 

Royal Standard raised at Nottingham, 1642. 
Battle of Bosworth, 1485. 

Louis XVI., King of France and Navarre, born, 1754. 
Henry V., King of France and Navarre, died, 1883. 
Battle of Villar de los Navarro, 1878. 
St. Louis, King of France. 
Derby defeated at Wigan, 1651. 
Braemar Gathering, 17 15. 
H.R.H. Princess Gondelinda born, 1891. 
Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, marched 

to Aberchalder, and was joined by 400 Glengarry 

Macdonalds of Glencoe, 1745. 
Murder of Sir George Lucas and Sir G. Lisle, 1648. 
Lord Hood took possession of Toulon in trust for 

Louis XVH., 1793. 
Protest of King James HL against the Hanoverian 

Usurpation, 17 14. 
Pope Pius VL died, 1799. 
Dr. John Lake, Bishop of Chichester, and non-juror, 

died, 1689. 
Anne, Queen of Sardinia, born, 1669. 
Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands, born, 1880. 

" Le droit divin n'est pas un droit royal, c'est surtoul un droit populaire." 
— Prince de Valori. 


XTbe OLcGitiniist fkalcnbar tor 191° 

"The People's welfare streameth from their Kings."— Drummond of 












6 Tu 




1 1 


Battle of Tippermuir, 1644. 

Louis XIV., King of France, died, 1715. 

Essex's Army taken in Cornwall, 1644. 

Death of the regicide Cromwell, 1658. 

Battles of Dunbar, 1650, and Worcester, 1651. 

Exeter taken, 1643. 

King James III. and VIII. proclaimed in Perth, 

Siege of Gloucester raised, 1643. 

Vendean victory at Chantenay, 1793. 

George, late Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 

died, i860. 
The Royal Standard raised at Aboyne, 17 15. 
King Charles II. hid in the oak tree at Boscobel, 

Abolition of Episcopacy, 1642. 
H.R.H. the Infanta Doha Blanche born, 1868. 
H.R.H. the Infant Dom Francis Joseph of Portugal 

born, 1868. 
Princess Elizabeth died at Carisbrook, 1650. 
Battle of Flodden, 15 13. 
Battle of Pinkie, 1547. 
Elizabeth, Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary 

and Bohemia, murdered, 1898. 
Sardinians entered Papal States, i860. 
Battle of Aberdeen, 1 644. 
The Infant Alphonso of Spain born, 1849. 
Battle of Philiphaugh, 1645. 
Massacre of Drogheda, 1649. 
The Canter of Coltrigg, 1745. 
Charles Prince of ^Vales, Prince Regent, entered 

Stirling, and was entertained by the Provost, but 

fired at by the garrison, 1745. 
Queen Mary III. and II. died, 1840. 









Zbc Xeaitimist Ikalen^ar tov 1910 













King James 11. and VII. died, 1701. 

Lynn taken, 1643. 

Louis XVIII., King of France and Navarre, died, 

King James III. and VIII. proclaimed in Edinburgh, 

Charles III. (XV.), King of Norway, died, 1872. 

King Henry V. wrote to the Viscount de Rodez- 

Benavent, saying, "I want the co-operation of 

all, and all have need of me," 1873. 
Anne, Empress of Austria, born, 1803. 
Maria Theresa, Duchess of Parma, born, 1803. 
Dom Miguel 11. of Portugal born, 1853. 
Escape of H.R.H, the Prince Regent to France, 

First Battle of Newbury, 1643. 
Queen Louisa (Consort of Charles III.) born, 1752. 
The Italian troops entered Rome, 1870. 
Hanover annexed by Prussia, 1866. 
Battle of Prestonpans, 1745. 

Ernest Augustus HI., King of Hanover, born, 1845. 
Edward II. died, 1327. 
Sir Walter Scott died, 1832. 
Birth of H.R.H. Princess Ermcngard, 1902. 
Battle of Powick Bridge, 1642. The Crown Prince 

Miguel of Portugal born, 1878. 
First Battle of Worcester, 1642. 
Alexander MacLeod was sent to Skye to summon 

the chiefs to Prince Charles, 1745. 
Covenant subscribed by Parliament, 1643. 
Death of Pope Clement VII., 1534. 
Death of Pope Innocent XII., 1700. 
Surrender of Cork, 1690. 

St. Winceslas, Duke of Bohemia, martyred, 938. 
Pacification of Yorkshire, 1642. 
King Henry V. of France born, 1820. 
St. Michael, Guardian of Brittany. 
Louisa, Queen of Denmark, died, 1898. 
Augusta, late Queen of Prussia, born, 181 1. 

Les Bourbons sont la clef de la verite europeenne." — De Maistre. 


Ube XeGitimist 1Ralen&at tor 191° 

" Libertas populi, quern regna coercent, Libertate perit." — LuCAN. 


Neapolitans defeated at The Vulturno by Garibaldi, 

Murders of Royalists at Lancaster and Preston, 1 7 16. 

Treaty of Limerick, 1691. 

Mary, Queen-Dowager of the Two Sicilies, born, 1841. 

Queen Mary Beatrice born, 1658. 

Rothbury Meeting, 1715. King Charles IV. d. 1891. 

Sir John Pope Hennessy, M.P., died 1819. 

Francis IV., Duke of Modena, born, 1799. 

King James III. proclaimed at St. Columb, Cornwall, 
by James Paynter, and at Holy Isle by Lancelot 
Errington, 17 15. Nicholas, Prince of Montenegro, 
born, 1 841. [of Royalists, 1793. 

Lyons surrendered to Republicans, terrible massacre 

H.R.H. the Duchess of Cornwall born, 1878. 

Charles X., King of France and Navarre, born, 1757. 

St. Denis, Patron of France. [of Italy, 1870. 

The Papal States incorporated in the " Kingdom " 

H.R.H. Prince Francis born, 1875. 

Battle of Winceby, 1643. 

Siege of Hull raised, 1643. 

Execution of the regicide Harrison, 1660. Non- 
juring bishops suspended, 1689. Scottish Parlia- 
ment met for the last time, 1706. 

Execution of regicides, 1660. 

Trial of Marie Antoinette, 1793. 

King James II. and VII. born, 1633. 

Murder of the Earl of Derby, 165 1. 

Baptism of the Prince of Wales, afterwards James III., 
at St. James, 1688. 

Pedro, Prince Imperial of Brazil, born, 1875. 

Execution of regicides, 1660. Venddans defeated at 
Chollet, 1793. Murder of Queen Marie Antoinette, 
1793. Victor Amadeus III., King of Sardinia, 
died, 1796. 































XTbe nLeoitimist fkalenbav for 191° 















H.R.H. Princess Adelgonda born, 1870. 

Murder of Royalists at Tyburn, 1715, and Carlisle, 

1 7 16. 
80,000 Vendeans retreat over the Loire into Brittany, 

Massacre of Royalists at ChoUet and Beaupreau, 1793. 
Declaration of King William I. of Prussia that he 

reigns "by the grace of God," 1861. 
Execution of regicides, 1660. 
Marie Theresa Charlotte, Queen-Dowager of France 

(daughter of Louis XVL), died, 1851. 
Lincoln taken, 1643. 
Murder of Royalists at Brampton, 1746. 
Augusta Victoria, German Empress, Queen of 

Prussia, born, 1858. 
Battle of Edgehill, 1642. 
La Rochejacquelein defeated General Lechelle with 

loss of 12,000 and 19 guns, 1793; same day Barere 

told Convention that " La Vendee was no more." 
Marriage of Princess Blanche of France and Spain, 

to Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria, 1889. 

Dutch troops were imported by George IL to help 

crush the Highlanders, 1746. 
The Forget-me-not Club founded, 1901. 
The Sailors' Mutiny in London, 1653. 
Letter from King Henry V. to M. Chesneleng. He 

says — 

" I retract nothing and curtail nothing of previous declara- 
tions. I do not wish to begin a reign of reparation by an act 
of weakness. If enfeebled to-day, I should be powerless 
to-morrow. I am a necessary pilot ; the only one capable of 
guiding the ship to port, because I have for it a mission of 
authority," 1873. 

Second Battle of Newbury, 1644. 

George, Crown Prince of Hanover, born, 1880. 

Occupation of Oxford by King Charles L, 1642. 

Murder of Royalists at Penrith, 1746. 

The Duke of Athol, with 600 men and some 

artillery from France, under James Grant, joined the 

army of the Prince Regent, 1745. 
60 Mayors in La Vendue dismissed for celebrating 

King Henry V.'s birthday, 1879. 


Ube Xegitimist IkaleuDar tor 1910 

"The Stuarts have found few apologists, for the dead cannot pay for 
praise. . . . Yet there remains still among us, not wholly extinguished, a 
zeal for truth, a desire of establishing Right in opposition to Fashion." — 


Charles II., the last Spanish sovereign of the House 
of Hapsburg, died, 1700. 

Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, marched to 
Dalkeith on foot at the head of the Clans, 1745. 

Murder of Royalists at York, 1746. 

Alexander III., Czar of All the Russias, died, 

Marie Antoinette born, 1755. 

Long Parliament began, 1640. 

Charles, the Prince Regent, rode back to Channel- 
kirk, to encourage and bring up stragglers, and 
then marched on to Kelso, 1745. 

Marriage of Princess Mary to William of Orange. 

William of Orange landed, 1 688. 

Charles X. of France died, 1836. 

Battles of Monte Jurre and Montjarden between 
Carlists and Rebels, 1875. 

333- ^^^f n«a liqnit crosscb iht ^orbtr, 1745. 

Great Carlist victories at Monte Jurre and Mont- 
jarden after three days' heavy fighting, 1875. 

Murder of Royalists at York, 1746. 

H.R.H. Princess Wiltruda Mary Alice born, 1884. 

The Earl of Strafford impeached, 1640. 

Battle of Preston, 1715. 

Battle of Sheriff Muir, 1715. 

Albert Prince of Monaco born, 1848. 

3000 Dutch troops landed at Deptford to intimidate 
the Loyalists, 1715. 

Dom Miguel I. of Portugal died, 1S66. 

Battle of Granville, 1793. 

Christine of Great Britain, Queen of Naples, born, 





























Zbc XcGitimist IF^alcn^ar for 191 o 













Murder of Royalists at York and Carlisle, 1 746, 

The Brazilian Empire overthrown, 1889. 

Henry III. died, 1272. 

Carlisle taken, 1745. 

Louis XVIIL, King of P>ance and Navarre, b. 1755. 

Queen Mary I. died, 1558. 

Charles Prince Regent halted at Carlisle, at the 
house of a Mr. Highmore, in English Street, 
known as "The Earl's Mansion," where a council 
was held, and it was decided to march on to 
London, 1745. 

King Charles L born, 1600. The Rev. Robert 
Gordon, last non-juror bishop of the " regular " 
succession, died, 1779. 

Funeral of the Czar Alexander III., 1894. 

Death of King Francis, 1875, and p«r Pnjcstg's 

King Henry V. visited Paris incognito, 1873. 

John III., King of France and Navarre and ex- 
King of Spain, died, 18S7. 

The Hereditary Grand Duke Charles Augustus of 
Saxe- Weimar died, 1894. 

Murder of Royalists at Kennington, 1 746. 

Don Carlos VII. issued a manifesto to the Spanish 
people, 1875. 

Archbishop Sancroft died, 1693. 

Third and final partition of Poland, 1795. 

Marriage of the Czar Nicholas II., 1894. 

The Dowager Czarina born, 1847. 

Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, halted at 
Preston and was joined by a few, but not the 
numbers which were expected, 1745. 

Marie Antoinette, Dowager Duchess of Parma, born, 

Battle of Rullion Green, 1666. 

Charles Prince of Wales, Prince Regent, entered 
Manchester, 1745. 

St. Andrew, Patron of Scotland. 

' ' La succession hereditaire dans une monarchic est quelque chose de 
si precieux que toute autre consideration doit plier devant celle-h\." — Die 


Ubc Xeoitimist Tkaleu^ar tor 1910 

"Tout changement force de dynastie est non seulement un crime, mais 
line betise." — De Maistre. 





1 1 





4 S 









Farnham Castle surrendered, 1642. 

Murder of Royalists at Preston, 1745. 

The Emperor Francis Joseph succeeded, 1848. 

The Grand Duchess of Baden born, 1S38. 

Latham House surrendered, 1645. 

Marlborough taken, 1642. 

Charles Prince of Wales, the Prince Regent, having 
marched as far as Derby, a council of war was 
held, where all the leaders insisted on retreating. 
The Prince saw the folly of this cowardly and 
ruinous course, and would have gone forward with 
a mere handful of men, but " could not prevail 
upon one single person to join him," 1745. 

Vendeans repulsed at Angers, 1793. 

" Black Friday." Retreat of the Royal Army from 
Derby begun, 1745. 

Queen Mary III. and II. born, 1792. 

St. Nicholas, Patron of Russia. 

Queen Mary II. and I. born, 1542. 

Murder of Charles Radclyffe, Earl of Derwentwater, 

Arundel Castle taken, 1643. 

Flight of Queen Mary Beatrice, 1688, 

Vendeans under La Rochejacquelein defeated at Le 

First flight of King James II. and VII., 1688. 

The Forget-me-not Royalist Club (founded as a 
ladies' society) re-organised, and gentlemen ad- 
mitted to membership, 1904. 

Winchester surrendered, 1642. 

Dr. Samuel Johnson died, 1784. 

Retreat of the Vendeans across the Loire, 1793. 

King James V. of Scotland died, 1542. 

XLbc Xeattiinist If^alenbar for 1910 




































King James III. and VIII. embarked at Dunkirk, 

Prince Ferdinand died, 1849. 

The regicide Cromwell invented for himself the title 

of "Lord Protector," 1653. 
Surrender of Castle Cornet, 1651. 
Battle of Clifton, 1745. 

The Archduke Francis Ferdinand born, 1863. 
Prince Rupert of the Rhine born, 16 19. 
Henry II. ascended the English Throne, 1154. 
Eastern Association, 1642. 
The Royal Army re-entered Scotland, 1745. 
A plan to convey the little Duke of York from 

Northumberland's custody into safety in France 

or Newcastle, was discovered and frustrated, 

Landing of King James III. and VIII, at Peterhead, 

Departure of King James II. and VII., 1688. 

Final defeat of the Vendeans at Savernay ; 3000 
survivors of the Royal Army of 80,000 return to 
La VendeC; 1793. 

George, King of Greece, born, 1845. 

Battle of Btlbao, 1836. 

Alice, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, born, 1849. 

Francis II., late King of the Two Sicilies, died, 

Mary, Princess of Orange, died, 1694. 
Chichester surrendered, 1642. 
Carlisle surrendered, 1745. 
Death of Catherine, Queen-Dowager of Charles II., 

King Charles III. born, 1720. 
The Stuart Exhibition, of which the Earl of 

Ashburnham was President, opened at the New 

Gallery, 1888. 

" La revolution fran9aise est satanique ; si la centre-revolution n'est pas 
divine, elle est nulle." — De Maistre. 

26 Uhc Xeattimist 1kalcnt)ar for 191° 



Hn^orra, IRepnblic of 

A Council of Twenty-four, elected by the inhabitants, a Judge, and two 
Vicars appointed in turn by France and the Bishop of Urgel. 
President of the Council : (Syndic) Pierre Moles. 

Belgium, Ikingbom of 

ROYAL FAMILY : ALBERT, King of the Belgians, b. April 8, 1875 ; 
succeeded his uncle, Leopold II., December 10, 1909 ; m. October 2, 1900, 
the Duchess Elizabeth in Bavaria (sister of H.R.H. the Duchess of 
Cornwall) ; and has issue — 

I. Prince Leopold (Heir), b. November 3, 1901. 
II. Prince Charles, b. October 10, 1903. 
III. Princess Marie, b. August 4, 1906. 

Brasil, lEmptre of 

IMPERIAL FAMILY : ISABELLA I., Empress of the Brazils, b. July 
29, 1846 ; succeeded her father, the Emperor Dom Pedro II., December 5, 
1891 ; ;;/. October 15, 1864, to Prince Gaston of Bourbon d'Orleans, Count of 
Eu {b. April 29, 1842), by whom she has issue — 

I. H.I.H. Pedro d'Alcantara Louis Philip, Prince Imperial and Prince 
of Gran Para, b. October 15, 1875. 
II. H.I.H. Louis Marie Philip, b. January 26, 187S. 
III. H.I.H. Anthony Gaston Francis Louis Philip Miguel Gabriel 
Raphael Gonzaga, b. August 9, 1S81. 
On November 15, 1889, a military rebellion occurred at Rio de Janeiro, and 
the Emperor, Dom Pedro II., was deposed and exiled, and a Republic estab- 
lished, since which time Brazil, which was formerly the most flourishing state 
in South America, has been in a perpetual state of civil war. 

Dcuinaii^, 1ktng^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY: FREDERIC VIII., King of Denmark, b. June 3, 
1843 ; succeeded his father. Christian IX., January 29, 1906 ; ni. July 28, 
1869, the Princess LouiSE of Norway, and has issue. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Christian, Prince Royal (son), b. September 26, 

The question of the Danish and Schleswig-Holstein succession is extremely 
difficult, and want of space forbids our giving more than a very brief outline of 
it. In 1448 the Royal House having become extinct, Christian of Oldenburg, 
Duke of Schleswig and Ilolstein, who was descended from the previous royal 
family in the female line, ascended the Danish throne, and in 1662 the crown, 

XTbe Xegttimist 1Ralen&ar for 191° 27 

which had hitherto been partly elective, was made hereditary in the male des 
scendants of his great-great-grandson and successor, Frederick III., the then 
reigning sovereign. In 1839 the direct line ended with Frederick VI., when 
the crown passed to his cousin. Christian VIII., at the death of whose son and 
successor, Frederick VII., in 1863, the whole male issue of Frederick III. 
became extinct. He was succeeded in Denmark, in accordance with the Treaty 
of London of May 8, 1852, and the Danish Law of Succession of July 31, 
1853, by Prince Christian of Glucksburg, fourth son of Duke William of 
Gluclvsburg, the head of thejiinwr male line of the House of Oldenburg, and 
the husband of the Princess Louisa of Hesse Cassel, the daughter of the 
Landgrave William of Hesse, and the Princess Louisa Charlotte of Denmark, 
sister of King Christian VII., who was probably, owing to the renunciations of 
her brother and elder sister, the female heiress to the throne. In Schleswig- 
Holstein, however, the succession was disputed by Prince Frederick of Augus- 
tenburg, the chief of the eider male line of the House of Oldenburg, and as the 
Salic Law existed in Holstein, and also probably in Schleswig, his right to these 
hereditary appendages of his family was undoubted. Duke Frederick VIII. 
was acknowledged as Duke by the estates of the Duchies, and maintained 
his position against his rival for some months. In the end, however, Austria 
and Prussia interfered, and by the Convention of Gastein, August 14, 1865, 
they annexed the Duchies themselves, Prussia taking Sleswig, and Austria 
Holstein, which, however, she was compelled to cede to Prussia after the war 
of 1866. Duke Frederick VIII. died in 1888, when he was succeeded by his 
son, the present de jure Duke of Schleswig and Holstein, Ernest Gunther. 

For explanatory genealogical charts, see Tables V. and VI. in The Legitimist 
Kalendar, 1 895. 

lEnolaut), Ikino^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY: MARY IV., Queen of England, etc. (C/. Great 
Britain and Ireland.) 

jftnlant), (Braub Bucb^ of 

GRAND-DUCAL FAMILY: NICOLAS II., Grand Duke of Finland, 
Emperor of Russia, q,v. 

jfrancc aub IRavarre, •Jking5om of 

ROYAL FAMILY: His Most Christian Majesty JAMES I., King of 
Prance and Navarre (Don Jaime HI. of Spain), b. June 27, 1870 ; succeeded 
his father, King Charles XI., July 1909. His Majesty's mother was H.R.H. 
Margaret {b. January i, 1848 ; d. January 29, 1893), daughter of Charles 
III. of Parma, and niece of Henry V., King of France and Navarre. 
His Majesties sisters are : — 
I. H.R.H. Blanche, Princess Royal, b. October 7, 1868; 111. at Frohs- 
dorf, October 24, 1889, the Archduke Leopold Salvator of 
Austria-Tuscany, and has issue. 
IL H.R.H. Elvire, b. July 28, 1871. 
III. H.R.H. Beatrice, b. March 21, 1874; m. February 27, 1897, 
Frederic, Prince Massimo, Prince of Roviano, Duke of Anticoti- 

28 trbe Xegititnist Ikalenbar for 1910 

IV. H.R.H. Alice, b. June 29, 1876 ; m., ist, April 26, 1897, Frederic, 
Prince of Schonburg-Waldenburg. Marriage annulled at Rome, 
1906. The Princess ;«., 2ndly, in 1906, Lino del Prete. 


The independence of the Duchy of Brittany was due, not to grants of 
Frankish Kings or Emperors, but to the circumstances of its origin. Owing 
to the various troubles of the fifth and sixth centuries, Armorica lay almost 
desolate, save for a few communities of Romanised Gauls in some of its 
cities, when emigrants from Britain fled there rather than submit to the 
invading Saxons. Perhaps they found there descendants of those who 
followed the half legendary Conan Meriadec a century or more earlier. 
They brought with them their Celtic ways and their own British speech, both 
of which survive to this day. Time after time French, Norman, or English 
invaders threatened their independence, but invariably they threw off the 
foreign yoke ; and though the marriage of their last Duchess united them to 
France, they are even now not Frenchmen but Bretons. The line of Breton 
Dukes or Kings begins with Nominee, who freed his country from the Franks 
in the ninth century. There had been shadowy and legendary Kings before 
that, who come into'Welsh chronicles. After Nominee's time the kingdom 
broke up into counties, under Counts of Rennes, Vannes, or Nantes, one 
of whom was probably like a sort of Ard-Righ or Bretwalder. Geoffrey I. 
(992-1008), descendant of Nominee, became Duke of all Brittany, which was 
not divided again. The earlier succession, as in most states, was vague and 
uncertain, but eventually it settled down into a rule which, though it was not 
so definite as the English, Scottish, or Portuguese laws on that point, certainly 
always allowed succession by or through a female, allowing it more and more 
freely de facto as time went on. 

The usual opinion has been that since the marriages of Anne of Brittany 
with Charles VIII. and later with Louis XII., and of her daughter Claude 
with Francis I. of France, the Crown of Brittany has been merged in that of 
France. It is true that a settlement was made to that effect by Francis I. 
in or about 1532, but there is some doubt whether he had the power to make 
it. The two crowns, however, were united de jtii-e as well as de facto until 
the death of Henry III., the last of the male line of Anne and Claude, in 
1589. Henry IV., who succeeded him, was not a descendant of the Breton 
House, and, on the analogy of the separation of the Crown of Navarre, a non- 
Salic succession, from that of France on the death of Charles IV., Brittany 
possibly ought to have gone to the representative of Duchess Anne in the 
female line. This was Isabel of Spain, daughter of Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Henry II., who had married Philip II. of Spain. Isabel 
married Albert of Austria, and died childless in 1633. Her sister Catharine, 
who had married Charles Emmanuel I., Duke of Savoy, died in 1597, and 
her son Victor Amadeus I. succeeded to the Breton rights of Isabel. Then 
followed a line of Dukes of Savoy, later Kings of Sardinia, until in 1S24 
Victor Emmanuel I. died, leaving four daughters, the eldest of whom, Mary 
Beatrice, married Francis IV., Duke of Modena. Her present representative, 
the daughter of her second son Ferdinand, is the Archduchess Mary Theresa, 
Princess Louis of Bavaria, who is the undoubted Heiress of Line of Anne 
of Brittany. The Breton succession was a qualified non-Salic one. Not 
infrequently a near " male agnate " succeeded in preference to a daughter. 
This often gave rise to disputes. The last disputed succession was on the 
death of Duke John III., in 1341. The question then was between John of 

TLbc Xeaitfmtst IRalenDav for 1910 29 

Montfort, son of John III.'s youngest brother John, and Joan, daughter of his 
second brother Guy of Penthieve, who had married Charles of Blois. After a 
terrible war, John of Montfort, like Robert Bruce in the very similar Scottish 
dispute, gained the crown, and Duchess Anne was his legitimate eventual 
heiress. But if, as has been known to happen, the right was with the un- 
successful side, it will be well to note who represents the line of Joan of 
Blois, for there can be no other claimant. The male line of Joan of Blois 
ended with her grandsons, the last of whom died in 1455. The line of 
Nicole, the senior great-granddaughter, was continued through the Houses 
of Brosse, Luxembourg, Lorraine, Vendome, and Nemours, until by the 
marriage of Mary, daughter of Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours, with 
Charles Emmanuel II., Duke of Savoy, the Blois succession was united with 
the Montfort in the person of their son Victor Amadeus II., whose repre- 
sentative is the Archduchess Mary Theresa of Modena, Princess Louis of 
Bavaria, who therefore by every possible succession is Heiress of Line 
of Nominee and the ancient Dukes of Brittany. 

(Beorcjta, Ikinabom of 

ROYAL FAMILY : HERACLIUS, the last Czar of Georgia, was forced 
to abdicate in 1799, and in 1802 Georgia was declared a Russian province. 

Great Britain anb 3vclanb, Ikin^bont ot 

THE ROYAL FAMILY : H.R.II. Princess LOUIS of Bavaria {/iJd iNIary 
Theresa Henrietta Dorothea, Archduchess of Austria-Este-Modena), wiio, but 
for the Act of Settlement, would now be reigning as 

MARY IV. and III., by the Grace of God, of England, Scotland, France, 
and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, etc. etc., d. July 2, 1849; 
succeeded her uncle. King Francis, November 20, 1875; "^- February 20, 
1868, His Royal Highness Louis Leopold Joseph Marie Aloysius Alfred, eldest 
son of the Prince Regent of Bavaria, and has had issue — 

I. H.R.H. Robert Mary Luitpold Ferdinand, Duke of Cornwall and 
Rothesay, b. May 18, 1869; ;;/. July 10, 1900, the Duchess 
Mary Gabrielle in Bavaria, and has issue — 

1. Prince Luitpold Charles, b. at Bamberg, May 8, 1901. 

2. Prince Albert, b. May 3, 1905. 

3. Prince Rudolph, b. at Munich, May 30, 1909. 

4. Princess Ermengard, b. at Kreuth, September 21, 1902 ; 

d. April 20, 1903. 
II. H.R.H. Adelgonda Mary Augusta Theresa, Princess Royal, b. 
October 17, 1870. 
HI. H.R.H. il/a;:;' Louisa Theresa, July 6, 1872; m. at Munich, May 
31, 1897, Ferdinand, Crown Prince of the Two Sicilies, Duke of 
Calabria, and has issue — 

1. Prince Roger, Duke of Noto, b. 1901. 

2. Princess Antoinette of the Two Sicilies, b. 1898. 

3. Princess Mary Christina of the Two Sicilies, b. 1899. 

4. Princess Barbara of the Two Sicilies, b. 1902. 

5. Princess Lucy of the Two Sicilies, b. 1908. 
IV. H.R.PI. Charles Mary Luitpold, b. April i, 1874. 

V. PI.R.H. Francis Mary Lviitpold, b. October lo, 1875. 

30 Ubc Xeoitimist Ikalenbar for 191° 

VI. H.R.H. Matilda Mary Theresa Flenrietta Christina Luitpolda, b. 
August 17, 1877 ; in. May i, 1900, Prince Louis of Saxe- 
Coburg and Gotha ; and d. August 6, 1906, at Davos, leaving 
issue — 

1. Prince Antony, /'. at Innsbruck, July 17, 1901. 

2. Princess Mary Immaculata, b. September 10, 1904. 

VII. H.R.H. IFo/fgan^Msiry Leopold, b. July 2, 1879; d. 1895. 
VIII. H.R.H. Hildegarda Mary Christina Theresa, b. March 5, 1881. 
IX. H.R.H. Nothburga, b. March 19, and a'. March 24, 1883. 
X. H.R.H. Wiltriida Mary Alice, b. November 10, 1884. 
XL H.R.H. Hebntnida Mary Amelia, b. March 22, 1886. 
XII. H.R.H. Dietlenda Mary Theresa Josephine Adelgonda, b. January 

2, 1888; d. at Munich, February 15, 1889. 
XIII. H.R.H. Gondelinda Mary Josepha, b. August 26, 1891. 


The first person who united in her own person the representation of the 
Royal Houses of each of the four countries composing the British Isles 
was — 

MARY STUART, who was /;. December 8, 1542 ; succeeded her father. 
King James V., on December 14 following, as Queen of Scotland ; and became 
de jtire Queen of England, Ireland, and Wales on the death of her cousin. 
Queen Mary I., November 17, 1558. Queen Mary was compelled to abdicate 
in favour of her son by her rebellious subjects, July 24, 1567, and was im- 
prisoned for some time in Lochleven Castle ; but escaping from there she fled 
for refuge to her illegitimate cousin, Elizabeth of England, by whom she was, 
in violation of all the laws of hospitality, kept prisoner in Fotheringay, and other 
Castles, for nineteen years, and then murdered by her order February 8, 1587. 
Her Majesty married: ist, April 24, 1558, Francis, Dauphin, afterwards 
Francis 11. of France, who died December 5, 1560, s.p. ; 2ndly, June 29, 1565, 
Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, who was created Duke of Albany, and proclaimed 
King Consort. He was murdered in the Kirk of Pleld, F'ebruary 10, 1567 ; 
and Queen Mary was forced into a 3rd marriage. May 15, 1567, with James, 
Earl of Bothwell. By her second husband Her Majesty had issue an only son, 

JAMES I. and VI. , who was the first sovereign to rule over the whole of the 
British Isles. He was b. June 19, 1566, dc facto King of Scotland 1567, 
de jure King of Scotland, England, and Ireland 15S7, and de facto King of 
the two latter on the death of the usurper Elizabeth, March 24, 1603. King 
James m. August 20, 1589, Annk, daughter of Frederick II., King of Den- 
mark and Norway {b. 1574; d. March 2, 161S-19), and d. March 27, 1628. 
He had issue by his wife — 

I. Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, Duke of Rothesay, etc., 
b. February 19, 1594; d.s.p. Noveniber 6, 1612. 
II, Charles, Duke of York and Albany, afterwards Prince of Wales, 
Duke of Rothesay, etc., his successor. 

III. Robert, Earl of Carrick, b. February 18, 1602 ; d. May 27, 1G02. 

IV. Elizabeth, h. August 19, 1596; m. Fcljruary 14, 1613, Frederick 

v.. Elector Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia ; and 
d, February 13, 1662, having had issue — 

XLbe legitimist Ikalenbar for 191° 31 

1. Frederick Henry, Count Palatine of the Rhine, d. 1629, 

aged 14. 

2. Charles Louis, whose daughter Charlotte married Philip, 

Duke of Orleans. 

3. Rupert, Duke of Cumberland, b. December 19, 1619 ; d. 

unvi. November 19, 1682. 

4. Maurice, d. wini. March 10, 1654. 

5. Edward, d. 1663, leaving issue three daughters. 

6. Philip, d. mini. 1650. 

7. Elizabeth, d. wuit. 1680. 

8. Louisa, d. num. 1709. 

9. Henrietta, iii. Sigismund, Prince of Transylvania, and d.s.p. 


10. Charlotte. 

11. Sophia, b. 1630; m. 1658, Ernest Augustus L, Elector of 

Hanover ; d. June 8, 17 14. From this marriage descends 
the present reigning Sovereign. 
V. Anne, d. in infancy. 

CHARLES I., b. November 19, 1600; crowned February 2, 1626; 
ni. May 11 following, Henrietta Mary, daughter of Henry IV., King of 
France and Navarre (who d. September 10, 1669), by whom he had issue — 
L Charles James, Duke of Cornwall, b. May 13, and a'. May 14, 1629. 
H. Charles, Prince of Wales, Duke of Rothesay, etc., his successor. 
HI. James, Duke of York and Albany, successor to his brother. 
IV. Henry, Duke of Gloucester, b. July 6, 1640; d. September 13, 1660. 
V. Mary, b. November 6, 1631 ; in. May 2, 1648, William II. of Holland, 
by whom she left at her death, December 24, 1660 — 

William HI., Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of Holland, 
b. November 14, 1650 ; usurped the British throne, 1689 ; 
d. March 8, 1702. 
VI. Elizabeth, b. December 28, 1635; d. of grief September 8, 1650. 
VII. Anne, b. March 17, 1637 ; d. December 8, 1640. 

VIII. Henrietta Anne, b. June 16, 1644; /;/. March 31, 1661, Philip, Duke 
of Orleans ; d. 1670, having had issue — 

1. Philip Charles. Duke of Valois, b. 1664; d. 1666. 

2. Mary, b. 1662 ; ;;/. 1684 Charles II. of Spain ; d.s.p. 1689. 

3. Anne Mary, b. 1669 ; m. 1684 Victor Amadeus II. of Savoy, 

King of Sardinia, and had issue — 

(i) Victor Amadeus Joseph Philip, Prince Royal of 

Piedmont, b. 1699; d. 1715. 
(2) Charles Emmanuel HI., King of Sardinia, b. 1701 ; 
d. 1773 ; w., 1st, 1722, Anne Christine, daughter 
of Theodore, Count Palatine of Sulzbach,c('..y./. 
1723; 2ndly, Polyxena Christine Jane, daughter 
of Ernest Leopold, Landgrave of Hesse- 
Rotenbourg, by whom he had issue (she was 
b. 1706 and fl'. 1735) — 
i. Victor Amadeus HI., King of Sardinia, b. 1726; 
d. 1796; III. 1750 Marie Antoinette Ferdi- 
nanda, daughter of Philip V. of Spain {b- 
1729 ; d. 1785), and had issue— 

32 Ube XeoitimiBt 'IkalenDav tov 191° 

/. Charles Emmanuel IV. of Sardinia, after- 
wards Charles IV. of Great 
Britain, etc. 

2. Victor Emmanuel I. of Sardinia, afterwards 
King of Great Britain, etc., as 
Victor I. 

J. Maurice Joseph Marie, Duke of Mont- 
ferrat, d. 1762 ; d. 1799. 

^. Charles Felix, Duke of Geneva, afterwards 
King of Sardinia, d. 1765 ; d. 1831. 
Last Male of the House of Savoy. 

5. Joseph Benoit Placide, Count of Mauri- 

enne, d. 1766 ; d. 1802 s./>. 

6. Marie Josephine Louisa Benedicta, A. 

1753 ;</. 1810; w. 1771 Louis XVIII. 
of France. 

7. Marie Therese, d. 1756 ; d. 1805 ; //i. 1773 

Charles X. of France. 
S. Marie Anne Charlotte GabricUe, <^. 1757 ;</. 

1824; w. her uncle the Duke of Chablais. 
9. Caroline Marie Antoinette Adelaide, d. 

1764; d. 1782; w. 1 78 1 Anthony I. of 


ii. Eleanor Marie Therese, Princess Royal, d.iyzS ; 

d. 1781. 
iii. Marie Louise Gabrielle, d. 1729 ; d. 1767. 
iv. Marie Felicite, d. 1730; d. 1801. 
King Charles Emmanuellll., ;;/., 3rdly, 1737, Eliza- 
beth Theresa, daughter of Leopold, Duke of Lor- 
raine (d. 171 1 ; (/. 1 741), by whom he had issue an 
only son. 

V. BenoitMarieMaurice,Dukeof Chablais,!^. 1741 ; 
d. 1808 ; m. his niece, Marie Anne of Savoy. 

(3) Marie Adelaide, /;. 1685 ; d. 1712; w. 1697 Louis 

Duke of Burgund)-. 

(4) INIaric I^ouise Gabrielle, d. 168S ; d. 1714 ; w. 1701 

Philip V. of Spain. 
King Charles was murdered by his rebellious subjects January 30, 1649. 

CHARLES II., b. May 29, 1630, became king dejiire on the death of his 
father, 1649, ^"d de facto May 29, 1660. His Majesty was crowned April 23, 
1661 ; and in. May 21, 1662, Caj HERiNEof Braganza, daughter of John IV. of 
Portugal, but by her (who d. March 31, 1705) had no issue. He d. February 6, 
1685, and was succeeded by his brother, 

JAMES II. and VII., /'. October 15, 1633 ; crowned April 23, 16S5 ; w., isl, 
November 24, 1659, Lady Anne Hyde, daughter of Edward, Earl of Clarendon 
(who (/. March 31, 167 1), and had issue — 

I. Charles, Duke of Cambridge, b. October 22, j66o; d. May 5, 1661. 

II. James, Duke of Cambridge, /'. July 12, 1663 ; d. June 20, 1667. 

III. Charles, Duke of Kendal, /'. July 4, 1666 ; d. May 22, 1667. 

IV. Edgar, Duke of Cambridge, b. September 14, 1667; d. June S, 



tCbe Xegitimfst Ikalen^ar for 1910 33 

v. Mary, b. April 30, 1662 ; m. November 4, 1677, her cousin, William 
III. of Holland ; usurped the throne as Mary II., 1689 ; d. 
December 28, 1694. 
VI, Anne, b. February 6, 1665 ; m. July 28, 1683, H.R.H. George of 
Denmark, by whom she had issue thirteen children, none of 
whom survived their infancy. She usurped the throne in 1702, 
and ^. August i, 17 14. 
VII. Henrietta, b. January 13, 1669; d. November 15, 1669. 
VIII. Catherine, b. February 9, 1671 ; d. December 5, 1671. 
His Majesty w., 2ndly, November 21, 1673, Mary Beatrice Eleanor of 
Este, daughter of Alphonso III., Duke of Modena (who d. May 8, 1 7 18), 
by whom he had issue — 

IX. Charles, Duke of Cambridge, b. November 7 ; d. December 12, 1677. 
X. James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales, his successor. 
XI. Catherine Laura, b. January 10, 1675 ; d. October 3, 1675. 
XII. Isabel, b. August 28, 1676 ; d. March 2, 1680. 

XIII. Elizabeth, b. 1678 ; d. young. 

XIV. Charlotte Margaret, b. August 15, 1682 ; d. October 6, 1682. 

XV. Louisa Mary, Princess Royal, b. June 6, 1692 ; d. unm. 17 12. 

King James was deposed by his daughter Mary and her husband, William 
of Orange, 1688, and d. at St. Germains, September 16, 1701. 

JAMES III. and VIII., b. June 10, 1688. Proclaimed King of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, in Paris, September 17, 1701, and recognised 
as such by the Foreign Powers. Made a gallant attempt to recover his 
throne 1715-16, and d. at Rome, January i, 1766. His Majesty w. by proxy 
May 8, and in person September 3, 1719, Mary Clementina ((!i. July 18, 1702; 
d. January 12, 1735), daughter of Prince James Sobieski, and grand- daughter 
of John III., King of Poland, and had issue — 

I. Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir, Prince of Wales, his successor. 
XL Henry Benedict Mary Clement, Duke of York, successor to his 

CHARLES HI., b. December 31, 1720. The Hero of the '45. He was 
appointed Prince Regent of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 
1744, became King de jure 1766, and d. January 31, 1788. His Majesty;;;. 
April 17, 1772, Louisa Maximiliana {b. September 21, 1752 ; d. January 29, 
1824), daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, Prince of Stolberg-Gedern, but had 
no issue. 

HENRY IX. and II., b. March 6, 1725 ; created a Cardinal July 3, 1747 ; 
succeeded his brother 1788; and d.s.p. July 13, 1807, when he was suc- 
ceeded by his cousin, 

CHARLES IV. (Charles Emmanuel Ferdinand Marie). His Majesty {see 
under Charles I.) was b. 1751, succeeded his father as King of Sardinia and 
Duke of Savoy 1796, abdicated in favour of his brother Victor 1802, became 
de jure King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland 1807, and d. October 6, 
1819. He had ;;;. September 6, 1775, Mary Adelaide Clotilde Xavier, 
daughter of the Dauphin, Louis of France {b. September 23, 1759 ; d. March 7, 
1802), who was alterwards canonised by Pope Pius VII., 1808, but had no 
issue, and was accordingly succeeded by his brother, 


34 Xlbe Xeoitimist 1kalen&ar for 1910 

VICTOR I. (Victor Emmanuel), who was^. in 1759, succeeded his brother 
as King of Sardinia 1802, and as de jure King of Great Britain in 1819. He 
abdicated the Sardinian throne in favour of his younger brother Charles Felix, 
1821, and d. three years afterwards. King Victor m. April 21, 1789, Mary 
Theresa Jane Josepha, daughter of Ferdinand V. of Modena (/'. Nov- 
ember I, 1773 ; d. March 29, 1832), by whom he had issue — 

I. Charles Emmanuel Victor Amadeus, b. November 3, 1796 ; (/. August 

9, 1799- 
II. Mary Beatrice Victoria, his successor. 

III. Mary Theresa Ferdinanda Felicite Gaetana Pia, b. September 19, 

1803; m. 1820 Charles II., Duke of Parma ; and;/. July 16, 1879. 

IV. Mary Clotilde Adelaide Charlotte, b. October 1794; d. 1797. 
V. Daughter, b. December 20, 1800; d. 1801. 

VI. Mary Anne Richarde Caroline Margaret Pia, b. September 19, 1803 ; 
m. 1831 Ferdinand I. of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia ; 
d. June 29, 1875, without issue. 
VII. Mary Christine Caroline Josephine Gaetana Pia, b. November 14, 
1812 ; m. 1832 Ferdinand II. of the Two Sicilies ; and^/. January 
31, 1836, leaving issue one son, the late King of the Two Sicilies. 

MARY III. and II., b. December 6, 1792; succeeded her father as de 
jure Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland only, the Sardinian crown 
passing, by operation of the Salic law, to her uncle, Charles Felix. Her 
Majesty w. January 20, 1812, Francis IV., Duke of Modena {b. 1779; d, 
1846), and d. September 15, 1840, leaving issue — 
I. Francis, her successor. 
II. Ferdinand Victor, b. July 20, 1821 ; d. December 15, 1S49 ; m. 
October 4, 1847, the Archduchess Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Archduke Joseph of Austria ((^. January 17, 1831 ; d. February 14, 
1903; w;., 2ndly, the Archduke Charles Ferdinand, and had 
other issue), by whom he was father of — 


present representative of the royal houses of 
Plantagenet, Tudor, and Stuart, as avell as of 


III. Mary Theresa Gaetana, Princess Royal, b. July 14, 1817 ; m. 

November 16, 1846, Henry V., King of France and Navarre ; 
d.s.p. March 25, 1886. 

IV. Mary Beatrice, b. February 13, 1824 ; d. at Goritz March 18, 1906, 

;;/. February 6, 1847, John III., King of Spain, afterwards King 
of France and Navarre, by whom she was mother of Iving Charles 
XI. of France and VII. of Spain. 

FRANCIS, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, ^^^^^^^^(Francis V. 
as Duke of Modena, etc.), b. June i, 1819 ; ut. March 30, 1842, H.R.II. the 
Princess Adelgonda of Bavaria, by whom he had issue an only daughter, 

Ann Beatrice Theresa Mary, Princess Royal, etc., b. October 19, 
1848; d. July 8, 1849. 
King Francis d. November 20, 1S75, when he was succeeded in his claims 
by his niece, IIer Present Gracious Majesty. 

Ube Xeoitimlst 1kalen^ar for 1 910 35 

Ibollanb, Iktng^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY: WILHELMINA, Queen of the Netherlands, 
b. August 31, 1880; succeeded her father, William IIL, November 23, 1890 ; 
enthroned August 31, 1898 ; m. February 7, 1901, Duke Henry of Mecklen- 
burg, who was naturalised January 23, and created Prince Consort. 

HEIR APPARENT: Princess Juliana, b. April 30, 1909. 

Ibungari?, Ikingboni of 

ROYAL FAMILY : FRANCIS JOSEPH, Apostohc King of Hungary, 
Emperor of Austria, etc., b. August 18, 1830 ; succeeded his uncle. King 
Ferdinand V., December 2, 1848 ; crowned King at Ofen, June 8, 1867. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince Francis Ferdinand of Hungary (nephew), 
b. December 18, 1863. 

Srelanb, Ikin^bom of 

ROYAL FAMILY: MARY IV., Queen of Ireland, etc. {Cf. Great 
Britain and Ireland. ) 

nDalta IC-lSia'? 


SALEM : Era Galeazzo de Thun et Hohenstein ; elected March 6, 1905. 

Malta, which was given to the Knights Hospitallers of St. John, shortly after 
they had been driven out of Rhodes by the Turks, by the Emperor Charles V. 
in 1530, was taken by Bonaparte on his way to Egypt, June 12, 1798, and 
surrendered to the British September 5, 1800. By the Peace of Amiens it was 
stipulated that the island should be restored to the Knights, but the British 
still retained possession, and by the Treaty of Paris in 18 14 it was confirmed to 
Britain. Since then the Order has been governed by a lieutenant and college 
at Rome. 

fIDiuorelia, principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY : NICHOLAS Prince of Mingrelia, b. December 
23, 1846 (January 4, 1847) ; succeeded his father David, 1853 ; m. April 14/26, 
1874, Marie (b. May 29/June 10, 1849), daughter of Alexander, Count 
Adlerberg, and has issue — 

I. Nicholas, Hereditary Prince, b. November 30/December 12, 1876. 

II. Salome, b. December 1/13, 1878, 

'fhe Principality of Mingrelia was annexed to Russia 1868. 

36 Ube Xeoitimist Ikalen^ar for 191° 

flDonaco, principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY : ALBERT, Prince of Monaco, b. November 13, 
1848 ; succeeded his father, Charles III., September 10, 1889 ; m., ist, Sep- 
tember 21, 1869, Lady Mary Douglas Hamilton, daughter of nth Duke of 
Hamilton, which marriage was declared null and void by the Pope January 3, 
1880 ; and, 2ndly, October 30, 1889, Alice, Dowager Duchess of Richelieu. 

HEIR APPARENT : Prince Louis (son), b. July 12, 1870. 

IRorwa^, IkiuG^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY: HAAKON VII., King of Norway, second son of 
Frederic VIII., Kingof Denmark, (^. August 3, 1872; elected King November 
18, 1905, and accepted the crown the same day ; w. July 22, 1S69, his cousin, 
Princess Maud, 

HEIR APPARENT : Olaf, Crown Prince (son), b. July 2, 1903. 

Norway was united to Sweden in 13 19 by the marriage of the heiress of the 
Crown to the then King of Sweden, and both were united with Denmark by 
the marriage of King Haco VI. with Margaret of Denmark, 1389. On July 
12, 1397, the States of the three Kingdoms assembled at Calmar, and there 
concluded the famous treaty of that name, by which it was decreed that the 
three Kingdoms should thenceforth be governed by one sovereign, to be elected 
jointly by the Senate and parliamentary deputies of the three Kingdoms 
assembled together, but that the sovereign should be bound to govern each 
country according to its respective laws and customs. Margaret dying in 
1412, was succeeded by her nephew, Eric IX. of Denmark, III. of Norway, 
and XIII. of Sweden ; on his deposition in 1438 the Danes proceeded (April 25, 
1440) to elect Christopher of Bavaria as King without consulting the Swedes 
or Norwegians, thus themselves taking the first step for the dissolution of the 
union which they afterwards fought so long to maintain. Christopher was 
ultimately recognised as King by both the Norwegian and Swedish estates, but 
the action of the Danes upon this occasion had aroused the jealousy of the 
Swedes, who had never displayed much enthusiasm for the Union, and when 
Christopher died in 1448, although the Danes this time immediately requested 
the Swedish and Norwegian Diets to appoint representatives to elect his 
successor, the Swedes determined to be first, and immediately elected their 
former administrator, Charles Canuteson, King, whereupon the Danes retaliated 
by electing Christian of Oldenburg. The Norwegians sided with the Swedes 
and elected Canuteson, but a Thing composed of the partisans of Christian 
assembled at Upsala, and after declaring him the nearest heir to the late 
Queen Margaret, which by the way he was not, and therefore lawful heir to 
the Norwegian Crown, proclaimed him King, and assisted by a Danish army 
defeated their opponents 1456. From this time, although the Norwegians 
accepted the kings elected by the Danish Diet, with only an occasional show 
of resistance, the country became little more than a Danish province, and 
when in 1665 the Danish Diet declared the Crown hereditary in the person 
of Frederick III. and his descendants, the Norwegians were not consulted, 
and therefore the Danish kings cannot be considered as having any other 
right to Norway than that of conquest, 

Norway remained subject to Denmark until the Peace of Kiel, January 14, 
1 8 14, when she was given to Sweden by the Allies, a proceeding to which the 
Norwegians naturally objected. They accordingly proclaimed their independ- 


XTbe Xegitimist 1Ralen&at for 1 910 37 

ence (May 17), and elected Christian Frederick of Holstein (afterwards 
Christian VIII. of Denmark) King. He, however, abdicated on the advance 
of the Swedish army, October 10, and Charles John Bernadotte (the de facto 
King of Sweden) undertaking to acknowledge the independence of Norway, 
and govern it according to its own laws, and accept the Constitution which 
declared Norway to be a free, independent, indivisible, and inalienable state, 
was elected King by the Storthing assembled at Christiana, November 4, 1814, 
and the Crown was declared hereditary in his family. The union with 
Sweden lasted until June 7, 1905, when it was formally dissolved by the 
Norwegian Parliament and the then King Oscar II. [de facto King of Sweden), 
a grandson of the Charles John Bernadotte named above, having elected to 
retain the Swedish Crown, renounced for himself and his heirs the Norwegian 
throne October 26 following. The Storthing having accepted this renuncia- 
tion elected Prince Charles of Denmark King of Norway as above. His 
Majesty is through his father descended from that House which reigned in 
Norway from 1448 to 1814, and through his mother (Sophia, only child of 
Charles HI. (Bernadotte) of Norway) is a great -great-grandson of Bernadotte. 

^be papal States 

HIS HOLINESS the Pope-King Pius X. (Giuseppe Sarto), b. June 2, 
1835 ; elected Pope on the death of Leo XIII., August 4, 1903 ; crowned 
August 9 following. 

Poland 1kinG^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY : Throne vacant since 1795. 

In 1672, on the extinction of the line of Jagellon-Vasa, the Crown of 
Poland became elective, which afforded the neighbouring states, Austria, 
Russia, and Prussia, a pretext for interfering in the affairs of the country. 
Various portions of Poland were annexed by these Powers in 1772 and 1793, 
and on November 25, 1795, Stanislaus II., the last King, was compelled to 
abdicate, and the remainder was divided between these three States. In 
1807 the central provinces were erected into the Grand Duchy of Warsaw by 
Bonaparte, and this in turn became the kingdom of Poland under the Czar, 
Alexander I., as King, April 30, 1815. The Poles, however, attempted to 
recover their liberty 1 830-1, but were defeated, and by an Ukase of the 
Czar Nicholas, February 26, 1832, the kingdom of Poland was declared an 
integral part of the Russian Empire, and was made a Russian province, May 
1847. A fresh insurrection began January 1863, which was suppressed with 
great severity April to August 1864, and all political distinctions of Poland 
as a kingdom were finally abolished December 19, 1866. 

Portugal, 1kinG^01n of 

ROYAL FAMILY: His Most Faithful Majesty, DOM MIGUEL II., 
King of Portugal and the Algarves, b. September 19, 1853 ; succeeded his 
father, Dom Miguel I., November 14, 1866; w., 1st, October 17, 1877, 
Princess Elizabeth of Thurn and Taxis {b. May 28, i860 ; d. February 7, 
1 881), by whom he had issue — 

I. H.R.H. Dom Miguel Maximilian Sebastian Marie, Duke of 
Braganza, Crown Prince of Portugal, b. September 22, 1878. 

38 XLbc Xeoitimist 1kalen^al• for 191° 

II. H.R.H. Dom Frauds Joseph Gerard Marie, b. September 7, 1879. 

III. H.R.H. Dona Maria The7-esa Caroline, b. June 26, 1881. 

His Majesty w., 2ndly, November 1893, Princess Theresa of Lowen- 
stein-Wertheim, and has issue — 

IV. H.R.H. Doiia Elizabeth Marie Alberta Adelaide Eulalie, b. 

November 19, 1894. 
V. H.R.H. Dona Marie-Benoite Claire Sophie Aloyse Michelle 
Gabrielle Raphaele, b. August 12, 1896. 
VI. H.R.H, Dona Mafalda, b. 1898. 
VII. H.R.H. Dona Marie Anne, /;. 1899. 

Prussia, Ikino^om oV 

ROYAL FAMILY : WILLIAM II. , King of Prussia, Elector of Branden- 
burg, German Emperor, q.v. 

IRoman lEtnpire, tbc Ibol^ 

The Roman Empire was divided into the Eastern and Western Divisions 
by Arcadius and Honorius, the two sons of the Emperor Theodosius the 
Great, January 17, 395. 


Throne vacant since May 29, 1453, when the Emperor Constantine XIV. 
was slain and Constantinople captured by the Turks. [The following States, 
which were more or less tributary fiefs of the Eastern Empire, have during 
the present century recovered their independence, and the true solution of 
the Eastern Question is to be found in the subversion of the Turkish domina- 
tion, and in the establishment of a Federal Christian Empire, after the model 
of the German Empire.] 


ROYAL FAMILY : FERDINAND, King of Bulgaria ; b. February 26, 
1861 ; elected July 7, 1887 ; proclaimed King, October 1908 ; w., ist, April 
8/20, 1893, II.'R.H. Mary Louise, eldest daughter of Robert I., Duke of 
Parma (who d. January 19/31, 1899), and has with other issue — 

Boris, Crown Prince and Prince of Tirnova, h. Januaiy 30, 1894. 

His Majesty in., 2ndly, 


ROYAL FAMILY: GEORGE I., King of the Hellenes, /'. December 
24, 1845 ; elected March 18/30, 1863 ; w. October 15/27, 1S67, the Grand 
Duchess Oi.GA of Russia, and has with other issue — 

Constantine, Crown Prince, Duke of Sparta, b. August 2, 1868. 


PRINCELY FAMILY: NICHOLAS I., Prince of Montenegro, b. 
October 7, 1841 ; succeeded his uncle, Daniel L, August 14, 1S60 ; /;/. 1S60 
Meuna, daughter of the Voyevod Peter Vukolich, and has with other issue — 
Daniel, Hereditary Prince, b. Juno 29, 1871. 

1 I'rusbia, .nlthoiigli ihe chief Stale of the New German Empire, iitser formed part of the 
Holy Roman Empire, being originally a fief of the Polish kingdom. 

Ube Xeaitimist 1Ralen&ar for 191° 39 


ROYAL FAMILY: CHARLES I., King of Roumania, b. April 20, 
1839; Prince of Roumania, April 20, 1868; King, March 26, 1881 ; m. 
November 15, 1869, Princess Elizabeth of Wied. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: H.R.H. Ferdinand (nephew), Crown Prince 
of Roumania, in. 1893 H.R.H. Marie, daughter of Alfred, late Duke of 


ROYAL FAMILY : PETER I., King of Servia, b. June 29, 1844; pro- 
claimed King June 2/15, 1903; ;;/. July 30/August 11, 1883, the Princess 
ZORKA of Montenegro (who d. April 5, 1890), and has issue. 

HEIR APPARENT : George, Prince Royal (son), b. August 27, 1887. 


The Western Empire began in 364, under Valentinian, the elder son of 
the Emperor Theodosius, and continued until 476, when the Emperor Romulus 
Augustus was dethroned by Odoacer, King of the Heruli, who assumed the 
title of King of Italy. Rome was recovered by Narses, and reunited to the 
Empire under the Eastern Emperors in 553, and so remained until 800, when 
Charles the Great, better known as Charlemagne, King of France, was elected 
Emperor by the Romans, who refused to recognise the authority assumed by 
the Empress Irene, after she had deposed her son the Emperor Constantine 
VI. Charlemagne was solemnly crowned Emperor by Pope Leo III. on 
Christmas Day, 800. This date marks the final severance of the Eastern 
and Western Empires, and the commencement of the modern Holy Roman 
Empire, so generally miscalled the German Empire. Under the successors of 
Charlemagne the Western Empire was divided into the kingdoms of France, 
Germany, Italy, and Lorraine, the sovereign of one of these being recognised 
as Emperor, and exercising a nominal suzerainty over the other three. France 
finally separated from the Empire in 887, after the deposition of the Emperor 
Charles the Bald. Lorraine ceased to exist as a separate kingdom in 869, 
being then divided into the Duchies of Upper Lorraine and Lower Lorraine 
or Brabant. In 879, however, a new kingdom arose, that of Upper 
Burgundy, comprising the territories now known as Provence, Switzerland, 
and Savoy, and continued a separate kingdom until 1032, when Rudolph III., 
dying without issue, appointed the German King his heir. Germany was 
governed by Kings of the Carlovingian line until 911, when the German 
branch of that family became extinct with Louis IV., and the crown became 
elective ; the electoral power was originally vested in all the princes generally, 
but gradually became more and more restricted, until, in the thirteenth 
century, seven princes only, the Archbishops of Cologne, Treves, and 
Mayence, the King of Bohemia, the Electors of Saxony and Brandenburg, 
and the Elector Palatine, assumed the exclusive privilege of nominating the 
Emperor. An eighth Elector, Bavaria, was made in 1648, and a ninth, 
Hanover, in 1692 ; the number was again reduced to eight in 1777, by the 
Union of Bavaria and the Palatinate, but subsequently increased to ten by 
the addition of Wiirtemburg and Hesse at the Peace of Luneville. 

At the beginning of the tenth century, therefore, the Western Empire was 
composed of the kingdoms of Germany, Italy, and Burgundj', the Imperial title 
generally remaining with the Italian kings until the time of Otho the Great, 

40 XTbe Xeaftimist Ikalen^ar for 1910 

King of Germany, who invaded Italy in 961, and defeating the Emperor 
Berenger II., was crowned King of Italy with the Iron Crown of Lombardy at 
Milan and Emperor of Rome in that city by Pope John XII., February 2, 962. 
Henceforth the kingdoms of Germany and Italy remained united, and it 
became a recognised fact that whoever was elected and crowned King of 
Germany at Aix-la-Chapelle, had the right to be crowned King of Italy at 
Milan, and Emperor at Rome. The German crown being, as we have said, 
elective, it became the custom for the reigning king to secure the election of 
his successor during his own lifetime, by which means he was in the majority 
of cases enabled to retain the crown in his own family. The Prince so 
elected was from the time of Henry II., 1002-24, styled King of the 
Romans, and he retained that style and title even after the death of his pre- 
decessor, and after his coronation as King of Germany at Aix-la-Chapelle, 
until he had actually received the Imperial Crown from the hands of the Pope 
at Rome ; and no German King ever assumed the Imperial title prior to his 
coronation as such by the Pope, until the time of Maximilian I. 

The real power of the Emperor was practically confined to his own hereditary 
dominions, owing to the subdivision of the kingdoms of Germany and Italy 
into a number of virtually independent States rendering a very nominal 
allegiance to him ; such indeed was the disturbed state of Europe during the 
Middle Ages that it frequently happened that years elapsed after the death of 
his predecessor before the reigning sovereign could find time to go to Italy to 
receive the Lombard and Roman crowns. Hence, although the coronation as 
King of Germany at Aix-la-Chapelle was never omitted, the coronation at 
Milan and Rome became more and more irregular, and Frederic III. was the 
last sovereign who was crowned at all these places. 

His son and successor, Maximilian I., was only crowned at Aix-la-Chapelle 
as King of Germany, but in spite of this he adopted the new title of Emperor- 
Elect, instead of merely King of the Romans. His grandson and successor, 
Charles V. , was the last German King ever crowned Emperor of Rome and King 
of Italy, and he took both the Roman and Lombard crowns at Bologna in 1530. 
From this time until 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist, in 
consequence of the voluntary abdication of the Emperor-Elect, Francis II., and 
the formal dissolution of the Empire, no Emperor was crowned at Rome, the 
official title of all the intervening sovereigns being merely Emperor-Elect of the 
Romans, King of Germany, etc. As to a German Empire, none ever existed 
until our own day, although from the fact of the Imperial power being gradually 
confined more and more to German lands, the Empire came to be considered 
German, as indeed it was, in all but name. With one single exception, the title 
of Emperor of Germany was never used in any official document, the exception 
being the Treaty of Pressburg, where the Roman Emperor-Elect and Austrian 
Emperor Francis II. appears under the remarkable title of Emperor of 
Germany and Austria. 

The Western Empire therefore may now be considered to be divided 
into the five following States or groups of States : (i) the Austrian Empire 
with the kingdom of Bohemia, under the hereditary rule of the House of 
Hapsburg ; (ii) the German Empire, under the hereditary rule of the House of 
Hohenzollern, founded January I, 1 871, upon treaties ofiensive and defensive 
between Prussia, Saxe-Weiinar, Oldenburg, Brunswick, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe- 
Coburg and Golha, Anhalt, the two Sciiwarzburgs, Wakleck, the younger 
Reuss, the two Lippes, Lubeck, Bremen, and Hamburg, signed August 18, 
1866; the two Mecklenburgs, signed August 21, 1866; Hesse Darmstadt, 
September 3, 1866; the cider Reuss, September 26, 1866; Saxe-Meiningen, 
October 8, 1866 ; and Saxony, October 21, 1866 ; and between the foregoing 

TLbc Xegitimist 1kalen&ai: for 1910 41 

and the Grand Duchies of Baden and Hesse, November 15, 1870 ; the kingdom 
of Bavaria, November 23, 1870 ; and the kingdom of Wiirtemburg, November 
25, 1870, and ratified January 29, 1871 ; (iii) the kingdom of Hanover, the 
Electorates of Cologne, Treves, Mayence, and Hesse, the Duchies of Nassau 
and Holstein, and the Imperial Free City of Frankfort-on-Maine ; these States 
having been forcibly annexed by Prussia prior to 1870, cannot be said to have 
been parties to the formation of the German Empire, against which, indeed, 
their sovereigns severally protested ; (iv) the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, 
now independent, and the Principality of Liechtenstein, which seems to have 
been overlooked in the general redistribution of the States ; and (v) the 
Kingdom of Italy. 

Of these five groups the first four formed the old kingdom of Germany. 
With regard to the fifth, it must be pointed out that the kingdom of Italy was 
confined to the northern portion of the peninsula, and never at any time 
included Naples, Sicily, Sardinia, or Venice. These States did not form part 
of either the Lombard or Carlovingian kingdoms, remaining attached to the 
Eastern Empire. Venice subsequently became independent, and the other 
three States were overrun by the Arabs, who were in turn expelled by the 
Normans, who founded the kingdom of Naples and Sicily. The Papal States 
were also excepted from the kingdom of Italy by virtue of the gift of Rudolph 
of Hapsburg. 

The Holy Roman Empire is in abeyance, and the title of Holy Roman 
Emperor consequently belongs to no living prince ; but the assumption of the 
title of German Emperor by William of Hohenzollern, with the assent of all 
the contracting parties, appears to be as legitimate as was the assumption of the 
title of Emperor of Austria by Francis of Hapsburg, to which exception has 
never been taken, and therefore the German Emperor is included in this year's 
list of the de jure Christian rulers of the world. 


IMPERIAL FAMILY : FRANCIS JOSEPH, Emperor and Archduke of 
Austria, King and Elector of Bohemia, King of Hungary, etc., b. August 18, 
1830; succeeded his uncle, the Emperor Ferdinand, December 2, 1848; m. 
April 24, 1854, Elizabeth, daughter of Maximilian Joseph, Duke of Bavaria 
{b. December 24, 1837 ; assassinated September 10, 1898), and has issue — 
I. H. I. H. the Archduke Rudolph, i5. August 21, 1858 ; w. May 10, 1881, 
Princess Stephanie of Belgium ; d. January 30, 1889, leaving 
issue — 
The Archduchess Elizabeth Mary, b. September 2, 1883. 
II. H.I.H. the Archduchess Gezela, b. July 12, 1856. 
III. H.I.H. the Archduchess Mary Valerie, b. April 22, 1868. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: H.I. and R.H. the Archduke Francis 
Ferdinand (nephew), sometime (1S75-89) Duke of Modena, b. December 18, 
1863 ; m. morganatically July i, 1900, the Countess Chotek de Chotkown, 
and has issue by her. 


IMPERIAL FAMILY: WILLIAM II., German Emperor, King of 
Prussia, Elector of Brandenburg, etc., b. January 27, 1859; succeeded his 

42 Zbc Xeoittmist Ikalenbar for 1910 

father, the Emperor Frederic I. (III.), June 15, 1888 ; m. February 27, 1881, 
the Princess Augusta Victoria of Sleswig-Holstein {d. October 22, 1858), 
and has with other issue a son — 

William, Crown Prince, d. May 6, 1882. 

ANHALT, Duchy of 

DUCAL FAMILY : FREDERICK II., Duke of Anhalt, 6. August 19, 
1856; succeeded his father, Duke Frederick I., January 24, 1904 ; //i. July 2, 
18S9, the Princess Marie of Baden. 

HEIR-PRESUMPTIVE: Prince Edward (brother), d. April 18, 1861. 

BADEN, Grand Duchy of 

GRAND DUCAL FAMILY : FREDERICK II. , Grand Duke of Baden, d. 
July 9, 1857 ; succeeded his father, Grand Duke Frederick I., September 28, 
1907; m. September 20, 1885, Princess Hilda of Nassau. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince Maximilian (cousin), /-. July 10, 1S67. 

BAVARIA, Kingdom of 

ROYAL FAMILY: OTHO I., King and Elector of Bavaria, Elector 
Palatine of the Rhine, etc., l>. April 27, 1848; succeeded his brother (King 
Louis II.) June 13, 1886. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: H.R.H. Prince Luitpold, Prince Regent 
(uncle of the present King), d. March 12, 1821 ; w. April 15, 1844, the Arch- 
duchess Augusta of Auslria-Tuscany (who died April 26, 1864). His eldest 
son is H.R.H. Prince Louis, l>. January 7, 1845; m. February 20, 1868, 
H.M. Mary IV., Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, and has 
with other issue — 

H.R.H. Prince Robert, d. May 18, 1869. 

BRANDENBURG, Electorate of 

WILLIAM II., Elector of Brandenburg, King of Prussia, German 
Emperor, t/.v. 

BREMEN, Imperial Free City 

BRUNSWICK, Duchy of 

DUCAL FAMILY : ERNEST AUGUSTUS, Duke of Brunswick, King 
of Hanover, />. September 21, 1845; succeeded his cousin, Duke William, 
Oclober 18, 1884. {C/. Hanover.) 

His Majesty refusing to surrender his claims to tlic l<ingdoni of Hanover is 
excluded from the Duchy of Brunswick, which in his absence is governed by 
a Regent. 

XTbe Xeaitimist Ikalenbar for 191° 43 

HAMBURG, Imperial Free City 
BURGOMASTER : Dr. J. O. Stammann, elected 1907. 

HESSE-DARMSTADT, Grand Duchy of 

GRAND DUCAL FAMILY : LOUIS V., Ernest Grand Duke of Hesse- 
Darmstadt and of the Rhine, b. November 25, 1868 ; succeeded his father, the 
Grand Duke Louis IV., March 13, 1892; ;;/., ist, April 19, 1894, Princess 
Victoria Melita of Coburg-Gotha {b. November 25, 1876), whom he 
divorced December 21, 1901 ; 2ndly, February 2, 1905, the Princess Eleanor 
of Solms Hohensolms, and has issue, a son — 
Prince George, b. November 8, 1906. 

LIPPE, Principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY : LEOPOLD IV., Prince of Lippe, b. May 30, 1871 ; 
declared Prince by decision of the High Court of the German Empire, 
October 25, 1905 ; ni. August 16, 1901, the Princess Bertha of Hesse- 
Philippsthal-Barchfeld, and has with other issue a son — 
Ernest, Hereditary Prince, b. June 12, 1902. 

LUBECK, Imperial Free City 
BURGOMASTER : Dr. E. Chr. J. Schon, elected 1907. 


Duke of Mecklenburg, etc., b. April 9, 1882 ; succeeded his father, the Grand 
Duke Frederick Francis III., April 10, 1897 ; ni. June 7, 1904, the Princess 
Alexandra of Hanover. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Duke Paul Frederick (uncle), b. September 
19, 1852. 


Mecklenburg-Strelitz, b. July 22, 1848 ; succeeded his father, the Grand Duke 
Frederic William, May 30, 1904; m. April 17, 1877, the Princess Elizabeth 
of Anhalt, and has with other issue a son — 

Adolphus Frederic, Hereditary Grand Duke, b. June 17, 1882. 

OLDENBURG, Grand Duchy of 

of Oldenburg, b. November 16, 1852 ; succeeded his father, the Grand Duke 
Peter, June 13, 1900 ; m., ist, February 18, 1878, the Princess Elizabeth of 
Prussia, who d. August 28, 1895 '■> 2ndly, October 24, 1896, the Duchess 
Elizabeth of Mecklenburg, and has with other issue a son — 
Nicholas, Hereditary Grand Duke, b, August 10, 1897. 

44 Ube Xeoitimist Ikalenbar for 191° 

REUSS-GREIZ, Principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY: HENRY XXIV., Prince of Reuss-Greiz, b. 
March 20, 1878 ; succeeded his father, Prince Henry XXII., April 19, 1902 ; 

REUSS-SCHLEIZ, Principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY: HENRY XIV., Prince of Reuss-Schleiz, b. 
May 28, 1832; succeeded his father, Prince Henry LXVIL, July 11, 1867; 
m., 1st, February 6, 1858, the Duchess Alice of Wurtemburg (i5. October 13, 
1835 ; d. July 10, 1886) ; 2ndly, morganatically, February 14, 1890, Frederica 
Graetz, who d. May 22, 1907, and has with other issue a son — 
Henry XXVII., Hereditary Prince, b. November 10, 1858. 


DUCAL FAMILY : ERNEST, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, b. September 
16, 1826 ; succeeded his father, Duke George, August 3, 1853 ; w. April 28, 
1853, the Princess Agnes of Anhalt {b. June 24, 1824 ; (/. October 28, 1897), 
and has issue a daughter. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince Ernest (nephew), b. August 31, 1871. 


DUCAL FAMILY : CHARLES EDWARD, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and 
Gotha, b. July 19, 1884 ; succeeded his uncle, Duke Alfred, in virtue of the 
renunciations of his uncle, Prince Arthur, and of his son, June 30, 1899 ! '''• 
October 11, 1905, Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein, and 
has issue — 

John Leopold, Hereditary Prince, b. August 2, 1906. 


DUCAL FAMILY: GEORGE II., Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and 
Hildburghausen, etc., b, April 2, 1826 ; succeeded his father, Duke Bernard 
I., December 3, 1882; w., ist, May 18, 1850, the Princess Charlotte of 
Prussia ((^. June 21, 1831 ; d. March 30, 1855); 2ndly, October 23, 1858, 
Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (i^. July 7, 1S39; (/. February 
10, 1872), and has with other issue a son — 

Bernard, Hereditary Prince, /;. April i, 1851. 

SAXE-WEIMAR, Grand Duchy of 

Saxe-Weimar, b. June 10, 1876; succeeded his grandfather, the Grand Duke 
Charles Alexander, January 5, 1901 ; vi. April 30, 1903, the Princess Caroline 
of Reuss. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince William (cousin), b. December 31, 1853. 

SAXONY, Kingdom of 

of Saxony, b. May 25, 1865 ; succeeded his father. King George, October 15, 
1904; m. November 21, 1891, the Archduchess Louise of Tuscany (whom 
he divorced February 11, 1903), and has with other issue a son — 
George, Prince Royal, b. January 15, 1893. 

XTbe Xeoitimist 1f{alen&av for 1910 45 

SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE, Principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY : GEORGE, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe, b. 
October lo, 1846 ; succeeded his father, Prince Adolphus, May 8, 1893 ; 
in. April 16, 1882, the Princess Marie Ann of Saxe-Altenburg, and has with 
other issue — 

Adolphus, Hereditary Prince, h. February 23, 1883. 


PRINCELY FAMILY : GUNTHER, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, 
h. August 21, 1852 ; succeeded his cousin. Prince George, January 19, 1890 ; 
1)1. December 9, 1891, the Princess Anne Louise of Schonburg Waldenburg. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince Sizzo (cousin), k. June 3, i860. 


PRINCELY FAMILY : CHARLES, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sonders- 
hausen, b. August 7, 1830 ; succeeded on the abdication of his father. Prince 
Gunther {d. September 15, 1889), July 17, 1880; m. June 12, 1869, the 
Princess Mary of Saxe-Altenburg. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: Prince Leopold (brother), b. 1832. 

WALDECK PYRMONT, Principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY : FREDERICK, Prince of Waldeck Pyrmont, b. 
January 20, 1865 ; succeeded his father, Prince George Victor, May 12, 1893 ; 
in. August 9, 1895, the Princess Bathildis of Schaumburg-Lippe, and has 
issue — 

Josias, Hereditary Prince, b. May 13, 1896. 

wiJRTEMBURG, Kingdom of 

ROYAL FAMILY : WILLIAM II., King and Elector of Wiirtemburg, 
b. February 23, 1848 ; succeeded his cousin, King Charles I., October 6, 
1891 ; in. April 8, 1886, Princess Charlotte of Schaumburg-Lippe 
(^. October 10, 1864). 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Duke Philip (cousin), b, July 30, 1838. 



PHILIP, Archbishop and Elector of Cologne, b. 1819 ; elected 1885. 
Cologne was conquered by the French 1795, and annexed to Prussia 1814. 

FRANKFORT-ON-MAIN, Imperial Free City 


Frankfort was annexed to Prussia by the law of September 20, 1866. 
The legislative corps and 15,000 citizens protested, October 8, 1866. 

46 XTbe Xeoltimlst Ikalenbar for 191° 

HANOVER, Kingdom of 

Duke of Brunswick, etc., b. September 21, 1845 ; succeeded his father, King 
George v., June 12, 1878; m. December 21, 1878, the Princess Thyra of 
Denmark (/;. September 29, 1853), by whom he has issue — 

L H.R.H, Mary Louisa, b. October 11, 1879 ; w. July 10, 1900, Prince 

MaximiUan of Baden. 
n. H.R.H. George, Crown Prince of Hanover and Hereditary Prince 
of Brunswick, b. October 28, 1880. 
HL H.R.H. Alexandra, b. September 29, 1882 ; w. June;, 1904, Frederic 

Francis, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. 
IV. H.R.H. Olga, h. July 11, 1884. 
V. H.R.H. Christian, b. July 4, 1885 ; d. Sept. 3, 1901. 
VI. H.R.H. Ernest Augustus, b. November 17, 1887. 

HESSE-CASSEL, Electorate of 

Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel, b. January 25, 1863 ; succeeded his brother, 
Frederic William II., October 14, 1884. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince Frederic Charles (brother), b. May i, 

Hesse-Cassel was annexed to Prussia, October 8, 1866, and the Elector 
Frederic William I.'s property was sequestrated November 2, 1868, and 
February 1869. 

HOLSTEIN, Duchy of 

Schleswig, b. August 11, 1863 ; succeeded his father, Duke Frederick VIII., 
January 14, 1880; //i. August 2, 1898, the Princess Dorothy of Saxe-Coburg 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Prince Christian (uncle), b. June 22, 1831. 

The Duchy of Holstein with Schleswig was annexed to' Prussia, August 23, 

MAYENCE, Electorate of 

PAUL LEOPOLD, Archbishop and Elector of Mayence, b. 1S29; 
elected 1886. 

Mayence was conquered by the French 1792, and formally ceded to them 
by the Peace of Luneville, 1801. In 1814 it was given to Hesse-Darmstadt, 
and in 1866 it was annexed to Prussia. 

NASSAU, Duchy of 

DUCAL FAMILY: WILLIAM IV., Duke of Nassau, b. April 12, 
1852 ; succeeded his father, Duke Adolphus, November 17, 1905, as Duke of 
Nassau Luxemburg, November 17, 1905. 

The Duchy of Nassau was annexed to Prussia October 8, 1866. 

Ubc XcQitimist Ikalenbar for 191° 47 

TRE ES, Electorate of 

MICHAEL, Archbishop .and Elector of Treves, d. 1S40 ; elected 1881. 
Treves was occupied by the French 1794, and annexed to Prussia June 



PRINCELY FAMILY : JOHN II., Prince of Liechtenstein, L October 5, 
1840 ; succeeded his father. Prince Aloysius, November 12, 1858. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: Prince Francis (brother), L August 28, 1853. 

LUXEMBURG, Grand Duchy of 

GRAND DUCAL FAMILY : WILLIAM, Grand Duke of Luxemburg, 
Duke of Nassau, etc., d. April 12, 1852 ; succeeded his father, the Grand Duke 
Adolphus, November 17, 1905 ; m. June 21, 1893, the Infanta Maria Anne 
of Portugal, and has issue six daughters. 

HEIR : Princess Marie (eldest daughter), d. June 14, 1894. 


ROYAL FAMILY : Throne vacant since July 12, 1S06. 

GENOA, Republic of 

DOGE: (vacant). 

The Republic of Genoa was overthrown by the French revolutionaries in 
1797, and was annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia December 1814. 

LOMBARDY, Kingdom of 

ROYAL FAMILY : FRANCIS JOSEPH, King of Lombardy, Emperor 
of Austria, (/.v., etc. 

Lombardy was annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia after the war of 1859. 

LUCCA, Duchy of 

Cf. Tuscany. 

MODENA, Duchy of 
With the Duchy of Massa and Principality of Carrara 

DUCAL FAMILY : FRANCIS VIII. (Archduke Otho of Austria), Duke 
of Modena, Duke of Massa, and Prince of Carrara, d, August 17, 1887 ; 
succeeded his father, Duke Francis VII. (Archduke Otho of Austria), 
November i, 1906. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : Archduke Maximilian (brother), d. April 13, 


Duke Francis V. was dethroned June 1859, and the Duchy of Modena was 

48 XTbe Xegitimist Ikalen^ar tor 191° 

annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia, March i8, i860. Duke Francis died 
November 20, 1875, s.p. By his will he nominated (according to the compact 
of 1771, ratified 1815) the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria his heir, 
putting upon him and his heirs for ever the obligation of bearing the surname 
of Austria-Este, and stipulating that in the event of his becoming heir to the 
Austrian crown, the succession should pass to his next heir. 

PARMA, Duchy of 

DUCAL FAMILY: HENRY I., Duke of Parma, etc., Infant of Spain, b. 
June 13, 1873 ; succeeded his father, Duke Robert I., 1908. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: Prince Joseph (brother), h. June 30, 1875. 

The Duchy of Parma was annexed to Sardinia by Victor Emmanuel II., 
March 18, i860. 

PIOMBINO, Principality of 

PRINCELY FAMILY : RUDOLPH, Prince of Piombino, b. February 6, 
1832; succeeded his father, Prince Anthony I., July 10, 1883; m. May 31, 
1854, Agnes {b. May 5, 1836), daughter of Prince Marcantonio Borghese, 
and has issue — 

Ugo, Duke of Sora, b. May 8, 1856; m., ist, October 7, 1877, 
Victoria {b. April 27, 1857 ; d. January 22, 1883), daughter of 
Francis Marquis Patrizi Naro Montoro ; 2ndly, July 6, 1S84, 
Laura {b. January 29, 1858 ; d. May 4, 1892), daughter of Prince 
Emilio Altieri, and has issue. 
The Principality of Piombino was annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia 

SAN MARINO, Republic of 
captains Rege„.(^~;.^G^--;^ANCKL,.|E,e,,e,, Oc.ote, ,. ,907. 

SAVOY, Duchy of 

King of Sardinia, q.v. 

TUSCANY, Grand Duchy of 

Tuscany, Duke of Lucca, Archduke of Austria, etc., b. May 24, 1S72 ; suc- 
ceeded his father, the Grand Duke Ferdinand IV., in virtue of the renuncia- 
tion of his eldest brother, the Grand Duke Leopold, 1908. 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE : the Archduke Peter Ferdinand, b. May 12, 


The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was annexed to Sardinia by decree of the 
King Victor Emmanuel II. March 22, i860. II. I. H. the Grand Duke pro- 
tested March 26, i860. 

1Ru06ia, lEmpire of 

IMPERIAL FAMILY: NICHOLAS II., Emperor of All the Russias, 
Grand Duke of Finland, etc., b. May 6/18, 1868 ; succeeded his father, 

TLbc Xeoitimist 1kalen&ai: for 191° 49 

Alexander III., October 20 (November i), 1894; /u. November 14/26, 1894, 
the Princess Alice of Hesse, and has issue — 

I. H.I. H. the Grand Duke Alexis, Czarewitch (son), d. July 30, 1904. 

II. H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Olga, d. November 3, 1895. 

III. H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Tatiana, d. May 29, 1897. 

IV. H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Maria, 6. June 14, 1899. 

V. H.I.H. the Grand Duchess Anastasia, />. June 5, 1901. 

Sarbinia, Ikin^bom of 

Duke of Savoy, etc., d. November 11, 1869; succeeded his father, King 
Humbert II., July 29, 1900; w. October 24, 1896, the Princess Helen of 
Montenegro, and has with other issue — 

Humbert, Prince of Piedmont, d. September 15, 1904. 

Sardinia was incorporated in the " kingdom " of Italy February 1861. 

Scotlanb, IkitiGbom ot 

ROYAL FAMILY: MARY III., Queen of Scotland, etc. {Cf. Great 
Britain and Ireland. ) 

Zbc Zvoo Siciltee, Ikingbom of 

ROYAL FAMILY : ALPHONSO, Iving of the Two Sicilies (Naples and 
Sicily), and of Jerusalem, etc. etc., d. March 28, 1841 ; succeeded his brother, 
the late King Francis II., December 27, 1894 ; w. at Rome, June 8, 1858, to 
his cousin, the Princess Antoinette of the Two Sicilies, daughter of the 
Count of Trapani, by whom his Majesty has issue — 

I. H.R.H. Ferdznand FiusMsLna., Crown Prince and Duke of Calabria, 
d. July 25, 1869; /;/. at Munich, May 31, 1897, the Princess 
Mary of Great Britain and Ireland, and Bavaria, and has issue, 
H.R.H. Prince Roger, Duke of Noto, d. 1901, and four 
daughters. (See Great Britain and Ireland. ) 

II. H.R.H. Charles Marie Francis, b. November 10, 1870; in. 

February 14, 1901, Maria de las Mercedes, Infanta of Spain, 
who d. 1904. 

III. H.R.H. Mary Immaculata Christina Pia Isabella, b. October 30, 

1874; m. October 30, 1906, Prince John George of Saxony. 

IV. H.R.H. Mary Christina Carolina Pia, b. April 10, 1877 ; ni. 

1900, Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria. 

V. H.R.H. Mary des GrA-ces Pio Clara Anna, b. August 8, 1878. 

VI. H.R.H. Mary Josephina Kniom&ite., b. March 25, 1880. 

VII. H.R.H. Gennaro Marie Francis de Paula, b. January 24, 1882. 
VIII. H.R.H. Rene Marie Gaetan, b. December 3, 1883. 
IX. H.R.H. Philip Marie Alphonso, b. December 10, 1885. 
X. H.R.H. Francis d' A ssisi Marie Ferdinand Eudes, b. January i6, 

XI. H.R.H. Gabriel Marie Joseph, etc., b. January 11, 1897. 

50 Ube Xe^itimist Ikalen&ar tor 1910 

SIcewig, Bucb^ of 

Holstein, q.v. 

Spain, 1kinG^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY : His Catholic Majesty DON JAIME III., King of 
Spain and the Indies (King James I. of France), b. June 27, 1870; suc- 
ceeded his father, Don Carlos YII., July 1909. His Majesty's mother 
was H.R.H. Margaret, daughter of Charles III. of Parma (/'. January i, 
1847 > "^- January 29, 1893). His Majesty's sisters — 

I. H.R.H. the Infanta Doila Blanche de Castille Marie de la Concep- 
cion Theresa Frances d' Assise Margaret Jane Beatrice Charlotte 
Louise Ferdinanda Adelgonda Elvira Ildephonza Regina Josepha 
Michelle Gabrielle Raphaelle, b. at Gratz, October 7, 1868 ; m. 
at Frohsdorf, October 24, 1889, to the Archduke Leopold Salva- 
tor of Austria-Tuscany, and has issue. 

II. H.R.H. the Infanta Elvira Maria Teresa Enriqueta, b. at Geneva, 
July 28, 1871. 

III. H.R.H. the Infanta Dona Marie Beatrice Theresa Charlotte, b. at 

Pau, March 21, 1874; m. at Venice, February 27, 1897, Frederic 
Prince Massimo, Duke of Anticoti-Cossado. 

IV. H.R.H. the Infanta Doiia Marie Alice Ildephonza Margaret, b. at 

Pau, June 29, 1876 ; 111. April 26, 1897, Frederic, Prince of 
Schonburg-Waldenburg. Marriage annulled at Rome 1906 ; the 
Infanta m. 1906 Lino del Prete. 

Swebcn, Ikino^om of 

ROYAL FAMILY : Her Majesty, VICTORIA, Queen of Sweden and of 
the Goths and Wends, b. August 7, 1862; succeeded her cousin. Queen 
Caroline (Queen Consort of Saxony), in virtue of the renunciation of her 
brother, the Grand Duke of Baden, 1908 ; m. September 20, 1881, Gustavus 
Adolphus, late Crown Prince of Norway and now de facto and de jure, jure 
uxoris, King of Sweden, and has with other issue a son — 

Gustavus Adolphus, Prince Royal, Duke of Scania, b. November 
II, 1882. 

The late Queen Caroline was the granddaughter of King Gustavus IV., 
who was deposed in 1809 by his rebellious subjects in favour of his uncle, 
Charles, Duke of Sudermania. The father of Gustavus IV., Gustavus HI., 
had ascended the throne at a time when the whole power was in the hands 
of an oligarchy of nobles, and he immediately set about restoring the 
authority of the Crown. Having accomplished this, he devoted the rest of 
his reign to jiromoting the welfare and prosperity of his subjects. His reign, 
however, was disturbed by several insurrections, and he was at last (1792) 
assassinated by Ankarstrom, an emis.sary of the revolutit)nary parly, when 
on the point of sending a Swedish force to assist Louis XVI. It has been 
said of Gustavus HI. that if he had been King of France, and Louis XVI. 
King of Sweden, the world would have l)een spared the French Revolution. 
Gustavus IV. was a minor at the time of his father's murder, and his uncle, 

XTbe Xeaitimist 1kalen&av for 191 o 51 

the Duke of Sudermania, was Regent until 1796, when Gustavus assumed 
the government. The ruling principles of his life are said to have been 
hatred of Napoleon and a belief in the Divine Right of Kings, and, following 
his father's policy, he steadily refused to recognise Bonaparte. This ulti- 
mately caused a rebellion, which ended in Gustavus being deposed and exiled, 
and the Duke of Sudermania, who appears to have been a mere tool in the 
hands of the Liberal party, being made King as Charles XIII. ; and the 
following year, Charles having in the meantime lost his only son, the succes- 
sion to the crown was settled on Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's marshals, 
who was adopted as his son by Charles XIII. Gustavus refused to recognise 
any of these proceedings, and retired to St. Gall, Switzerland, where he died 
in great poverty 1837 (having refused tbe pension offered by the Diet), 
leaving one son, Gustavus V. , the father of the late Queen Caroline. 

A marriage having been arranged and concluded September 29, 1881, 
between Her Majesty's Heiress presumptive, the Princess Victoria of Baden, 
and Gustavus Bernadotte, actual Crown Prince of Sweden, the son of the 
dc facto King, Oscar II., and the great-grandson of the above-mentioned 
Marshal Bernadotte, Queen Caroline ceased to maintain a representative in 
Sweden, and by her death, closely followed by that of the de facto King 
Oscar, the rival claims of the two dynasties were united in the persons of 
the present sovereigns, and after an interval of over a hundred years the 
Crown of Sweden is once more worn by the heir of Gustavus Vasa and 
Gustavus Adolphus. 

Switserlan^ IRcpublic of 

PRESIDENT : C. Decoppet of Vaud, President of the Swiss Confedera- 
tion ; elected December 3, 1906. 

\Dentce, IRcpublic of 

DOGE: (vacant). 

The Venetian Republic was overthrown by Bonaparte in I797, passed to 
Austria in 1814, and was annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia October 17, 

Males, pnncipaliti^ of 

Cf. Great Britain and Ireland. 



Jacobite is the name of such Legitimists as are subjects of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and Jacobites may be described as 
the British branch of the great international Legitimist party of which the 
Carlists are the Spanish branch. The term seems to have been first appHed 
to the King's adherents after the birth of the Prince of Wales, subsequently 
King James III. and VIII. The origin of the party may, however, be traced 
to the reign of Charles I., for the Jacobites of 1688 were the direct successors 
of the Cavaliers of 1642, as the Whigs were of the Puritans. The death of 
Dundee at Killiecrankie, 1689, and the conquest of Ireland, 1691, consider- 
ably damped the spirits of the Jacobites during the first few years after the 
Revolution, but during the latter part of William III.'s reign they increased 
largely in numbers. This was brought about by the rapidly growing burden 
of the National Debt, and by the resentment of the nation at being continu- 
ally involved in continental wars for the defence and aggrandisement of a 
foreign state ; it was more especially caused by the prospect opened up by 
the Act of Settlement of a continuance of this state of things, and the succes- 
sion of a line of foreigners ignorant of the language and customs of the 
country they were to govern. 

Many of the Tories and High Churchmen had been willing to concur in 
the exclusion of James and his son during the lifetime of William, who after 
all was a grandson of the martyr King, but they were strongly opposed to so 
wide a departure from the hereditary line as the establishment of the House 
of Hanover to the total exclusion of all Charles I.'s descendants. Under 
these influences people began to ask themselves of what offence the young 
son of James II. had been guilty that he should be deprived in so summary 
a manner of his legitimate rights, or what policy there was in transferring the 
succession to a German prince, of whom the country knew nothing .'' Hence 
many of the leading men in the kingdom began to cast wistful looks of 
expectation towards St. Germain, and during the next reign we find the 
hopes of the Jacobites raised to the highest pitch, and the ministers of 
the Princess Anne in active correspondence with the exiled King. Under the 
ministry of Harley and Bolingbroke all possible means were taken to secure 
the proclamation of James HI. on the Queen's death ; and had it not been 
for the coup cTt'lat which made Shrewsbury treasurer, and the premature 
death of Anne herself, there can be little doubt that King James would have 
peacefully ascended the throne of his forefathers. As it was, the sudden 
death of Anne found the Jacobites divided and unprepared ; and though 
Bishop Atterbury offered to proclaim King James III. at Charing Cross, 
Bolingbroke hesitated, and the finest opportunity of restoring the Stuarts 
was lost. The accession of the Elector (ieorge I. was followed by the im- 
peachment of the Tory ministry and the simultaneous insurrections under the 
Earl of Mar in Scotland and Mr. Forster in the north of England, both of 
which were suppressed in a great measure by foreign troops in the Elector's 
pay, as was that which occurred thirty years later, in 1745, under Charles 
Edward, the Prince of Wales, which began with the raising of the Royal 


Zhc Xegitimtst 'ff?alen^ar for 1910 53 

Standard at Glenfinnan on August 19 in that year, and ended on the fatal 
field of Culloden Moor, April 16, 1746. That the battle of Culloden de- 
stroyed the hopes of the Jacobites for the time seems clear, but that it did 
not h7/ the party, as is generally stated, is equally certain, for sevc7ity -eight 
years later, in 1824, on the death of the then head of the excluded Royal Line, 
the de jure King Victor (of Sardinia), we have the Prime Minister of the 
Crown, Lord Liverpool, ordering public mourning for him, on the ground 
that '^ there are many people who consider that he was the rightful Ki72g of 
Great Britain to the day of his death.'''' 

The Jacobite party has never quite died out, and during the last twenty 
years it has displayed renewed activity, and gained a large number of 
adherents ; and clubs have been formed in many parts to promote the spread 
of Legitimist principles. 

The raison d'etre for the Jacobite party to-day is the maintenance of the 
principle of the hereditaty as opposed to the parliamentary right to the throne of 
these realms. There is still a Representative of the elder line living, and every 
day shows more and more clearly how now, when socialistic and revolutionary 
doctrines threaten to overthrow all law and order, it is necessary for the 
Sovereign to have some higher title to the throne than a mere paper one that 
can be torn to shreds at any moment. It is in order to teach the nation 
where to look for the Sovereign whose claim to govern is derived from God 
alone, and to instil into men's minds a little of that spirit of loyalty and 
chivalry which animated the hearts of so many good and brave men and 
women in the past, to oppose those false and impracticable ideas of liberty 
and equality — liberty which is in reality but another name for tyranny of the 
worst and most crushing kind, equality which would equalise by keeping all 
at the level of the lowest — that the Jacobite party exists to-day. 

The Revolutionary doctrine that authority proceeds from below and not 
from above — from the people and not from Almighty God — has gradually 
usurped the place of the older principle, and in so doing has lost the nation 
a principle of vitality and unity which was an element of cohesion from the 
earliest times, and has disposed men's minds to disregard any authority, 
human or Divine. Men are fond of scoffing at the principle of Divine 
Right, and of saying there is nothing in it, but surely there must be some 
inherent soundness and vitality in a principle which has shown itself at 
nearly every period of our national history, a principle which has aroused 
the chivalry and enthusiasm of the nation to a pitch only excelled by religion 
itself, a principle that has always found men willing to die for its sake ! 

Hear what an eminent modern writer says, speaking of the Divine right : 
" It is also very remarkable that even over those minds which had utterly 
disavowed any such inherent right, the tenet still exercised a latent but 
considerable influence. Compare the style of the leading statesmen of the 
day in addressing James II. and his successor. Even in the worst actions of 
James we find even the Opposition using more respectful and deferential 
language towards him than William, in the fulness of his power, often re- 
ceived from his own official servants. They entertained, unconsciously, a 
sort of feeling that the Prince of Orange was not their rightful ruler. And 
how much stronger must that feeling have been amidst the multitude, 
which is so much less capable of appreciating arguments or drawing dis- 
tinctions — which respects laws or institutions from their antiquity so much 
more than from their wisdom ! How should this feeling warn the nations, 
never lightly, nor without full provocation, to cast off the sway of their 
rulers ! How does it show that, in many cases, a had king with a good title 
may be happier for the State than a good king with a bad title," 

54 Ube Xeaitimist 1kalen&ar for 191° 

The following Societies now exist for the spread of Legitimist principles : — 

^be yorget^mc^^not IRo^ali^t Club 

(Founded Octoiser 25, 1901) 


I/on. Secretary aitd Foundress — Miss Josephine Foulds, 
32 Elgin Crescent, Bayswater, London, W. 

The aims of the Club are as follows : i. To maintain and diffuse the 
Principles of Legitimism in this and other lands. 2. To oppose the spread of 
Socialism and Anarchy, and all that tendeth thereto, namely — (i) democratic 
legislation ; (2) the aggressions of the lower classes of society upon the higher ; 
(3) the eliminating of Religion from the political and educational life of any 
country. 3. To maintain and teach the great fundamental principle, that all 
right government existeth not by the people, hviXfor the people hy God and 
THROUGH His Divinely Appointed Rulers. Which same principle has been 
known throughout the Ages under the names of Divine Right or Divine Sanc- 
tion. 4. To encourage an appreciation of all the Arts connected with the 
Stuart Period. 5. To keep in perpetual memory the heroism, fidelity, and 
suffering of the Royal House of Stuart and its adherents, and so to study the 
trtie history of the British Nation that, duly considering its lessons and their 
example, we may inspire our fellow-countrymen with a desire for the repeal 
of those laws which led to the exclusion of our Ancient Royal House. 

The Subscription payable upon entering, and then annually on White Rose 
Day (June 10), is : for Members, 5s. ; Associates, 2s. 6d. 

Membership is limited to those of gentle birth, 

^bc Xeoittmtet 3Hcobitc Xcaguc of (Brcat 
Britain an^ 3relanb, 

witb it6 36rancbes. 


President — Mr. Theodore Napier. 


President— '^h. Wm. Green. 

Hon. Sec. — Mr. Gilbert Baird Eraser, Holywell, St. Ives. 

Formed June 30, 1891, for the purpose of directing public attention to 
the claims of the Elder Branch of the Royal House of these realms. 

Its objects are as follows: I. To support Legitimist principles, and to 
oppose the spread of Republicanism and Anarchism. 2. To support the 
claims of the elder and exiled branch of the Royal House of these realms, 
and to teach the true history of this country since 16SS. 3. To repeal the Act 
of Settlement. 4. To remove all the remaining Religious Disabilities. 5. To 
maintain the Royal Prerogatives. 6. To gain the reversal of all attainders 
against the adherents of the Royal House of Stuart. 

71ie Annual Subscription to the League is 5s. ; Minimum, is. 

For all further information concerning either Society, apply to the Honor- 
ary (Jeneral Secretary, Miss Josephine Foulds, as above. 

a ^able of Datc6 ot lEvcnte affecting or 
relating to tbe Ibietor^ of tbe IRo^altet 
anb 3acobite Cau6e, 

1 154. Dec. 19. 

1306. March 27. 

1314. June 24. 

1371. Feb. 22. 

1399. Sept. 29. 

146 1. March 4. 

i486. Jan. 18. 

155S. Nov. 17. 

1567. June 15. 

1569. Nov. 

1586. Sept. 20, 21 

1587. Feb. 8. 

1603. March 24. 

1625. ,, 27. 













) ) 





- 7- 

) ) 




Henry II. ascends the throne, and establishes the title 

to which all the notes of authority attach in England. 
Robert the Bruce crowned King at Scone, re-establishes 

the Scottish Monarchy. 
Battle of Bannockburn. 
The Stuarts (or, as then spelt, Stewarts) succeed to 

Scottish throne. 
Richard II. deposed by Henry of Lancaster. 
Edward IV., the rightful heir, recovers the throne. 
The usurper, Henry VII. , marries Ehzabeth of York, 

de jure Queen. 
Mary Queen of Scots becomes de jure Queen of England 

and Ireland. Elizabeth, bastard daughter of Henry 

VIII., usurps the crown. 
Mary Queen of Scots made prisoner at Carberry Hill, and 

forced to abdicate, July 22. 
Queen Mary escapes from Lochleven, defeated at Langside 

May 13, flies to England May 16. 
The Northern Rebellion begins. 
Babington and his colleagues murdered. 
Queen Mary murdered at Fotheringay Castle by order of 

Elizabeth, after eighteen years' imprisonment. 
James VI. of Scotland succeeds to the English throne. 
Charles I. succeeds his father James I. and VI. ; is 

crowned February 2, 1626. 
The Duke of Buckingham murdered by Fenton. 
King Charles visits Scotland ; is crowned at Holyrood, 

June 18. 
First insurrection in Edinburgh ; the Scottish Presbyterians 

enter into a solemn covenant, to which they compel all 

people to subscribe, March i. 
Trial of Hampden for refusing to pay "ship money." 
Peace with the Scots at Dunse. 
New Revolt in Scotland; the second "Bishops' War"; 

the Scots cross the border August 22 ; repulse the Royal 

forces at Newburn and capture Newcastle ; a new 

treaty signed at Ripon. 
The Long Parliament meets. 
The Earl of Strafford impeached. 
The Commons vote that the levy of " ship money" and 

the opinion of the judges upon it were illegal. 
The Star Chamber abolished. 
Archbishop Laud impeached of high treason. 


Ube Xeottimist Ikalenbar for 1910 



















Trial of Lord Strafford ; condemned and executed May I2. 

Second and last visit of Charles to Scotland. 

Irish rebellion under O'Neill. 

Attempted arrest of the five members. 

Hull refuses to admit the King by order of the Parlia- 
ment ; commencement of the Great Rebellion. 

The Royal Standard raised at Nottingham. 

Prince Rupert defeats a detachment of the rebels at 
Powick Bridge, near Worcester. 

The two Universities make King Charles a present of 
their plate ; that of Cambridge is, however, seized by 

Battle of Edgehill ; capture of Banbury, October 27. 

King Charles makes Oxford his headquarters. 

Cirencester captured by Prince Rupert. 

Lord Brook killed in an attack on Lichfield Cathedral. 

Robert Yeomen and Bouchier executed for endeavouring 
to gain Bristol for King Charles. 

Victory of Hopton Heath ; death of the Earl of North- 

Malmesbury surrendered. 

Capture of Grantham ; and of Scarborough, 26th. 

Victory of Bramham Moor. 

Birmingham captured by Prince Rupert. 

Reading surrendered. 

The rebels defeated at Stratton, in Cornwall. 

Goring defeated at Wakefield. 

The Queen impeached by Pym. 

Taunton and Bridgewater surrender. 

Battle of Chalgrove ; John Hampden killed. 

Victory of Atherton Moor ; the Earl of Newcastle defeats 

Victory of Lansdown, near Bath ; death of Sir Be\'ille 

Essex advises the Parliament to submit to Charles ; a reso- 
lution to that effect adopted by the Lords but defeated in 
the Commons by 94 to 65. 

Bradford captured. 

Victory of Roundway Down ; King Charles meets the 
Queen at Edgehill, and they enter Oxford in triumph on 
the 14th. 

Bristol captured by Prince Rupert. 

The rebels under Sir William Waller again defeated at 
Roundway Down. 

Battle of Newbury ; deaths of the Lords Sunderland, 
Carnarvon, and Falkland. 

The " Solemn League and Covenant" signed. 

The regalia and plate in Westminster seized by rebels. 

Death of Pym. 

A Scottish army crosses the border to assist the Parliament. 

Trial of Archbishop Laud. 

Prince Rupert relievos Latham House, which had been 
held against 2000 rebels for eighteen weeks by the 
Countess of Derby. 




































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J > 


) J 












9 9 






1 J 




Zhc Xeaitimist 1kalen&ar for 19 lo 


1644. March 29. 

„ May 29. 
,, June 16. 
,, J"ly 2. 














June 14. 
July 2. 

Aug. 15. 


Sept. 9, 

) > 

Dec. 4. 


1 » 

Feb. 2. 
March 21. 


Defeat of Cheriton Down ; death of Sir John Stuart and 
Sir John Smith. 

Montrose joins Charles in Oxford, and is appointed Lieut. - 
Gen. of the Royal forces in Scotland, and goes north 
with Crawford, Nithsdale, Reay, Ogilvy, and Aboyne. 

The King retires from Oxford. 

Princess Henrietta Anne born. 

Defeat of Marston Moor ; the battle began late on the 
evening of the 2nd, and raged through the night, 
the Royalist army having been attacked at dusk after 
a long march. York surrendered July 5. 

Queen Henrietta Maria embarks for France at Falmouth ; 
lands at Brest July 16. 

Montrose raises the Royal Standard in the Highlands, 
defeats the Covenanters under Elcho at Tippermuir 
September i, captures Perth September 7, defeats 
Balfour of Burleigh at Aberdeen, which he captures 
September 12, repulses Argyll at Fyvie Castle, and 
defeats him again at Inverlochy. 

Battle of Newbury. 

King Charles I. returns to Oxford. 

Sir Alexander Carew beheaded on Tower Hill for en- 
deavouring to deliver Plymouth to King Charles. 

Sir John Hotham and his son, Captain Hotham, beheaded 
on Tower Hill for corresponding with the King. 

Murder of Archbishop Laud. 

Victory at Pontefract, Sir Marmaduke Langdale defeats 
Fairfax ; Montrose excommunicated by the Covenant, 
and a reward of ^20,000 offered for him, dead or alive. 

Dundee captured by Montrose, who again defeats the rebels 
at Auldearn, May 9. 

Leicester carried by storm. 

Lord Jermyn, the English Ambassador in Paris, writes to 
the King that 5000 men have been raised and are shortly 
to be embarked for Pendennis under the command of the 
Marquis de Ruvigny and Raineval to assist him. Their 
departure is, however, stopped by Cardinal Mazarin. 

Defeat of Naseby. 

Victory of Alford ; the Covenanters again defeated by 
Montrose ; death of Lord Gordon. 

Victory of Kilsyth, near Glasgow ; the power of the 
Covenant completely destroyed, and Montrose remains 
master of Scotland. 

Prince Rupert surrenders Bristol. 

Montrose, surprised and defeated at Philiphaugh, retires 
to the Highlands. 

Latham House surrenders after having been held 27 weeks 
by the Countess of Derby. 

Surrender of Belvoir Castle. 

Lord Astley defeated at Stow ; this is the last body of 
troops in the field for the King. 

King Charles surrenders himself to the Scotch Covenanters, 
and orders Montrose to disband his army and leave 
Scotland, May 19. 

58 XTbe Xeaitimist 1kalen&ac tor 191° 


















1646. June 20. Oxford surrenders. 
Raglan Castle surrenders. 
The Marquis of Montrose leaves Scotland. 

1647. Jan. 30. The Scots, on receiving ^200,000, surrender the King to 
the English Parliament. 

Harlech Castle surrenders ; this is the last place in Wales 
held for the King. 

1648. March 13. Rising in Wales under Colonels Langhorne, Poyer, and 
Powell suppressed by Cromwell. 

The Scottish Estates meet, and vote that they ought to 

raise an army to act for the King. 
Royalist rising in London suppressed. 
Royalist rising at Stamford, in Lincoln, under Dr. Hudson, 

suppressed by Colonel Waite. 
A Scotch army enters England to support King Charles. 
Sir Marmaduke Langdale defeated by Cromwell, near 

,, ,, ,, The Scots defeated by Cromwell, and the Duke of 

Hamilton captured. 
,, ,, 28. Colchester surrenders to Fairfax after a siege of ten weeks ; 

Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle shot, and Lords 

Goring and Capel sent to the Tower. 
,, Oct. 24. Berwick and Carlisle surrender to Cromwell, who enters 

Edinburgh a few days later, 
,, Nov. Cromwell returns to London ; the officers of the army 

present a remonstrance to the Commons requiring the 

King to be brought to trial. 
,, ,, The King seized by order of the council of officers, and 

imprisoned in Hurst Castle. 
,, Dec. 6. Col. Pride goes to Westminster and seizes 201 Presbyterian 

members, thus violently getting rid of the party favour- 
able to a treaty with the King. 
,, ,, 23. The King brought to Windsor; a plot for his escape 

,, ,, 29. Major Pitcher, a Royalist, seized and shot. 

1649. Jan. 15. The King brought to St. James's, "tried," and con- 

demned, 27th. 
,, ,, 30. P^itrbrr of i\inoi Cburles I. 

,, Feb. The Monarchy and the House of Lords abolished. 

,, March 9. The Duke of Hamilton, the Earl of Holland, and Lord 

Capel murdered. 
,, ,, 19. The Scottish Estates proclaim Charles IL King in Scotland, 

and the Duke of Ormond proclaims him in Dublin. 
Pontefract Castle surrendered. 
,, Aug. 13. Cromwell appointed LordT^ieutenant of Ireland. 
,, Sept. Cromwell takes Drogheda by storm, and puts to death 

every man, woman, and child. 

1650. April 14. Montrose lands in Scotland and proclaims Charles H., but 

is defeated, taken prisoner, and murdered in Edinburgh, 

May 21, together with some 50 of his followers. 
,, May 1 31. Cromwell returns to England after having "subdued" 

,, June 23. King Charles II. lands in Scotland, and is compelled to 

take the Covenant. 









Zhc Xeoitimist 1kalent)ar for 191° 59 

1650. July 13. Dr. Levens hanged for having Blank Commission from 

King Charles about him. 
,, ,, 15. King Charles II. proclaimed at Edinburgh Cross. 

,, ,, 22. Cromwell enters Scotland. 

,, ,, An Act passed offering the same reward for the discovery 

of a Priest or Jesuit as for that of a highwayman. 
,, Aug. 22. Col. Andrews, of Gray's Inn, beheaded for corresponding 
with the King. 
Defeat of Dunbar. 

Mr. Benson hanged for attempting to conspire for the Re- 
storation of Charles II. 
Edinburgh Castle surrenders to Cromwell. 

1651. Jan. I. Charles II. crowned at Scone. 
King Charles enters England with an army of 16,000 men. 
Stirling Castle surrenders to Monk. 
The Earl of Derby and Lord Widdrington defeated at 

Wigan by Col. Lilbourne ; Lord Widdrington killed. 

,, Sept. 3. Defeat of Worcester; Charles, after many hairbreadth 
escapes, assisted by the brothers Pendrell, lands at 
Fecamp, in Normandy, October 17. 

,, ,, 12. Limerick surrenders after a fifteen months' siege ; Ireland 

and Scotland finally reduced. 
1653. April 20. The Long Parliament forcibly dissolved by Cromwell, 
who usurps sole power, and issues in his own name 
Letters of Summons to 156 (139 England, 6 Wales, 6 
Ireland, and 5 Scotland) persons known to favour his 
cause to meet him at Whitehall, July 4, and to take 
upon themselves the government of the country. 

,, July 4. The "Parliament" meets, makes Cromwell Lord Pro- 
tector, December 12. 
1655. March 11. Sir Joseph Wagstaffe and Col. Penruddock assemble 200 
horse, and proclaim Charles II. at Salisbury, but are 
defeated ; Penruddock is executed with others at Exeter 
May 16, and many more suffer at Salisbury and other 

1658. ,, 17. Plot to kill Cromwell discovered ; Sir Henry Slingsby 

and Dr. Hewet executed, June 8. 
,, Sept. 3. Death of the regicide Cromwell. 

1659. May 23. Richard Cromwell resigns. 

,, Aug. I. A general insurrection planned by the Royalist Club ; the 
" Sealed Knot " betrayed by Sir Richard Willis. 

,, ,, Sir George Booth and Sir Thomas Middleton raise the 

Royal Standard, and take Chester, Aug 19 ; are de- 
feated by Lambert at Nantwich. 

1660. Feb. 4, General Monk enters London, dissolves Parliament 

March 16, and calls a Convention, which meets April 

25, and votes the Restoration of Monarchy May i. 
,, May 8. ^tng Cljarlts ||. pvotlaimcCi ; lunbs at gobtv UTaw 25, vintr 

tttteis 3£o;tboit ^Tan 29. 
,, Sept. 20. Death of Henry Duke of Gloucester. 
,, Oct. Execution of the regicides Harrison, Scot, Scrope, 

Jones, Clements, Carew, Cook, Hacker, Axtel, and 

,, Nov. The Standing Army abolished. 


9 ? 

) ) 
















60 XTbe Xeoittmist Ikalenbar for 191° 

1661. Jan. 30. The dead bodies of Cromwell, John Bradshaw, Henry 
Ireton, and Thomas Pride hanged at Tyburn, and after- 
wards buried under the gallows. 
, , May 8. Services for January 30 and May 29 added to the Book 
of Common Prayer. 

The "Solemn League and Covenant" burnt. 

The Marquis of Argyll executed. 

Execution of the regicides Miles, Corbet, John Okey, and 
John Barstead. 

Execution of Sir Henry Vane. 

Rebellion of the Covenanters in Scotland ; battle of 
Pentland Hill. 

Death of the Queen-Dowager, Henrietta Maria. 

The Duke of York becomes a Roman Catholic. 

The Test Act passed. 

Marriage of the Princess Mary to William of Orange. 

;i^7o,ooo voted by the Commons for a funeral service, etc., 
for King Charles the Martyr. The Statue at Charing 
Cross erected out of this sum. 

Titus Gates' " Popish Plot." 

Fresh revolt of Covenanters in Scotland. 

Graham of Claverhouse (afterwards Viscount Dundee) de- 
feated at Drumclog. 
,, ,, 22. The Covenanters defeated by the Duke of Monmouth at 

Bothwell Bridge. 

Meal Tub Plot. 
1680. July 23. Cameronian insurrection in Scotland. 

A Bill for excluding the Duke of York from the succession 
passed by the Commons and taken up to the Lords by 
Lord William Russell ; they reject it by 63 to 30, all 
the bishops voting in the majority. 

Rye House Plot to assassinate the King ; execution of 
Lord William Russell, etc. 

Death of Charles H. ; accession of his brother the Duke 
of York and Albany as James H. and VH. 

Coronation of the King and Queen. 

The Earl of Argyll lands in Scotland, is defeated and 

captured June 17, and executed June 30. 

June II. The Duke of Monmouth lands at Lyme, takes Taunton 

June 18, assumes title of King at Bridgewater June 21, 

is defeated at Sedgemoor July 6, and executed July 15. 

James publishes a declaration allowing liberty of conscience 
to all his subjects. 

Second declaration of complete liberty of conscience ; it is 
commanded to be read in all churches and chapels in 
the kingdom by order of the Council. 

Birth of the Prince of Wales, afterwards James HL and VHL 

Trial of the seven bishops (the Archbishop of Canterbury, 

the Bishops of Ely, St. Asaph, Chichester, Bath and 

Wells, Peterborougli, and Bristol) for refusing to read 

the King's declaration ; accjuitted. 

Oct. 15. The Prince of Wales baptized by the name of James 

Francis Edward, in St. Jnmes's. 
Nov. 5. William of Orange lands at Torbay. 





















) J 



ZTbe Xegitimfst Iftalen^ar for 19 lo 


1688. Dec. 10. 



























July - 











9 9 







The Queen and Prince of Wales sent to France. 

James, deserted and betrayed on all sides, embarks at 
Whitehall stairs for France, but being stopped by con- 
trary winds, lands at Faversham, where he is taken for 
a Jesuit ; returns to Whitehall, where he is received with 
the most joyful acclamations by the people, December i6 ; 
the same night he publishes an Order of Council against 
tumults and other disorders. This is the last regal act 
he executes in England. 

The Prince of Orange's forces take possession of Whitehall, 
and Dutch guards are placed at all the entrances of the 
palace ; the King is removed at midnight, by order of 
the Prince, to Rochester, under a Dutch guard. 

William of Orange takes possession of Whitehall. 

The King escapes to France ; William publishes an order 
requiring all those who have served in any of the parlia- 
ments of Charles II., together with the aldermen and 
common-council of London, to meet him on the 26th ; 
they meet, and, together with the peers, advise him to 
call a Convention for January 22, which he does. 

William assumes the government of Scotland, and calls a 
Convention in that kingdom for March 14. 

The Convention meets, and by a majority of 2 (51 to 49) 
decides that the throne is vacant, and offers the crown 
to William and Mary. 

Prayers for the Royal Family altered. 

King James lands at Kingsale, and is joined by the Earl 
of Tyrconnel with 30,000 foot and 3000 horse. 

The Scottish Estates meet, and after much discussion 
settle the crown on William and Mary, April 11. 

King James besieges Londonderry. 

The Irish Parliament meets. 

Lord Dundee raises the Royal Standard in the Highlands, 
and is joined by Cameron of Lochiel, the Macdonalds 
of Glengarry, Clanronald, etc. 

Episcopacy abolished in Scotland. 

Victory of Killiecrankie ; death of Dundee, ' ' the last and 
best of Scots." 

Non-juring bishops suspended. 

Declaration of Rights. 

The Count de Lauzen lands in Ireland with 5000 French 

Defeat of the Boyne. 

King James retires to France ; William enters Dublin. 

Drogheda surrenders. 

Surrender of Waterford. « 

William besieges Limerick, but is repulsed by Searsfield 
and retires, 30th. ^ 

Surrender of Cork. 

D^ath of Sir John Pettus, of Chediston Hall, Suffolk, 2nd 
son of Sir Augustine Pettus and brother of Sir Thomas 
Pettus, 1st Bart., so created for his zeal and loyalty in 
the Royal service. Sir John was bom 161 3, entered 
the service of King Charles I. 1639. Knighted 

62 Ube XcGitimist Ikalcnbai' for 191° 

November 25, 1641. M.P. for Dunwich 1670. Raised 
a full regiment of Horse for the King's service at his 
own expense. After the murder of the King he kept 
up a correspondence with Charles II., lost over 
^20,000 in the Royalist Cause, and was so impoverished 
that he was imprisoned for debt in the Heet Prison, 
where he died. 
1691. Jan. 16. Sir Richard Graham, Viscount Preston, John Ashton, and 
Edmund Elliot arraigned at the Old Bailey on the 
charge of having on December 29th last attempted to 
raise a rebellion ; Lord Preston convicted 17th, and 
Mr. Ashton 19th ; Ashton is hung 28th, but Lord 
Preston is reprieved. 

,, Feb. I. Archbishop Sancroft and the other non-jurors deprived. 

,, June The Bass Rock seized by four young Jacobite officers who 

had been imprisoned there, and held for King James. 

,, ,, 30. Athlone lost. 

,, July 12. Defeat of Aughrim. 

,, Aug. 14. The Earl of Tyrconnell dies. 

,, Oct. 3. Treaty of Limerick ; the Irish lay down their arms, on 
condition that all who wish to do so may be allowed to 
retire to France, that there shall be a general amnesty, 
and that the Roman Catholics shall continue to enjoy 
all such privileges in the exercise of their religion as 
they enjoyed in the reign of Charles II. Parliament, 
however, refuses to ratify this treaty, which is shame- 
fully broken by William. 

1693. Feb. 13. Massacre of Glencoe. 

,, Nov. 20. Death of Archbishop Sancroft. 

1694. April 18. Capitulation of the Bass Rock Fort, last place held for 

King James. 

,, Dec. 28. Deathof Mary "II." 
1696. Feb. 14. A plot known as the "Assassination Plot," owing to the 
fact that some of the conspirators are charged with the 
design to murder William, discovered. Lord Aylesbury 
sent to the Tower. 

J, ,, 23. A reward of ^1000 oft'ered for the discovery of the Duke of 
Berwick, Sir George Barclay, Sir William Perkins, etc. 

,, ,, 25,26, An association formed in Parliament declaring William 
27. lawful king, and binding members to support the suc- 
cession according to the Act of William and Mary. 
Fifteen Peers and ninety-two M. P.'s refuse to sign, 
whereupon the Commons pass an Act to enforce the 
signing of the Articles of the Association, and declaring 
all those who refuse to sign incapable of any public trust. 

,, March 11. Robert Charnock, Edward King, and Thomas Keys 
convicted of high treason and executed at Tyburn on 
the 1 8th. 

,, ,, iS. ^^500 offered for the apprehension of Lord Montgomery 

and Sir J. Fenwick. 

,, April 3. Sir John Friend and Sir William Perkins executed at 

,, ,, 21. Brigadier Rookwood, Major Lowick, and Charles Cran- 
burn convicted of high treason and executed, 29th. 

TLbc %CQitmi3t 1kalent)ar tor 191° 


1696. June 27. 

1697. Jan. 28. 
,, Sept. II. 

1 701. March 12. 

Sept. 16. 

1702. Feb. 24. 
,, March S. 

1703. May 6. 

,, Sept. 30. 

1704. Jan. 

1705. Dec. 30. 

1706. Oct. 13. 

1707. May I. 

1708. March 8. 

,, Nov. 18. 

1709. Dec. 15. 

1714. June 8. 

„ Aug. I. 

)) )> 

») )5 


,, Aug. -Nov. 

The Irish Parliament meets, and expels Mr. Sanderson for 
refusing to sign the articles of the Association. 

Sir John Fenwick beheaded on Tower Hill. 

Peace of Ryswick. 

The Act of Settlement passed by a majority of 1 in the 
Commons. Passed in the Lords May 22. The Duchess 
of Savoy protests. Receives the Royal Assent June 12. 

Death of King James II. at St. Germain ; his son pro- 
claimed as King by Louis XIV., and recognised as such 
by France, Spain, the Pope, Sweden, etc. 

Abjuration Act passed ; receives Royal Assent March 8. 

Death of the usurper William " III." ; Anne succeeds. 

The Scottish Parliament meets, refuses to accede to the 
Protestant succession in the Princess Sophia as established 
in England, and passes the Act of Security, giving Par- 
liament the power to name a successor in the case of the 
Queen's demise, receives the Royal Assent September 16 ; 
the English Parliament immediately passes a Bill declar- 
ing all Scottish subjects Aliens while it remains in 

The Irish Parliament passes the Act of Settlement. 

Conspiracy in Scotland to restore King James betrayed by 
Lord Lovat. 

Catherine, Queen-Dowager of Charles II., dies. 

The Parliament of Scotland meets for the last time, passes 
the Act of Union with England by no to 69, January 16, 
1707 ; great tumults in Edinburgh and other places. 

The Act of Union comes into force. 

A French expedition with King James sails from Dunkirk 
for Scotland, but is prevented landing by the English 
fleet under Sir George Byng ; a great number of Jacob- 
ites, including Lord Griffin, Lord Clermont, his brother, 
Mr. Middleton (sons of Lord Middleton), etc., are seized 
and brought to London, and imprisoned in the Tower ; 
Lord Griffin is attainted of High Treason May 15, but 
being reprieved, he dies in the Tower. 

The First Parliament after the Union meets. 

Dr. Sacheverell impeached for preaching against "the 
late Happy Revolution." 

Electress Sophia dies. 

Anne dies ; the Elector George proclaimed, enters London 

Protest of King James III. and VIII. against the usurpa- 
tion of the House of Hanover. 

The Elector George issues a proclamation against "The 
Pretender," offering ^^100,000 reward for his appre- 

Sir William Wyndham, Campion, and Shippen, M.P.'s, 
denounce the proclamation, and the former is by a vote 
of 208 to 129 .subjected to be reprimanded by the 
Speaker ; the minority withdraw. 

Great riots at Birmingham, Bristol, Chippenham, Norwich, 
Oxford, Reading, York, Bedford, Taunton, Worcester, 
etc., amid cries of " Down with the Whigs ; Sacheverell 

64 TLbc 5Leoitimist Ikalen^ar for 191° 

for ever"; "High Church and the Duke of Ormond 
for ever." The health of King James pubHcly drunk in 
many places. So serious are the riots at Manchester and 
in Lancashire that it is considered necessary to raise the 
militia. In every case they are followed by acts of great 
and needless severity on the part of the authorities. 

1714. Nov. A pamphlet published entitled " The Sentiments of our 

Forefathers relative to the Succession to the Crown, 
Hereditary Right, and Non-Resistance," dedicated to 
all those who prefer Hereditary Right to a Parliamentary 
One, notwithstanding that the latter is likely to take 
place, by a Lover of Right. 

,, ,, Great riot at Leicester owing to the refusal of the High 

Sheriff to return the Jacobite candidate, although he is 
returned by a clear majority. 

,, ,, ;^iooo offered for the discovery of the author of " A Test 

offered to the Electors of Great Britain, which at one 
view discovers those Members of Parliament who were 
for or against the Hanoverian Succession " ; and ^500 
for discovering printer of same. 

1715. Jan. 20. Thanksgiving Day for the Elector's Accession ; Dr. 

Sacheverell at St. Andrews denounces the Government 
for having appointed as a Thanksgiving Time the anni- 
versary of the day King Charles was brought to trial. 

,, March 25. Flight of Lord Bolingbroke. 

,, May A butcher whipped at the cart's tail from Brentford Bridge 

and round the Market- Place for having spoken of 
"James HL" 

,, ,, A cobbler, of Highgate, whipped up Holborn Hill and 

down again, and imprisoned in Newgate for one year, 
for wearing a suit of mourning on the Elector's birth- 

,, ,, 28. Birthday of the Elector ; great riots in Oxford, the gowns- 
men uniting with the townspeople break the windows of 
the Whig residents, and prevent any celebration of the 

,, ,, 29. Restoration Day ; the riots renewed in most of the large 
towns ; Turner, collar-maker, put in stocks for wearing 
an oak-leaf; Pitcocks, an exciseman, dismissed for the 
same offence ; Bournois, a schoolmaster, scourged 
through the city so severely that he dies a few days after, 
for denying the right of the Elector to the Throne, etc. 

,, June An Irish Father Confessor flogged to death between Stock 

Market and Aldgate. 

„ ,, 9. Mr. Matthew Prior, M.P., and Mr. Thomas Harley, M. I'., 


,, ,, 10. Birthday of King James ; the eftngy of William of Orange 
burnt at Smithfield ; the mob parade the streets and 
break the windows of all who refuse to illuminate, amid 
cries of " No Hanover ! No Foreign Government ! " 

,, ,, ,, Bolingbroke impeached. 

,, ,, 21. The Duke of Ormond impeached ; withdraws to France. 

>> July 9- The Earls of Strafford and Oxford impeached. 

„ ,, 20. Riot Act. 

^be Xcattlmist lkalen&ar for 19 lo 65 

1715. July 31. Camp formed in Hyde Park to overawe the Jacobites in 

,, ,, ,, All Roman Catholics ordered to withdraw at least ten miles 

from London before August 8. 

,, ,, ,, A reward of ^100,000 again offered for King James " dead 

or alive." 

,, Aug. 26. The "Hunting-match" of Braemar ; the Marquises of 
Huntley (eldest son of the Duke of Gordon) and Tulli- 
bardine (eldest son of the Duke of Athole), the Earls of 
Mar, Nithsdale, Marischal, Traquair, Errol, Southesk, 
Carnwath, Seaforth, and Linlithgow, the Viscounts of 
Kilsythe, Kenmure, Kingston, and Stormount, the Lords 
Rollo, Duffus, Drummond, Strathallan, Ogilvy, and 
Nairne, together with Glengarry, Campbell of Glen- 
darule, etc., take the oath of allegiance to King 
James VHL 

,, ,, ,, The Earls of Hume and Wigtown, and George Lockhart, 

M.P. , seized and imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle. 

,, Sept, I. Death of Louis XIV. 

55 ,5 6. The Royal Standard raised at Aboyne, in Aberdeen; the 

Earl of Mar proclaims King James. 

,5 ,, ,, Lord Powis arrested and imprisoned in the Tower on 

"suspicion " of his being disaffected. 

,, ,, King James is proclaimed in Aberdeen by Earl Marischal, 

at Inverness by Brigadier Mackintosh, at Dunkeld by 
Lord Tullibardine, at Brechin by the Earl of Panmuir, 
at Castle Gordon by the Marquis of Huntley, at Montrose 
by Lord Southesk, at Dundee by the Viscount Dundee, 

,, ,, 8. An attempted surprise of Edinburgh Castle defeated. 

,, ,, Habeas Corpus Act suspended. 

,, ,, The Lords Jersey, Lansdown, and Dupplin, and Col. Paul 

sent to the Tower, and warrants issued for the arrest of 
six members of Parliament, Sir William Wyndham, 
Sir John Packington, Edward Harvey, of Combe 
(sen.), Thomas Forster (jun. ), John Anstis, and 
Cuthbert Kynaston. 

,, ,5 Mr. Forster proclaims King James III. at Greenrigg, in 

Northumberland. He is joined by Lords Derwent- 
water, Widdrington, etc. 

,, ,, 8. The University of Oxford, having elected the Earl of Arran 

(a Jacobite) Chancellor in opposition to the Elector's 
son, the so-called Prince of Wales, a large body of 
troops are quartered in Oxford. 

,, ,, 13. News reaches London that King James has left Lorraine 
on his way to Scotland. • 

5, Oct. A plan to surprise Bristol discovered ; Captains Lansdown, 

Doyle, and Sinclair, Sir George Browne, etc., seized 
and brought to London, October 18. 

5, 5, The Duke of Ormond lands in Devonshire with some 

forty men, but, being betrayed by his agent, is obliged 
to retire, 

,, ,, 7. King James III. proclaimed at St. Columb, in Cornwall, 

by James Paynter, 



Ubc Xegittmist Ikalenbar tor 1910 

1715. Oct. 



1716. Jan. 







Sir Richard Vivian arrested and brought to London, and 
Mr. Howard, of Corhy, and Mr. Curwen, of Working- 
ton, imprisoned in Carlisle Castle, and the Earl of 
Scarsdale in the Tower. 

Lancelot Errington captures Holy Isle, and proclaims 
King James. 

Joseph Sullivan, Robert Whitty, and Felix Hara convicted 
of high treason for enlisting men in the service of King 
James, and hanged at Tyburn 28th. 

Forster, having proclaimed James at Warkworth, Morpeth, 
Alnwick, etc., retires to Rothbury, where he is joined 
by Lords Carnwath, Wintoun, Nithsdale, and Kenmure, 
and then to Kelso, where he is joined by Brigadier 
Macintosh, at the head of 1 400 Highlanders, October 
22 ; thus reinforced they enter England and proclaim 
King James at Brampton November i. 

The militia, under Lord Lonsdale and the Bishop of 
Carlisle, dispersed by General Forster at Penrith. 

Forster enters Lancaster, and Preston two days later. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury issues a declaration, signed 
by himself and thirteen of his suffragans, testifying 
abhorrence of the "rebellion"; Atterbury, Bishop of 
Rochester, and Dr. Smallridge, Bishop of Bristol, refuse 
to sign. 

General Willis repulsed from Preston. 

Defeat of Preston ; surrender of the royal army under 

Battle of Sheriffmuir or Dumblaine, indecisive ; Mar 
retires to Perth. 

3000 Dutch troops land at Deptford to assist the Elector. 

Lord Lovat declares for the Elector and seizes Inverness. 

Sir W. Carew and Sir Edward Seymour brought prisoners 
to the Tower. 

Mar retires from Perth. 

Major Nairne, Captains Lockhart and Shafto, and Ensign 
Erskine shot at Preston. 

A Dutch force landed at Leith. 

Captains Gordon, Kerr, and Dorrell hanged at Tyburn 
for having endeavoured to secure Oxford for King 

The prisoners taken at Preston brought to London. 

King James embarks at Dunkirk with the Marquis of 
Tynemouth (son of the Duke of Berwick), Lieut. 
Cameron, and four others, and lands at Peterhead, 
December 22, and proceeds to Fetteresso, Aberdeen, 
the seat of the Earl Marischal, where he appoints his 
privy council, and issues six proclamations. 

January 23 appointed for the King's coronation. 

King lames receives addresses from the clergy and magis- 
trates of Aberdeen. 

More Dutch troops arrive in Scotland. 

King James makes his public entry into Dundee, and then 
proceeds to the Royal Palace of Scone, 7th ; visits Perth 
9th ; returns to Scone loth. 

Ube Xeaitimist Ikalenbar for 191° 67 

1 716. Jan. 28. Mr. Shuttleworth and four others "executed" at Liverpool. 
,, ,, ,, Retreat of the Royal army from Perth to Montrose. 

,, Feb. 4. King James, accompanied by Lords Mar, Melford, and 
Drummond, and sixteen other persons, embarks for 
France. They land at Gravelines, 9th. The Royal 
army under General Gordon retires to Aberdeen, and 
then disperses. King James's last act before embarking 
is to address a letter to the Duke of Argyll, the Hano- 
verian commander, enclosing the remnant of the money 
which he has brought with him, and desiring that it may 
be distributed among the poor inhabitants of some 
villages, to which the necessities of war have compelled 
him to set fire on the retreat from Perth. 

[JVoie.—The truth of this fact is of course called in 
question by the Whig writers, but it has been established 
beyond a doubt by the publication of the King's letters 
to Argyll. See Chambers' History of the Rebellions 
under Dundee and Mar, p. 312.] 
,, ,, The Students of King's College, Aberdeen, break out, and 

force the drummer of the Aulton to make a proclamation 
"desiring all persons to come and see the Duke of 
Brunswick burnt in effigy " in a bonfire lit at the College 
gates, and drink the health of King James VIIL Eight 
of them rusticated. 
,, ,, 9. Trial of the six lords : the Earls of Derwentwater, Niths- 

dale, and Carnwath, Viscount Kenmure, and the Lords 
Nairn and Widdrington. 
,, ,, 23. Order of Council issued for the "execution "of Lords Der- 
wentwater, Kenmure, and Nithsdale on the 24th, and 
reprieving the other three until March 4. Lord Nithsdale 
escapes from the Tower in his wife's clothes. 
Murder of Lords Derwentwater and Kenmure. 
Trial of Lord Wintoun ; convicted of high treason, 17th. 
General Forster escapes from Newgate, and notwith- 
standing that a reward of ;i^iooo is offered for him, he 
succeeds in getting safely to France. 
May 2. ;i{^iooo paid to Sir Thomas John for transporting 180 of the 
Preston prisoners to the West Indian plantation as slaves. 
,, 4. Brigadier Alackintosh, John Mackintosh, Charles Wogan, 

Robert Hepburn, James Talbot, William Dalmahoy, and 
Alex, and John Tasker break out of Newgate. A reward 
of ;!^iooo is offered for the first and ;i^50o for the rest, 
but all escape to France, except Talbot. 
,, 7. The Government, fearing to dissolve Parliament, bring in 

the Septennial Act, enabling Parliament to continue for 
seven years. It was carried in the Lords by 96 to 61, 
and in the Commons by 284 to 162. 
,, 8-12. Trial of Royalist prisoners. 
,, 14. Colonel Oxburgh beheaded. 

,, 19. Indictments for high treason found against Lord Lans- 
down, Sir William Wyndham, M.P., Edward Harvey, 
M.P., etc. 
,, 29. Several persons arrested for wearing "white roses" and 
"oak leaves." 







68 Xlbe XcGitimist Ikalenbav for 19 ^o 

1 7 16. Jvuie 10. Guards posted in several parts of London to prevent the 
wearing of "white roses." Forden, the printer, is shot 
in Newgate Street by a foot-soldier, and several other 
persons are knocked down and maimed. 
The Dutch forces employed by the Elector in Scotland, 
being no longer needed, return to Holland about this time. 
July 13. The Rev. Mr. Paul, vicar of Orton, Leicester, and John 
Hall, J. P., of Northumberland, hanged at Tyburn. 
21. Eight of the Preston prisoners break out of Newgate; 
three are recaptured. 
Aug. 2. The Rev. John St. Quentin convicted at the Norwich 
Assizes for asserting "that the Pretender has landed 
in the West with 50,000 men," and drinking his health. 
Sentenced to pay forty marks, to be imprisoned for a 
year, and to find sureties for his good behaviour for three 
years. Mr. Matthew Fern also convicted of drinking 
King James' health, and calling King George a " turnip- 
hoer" ; sentenced to be imprisoned for one year, etc. 
Thomas Shirley convicted of saying, ' ' King George has 
no more right to the crown than I have " ; sentenced 
to be publicly whipped, and to find sureties for good 
behaviour for three years. 
Lord Wintoun escapes from the Tower. 
6. Two soldiers whipped almost to death in Hyde Park, and 
turned out of service, for having worn oak in their hats 
on May 29. 
Sept. 3. The State prisoners in Edinburgh, to the number of eighty- 
nine, sent to Carlisle to be tried. 
Nov. 21. Thirty of the Preston prisoners, having been put on board 
a ship to be transported to the West Indies as slaves, 
master the crew and escape with the ship to France. 
25. The Bishop of Edinburgh deprived of his pension for 
refusing to take the oaths. 
Dec. 11. Charles Radclyffe escapes from the Tower. 
1717- J^"- ^""^ hundred of the Preston prisoners shipped as slaves to 

the West Indies. 
The episcopal clergy of Scotland are fined for not praying 
for " King George" by name. 
April 3. The Elector George asks Parliament for an extraordinary 
supply to avert the Swedish invasion of Hanover. Mr. 
Shippen, M.P. forSaltash, says, " The message appeared 
to have been penned by a foreign minister, and that it 
was a misfortune the King was as unacquainted with 
Parliamentary proceedings as the language of the 
country." It is first carried in connniltee, by 164 to 149, 
that a sum not exceeding ^2 50,000 shall be granted, and 
on the 9th, when the question is again put to the House, 
it is carried by a majority of four only : 153 to 149. 

[Note. — This grant was the first-fruits of the Conti- 
nental connection, which has cost this country so much. 
The Elector of Hanover quarrelled with the King of 
Sweden, and Britain was not only deprived of a valu- 
able branch of her trade, but obliged to support liim in 
the prosecution of the war.] 

trbe Xe^itimist f^alenbar for 191° 69 

1717. April A treaty between Charles XII. of Sweden, Peter the Great 

of Russia, and Spain to restore King James. looo Swedes 
to be landed in Scotland, under Charles XII. himself, 
stopped by his death at Frederickshall March 1 718. 

,, June 24. TrialofHarley, Earl of Oxford, for high treason ; acquitted 
July I. Act of Grace. 

,, Nov. II. Dr. Welton, late vicar of Whitechapel, with his congrega- 
tion, consisting of about 250 non-jurors, surprised by 
justices of the peace and constables, and most of them 
refusing to take the oaths, they are prosecuted. 

,, Dec. 4. Mr. Shippen, M.P., sent to the Tower for saying that the 
second paragraph of the King's Speech seemed " rather 
calculated for the meridian of Germany than Great 
Britain, and that it was a great misfortune that the King 
was a stranger to our language and constitution." 
Division : 175 to 81. 

1718. March 17. James Shepherd, a youth of eighteen, executed for plotting 

against the Elector. 
,, July 10. Robert Harrison convicted of crying out in the streets 
"King James III. for ever ! " and sentenced to stand in 
the pillory, to pay a fine of twenty marks, and to suffer 
six months' imprisonment. 

1 7 19. March 26. Visit of King James to Madrid, where he is received as 

King of Great Britain. x\n expedition under the Duke 
of Ormond is dispatched from Cadiz, but is dispersed 
by a violent storm oft" Cape Finisterre. 

,, April 4. The Earls of Seaforth and Marischal and Lord Tullibardine 
land in Scotland, with 400 men, and are joined by some 
1200 Highlanders. 

,, ,, II. 2500 Dutch troops arrive in London, and some 3000 more 

land in the North under General Keppel, to protect " the 
choice of the nation." 

,, May 8. King James married at Avignon by proxy to the Princess 
Mary Clementina, daughter of Prince James Sobieski, 
and granddaughter of John III., King of Poland ; and 
in person a few weeks later, on his return from 

,, June 10. Defeat of Glenshiel. The Lords Seaforth, Marischal, and 
Tullibardine escape to the Western Isles, and the High- 
landers disperse. 

,, July I. Devinish, a soldier in the Foot Guards, tied to a tree in 
the Park and whipped a fourth time by the three 
regiments of Guards, for words spoken against King 
George's title to the throne. 

,, Oct. 24. A fresh expedition under the Duke of Ormond sails from 
St. Andero, but fails to reach England. 

,, ,, 30. J. Matthews convicted of high treason for printing the paper 
Fox Poptili, and executed at Tyburn November 6. 

1720. Dec. 31. Birth of a Prince, who is christened Charles Edward Louis 

Philip Casimar, and created Prince of Wales. 

1721. Feb. 13. Nathaniel Mist, editor of the Jacobite W^^iJ-^/jz/oz/rwa/, con- 

victed of printing some reflections on the Elector, and 
sentenced to stand twice in the pillory, to pay a fine of 
;i^50, to suffer three months' imprisonment in the King's 

70 xrbe Xeoitimist 1kalen&av for 191° 

Bench, and to give security for his good behaviour for 
seven years. 

1721. May 29. The /Ftv/'/j'yb?<r«(7/having given an account of the Restora- 

tion, and attempted to draw a parallel between the late 
times of rebellion and the present, the Commons resolve 
" that the paper entitled the Weekly Journal or Saturday 
Post, for Saturday, May 27, 1721, was a false, malicious, 
and scandalous libel." Mist, the publisher, is com- 
mitted to Newgate. 

\_Note. — The repeated interferences of the Commons 
with Mist's paper, when its strictures did not concern 
their own privileges, has been noted by Hallam {Const. 
Hist, iii, 371) as an extraordinary assumption of Parlia- 
mentary power.] 

1722. April 24. Dr. Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester, sent to the Tower ; 

Christopher Layer, of the Temple, arrested, 20th ; 
Charles, Earl of Orrery, 28th ; Lords Grey and North, 
29th ; and the Duke of Norfolk, October 24, on the 
charge of high treason. 
,, Nov. 16. Declaration from King James ordered to be burnt. 

1723. April Trial of Atterbury; he is exiled, and retires to France, 

June 21. 
,, May 17. Layer executed for enlisting men in King James's service. 

1724. June Death of Dr. Henry Sacheverell, buried 20th. 

1725. March 21. Prince Henry Benedict Marie Clement born, created Duke 

of York. 
,, May 3. An Act passed for disarming the Highlanders to take effect 
from October 15 ; five peers, the Duke of Wharton, 
Earls of Scarsdale and Lichfield, and Lords Orrery and 
Gower, protest. 

1726. Death of Abel Roper, editor of the Jacobite Post Boy. 

1727. June 12. Death of the Elector George L; his son George H. succeeds. 

1728. Aug. 15. Death of Anne, Queen of Sardinia, granddaughter of 

Charles L 
1732. Feb. 22. Death of Dr. Atterbury, Dean of Westminster, Bishop of 

Rochester, in Paris ; he is buried in Westminster Abbey, 

May 12. 
,, Dec. 28. Death of Rob Roy. 
1735. Jan. 18. Death of Queen Clementina, Consort of James IIL 

and VHL 
1740. Death of Sir William Wyndham, ALP. for Somerset, the 

Jacobite Leader in the House of Commons. 
,, An Association formed by the Scottish Jacobites for the 

purpose of restoring the House of Stuart ; the principal 

members are the Duke of Perth, 1 ,ord I^ovat, the Earl of 

Traquair, Sir James Campbell of Auchinleck, Cameron 

of Lochiel, Lochiel the younger. Lord John Druniniond, 

and the Hon. John Stuart (Lord Tra(]uair's brother) ; 

William Drumnuind, alias fth\cgrcgor of Bohaldie, was 

Iheir agent in Rome. 
1743. War with France declared. 

,, Prince Cliarlcs receives an invitation tii join the expedition 

under Marshal Saxc, which is intended to restore King 


TLbc Xeaitimist 1kalen&ai' tor 19 lo 


1744. Jan. 

March 23. 

1745. April 30. 
„ July 14- 

Aug. 16. 

>) >> >> 


,, Sept. 6, 


> > 














> ! 














Prince Charles starts from Rome and embarks with 
Marshal Saxe at Dunkirk, but a storm destroying many 
of the transports, the expedition is abandoned by the 
French Government. 

6000 Dutch troops arrive in England. During the next 
month or two several thousand Swiss, Danes, Hessians, 
and Hanoverians are landed in England and Scot- 

Victory of Fontenoy. 

Prince Charles sails from Belleisle with only seven followers, 
lands at Arisaig July 25, and is joined by Lochiel, 
Glengarry, Clanronald, etc. 

Skirmish at Spean Bridge, two companies of the Royal 
Scots captured. 

A reward of ;i^30,c)00 offered for the ' ' Pretender or his 
eldest son." 

£^t ilonal Stanbartr raistJj at daltitfinnan by the Duke of 
AthoU; King James IH. and VHI. proclaimed; Prince 
Charles appointed Prince Regent. 

Prince Charles enters Perth, and proclaims his father King. 

Canter of Coltrigg ; the Royal army enters Edinburgh ; 
King James VIH. proclaimed at the Cross ; Prince 
Charles takes up his residence at Holyrood. 

Victory of Prestonpans or Gladsmuir. 

The Marquis d'Equilles sent as Ambassador from France. 

The march south commences. 

The Royal army enters England ; Carlisle captured, 17th. 

Prince Charles enters Preston, and Manchester, 29th. 

The Elector's troops under the Duke of Kingston repulsed 
at Congleton by Lord George Murray. 

The Royal army arrives at Derby. 

The Retreat begins. 

Victory of Clifton, the Duke of Cumberland repulsed. 

The Royal army re-enters Scotland. 

Prince Charles arrives at Glasgow, leaves January 3, 1746. 

Carlisle surrenders. 

Siege of Stirling begun. 

Victory of Falkirk. 

The siege of Stirling raised, and the Royal army retires to 
the Highlands. 

Prisoners taken at Carlisle brought to London. 

Defeat of Culloden. Massacre of Royalists, men, women, 
and children, by order of the " Butcher" Cumberland. 

Flora Macdonald assists Prince Charles to escape. 

Murders of Royalists : 1 7 at Kennington, 9 at Carlisle, 6 at 
Brampton, 7 at Penrith, and 21 at York. Besides these, 
36 who had left the Elector's army to join the Prince 
Regent are hanged by Cumberland after Culloden, 19 
officers are shot in the Courtyard of Culloden House, 
and about 50 others are executed as deserters, and 81 as 
traitors in Scotland, which, with the 4 lords, makes more 
than 260 who suffer in cold blood, besides those who fall 
in battle, in the massacre after Culloden, or as slaves in 
the West Indies. 








72 Zhc Xeaitimist 1Ralcn&ar for 19 ^o 

1746. Several hundreds of the prisoners taken in the '45 shipped 

as slaves to Barl^adoes, etc. Of 81 who reach that island 
only 18 are alive in 1749; and in another instance, of 
157 Royalists embarked in one vessel, at the end of the 
voyage of eight months, during which they are kept 
huddled together in the hold, only 49 survive to tell the 
tale of the miseries they have undergone. (See Donald 
Macleod's narrahve, yacobtie A/emoirs, p. 406.) 
,, Aug. 12. Actpassedprohibiting the use of the Highland dress, and re- 
quiring all schoolmasters to take the oath of allegiance. 
,, ,, 18. Murder of Lords Kilmarnock and Balmerino. 
,, Sept. 20. The Prince Regent escapes to France after wandering about 
the Highlands for six months, during the whole ot which 
time a reward of ^^30,000 is offered for him, " dead or 
alive." He lands at Roscoff, near Morlaix, the 29th, 
and is received with great honour by Louis XV. 
8. Murder of Lord Derwentwater. 

Secret visit of Prince Charles to Madrid. 
An Act of Indemnity passed for all those, with the excep- 
tion of 80, who took part in the '45. 
3. Henry, Duke of York, created a Cardinal. 

"Wy^ Jacobites' JoiLrnal,, an anti -Jacobite paper, started. 
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ; Prince Charles arrested, and 
compelled to leave France, December 15. 
1750. Sept. 5. Prince Charles, accompanied by Col. Brett, visits London 
under the name of Smith, and stays for a week with Dr. 
King, the head of the Church of England Jacobites. 
,, ,, A meeting of the Jacobite party, held at St. Alban's Tavern, 

Pall Mall, at which are present the Prince of Wales, the 
Duke of Beaufort, the Earl of Westmorland, Lords 
Oxford and Egmont, Sir Francis Dashwood, I\LP. , Mr. 
Thomas Pitt, ]\LP., to consider the practicability of a 
fresh rebellion. 
,, ,, The Prince of Wales said to have embraced the Protestant 

faith at the New Church in the Strand. 
,, ,, 13. The Prince returns to Liege. 

1752. ,, 23. A medal struck in silver, bearing on one side the bust of 

Prince Charleswith the legend J\€a'cat rfiagiiiis ille gcin'us 
Britaittiiu-, and on the reverse Britannia is seen looking 
with anxious desire to some approaching vessels. 
1752-3. Dec-Jan. Prince Charles again in London at Lady Primrose's. 

1753. June 7. Murder of Dr. Archibald Cameron, brother of Lochiel, at 


1754. May Third visit of Prince Charles to England. 

,, The Rev. James Taylor condemned to two years' imprison- 

ment, a fine of ;!f 300, and to find sureties for seven years 
for ;i^2000, for taking in a poor Jacobite who had fought 
at Culloden. 

1756. ,, 15. A force of (5500 foot and Soo horse) Hessians landed. 

1760. The Prince again said to have visited London. 

1766. Jan. I. Death of King James HL and \'HL ; Prince Charles 
assumes the title of King, but the Powers refuse to 
recognise him. 

1770. The Duke of Choiseul, I'rcnch Minister, proposes to make 

Zbc OLeaitimist Ikalenbar for 191^ 73 

a third attempt to restore the Stuarts ; King Charles 
visits Paris. 

1770. The Jacobite party is very active this year, and a fresh 

insurrection may have been planned ; but, owing to tht 
faiUire of the promised aid from France, it comes to 
nothing. It is during this year that the riots under 
Wilkes occur, and the unpopularity of the Elector, 
George III., reaches its height. 

1772. Feb. 7. The Royal Oak Club organised in Edinburgh. Meets the 
first Monday of every month, with an annual meeting on 
May 29, for the election of a sovereign, a secretary, 
treasurer, etc. Bishop Forbes writes to Bishop Gordon, 
May 28, 1774 : ^ " We have a new club in Edinburgh, 
under the name of the Royal Oak Club. They have a 
sovereign whose head is adorned with a blue bonnet, 
having a medal on the front of it with these words, The 
Royal Oak, and round the top in the segment of a circle, 
Pro Rege et Patria. They meet the first Monday of 
each month, and the sovereign dictates all the toasts. 
Each member has such a medal as above described 
hanging by a riband on his breast. When one offers to 
be a member a single vote rejects the petition. All 
must be unanimous."' 
,, April 17. Marriage of King Charles III. with the Princess Louisa of 
Stolberg. She is granddaughter, through her mother, 
to Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, who was 
exiled for his allegiance to King James II. 

1779. Nov. 19. Bishop Gordon, the last non-juring bishop of the regular 
succession, dies. 

1788. Jan. 31. Death of King Charles III. ; his brother, the Cardinal 

Duke of York, assumes the title of Henry IX. 

1789. Nov, 14. Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, natural daughter of 

King Charles III., dies at Bologna. 
1791. Queen Louisa visits England. 

1S05. The last of all the non-juror bishops, Boothe, one of the 

irregular succession, dies in Ireland. 

1507. July 13. King Henry IX., the last male of the Royal House of 

Stuart, dies at Rome ; he is succeeded in his rights by 
his cousin, Charles Emmanuel IV., of Sardinia. 

1508. April 10. Adelaide, Queen-Consort of Charles IV. (rt^. 1802), canon- 

ised by Pope Pius VII. 
1819. A monument to King James III., Charles III., and 

Henry IX. erected in St. Peter's, Rome. 
King Victor succeeds his brother, Charles IV. 
Queen Mary III. and II. succeeds her father, King Victor. 
Louisa, Queen-Dowager of Charles III., dies in Florence. 
The body of King James II. and VII. discovered at St. 

Germain and reinterred. 
King Francis succeeds his mother, Queen Mary. 
A meeting said to have been held by a Jacobite Club at 

the Morning Bush, in Aldersgate Street, to celebrate 

the centenary of the Battle of CuUoden. 

1 The Lyon in ISIotirnins, vol. iii. p. 309. 

) > 






















74 Ubc %CQ\tmi3t Ikalen^ar tov 191° 

1847. The claim of the brothers Hay- Allen to be respectively 

John Sobieski Stolberg Stuart, and Charles Edward 
Stuart, and grandsons of King Charles III., first put 
forward in 7'a/es of the last Century ; or Sketches of the 
Ro7jiaiice of a History between the years 1746 a7id 1846. 
8. Beatrice, Princess Royal, only child of Kng Francis, dies, 

aged 9 months. 
26. The Right Rev. David Low, Lord Bishop of Argyll and 

Ross, dies ; he is the last of the Scottish non-jurors. 
17. The services for January 30 and JMay 29 expunged from 
the Prayer Book by royal warrant. 
King Francis visits England ; he is welcomed by a deputa- 
tion from the Jacobites of Oxford University. 
2. The League of Scotland holds a meeting in St. Mary's 
Hall, Edinburgh, 

,, The Legitimist League of England formed to assist King 

Charles VH. of Spain. 
1873. The Carlist Committee summoned by the British Re- 

publican League at the Bow Street Police Court, before 
Mr. Flowers, for contravention of the " Foreign Enlist- 
ment Act." Summons dismissed, the Government not 
1875. Nov. 20. Death of King Francis. Accession OF Her Majesty. 
,, ,, ,, Mr. James Yeowell, sub-editor of Notes and Qitei-ics, 

styled by Dr. Doran " the last non-juror (if not the last 
Jacobite) in England," dies in the Charter House, 
1880. Dec. 24. Charles Edward Stuart, Count d'Albanie, an alleged 

grandson of King Charles HL, dies. 
1882. May 8. Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimar Stuart, 3rd Count 
d'Albanie, the last of the alleged " Sobieski Stuarts," 
dies, s.p. 
1886. June 10. The Order of the White Rose reorganised. 

1888. Jan. 16. Letter from the Earl of Ashburnham "to remind the 

Catholic public that Tuesday, the 31st of this month, 
will be the hundredth anniversary of the death of Prince 
Charles Edward Stuart, called by some the Young 
Pretender, and by others King Charles HL," published 
in the Tablet. 

,, ,, 30. The proposed Requiem Mass for King Charles HL pro- 
hibited by the Cardinal Archbisliop of Westminster. 

,, ,, ,, A solemn service for the repose of the soul of King Charles 

HL held at All Saints' Church, Lambeth, by^the Rev. 
Dr. Lee. 

,, ,, 31. Solemn Requiem Mass for King Charles HL sung at the 
Church of the Scots' College, Rome, by Monsignor 
Campbell and the Archbishop of St. Andrews and 

,, ,, ,, Service at All S;iinls', Lambeth. Sermon by Dr. Lee. 

,, March 3. The Stuart Calendar, a centenary memorial of the Royal 
House of Stuart, published. 

,, Dec, 31, The Stuart Exhitition, under the presidency of the Earl 
of Ashburnham, optned at the New Gallery. 

1889. April 13. The Stuart Exhibition closed. 

Uhc Xeoitimist Ikalenbar for 1 910 75 

1890. Jan. 31. First revival of the services for King Charles the Martyr, at 

St. Margaret Pattens, Rood Lane, City, " On the 
morrow of the anniversary of his Martyrdom," at 
II a.m. and 8 p.m. Sermon in the evening by the 
Rev. R. C. Fillingham. 

,, April 30. No. I of the A'<y/a/2'.r/ published. 

,, June 28. No. i of the WV«';-/z£//«^ published. 

1891. Jan. 29. Mr. Gladstone introduces a Bill to remove the remaining 

Religious Disabilities, with the exception of those attach- 
ing to the Royal Family, Sir John Pope Hennessy gives 
notice that he shall move, after the second reading, 
" That it be an Instruction to the Committee that they 
have power to insert a Clause relieving the Sovereign 
and the members of the Royal Family from all Religious 

,, ,, ,, St. Charles' Eve; Evensong and sermon by the Rev. J. 

L. Fish, at St. Margaret Pattens. 

,, ,, 30. St. Charles' Day; second revival of the services for the 
day at St. Margaret Pattens. 

,, Feb. 4. The Religious Disabilities Bill defeated on the second 
reading by a majority of 33 : 223 to 256. 

,, ,, The Jacobite Executive Committee formed. 

„ April The White Cockade Club of Hunts formed by the Messrs. 


,, June 30. The Legitimist Jacobite League of Great Britain and 
Ireland formed. 

,, Oct. 6. Death of Sir John Pope Hennessy, M. P. 

,, ,, II. Death of Captain Charles Fairholme, R.N. 

,, ,, 27. First public meeting in support of the Stuarts since the '45 
held at St. Ives, Hunts. Speeches by the Marquis de 
Ruvigny, the Hon. Stuart Erskine, the Rev. R. C. 
Fillingham, W. Clifford Meller, etc. 

,, Dec. I. Mr. W. Clifford Meller adopted as Jacobite candidate for 
North Hunts at a meeting of the party in St. Ives. 

,, ,, 7. Jacobite public meeting at Cambridge. Speeches by the 

Rev. R. C. Fillingham, W. Clifford Meller, A. Teixeira 
de Mattos, R. Stewart Meade, etc, 

1892. Jan. 26. Jacobite meeting at Ramsay, Hunts. 
,, ,, 27. Jacobite meeting at Erith. 

,, ,, 29. Evensong and sermon by the Rev. J. Frampton at St. 

Margaret Pattens. 
,, ,, 30. Third revival of the service for King Charles the Martyr 

at St. Margaret Pattens. 
,, ,, ,, An attempt to lay a wreath from the Legitimist Jacobite 

League on the statue of Charles I., at Charing Cross, 

stopped by the police. 
,, ,, 31. Mass for King Charles HI. at the Carmelite Church, 

,, Feb. 8. A pilgrimage to the tomb of Mary Queen of Scots, in 

Westminster Abbey, stopped by the authorities closing 

the Royal Chapels. 
,, ,, 10. Jacobite meeting at Somersham, Hunts. 

,, April 19. Anti-Jacobite meeting at St. Ives, under the auspices of 

the Hunts Protestant Association. Mr. Mark Knowles 

76 Zhc Xeaitiinist 1kalen^ar tor 191° 

delivers a lecture entitled " Which Sovereign ? Queen 
Victoria or the so-called Queen over the Water, a Reply 
to Jacobite Fallacies." 

1892, Nov. 25. Mass for King Francis at the Italian Church, Hatton 

,, Dec. 27. Mr. Herbert Vivian, on behalf of the Legitimist Jacobite 
League, appHes to the First Commissioner of Works, 
the Right Hon. J. G. Shaw-Lefevre, for permission to 
decorate the statue of King Charles L at Charing Cross. 

1893. Jan. 10. After much correspondence, the Government refuse the 

required permission. 

,, ,, Meeting at St. Ives ; speeches by the Marquis de Ruvigny, 

W. Clifford Meller, Herbert Vivian, etc. 

,, ,, Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Legitimist 

Jacobite League ; a resolution adopted expressing regret 
at the action of the Government in refusing the League 
permission to decorate King Charles's statue, and pledg- 
ing the members to proceed with the proposed demonstra- 
tion, in order to test the right of the Government to 
refuse permission. Mr. Vivian gives public notice, on 
behalf of the League, of the above resolution through 
the Standard, 
,, 29. St. Charles's eve, fourth revival of the services for the day 

at St. Margaret Pattens at 8 p.m. 

,, ,, ,, Jacobite Demonstration at Charing Cross. The statue of 

King Charles decorated with wreaths by the Legitimist 
Jacobite League, the Government having given way at 
the last moment. 

,, ,, 30. St. Charles's Day; the usual services at St. Margaret 

,, ,, ., No. I oiihe Jacobite, the organ of the Legitimist Jacobite 

League, published. 

,, Feb. The "' Forty-Five" Jacobite Club formed by Mr. F. T. 

Rawling, as the Great Grimsby Branch of the Legitimist 
Jacobite League. 

,, ,, S. An attempt to place wreaths on the tomb of Mary Queen 

of Scots in Westminster Abbey stopped. 

,, ,, 14. A question regarding \\\q Jacobite asked in the House of 

Commons by Mr. W. Johnson, M.P. 

,, March The Jacobite postage stamp issued. 

,, May 29. Oak Apple Day ; Jacobite gathering at Holywell, Hunts ; 
speeches by the Marquis de Ruvigny, ^fessrs. A. A. 
Fraser, R. W. Fraser, F, T. Rawling, J. W . D. Hesel- 
tine, etc. 

,, June 10. Sussex White Rose Club formed. 

,, Aug. Jacobite meeting at Aberdeen. 

,, Nov. 23. Meeting at Fochabers. Address by Mr. Andrew ^Llc- 
1S94. Jan. 29, Decoration of King Charles's statue at Charing Cross, the 
Order of the White Rose anil other Jacobite societies 
joining the Legitimist Jacobite League in this for the 
first time. 

,, ,, 30. St. Charles's Day ; service at St. Margaret Pattens. 

,, ,, 31. Mass for the repose of the soul of King Charles III. at the 

Ube Xegitimtst IRalenbav tor 1 910 77 

Chapel of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, 

1894. Feb. 16. Meeting at Wishaw. The Mary Stuart Branch of the 

Legitimist Jacobite League formed by Mr. William 

,, March 20. The " Legitimist Kalendar" first published. 
,, April 4. Society of King Charles the Martyr formed by the 

Hon. Mrs. Greville-Nugent. 
,, May 29. The annual celebration of Royal Oak Day in Hunts. 
,, Oct. The Flora Macdonald Club, the Glasgow Branch of the 

Legitimist Jacobite League, formed by Mr. Reid. 
,, Nov. The Devon White Rose Club formed. 

1895. Jan. 7- Archbishop Laud Commemoration and Exhibition on 

Tower Hill. 
,, ,, 29-30. Sixth revival of the services for King Charles the Martyr 

at St. Margaret Pattens. 
,, ,, ,, King Charles's statue decorated. 

1896. ,, 29-30. Usual services at St. Margaret Pattens. 
,, ,, ,, The statue at Charing Cross decorated. 

,, April 16. Requiem at the French Ciiapel for those who fell at 

,, Nov. 22. RLass at the Church of the Sacred Heart, Camberwell, for 

the Kennington Martyrs. 

1897. Jan. 29. Usual services at St. Margaret Pattens. 
,, ,, ,, King Charles's statute decorated. 

,, May 31. Marriage of H.R.H the Princess Mary to H.R.H. the 

Duke of Calabria, Crown Prince of the Two 

,, June 19. H.R.tL Prince Robert arrives at Victoria Station. 

Bouquet of white roses presented to him by Lady Helen 

Clifford Meller. 
,, ,, 28. Prince Robert departs from Liverpool Street Station. 
,, Aug. 26. The statue of King James IL and VH. removed by the 

Office of Works from Whitehall Gardens to the front of 

Gwydyr House. 
1S9S. Jan. 29. King Charles the Martyr's statue at Charing Cross 

decorated for the seventh year. 
,, ,, 29-30. Ninth revival of services for King Charles at St. Margaret 

,, April 16. Commemoration of the 152nd Anniversary of the defeat 

of Culloden. Wreaths placed on the Memorial Cairn 

from Sir Robert Menzies, Bart., Mr. Theodore Napier, 

the Legitimist Jacobite League, the Order of St. 

Germain, Mr. Stewart of Edinburgh. An address 

delivered on the battlefield by Mr. Theodore Napier. 
,, May-June. A Branch of the Legitimist Jacobite League established in 

Edinburgh by Mr. Theodore Napier. 
,, Sept. 16. A wreath placed on the statue of King James H. and VH. 

at Whitehall by Mr. Herbert Vivian. 
1899. Jan. 30. King Charles's statue decorated, and the usual services 

held in his honour. 
,, April. A Manifesto to the British Nation issued by the 

Legitimist Jacobite League of Great Britain and Ireland, 

pointing out the evils of Party Government. 

78 TLbc Xeoitimist 1kalenC)ar for 191° 

1900. Jan. 30. The statue of King Charles decorated with wreaths from 

the various Jacobite Societies, and the Annual St. 
Charles's Day services held at St. Margaret Pattens, 
Rood Lane, E.C. 

,, Feb. 13. The 208th Anniversary of the Massacre of Glencoe, by 
order of the Usurper William of Orange. Mr. 
Theodore Napier visits the lonely burial island of St. 
Mungo, in Loch Leven, at the entrance to Glencoe, 
placing wreaths (on behalf of the Legitimist Jacobite 
League and others) on the tomb of Maclan, the 
murdered Chief. 

,, April 16. The Memorial Cairn on CuUoden Moor decorated for the 
fourth time. 

,, July 10. (Tbe IVlarriugj of |lil.!^). prime |lobtrt, 5«l!f "^ '3^o»"^3U 
"nnb ^lotbcsuu, at Munich, to H.R.H. the Duchess 
Marie Gabrielle, daughter of Carl Theodore, Duke in 
Bavaria (the celebrated Royal Oculist), and of the 
Princess Marie Josephe of Portugal. An illuminated 
address of humble congratulation (painted by Miss 
Josephine Foulds) is graciously accepted by His Royal 

1901. Jan. 30. The annual decoration of King Charles's statue prohibited 

"on account of the death of Queen Victoria" — though 
that of the Gordon statue is allowed (an act of 
injustice of which the kindly disposition and well- 
known Jacobite sympathies of the deceased Lady would 
have made her the first to disapprove). 

,, ,, ,, The St. Charles' Day services held as usual at St. 
Margaret Pattens and several other churches both in 
England and the United States of America. 

,, April 16. The Memorial Cairn on Culloden Moor as usual 
decorated with wreaths in memory of the heroes and 
patriots who fought and died on Drummossie Moor for 
Scotland and Prince Charlie, and in loyalty to their 
rightful Sovereign, King James VIIL and IH. One 
wreath bears the excellent motto which it would be 
well to make a watchword of modern Jacobitism, 
"Theid duthehas an agaidh nan eraig ! " (What 
they fought for we will work for). 

,, May 8. ^)n ^loijal |)igl)iuss the Jlucbcss of fornball anb 
JlotbcsHU gibes bivtb to 11 ,§011 ani> ^tir, Prince 
Luitpold Maximilian Louis Charles. In response to a 
telegram sent on behalf of the Legitimist Jacobite 
League the following reply is received: "His Royal 
Highness Prince Rupert of Bavaria sends you most 
gracious thanks for your kind congratulations." 

,, ,, 29. The annual loyal celebrations of Restoration Day held by 
the White Cockade Jacobite Club — Huntingdon Branch 
of the Legitimist Jacobite League. 

,, Sept. 16. 9be 20olb iXiuiibrvs.uii of tbc br.Ub of Vunci |unus |]l., the 
last dc jure monarch who actually ruled in the Three 
Kingdoms. Wreaths arc deposited at the foot of His 
Majesty's statue at Whitehall ; that from the Legitimist 
Jacobite League bearing the inscription, '■'' Magitus in 

ZTbe Xeaitimist Ikalenbat for 19 lo 79 

prosperis ; /« adversh 7najor^'' part of the epitaph on the 
King's tomb at St. Germain. 

1901. Sept. 29. Great Legitimist meeting in Brittany, being the Feast of 

St. Michael, Protector of the Kingdom of France. 
Chair tal<en by Count Urbain de Maille, representative 
in France of King Charles XI. Speeches by the 
Vicomte de Bellevue, M. de Junquieres, etc. The pro- 
ceedings terminating with the old French Legitimist 
song of the Vendeenne. 

,, Oct. 15. Death of the 9th Duke of Berwick, in New York. The 
1st Duke was created by King James IL before the 
Revolution, but the title has never been recognised by 
the usurping dynasty. 

,, ,, 25. Founding of the Forget-me-not Royalist Club. 

1902, Jan. 6. Jacobite Lecture in Argyll, by Mr. John Mercer of 


,, ,, 28. Death of Dr. Frederick George Lee, Vicar of All Saints, 
Lambeth — "a sturdy and consistent Jacobite." 

,, ,, 30. The statue of "The White King" at Charing Cross 
again decorated with wreaths, and the usual 
services for the day held at St. Margaret Pattens, Rood 
Lane, E.C., at 12.15 P-™- and 7.45 p.m. Services also 
held at the following churches : St. Mary Magdalene's, 
Munsler Square, N.W. ; St. Mary's, Littleton; All 
Saints, Emscote, Warwick ; The Holy Trinity, 
Minsterley, Shrewsbury ; Chapel of St. Mary's 
Abbey, Mailing ; St. Luke's, Barrow - in - Furness ; 
Abbey Church of Our Lady and St. John, Alton, 
Hants ; St. Lawrence's, Warminster ; St. Peter's, 
Holton-le-Clay, Grimsby ; St. Martin's, Ravendale, 
Grimsby ; The Cathedral, Cumbrae, N.B. ; and at 
St. George's, Rue Auguste Vacquerie, Paris ; Church 
of St. Mary the Virgin, New York City ; Grove 
Church, Elmira, State of New York ; St. Edward the 
Martyr, New York City; St. Peter's, West Chester, 
New York ; Church of the Advent, Boston, Mass. ; 
Church of the Evangelists, Philadelphia, Penn. 

,, Feb. 8. Being the Anniversary of the Martyrdom of Mary Queen 
of Scots, Mr. Theodore Napier makes a pilgrimage to 
Fotheringhay, and suspends from a tree on the site of 
the castle where her murder was perpetrated a large 
cross of red immortelles, having in front Queen Mary's 
monogram surmounted by a Scots crown. Attached 
to it is a silk sash bearing the following inscription : 
" Sacred to the immortal memory of Mary, 'Queen of 
Scots,' de jure hereditai-io Queen of England and 
Ireland, and Dowager Queen of France ; who, after 
eighteen years' confinement in English prisons, was on 
this spot — for loyalty to her faith and royal preroga- 
tives — beheaded, by special warrant of Elizabeth, on 
February 8, 1587." 

,, ,, ,, At Westminster Abbey a wreath is laid upon Queen 

Mary's tomb, after matins, by Miss Foulds, on behalf 
of the League, many well-known Legitimists being 

8o Ube XcGitimist •ff?alcn^ar tor 1910 

present to pay their homage to the memory of the 
murdered Queen. 
1902. Feb. 28. Death of the Duke of Perth and Melfort. 
,, March lo. The day appointed for commemorating the Royalist 
martyrs in Spain, a Mass is celebrated in the Royal 
Chapel of the Loredan Palace, Venice, their Majesties 
the King and Queen being present. Similar services 
are held in most towns of importance throughout Spain ; 
a Te Deum being sung to celebrate the recovery of 
H.R.H. the Prince of the Asturias from his recent 
,, ,, 30. Birthday of the King of France, Spain, and Navarre. 
Loyal congratulations having been telegraphed on 
behalf of the Legitimist Jacobite League, the following 
gracious reply is received from General Sacanell, His 
Majesty's Chamberlain : — 

"My Master, deeply touched by the congratulations 
of English Legitimists, thanks and salutes you." 

,, April 16. The 156th Anniversary of the Battle of CuUoden. Eight 

wreaths are placed on the Memorial Cairn by Mr. 

Napier and others, the pipers playing Jacobite laments. 

An address is afterwards delivered by Mr. Napier. 
,, May Two memorials of King Charles IL in West Dorset 

unveiled. One tablet placed on the historic manse 

at Charnmouth, the other at Ellesdon farmhouse — 

both places in which the Royal fugitive spent the night 

in September 165 1. 
„ ,, 3. Protest of H.M. King Charles VIL of Spain, on the 

coming of age of the de facto king, Don Alfonso. 
„ ,, 29. This "blithest anniversary of all the year" is as usual 

suitably celebrated by the White Cockade Club of 

„ During this year His Majesty King Miguel H. of Portugal 

spends some time in the Isle of Wight, and afterwards 

in the south of Ireland. Legitimism in his country 

suffers a loss in the death of the Editor of El Nacao, the 

Miguelist organ. 
,, Aug. 22. Death of Cardinal Ledochowski — Primate of Poland — 

and an ardent Legitimist. 
,, Nov. 17. A dinner of the Legitimist Jacobite League is held lo 

commemorate the crossing the border by H.R.II. 

Prince Charles ; the chair being taken by ]\Ir. ClitTord 

Meller, President for that year. 
1903. Jan. 30. Annual Commemoration of King Charles I. His statue is 

decorated with wreaths from the various Legitimist 

Societies and many private individuals. 
,, Feb. The statue of King James II. , which had been vandalously 

removed from Whitehall, is re-erected at Hampton 

,, ,, 8. Sunday being the anniversary of the martyrdom of Mary 

Queen of Scots, Mr. Napier again visits the site of 

Folheringhay Castle, and places wreaths on the spot 

where she was murdered. The day before two wreaths 

Ube Xe^itimtst Ikalenbar tor 1910 si 

are placed on the Queen's tomb in Westminster Abbey, 
the principal one being from the Legitimist Jacobite 
1903. Feb. 14. Death of the Dowager Princess Ferdinand, Her Majesty's 
mother, and fourth daughter of the Archduke Joseph 
of Austria. 

,, April 16. The 157th Anniversary of the defeat of Culloden. Mr. 
Napier places a number of beautiful wreaths on the 
Memorial Cairn of the fallen Highlanders. 

,, May 29. King Alexander and Queen Natalie of Servia barbarously 

,, ,, ,, The usual loyal celebrations of Oak Apple Day at St. 

Ives — while a large wreath of oak and laurel, with roses 
and Stuart tartan ribbon, is placed upon the statue of 
King Charles H. in Parliament Square, Edinburgh. 
The Chelsea Pensioners annually decorate the little brass 
statue of the Merry Monarch presented by Tobias Rustat, 
who also gave the beautiful statue of King James H. 
by Grinling Gibbons, recently removed from Whitehall. 

,, June 17. A noble protest is made by H.R.H. Prince Jaime, de 
Jure Prince of the Asturias and Dauphin of France, in 
a letter to the Times, in regard to the attitude of the 
press towards the authors, aiders, and abettors of the 
Servian murders. 

,, ,, ,, Mr. William Redmond asks if the Government intend to 

demand from the new Servian Government the punish- 
ment of the murderers ; and would they, in view of 
what had happened, remove the statue of the regicide 
Cromwell from the precincts of the House of Commons ? 

,, July 2. The Hon. Sec. of the League having ventured to telegraph 
congratulations upon Her Majesty's birthday, is honoured 
by the following gracious reply from Munich : — 

" I send you my best thanks for your felicitations. 

" Princess Louis." 

,, ,, 15. Opening of the Jacobite Exhibition at Inverness, by The 

,, Aug. 2, H.R.H. Prince Jaime, de jure Prince of the Asturias 
and Dauphin of France, is in this country on a visit to 
the Earl of Ashburnham, official representative in 
England of the Duke of Madrid, de Jure Charles VII. 
and XL, and Mr. Clifford Meller, President of the 
League for this year, having conveyed to H.R.H., 
through Lord Ashburnham, the loyal aspirations of 
British Legitimists, receives the following reply : — 

" Dear Mr. Meller, — I have communicated your 
letter of 31st ultimo to Prince Jaime de Bourbon, 
and His Royal Highness desires me to request that 
you will accept yourself, and convey to the other 
members of the two associations represented by 
you, his sincere thanks for the kind sentiments 
expressed therein. — I am, dear Mr. Meller, yours 
sincerely, (Signed) Ashburnham." 

82 xibe Xeaititnist IkalenDai* tor 19 lo 

1903. Nov. 26. The annual dinner of the Legitimist Jacobite League, 

Mr. Clifford Meller presiding. 
,, Dec. The beautiful statue of James II., our last reigning 

King, by Grinling Gibbons, at last set up in front 
of the new Admiralty Offices, facing St. James's 

1904. Jan. 30. The statue of King Charles is appropriately decorated 

with wreaths, and services in honour of his blessed 
memory are held in numerous churches. 
,, Feb. 8. Mr. Theodore Napier makes his annual loyal pilgrimage 
to Fotheringhay in commemoration of the murder of 
Queen Mary II. of England, Ireland, etc., and I. of 
Scotland — and a bunch of lilies is laid on her tomb in 
Westminster by the Hon. Secretary of the Forget-me- 
not Club. 

,, March 4. Death of Mr. Arthur Anderson Fraser, a descendant of a 
brave old Jacobite family, who with his brother, 
Mr. Gilbert Baird Fraser, founded the ^^^lite Cockade 
Club of Hunts in April 1S91 ; it afterwards became 
incorporated as a Branch of the Legitimist Jacobite 
League, and was further united with the Forget-me-not 
Royalist Club in 1908. 

,, April 16. The Cairn on Culloden Moor is adorned by Mr. Napier 
with many beautiful wreaths from patriotic Jacobites, 
and an address is given to a large number of loyalists 
and spectators. 

,, Dec. I. Death of the Earl of Hardwicke — to whom' belongs the 
honour of having led the opposition to the Cromwell 
outrage — or erection of the murderer's effigy within the 
precincts of Westminster Palace. 
1905. Jan. I. The Jacobite, having been discontinued in 1904, re- 

appears under the new name and slightly varied form 
of the St. Germain'' s Courier. 

,, ,, 29. Being the eve of the martyrdom of King Charles I., a 
meeting of the Forget-me-not Club is held at 32 Elgin 
Crescent, W., under the presidency of the Recorder. 
Mr. P. Berney-Ficklin, F.S.A., exhibits some most 
valuable and interesting relics of the White King, 
a paper on "Whitehall" is read by the Rev. Robert 
C. Marshall, and an interesting speech given by Mr. 

,, ,, 30. The statue of King Charles is appropriately decorated 
and services are held in many churches, the most 
noted being St. Margaret Pattens, where the sermon 
is by the master of Pemljroke College, Oxford (Bishop 

,, Feb. 8. The Anniversary of the tragedy of Fotheringhay. Mr. 
Napier journeys there with a number of wreaths, and 
a bouquet of violets is placed on Queen Mary's tomb 
in Westminster Abbey by the Hon. Sec. of the Forget- 
me-not Club. 

,, April 16. Mr. Napier again decorates the Memorial Cairn on 
Culloden Moor with wreaths, the chief of which is a 
large Highland targe of evergreens and purple heather 

TLbc Xeaitimist Iftalenbar tor 191° 83 

with the Gaelic words " Dileas do'n Righ Shewmias " 
(Loyal to King James) written in white everlasting 
flowers. Mr. Napier afterwards delivers an address 
to about 200 persons. 

1905. May 3. Birth of H.R.H. Prince Albert, second son of the Duke 

and Duchess of Cornwall and Rothesay, at Munich. 
,, ,, 25. Baptism of the infant Prince Albert in the private 

Chapel of the Luitpold Palace by the Archbishop of 

,, ,, 29, A Reception and Garden Fete in honour of the glorious 

Restoration held at 20 Cheyne Walk, S.W., attended 

by the members of the Order of St. Germain and of 

the Forget-me-not Club. 
,, June H.R.H. Prince Francis, third son of Her Majesty, 

spends some days in England during the middle of 

this month. 
,, Nov. 30. Death of Donald Cameron of Lochiel, twenty-fourth 

Chief of the Clan Cameron. 

1906. Jan. 29, The annual meeting of the Forget-me-not Club in 

memory of King Charles is held at 32 Elgin Crescent, 
W., on the eve of his martyrdom, Mr. Brodie-Innes 
presiding. The paper is by Mrs. Flora K. G. St. 
George (nee Macdonald) and entitled " Stray Leaves of 
the White Rose — gathered in Rome." Speeches were 
also given by the Recorder, Mr. Clifford Meller, and 

,, ,, 30. The 257th Anniversary of the murder of King Charles L 
His statue at Charing Cross is adorned with many 
wreaths, while at the beautiful non-juror Church of 
St. Margaret Pattens, Rood Lane, the faithful worship 
for the last time in memory of that holy Royal Martyr 
to whom the Church of England owes more than to any 
mortal — perhaps her very existence. The aged Vicar, 
the Rev. J. Leonard Fish (who has been appropri- 
ately designated "the Chaplain of King Charles") 
takes part in the Procession, and pronounces the 

,, Feb. 8. A bunch of Scottish heather (specially sent from Onich, 
near Fort William, by a member of the Forget-me- 
not Club) is laid upon Queen Mary's tomb in West- 
minster Abbey by the Hon. Secretary. 

,, March 29. Marriage of Lochiel with Lady Hermione Graham, 
daughter of the Duke of Montrose — uniting two of the 
oldest Jacobite families in the Highlands. 

,, May 12, A Highland Crofters' (non-subscription) Branch of the 
Forget-me-not Club is formed at Onich, near Fort 
William, Miss M. G. Caroline Heathcote being the 
fa-st Hon. Sec. Membership is open to a/l who will 
sign the following Declaration, which has been illumin- 
ated both in Gaelic and English upon a Roll prepared 
for signatures : — 

Comunn na Cotharaich. 
Earrann nan Gaidheal. 
" Bithidh mi dileas gu bas do cheud thoiseach 

84 Zbc Xeaitiintst 1kalen&ar for 1910 

firinneach Comunn na Cotharaich, agus chier mi wiram 
gu brath do chuimhne Prionnsa Tearlaich agus a 
Sheorsa Rioghail." 

"I will be faithful unto death to the true principles 
of the Forget-me-not Club, and ever revere the memory 
of Prince Charles and his Royal Race."' 

1906, May 29. An "At Home," in celebration of Royal Oak Day, is 

given to the Forget-me-not Club at 32 Elgin 

Crescent, W. 
., June 9. An "At Home," to celebrate the Eve of \Miite Rose 

Day, at 20 Cheyne Walk, S.W. 
,, Aug. 6. Death of H.R.H. Princess Mathilde, Princess Louis of 

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, at Davos. 
,, Dec. 29. Death of the Rev. J. Leonard Fish, Vicar of St. 

Margaret Pattens, E.C., a brave and ardent Jacobite, 

and devoted follower of the Martyr King. 

1907. Jan. 9. Death of the Dowager Queen of Hanover. 

J J ,, 29. A meeting of the Forget-me-not Club, commemorative of 
the Martyrdom of King Charles, is held on the Eve 
of his Anniversary at 32 Elgin Crescent, W., the 
Recorder presiding. A paper is read by Mr. E. H. 
Clare-Hitchings dealing with the question, "Is not 
Legitimism the only logical and lasting cure for the 
Socialism and Anarchy of modern times?" 

,, ,, 30. The St. Charles's (K. and M.) services are held at St. 

Cuthbert's, Philbeach Gardens, W. , by kind permission 
of the Rev. H. Westall, who generously provides a 
spiritual home for those who desire to commemorate the 
Martyr King but are excluded from St. Margaret 
Pattens by the lamented death of its Vicar and the 
religious differences and intolerance of his successors 
in authority. Services held in many other churches 
throughout the Kingdom. The statue of the Royal 
Martyr at Charing Cross is, as usual, decorated with 

,, Feb. 8. Mr. Napier journeys to Fotheringhay, placing wreaths 
upon the site of the Martyrdom of Mary "Queen of 
Scots " ; while a bunch of Scottish heather, with bow 
and streamers of white ribbon, is laid on the Queen's 
tomb in Westminster by the Hon. Secretary of the 

,, April 16. Being the i6ist Anniversary of the fatal Battle of Cul- 
loden, Mr. Theodore Napier makes his annual pilgrim- 
age to decorate the Memorial Cairn, taking with him 
a number of wreaths — some of considerable size and 
value — amongst others a lyre of Scotch fir, ivy, and 
white flowers from the newly formed Highland Branch 
of the Forget-me-not Club, made at Onich by the 
memliers themselves. 
May 29. An " At Home" in honour of Oak Apple Day held at 32 
Elgin Crescent, W. 

,, July 2. A Garden Fete, with illuminations, music, etc., in honour 
of Her Majesty's birthday, at 20 Cheyne Walk, W,, to 
which the Forget-me-not Club is invited. 

Ubc Xeoitimist Ikalcnbar for 19^° 85 

1907. July 13. The Centenaiy of the death of Henry IX., sometime 
Cardinal and Bishop of PVascati. An oflering is 
forwarded by the Forget-me-not Club to the Dean, 
with which is purchased a gold cross to be placed on 
the High Altar of the Cathedral at Frascati, in honour 
of its Bishop and our King. 

,, ,, ,, A Mass for the House of Stuart is also said in the private 
Chapel of Mr. Clifford Meller, 20 Cheyne Walk, S.W. 

,, Nov. 19. Being the Birthday of King Charles I. and Eve of Her 
Majesty's Accession, a meeting of the P'orget-me-not 
Club is held at 32 Elgin Crescent, W., Mr. Ernest 
Radclyffe-Crump presiding. A paper is read by Col. 
Hepworth on the subject, "Should the Franchise be 
extended to women, and what would be the effect of 
so doing upon the Legitimist Cause ? " 
1 90S. Jan. 30. The statue of King Charles the Martyr is adorned with 
wreaths from both Societies and private individuals. 
High Mass and Solemn Evensong celebrated at St. 
Cuthbert's, Philbeach Gardens, and other services held 
in many churches throughout this country and America. 

J, Feb. 8. Mr. Napier journeys to Fotheringhay and places beautiful 
wreaths on the spot where Queen Mary II. and I. was 
so cruelly murdered. Miss Foulds also puts a bunch 
of heather tied with white ribbon on the tomb of the 
Martyr Queen in Westminster Abbey. 

,, April 16. Wreaths for the decoration of the Memorial Cairn on 
Culloden Moor are again taken and placed thereon 
by Mr. Napier, who delivers an eloquent address. A 
wreath is contributed "from New Zealand admirers 
of the Heroes of Culloden." 

,, May 30. Being within the octave of the Anniversary of the Glorious 
Restoration, a musical "At Home" is given to the 
Forget-me-not Club at 32 Elgin Crescent, W., to 
celebrate Royal Oak Day. 

,, June 13. The Scottish Historical Pageant in Edinburgh. Mary 
Queen of Scots and Scotland's " Roll of Honour" — 
her Royalist and Jacobite heroes are well represented. 
(We trust that its being held within the octave of 
White Rose Day was of loyal intent.) 

,, ,, 22. Being the eve of White Rose Day (Old Style) a meet- 
ing of the Forget-me-not Club is held at 32 Elgin 
Crescent, W., the Recorder presiding. A paper 
upon "Glencoe" is given by Miss M. G. Caroline 
Heathcote. Mr. Brodie-Innes and Col. Hepworth 
also speak. Later in the evening Mr. Clare-Hitchings 
recites "A Health to King Charles," by Browning; 
the Recorder proposes the Health of King Charles's 
Lineal Descendant and Present Representative, Her 
Majesty, and Mr. Brodie-Innes proposes a toast — 
" Success to the Club and the Kalendar." 

,, July 2. The Queen's Birthday. The Club is invited to a Musical 
Fete in the beautifully illuminated gardens of 20 Cheyne 
Walk, S.W. 

,, Sept, 26. The Hon, Secretary having previously approached the 

86 TTbe XcQitimist 1kalen&ar tor 191° 

Earl of Lindsay on the subject of his willingness to 
accept the Presidency of the Forget-me-not Club, and 
receiving an affirmative answer, a committee meeting 
is held at 32 Elgin Crescent, when he is unanimously 
elected to that office. The name of the Society is also 
changed to the Forget-me-not Royalist Club. 

1908. Oct. 5. DeathofMarmaduke Francis Constable-Maxwell, eleventh 

Baron Ilerries, and representative of the fine old Jaco- 
bite Earldom of Nithsdale. His ancestor the fifth Earl 
of Nithsdale, ninth Lord Harries, was a hero of the 
'15, while the second Baron Herries fell at Flodden. 

,, ,, 20. A Conference is held between the Executive officials 
of the Forget-me-not Royalist Club and Legitimist 
Jacobite League at 32 Elgin Crescent, W., at which 
it is decided that the two bodies be united, but not 
amalgamated ; that the League have no separate officers, 
but be governed by the Committee of the Club, its 
two remaining officials being given a seat on the said 
Committee, and the President and Hon. Secretary of 
the Club becoming, ex officio, respectively President 
and Hon. Secretary of the League. 

,, Nov. 7. Being the Eve of the Anniversary of Crossing the Border 
by H.R.H. Prince Charles, a meeting of the Forget-me- 
not Royalist Club is held at 32 Elgin Crescent, W., 
the Lady Muriel Watkins (daughter of the President, 
whom she represents) presiding. A paper on " Charles 
Edward, the Prince Regent," is read by the Rev. W. P. 
Grome-Merrilees, and speeches given by Lady Muriel 
Watkins, Mr. J. Pendrel-Brodhurst, and others. 

,, ,, 20. The 33rd Anniversary of the Accession, rf't7//;t' /;t'r£t///ar?'^, 
of H.R.H. the Princess Louis of Bavaria (Mary HL and 
IV.) to the Throne of these Realms duly celebrated by 
Mr. Clifford Meller of Craigard, Carrick Castle, when 
the Royal Standard is unfurled by Mr. Theodore 
Napier in honour of our exiled Queen. 

,, Dec. 8. Death of the Rev. R. C. P'illingham. 

,, ,, 26. The unveiling of a memorial tablet erected by ll.ll. 
Prince Frederick Duleep-Singh, and a few Norfolk 
and other sympathisers, to the memory of Christopher 
Layer, Jacobite Martyr, sometime Squire of Booton, 
and also a Norfolk lawyer of distinction and old family, 
living part of his lime at Aylsham, where the tablet is 
placed. It was unveiled by the Earl of Orford, and 
is thus inscribed :— 

" Christopher Layer, of Booton, lived Here. He was 
a faithful adherent of the House of Stuart, and for 
his Loyally to that Cause suffered an ignominious 
death at Tyburn, May 17, 1723. This tablet was placed 
here to perpetuate his Memory, December 1908." 
"Be thou faithful unto death." 

1909. fan. 29. Solemn Evensong with Procession and Sermon in honour 

of King Charles the Martyr, at St. Cuthbert's, Philbeach 
Gardens, S.W. 

Uhc legitimist 1kaIen^ar tov 191° 87 

1909. Jan. 30. Anniversary of the Murder of King Charles (S. and M.). 
High Mass at St. Cuthbert's, Philbeach Gardens (and 
also services at numerous other churches throughout 
Great Britain and America). The King's statue at 
Charing Cross is decorated with wreaths (and the Pro- 
testant Alliance take occasion to advertise the Legitimist 
Jacobite League by the distribution of some 10,000 
pamphlets !). Members of the Forget-me-not Royalist 
Club meet at the statue, and then adjourn to a private 
luncheon at the Queen's Hotel, Leicester Square, at 
which the Lady Muriel Watkins presides, representing 
the Earl of Lindsay, President, and the toast of King 
Charles's Lineal Descendant and Legitimist Successor, 
Ifer Present Gracious Majesty, is proposed by Dr. de 
I'Hoste Ranking, M.A,, etc. 

,, Feb. 8. Anniversary of the Martyrdom of Mary Stuart. 

,, ,, ,, The Hon. Secretary and other members of the Club and 

League visit the tomb of the Martyred Queen Mary 
n. and L in Westminster Abbey, placing there a bunch 
of heather tied with white ribbon, with an inscription 
in her honour. Fotheringhay — the scene of the 
Queen's execution — is for the seventh time visited by 
Mr. Theodore Napier and wreaths laid on the site 
of her martyrdom, including a floral crown from 
" Royalists in Scotland." 

,, July 18. Death of His Majesty King Charles VH. of Spain and 
XL of France, at Varese, in Italy. 

,, ,, 30. Solemn Requiem for His late Majesty King Charles VIL 

and XL is sung at Westminster Cathedral. 

,, Nov. 4. His Majesty King James HL of Spain and I, of France 
issues his first Manifesto. 

^be Seise (Sluartier0 of tbose princes ant) 
IPrinceseee wbo but for tbe Bet of 
Settlement of 1701 woulb, since tbe 
IRevolution, bave rei^net) over tbese 
IRealma an^ of tbeir Consorts 

The Genealogist, N.S. vols. vi. to xii. (1890-1896), contained a most inter- 
esting series of articles on the Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens^of 
England. The ist Series (42 Tables), by G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux King- 
of-Arms, dealt with the reigning Sovereigns and their Consorts from Henry 
VII. to Edward VII., and the and Series (33 Tables with a number of 
valuable notes), by G. W. Watson, with those from Henry II. to Richard 
III. Here we give what may be termed a 3rd Series, being the Tables of 
those Princes and Princesses who since the Revolution of 1688 would by 
hereditary right have occupied the throne, but who were excluded therefrom 
by the Convention Parliament of 1689 and the subsequent Act of Settlement 
of 1 70 1 ; and at the end is added a Table showing the paternal nationality of 
each of the sixteen ancestors of the successive Sovereigns of England and of 
their Consorts since 11 54 as shown in these three Series. 






styled Lord 
D a r n 1 e y, 
King Con- 
sort of Scot- 
land, 28 July 

murdered at 
the Kirk-of- 

Field, 10 
Feb. 1566/7. 







8 I 








) =Ai4. (-) A15. Peter = Ai6. Hor- 

IM a z a r i n . 
of Palermo, 
d. in Rome, 
14 Nov. 
1654, aged 

tense, da. of 

Buffalini of 
the city of 

Bx. JAMES .feZr 

VL, King of E 

AND Ireland, 

1625 ; and Sc( 

1587-1625 ; b. a 

burgh Castle, i 

1566; d. at Tl^ 

Co. Herts, 27 Ms 

bur. in Wes 


1634 I 

Mar- = B8. Lama Margare 
Mazarini, sister and co-h. 
of Cardinal Mazarin, nt. 
at Rome, 9 July 1634; 
a. there, 9 June 1685. 

aura Martinozzi, m. 1655; d. at 
Li. ig July 1687 ; da. and co-h. 











Seize Quaj 


King of I 




Zbc Sci3c (Sluartiers of tboee princc0 anb 
lPnncc06C6 wbo but for tbe Bet of 
Settlement of 1701 woult), 0ince tbe 
IRevolutton, bave reioneb over tbese 
IRealme anb of tbeir Consorts 

The Genealogist, N.S. vols. vi. to xii. (i 890-1 S96), contained a most inter- 
esting series of articles on the Seize Quartiers of the Kings and Queens^of 
England. The ist Series (42 Tables), by G. E. Cokayne, Clarenceux King- 
of-Arms, dealt with the reigning Sovereigns and their Consorts from Henry 
VII. to Edward VII., and the 2nd Series (33 Tables with a number of 
valuable notes), by G. W. Watson, with those from Henry II. to Richard 
III. Here we give what may be termed a 3rd Series, being the Tables of 
those Princes and Princesses who since the Revolution of 16SS would by 
hereditary right have occupied the throne, but who were excluded therefrom 
by the Convention Parliament of 1689 and the subsequent Act of Settlement 
of 1 701 ; and at the end is added a Table showing the paternal nationality of 
each of the sixteen ancestors of the successive Sovereigns of England and of 
their Consorts since 11 54 as shown in these three Series. 



Ai. Henry=A3. MARY, A3. 

styled Lord 
Da r n ley, 
King Con- 
sort of Scot- 
land, 38 July 
1565. -*■ 1545; 
murdered at 
the KirJc-or- 

Field, JO 
Feb, 1566/7. 

1542 ; AND 
ide Jure) ov 


1558; l>. at 
e Dec. 1542; 1 
»«., 1st, 24 
Apr. 1558, 
Francis 11., 

King of 
France, who 
d.s.p. 5 Dec. 
1560; andly, 
dethroned 34 

July 1567, 
and, after 
being kept a 
prisoner 19 
years, mur- 
dered 8 Feb. 



1572 1548 

Fr_ed-=A4. Sophia, A5. Anthony=A6. 
da. of Ulric, (ofBourbon), 
Duke of DukeofVen- 
burg, b. i^ 
Sept. 1557 
- 20 Julj 

King of 
and Norway, 
K.G.a4 ■ 


Oct. 1631. 

ddme and 
Jure uxoris 
King of 

1555-15621 ^- 
at the Castle 
of La Fert, 
in Picardy, 
22 Apr. 1518; 
rf. at Andcly, 
17 Nov. 1562; 
bur. at Ven- 
ddme, in the 

Church ofSt. 

V6. Jane 

Queen of 

Princess of 

Countess of 

Foix, 1555- 

italian; germa 

A7. Francu=A8. Joaa 
(de Medicis) of Aiistt 
Grand Dnkt 
of Ti2scany 
^- 35 Mac 


, at 

, '541 ; 

Oct. 1587. 

Mouiins, in 
the Bourbon - 
nois, 20 Oct. 
1548; d. at 
Paris, 9 June 
1572; bur.. 

with hus- 

da. of 
E m per' 
I., d. 24 J. 

1S47; '«■; 

Dec. 15; 
.^. 6 A 

VL, King of England 
and Ireland, 1603- 
1625 ; and Scotland, 
1587-1635 ; l>. at Edin- 
burgh Castle, 19 June 
1566 ; d. at Theobalds, 
Co. Herts, 27 Mar. 1625; 
bur. in Westminster 

Anne of Denmark, 
Queen Consort, 1603- 
1619; h. at Scandenburg. 
12 Dec. 1574; >ii- (by 
proxy, at Cronenburg, zq 
Aug. 1589, and in person) 
at Upslo, 23 Nov. 1589 ; 
d, at Hampton Court, 
2 Mar. 1618/0 ; bur. in 
Westminster Abbey. 

France, 1589-1610 ; and 
Navarre, 1572-1610 ; b. at 
the Caslle of Pau, in 
BiSarn ; murdered at 
Paris, 14 May 1610 ; bur. 
in the Abbey of St. Denis; 
znd, but only surv., son. 

!6 Apr. 1575 ; «*, (cor 
tract dated at Florenc* 
25 Apr. 1600) at Lyon.' 
27 Dec. 1600 ; crowned a 
St. Denis, 13 May 1610 
declared Queen Regen 
15 May following; a. a 
Cologne, 3 July 1642 J 3n 
da. and co.-h. ; and vnU 


Ci. CHARLES I., King of England, = C2. Henrietta Maria of France, Qi 

Scotland, France, and Ireland, 
1625-1649, b. at Dunfermline, 19 Nov. 
1600 ; cr. Prince of Wales on the death of 
his elder brother, 4 Nov. 1616 ; sue. his 
father, 37 Mar. 1625; crowned at West- 
minster, 2 Feb. 1625/6 ; murdered at 
Whitehall, 30 Jan. 1648/9 ; bur. in St. 
George's Chapel, Windsor ; znd, but only 
.surv. I son. 

Consort, 1625-1649 ; b. in the Louvre, at 
Paris, 25 Nov. 1609; tit. (by proxy, in 
Notre Dame, Paris, i May, and m person) 
at Canterbury, n May 1625 ; rf, at 
Colombe, near Paris, 10 Sept. 1669; bur. 
in the Abbey of St. Denis. 

Duke of 
M o d e n a, 
1628 - 1629, 




Aio. Isabel, 

da. of 
Charles Em- 
manuel the 
Great, Duke 
of Savoy, 
b. II Mar. 
15 9'; rf- 
Aug. 1636. 

All. Regi- 
nald - 
(F a r n e s e), 
Duke of 
Parma and 

1593 - 1622, 
b, 1569 ; d. 
16 22. 

:Aia. Mar- 

5aret, da. of 
ohn Francis 
dini, d. 1646. 

B3. Henry IV., King of = B4. Mary de Medicis, t 

65. -Francis I. (of 
Duke of Modena, 
1658, b. 5 Sept. 
d. 13 Oct. 165B. 

Este), = B6. 

Mary Farnese, in 
o; d. 16 June 1646 

A15. Peter 
Maza r i ni 
of Palermo, 
d. in Rome, 
.4 Nov. 
654, aged 

!Ai6. Hor- 
tense, da. of 

BulTalini of 
the citx of 

B8. Laura Margore 
Mazarini, sister and co-h. 
of Cardinal Mazarin, tn. 
at Rome, 9 July 1634; 
d. there, 9 June 16B5. 

C3. Alphonso IV.,. Duke of Modena, = C4. Laura MariinozH, m. 1655; d. 
1658-1662, 6. 13 Feb. 1634; d. 16 July | Rome, 19 July 1687; da. and co-h. 

1 ^873 

Di. JAMES II. AND VII., King or Englan = Da. Mary Beatrice Eleanor of Modena, b._ at Modena, 

Scotland, France, and Ireland, 16B5-1701, 6. 
St. James's Palace, 15 Oct. 1633, and bapt. 24 Nc 
following; sue. his brother. King Charles II., 6 F« 
1684/5; crowned at Westminster, 23 Apr. following; c 
dared by the Revolutionary Convention to have abdicat^ 
II Dec. 168B; d. in e.\ile at St. Gcrihains-en-Laj 
16 Sept. 1701, aged 67 ; bur. in the Church of the Bet 
dictines at Paris. 

No. I. 

Seize Quartieks of 


King of England, 

Scotland, etc., 

1 701-1766. 

5 Oct, 1658; m. (by proxy, 30 Sept., and m person) at 
Dover, 21 Nov. 1673, to Kmg James, then Duke of York ; 
became Queen Consort, 6 Feb. 1684/6, and was crowned 
with her husband at Westminster; QUEEN REGENT 
for her son, 16 Sept. 1701-21 June 1706; d. at "St.- Ger- 
main s-cn-L aye, 7 May 1718, aged 60; bur. in the Church 
of St. Mary at Chaillot. 

Bi. JAMES III. and^III., King of Bngiland, Scot- 
land, France, and Irelid, 1701-1766, b. a,t Whitehall, 
le June 168S; sue. his .tber, 16 Sept. 1701, and pro- 
daimed King in" PaJ the following; day; d. at 
Rome, I Jan. 1764, afd 78; bur. In St. Peter's at 


Lewis = Ai4. Mag- 
a n d- dalena, da. 
e of of John 
s e- George, 
;tadt, Elector of 
Sept. B r a n d e n- 
d. 11 burg, b. 7 
1626 ; Jan. 1582 ; 
t 7n. at Darm- 
tadt, stadt, 5 June 
t. fol- I 5 9 S ; d. 
there, 4/14 
May 1616 ; 
bur. with her 



John = Ai6. Mag- 

George I. 
Elector of 
Saxony, b. 
5/1 S Mar. 
d. 8 


dalena Si- 
bylla, da. of 
Albert Fred- 
eric, Duke 
of Prussia, 
b. 31 Dec. 
1587/10 Jan. 
July i6q7 ; d. 
I'zlii Feb. 

] George II., Land- 
ve of Hesse-Darm- 
^t, b. 17 Mar. 1605 ; 
ft Darmstadt, 11 June 
ii ; bur. there. 


B8. Sophia Eleanor of 
Saxony, b. 23 N0V./3 Dec. 
1609 ; in. (contract at 
Dresden, 9 Jan. 1625) at 
Torgau, i/ii Apr. 1627; 
d. at Darmstadt, 2/12 
June 1671 ; bur. there. 

Elizabeth Amelia Magdalena of 
fese - Darmstadt, b. at Giessen, 20/30 
>•. 1635; 7)1. (by pro.xy, 11 Aug., 
! in person) at Langenschwalbach, 24 
'./3 Sept. 1653 ) 'i- ^t Neuburg, 4 Aug. 
b ; bur. there with her husban in 
\Hofkirche \ and wife. 



Aj, Mark=A2. 
Sob ieslci, 
Woywode of 



sister of the 



A3. Stanis- = A4. . 

I aus 
of Poland, 
f b. 1547; d. 
7 Oct. (6 
Nov.) 1620 ; 

Bi. James Sobieski, Gov- = 82. Theophila Zolkiew- 

ernor of Galicia, 1638, -'— 

and ChStclain of Cracow, 

1646, h. 1573; d. II May 



A5. Anthony: 

(de la 
Lord o f- 
A r q u i e n, 
Knt., Lieut, 
of the City 
and Castle of 
Metz, Gov- 
ernor of 
Calais ; d. 9 
May 1626. 

A6. Anne, 
Lady of 
Prie^ da. of 
Louis (d'An- 

Viscount of 
Souilly, 3rd 
wife, d. 31 
Aug. 1650, 

B3, Henry (de la Grange), 
Marquess of Arquien, 
K.H.G., 13 Apr. 1694; 
made a Cardinal, 12 Nov. 
169s ; l>, at Calais, 8 Sept. 
1613; d. at Rome, 23 or 
34 May 1707 ; bur. in the 
Church of the Madena 
della Vittoria of the 
Barefooted Carmelites 
there ; 3rd son. 

At. Baptbt = 

C h S t r e). 
Lord of 

and Fontan- 
cier, Maitre 
d'Hfltel to 
the Queen 
Margaret of 
Valois, and 

(r 3 J,u 1 y 

d'ilcurie to 
the King of 
N aval re, rf. 

B4. Frances de la ChStr 
d, 1672 ; ist wife. 

co-h. ofWil. 
Ham, Duke 
of Juliers, 

A8 (altf' "?• Philip=Aio. Anna, 

rielle, da'' r,^**,^^,' =°^ ^^- ^"'^ 

Bonavent* *?°"1* Pf'*" 

(Lamy, tine in Neu- 

Loury; ** Zweibriick- 
wife. "• %Oct. 

IS47 ; d. at 

Neuburg on 

the Danube, 

12/33 Aug. 

1564 ; hur. in 

the Church 


at Lauingen. 


Cleves, I 
Mar. 1553 ; 
wi. at Neu- 
burg, 37 

Sept. 1574 ; 

d. at HOch- 
stadt, 6/16 
Oct. 163a; 
bur. at Lau- 
ingen with 

Ham v., 
Duke of 
Bavaria, h. 
ai Landshut, 
29 Sept. 
T548 ; d. at 
S chlei s s- 
heim, near 
Munich, 7 
Feb. r6a6 ; 
bur. in the 
Church of 
St. Michael 
at Munich. 


. da. of 
Francis I., 
Duke of 
Lorraine, b, 

m. a t 
Munich, 11 
Feb. 1568 ; 
d. there, 22 
May 1603 ; 
bur. with her 

A13. Lewis 
v., L.and- 
grave of 
H e H 5 e- 
b. 24 Sept. 
1577; rf- 27 
July |i6a6; 
bur. at 
II Sept. fol- 


= Ai4. Mag. A15. John = At6. Mag- 
dalenn. dn. Cr^nmit 1 .i»i e\ 

dalena, da. George I. 
of John Elector o 
George, Saxony, b 
Elector of 5/15 Mar 
U rand en- 1585; ,/. i 
burg, b. 7 Oct. 1650. 
Jan. 158a ; 
ftt. at Darm- 
stadt, 5 June 
1598; d. 
there, 4/14 
May 1616 ; 
bur. with her 

dalena Si- 
bylla, da. of 
Albert Fred- 
eric, Duke 
of Pnissia, 
*. 31 Dec. 
1587/10 Jan. 
July 1607 ',d. 
i7lii Feb. 

1613 I 

B5. Wolfeang William, = B6. Magdalena of Bav 
Count Palatine m Neu- aria, b. at Munich, 4 July 
15S7 ; m. there 10 or n 

. ... Neu- 

burg.'A at Ne\iburg, 25 
(not 20) Oct. 1578 ; d. at 
DUsseldorf, lo/ao Mar. 
1633 ; bur. there in the 
Jesuit Church of St. 

Nov. 1613; d. at Neu 
burg, 25 Sept. 1638 ; bur. 
there in the Hofkirche. 

B7. George II., Land- 
grave of Hesse- Darm- 
staijt, b. 17 Mar. 1605; 
d. nt Darmstadt, 11 June 
1661 ; bur. there. 


Bfl. Sophia Eleanoi .,, 
Saxony, b. 23 N0V./3 Dec. 
1609 ; m. (coiitract at 
Dresden, o Jan. 1635) nt 
Torguu, i/ii Apr. 1637; 
(I. at Darmstadt, 3/13 
June 1671 ; bur. there. 

Ci. John IlL, King of Poland, 1674-1696, 
K.H.G., b. at Oliska in Galicia, z June 
1624; Standard - Bearer to the Crown, 
1645 ; General and Commander-in-Chief 
of the Polish forces, 1667 ; elected King at 
Warsaw, 20 May 1674; invested with the 
Order of the Holy Ghost at Zolkiew, 30 
Nov. 1676 ; defeated the Turks before 
Vienna. 16S3 ; d. at Willanfiw, 17 June 
1696 : Dur. at Warsaw in the Church of 
the Capuchins. 

No. a. 

Seizh Quartiers of 



Queen Consort of 


C2. Mary Casimire Louisa de la Grange, 
Dowager-Princess Radzivit, b, 1646; Maid 
of Honour to Louisa, Queen Consort of 
Poland, 1657 ; tn., ist, James Radzivit, 
Prince of Zamoski, who d.s.p. ; d. at 
Blois, 30 Jan. 1716, aged 75 ; bur. in the. 
Chapel of St. Saviour at Blois, 2 Apr. 
following ; afterwards removed and bur. 
with her husband, 28 Feb. 1717 ; and da. 

C3. Philip William, Elector Palatine of 
the Rhine, 1685-1690; b. at Neuburg, 24 
Sept./4 Oct. 1615 ; Sue. his father, 10/20 
Mar. 1653; and his cousin, Charles II 
the last male of the line of Simmern- 
Sponheim, as Elector Palatine, in accord- 
ance with the Treaty of Osnaburgh, 16/26 
May 1685; d. at Vienna, 2/12 Sept. 1690* 
bur. m the Hofkirche at Neuburg. The 
first Catholic Elector of the Rhine since 
the Reformation. 


Di. James Lewis Henry (Sohieski), Prince of Pol 
K.G.F., Governor of Styria, b. at Paris, 2 Nov. 166; 
IS May 1668 ; d. at Zolkiew in Poland, 19 Dec. 1737 ; 
there in the Parish Church, 30 Dec. following. 

Mary CLEMENTI Sobieska, Queen Consort 
of JAMES III. and"- *■ »? J"ly 1702: a god- 
daughter of Pope (?°* ^'^- ! marriage contract 
dated 2a and aj J'?'* '" "^"^ ducali cloitatis 
Olavlensis in Slleata ; ^^ P^o^y. at Bologna, 9 May, 
and in person) at R/efiascone, by Pope Clement 
XL, I Sept. 1719; c Rome. "/18 January 1735, 
aged 33 ; bur. there a* Peter's, 

C4. Elizabeth Amelia Magdalena of 
Hesse -Darmstadt, i. at Giessen, 20/30 
Mar. 1635; >,i. (by proxy, n Aug., 
and in person) at Langenschwalbach, 34 
AUH./3 Sept. 1653 ; d. at Neuburav 4 Aug. 
1704; bur. there with her husban iti 
i\\fi Hofkirche \ 2nd wife. 

Da. Hedwiga Elizabeth Amelia of Bavaria, b. at Dussel- 
dorr, 18 July 1673; '«. (by proxy, at Neuburg, n Feb., and 
in person) at Warsaw, 25 Mar. 1691 ; d. at Ohlau, in 
bilesia, I. Aug. 1722, aged 49; bur. at (?)Breslau; 15th 




I. AND VI., 

King of 



1603 - 1625 ; 


1587 - 1625; 
d. 27 Mar. 
1625. See 
Bi, Table I. 

4. M a g- 
lena, da. 
, Duke of 
varia, d. 
!8. See 
, Table 2. 


A15. George = A 
II., Land- 
grave of 
d. 1661. See 
B7, Table 2. 

6. Sophia 
Eleanor, da. 
of John 
George I., 
Elector of 
Saxony, d. 
1671. See 
B8, Table 2. 

I i6S3 

Bi. CHARL%;iliam, = Ba 
"F England, ^ng of the 
France, and^ ^_rf. 2/1, 
1625-1649; mu ^gg C3, 
Jan. 1649. 
Table i. 

Elizabeth Amelia 
Magdalena of Hesse- 
Darmstadt, d. 4 Aug. 
1709. See C4, Table 2. 

Ci Elizabeth Amelia of 

E'x Aug. 1722- ^^^ ^^> 


Nos. 3 
Seize Qua: 
King of 1 


I 766-1 



King of I 
and ScoTLi 

I 788-1 




I. AND vr., 

King of 


1587 - 1625; 
d. 27 Mar. 
1635. See 
Bi, Table 1. 

of Denmark, 
in. 23 Nov. 
15B9; d. 2 
Mar. i6i8/g. 

1600 1630 

Henry=A4. Mary of A5. Francis=A6," Mary, 

Table i. 


A3. -- 

IV., King of 
France and 
14 May 1610. 
See B3, 
Table I. 

Medicis, da. I. (of Este), 

of Francis, Duke of 

Grand Duke M o d e n a, 

of Tuscany, i62&-i658,i/. 

m. 27 Dec. 13 Oct. 1658. 

i5oo; d. 3 S e e B 5, 

July 1642 ; Table i. 


Table 1 


Duke of 
Parma, etc., 

.630; d. 
1646. See 
B6, Table i. 

A 7. Hier. 
o II y m u s 

of Rome, 
See B 7, 


Mazarii Chatelain of 
s t e r Cracoiv, d. 
Cardini646- See 
vlaiarin. Bi, Table 2. 
I July 163 

'■ 9 J' 

685. S 

is, Table 

Bi. CHARLES I., King = B2. H E N R I E T T A B3. Alphonso IV., Duke = B4. Laura 

p England.Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, 
1625-1649; murdered, 30 
Jan. 1640, See Cr, 

Table I. 

Mary of France, Quebn 
Consort, w/. n Maj' 
1625 ; d. 10 Sept. 1669.- 
See Ca, Table i. 

of Mbdena, 1658-1662, d. 
16 July 1662. See C3, 

Table i. 

da. and 
1687. See 

Ci. JAMES n. AND VIL, King of 
England, Scotland, France, and 
Ireland, 1685-1701, a. 16 Sept. 1701. 
See Di, Table i. 

C2. MARY BEATRICE Eleanor of 
Modena, Queen Consort, 1685-1701 ; 
and Queen Regent, 1701-1706 ; d. 7 
May 1718. See Da, Table i.- 

V8. Lau A9. James=:Aio. Theo- 

phila, da. of 


of Poland. 

See B2, 

Table 2. 

All. Henry=Ai 

(de la 
Marquess of 

afterwards a 
Cardinal, d. 
1 707. See 
B3, Table a. 

Fran- A13. Wolf.=Ai4. 

da. of ^ ^ 

Baptist de W T 1 1 i a m, 

la ChSire, Count Pala- 

Lord of Bril- tine in 

lebaut, d. Neuburg, d. 

1673. See 16=3. See 

B4, Table a. Bs, Table a. 


g- Ais. Georges A16. Sophia 
'" " ■' - ' Eleanor, do. 

dalena. da. 11., Land- 
of William grave of 
v., Duke of Hesse- 
Bavaria, d. Darmstadt, 

1628. .S"<r.f d. 1661. See 

B6, Table a. B7, Table 3. 

of John 
George I., . 
Elector of 
Saxony, rf. 
if'71. See 
BB, Table a. 

d. 19 Jul 
Table 1. 

B5. John IJtI., King of 
Poland, 1674-1696, 
K.H.G., rf. 17 June 1696. 

B6. Mary Casimire Louisa 
de la Grange, d- 30 Jan. 
1716. i^ec C2, Table a. 

I i«53 I 

Bt. Philip William, = B8. Eliiabeth 
Elector Palatine of the 
Rhine, 1685-1^90, rf. a/n 
Sept. 1690. See C3, 
TaWo a. 

" itadt 


Darmstadt, d. 4 Aug. 
C4, Table a. 

C3. James Lewis Henry, Prince of Poland, = C4. Hedwiga Elizabeth Amelia of 

K.G.F.,rf. igDec. 1737. 6"«Di,Table2. 

Table 3. 

d, li Aug. 1722. See Da, 

I ' 

Di. JAMES III. AND V I., King Da. Mary CLEMENTINA Sobieska, 
England, Scotland, F \nch, a Queen Consort, 1710-1735, rf, 12/18 
>735- ^«Ei, Tablea. 

Ireland, 1701-1766, d. ; 
El, Table i 

Ji '. 1766. . Jan. 

Nos. 3 AND 5. 

Seize Quartiers of 


King of England 

AND Scotland, etc., 



King of England 
AND Scotland, etc., 


CHARLES III., King of England, Scotland, Fran HENRY IX. and L, King of Engrland, Scotland, 
and Ireland, 1766-17S8, though not so acknowledg France, and Ireland, 1788-1807, though not so 
b. io Rome, 31 Dec. 1720 ; cr. Prince of Wales, el acknowledged, 6. in the Muti (afterwards Savorelli) 
Prince Regent, 23 Dec. 1743 ; sue, his father, 1 J; PaJace at Rome, 6 Mar. 1735, and cr. Duke of York 
1766; d.s.p.l. at Rome, 31 Jan. 1788; bur. in ! before aS Mar. 1733; took Holy Orders, 3 July 1747; 

and made Bishop of Frascati and a" Cardinal, 13 
July 1761 ; sue. bis brother, 31 Jan. 1788 ; d, at Rome, 
13 July 1S07, aged 8z, the last male of the Royal House 
of Stuart; bur. in St. Peter's at Rome. 

Peter's there ; will dated 23 and 35 March 1783. 




-' Lady 

1649 la, da. 
A I. Henry = AaH enry 

Ernest L, 
Count of 
S t o 1 b e r g- 
b. 20/30 July 
1393; d.i,lT.i, 
Apr. 1672 ; 
aged 79. 

E y), I St 


^ m. 1 6 

C 1645/6; 

A15. Lewis 
(d ' A r g e n - 
tau), Count 
of Esseneux 
and Baron of 
in Flanders. 


:Ai6. Marie 
Gilberte de 
L o c q u e n • 
gb ie n. 

i-uce), 3rd = (2) 
end Earl 

Bi. Lewis Chi 1656; d. 
Count of S tiv. 1741 ; 
Gedern, i. at bved Jan. 
8/j8 Sept. i6s 
Gedern, 17 Aug 

B8. Charlotte, sua 
jure Countess of Essen- 
eux and Baroness of 
Melsbroeck, da. and h., 
/'. 1680; m. at Brussels; 
d. there, 23 July 1710; 
aged 30. 

Theresa Charlotte Bruce, 
tess of Esseneux and 
Ci[elsbroeck in Flanders, 
Ge »t. 17 June 1722 ; d. 30 
18 child of second marriage ; 


Seize Qu, 


(of StI 

Queen C 





Henry = A2. 

Ernest I., 
Count of 
Stoi bcrc- 
I). 26/30 July 

1593; (^m/m 

Apr. 1672 ; 
aged 79. 

Anna A3. Gustav- = A4. Magda- 


da. of Henry 


Count of 
S t ol ber( 
Ortenau, > 
6/16 Aui. 
1634; ;h. 2/13 
May 1649 ; 
d. 17/27 Oct. 
1668 ; aged 

, Adolph' 
Duke of 
M e c k 1 e n- 
trow, I', 26 
Feb./3 Mar. 

1695 ; aged 
61 ; bur. in 
the Catholic 

da. of Fred- 
eric III., 
Duke of 
S c h 1 e s w i g 
and Hof- 
torp, f>. 14/24 
Nov. 1631 ; 
?ii. 38 Nov. 
/8 Dec. 1654; 
d. 23 Sept. 
1719, aged 
88 : bur. with 


As- Gustav-=;A6. Elean 

us Adolph us. 
Count of 
/6Apr. 1632 ; 
d. 9/19 Oct. 
1677, aged 
46 ; bur. in 
the Church 

of St. 
Thomas at 

Clara, da. of 
Kraft VII., 
Count of 
h. 16/26 July 
1632 ; m. Id/ 
24 June 1662; 
d. 4 May 
1709 ; aged 

Count of 

La ngen - 
hurg, <5. 5/15 
Sept. 1625 ; 
d. 2/12 June 
1699, aged 
74 ; bur. at 
L a n g e n- 

Bi. Lewis Christian I., = B2. Duchess Christina of 

Count of Stolberg- 
Gedern, b. at Ihcnburg, 
e/iB Sept. 165a; d. 
Gcdem, 37 Aug. 1710. 

at GUstrow, 14/24 Aug. 
J663 ; 'II. there 14/24 
May 16B3 ; d. at Gedern 
3 Aug. 1749 ; buried there. 


Lewis Kraft, Count = B4. Countess 
Henrietta of I 


if Nassau-Saarbriicki 
/'. at Saarbruckcn, 
Mar./7 Apr. 1663 ; 
there 14 Feb. 1713. 

genburg, 19/21 (' 
Nov. 1679; w 
brUclcen, ig/25 
d. at Bergzabe 

■Pi\. Juli 

d . of V 

ng Gei 

, Cour 


1 11 - Ren 



31 Jan 

Seb. I 

at ] 

I mburg, 






at Sa 

ipr. i6< 

14 J 

I 1719 

Ci. Frederic Charles, Count of Stolberg- = C: 
Gedern, K.E.,*:*-. a Prince of the Empire, 
18 Feb. 174a ; b. at Gedern, lo/ao Oct. 
1693 ; d, there 28 Sept. 1767. 

Countess Louisa of Nassau-Saar- 
brlicken, b. at Saarbruckeh, 6 Dec. 1705 ; 
lit. at St. Lorenzen, 22 Sept. 1719; d. at 
Gedern 28 Oct. 1766. 

Dr. Gustavus Adolphus, Prince of Sti 
K.H.B., a Major -Gen. in the Imperial Servit^, 
of Nicuport, b. at Gedern, 6 July 1722 ; slain 
of Lissa (Lcuthen) 5 Dec. 1757 \ znd son. 

No. 4. 

Seize Qijartiers of 


{of Stoliierg) 

QuBi'.N Consort to 







A5. El 


Aio. Anne 

An. Henrys 

At». Jane, 


Maty jane, 
da. of Philip 

Louis Er- 

5th da. of 

(dc Ho 


nest, Prince 

Lewis Ferdi- 



Emanuel (de 

of Ligne, 

nand Ramon 



Croy), Count 
of Soire and 


Folch (de 

i5t Prince of 

Gov. of the 

Aragon- Cor- 




Duchy of 

dova), 7th 

cr. iii 


K.G.F. ; m. 

Limburg, b. 

Duke of 



24 Feb. 1661 ; 

2 Feb. 1644 ; 

Segorbe and 



d. 3 Jan. 

d. 8 Feb. 

Cardona in 

of Spa 

n as 

1704 ; buried 

r7oa, 'at the 


Sovereign of 


Castle of 

K.G.F. ; m. 

the Nether- 

husband at 


at Madrid, 

lands : d. at 


Jan. 1677 : 


d. 18 Jan. 

10 Mar. 1709; 



will dated 3 

Mar. 1706. 


A13, Robert = A 14. Lady A15. Lewis = Ai6. Marie 

'■ Gilberlc de 

L o c q u e n - 
ghien. , 

Earl of Elgin 
and ist Earl 
of Ailesbury, 
P.C., d. 20 
Oct. 1685. 

Diaria, da. (d'Argen 

of Henry tnu), Count 

(Gre)'), isl of Esscncux 

EarloiStam- and Baron of 
ford,| wi. 16 Melsbroeck 

Feb.' 1645/6 ; in Flanders. 
d. 1690. 

Bg. Philip Emanuel, and 
Prince of Homes, iCount 
of Bassigny, Grandee of 
Spain of ist Class, Gov. 
and Capt.-Gen. of the 
Duchy of Guelders — only 
child ; h. 25 Nov. 1661 ; 
d. at Brussels of wounds 
received at Rami Hies 

fOct. 1718 ; buried at 

B6. Princess Mary Anne 
Antoinette of Ligne, /'. 
14 Jan. 1680 ; III. 29 Sept. 
1694; d. 27 Aug. 1720; 
only da. 


B7. Thomas (E(ucc), 3rd 
Earl of Elgin, Ind Earl 
of Aileshury, /'. 1656; d. 
at Brussels, Nuv. 1741 ; 
aged 86— will proved Jan. 

(2) BB. Charlotte, suo 
Jure Countess of Essen- 
eux and Barone>s of 
Melsbroeck, da. and h., 
b. 1680 ; lit. at Brussels ; 
d. there, 33 July 1710; 
aged 30. 


C3. Maximilian Emanuel, 3rd Prince of = C4. Lady M. 

Homes, Count of Bassigny and of Bailleul, 

Grandee of Spain of the ist Class, K.G.F., 

cr, a Prince of the Empire, 28 Aug. 1736 ; 

b. at Brussels, 31 Aug. 1695; d. there, 

s.p.'it. 12 Jan. 1763 ; bur. at Issche ; elder 


Theresa Charlotte Bruce, 
S140 jure Countess of Esseneux and 
Baroness of Melsbroeck in Flanders, 
b. 12 Jan. 1697 ;. m. 17 Jane 1732 ;, d. 30 
Nov, 1736; only|:hild of second marriage ; 
1st wife. 

the B 

Da. Princess Elizabeth Philippina Claude of Homes, Ladv 
OF .THE Starry Cross, 14 Sept. 1753; b. 10 May 1733; 
m. 22 Oct. 1751 ; d. at Frankfurt, 1825 ; yr. da. and co-n. 

. ... arolina Emmanuella of Stol- 
LOUISA Ma timiliaiKiNG CHARLES III., 6. 
berg. Queen Consor^,„ g^^j^ .^j^. ^^^jti^e ^ 
at Mons in Hkraault j^^^^. ,„ ^^^ ^^^^ ^j 
Canoness of St. ^,„^„a-^ i„ the chapel of the 
Paris, Apr. iha. Mdp^„e, at Macerata, in An- 
Compagnoni-MarefOp,„„„^^^ ^^ j^„ ,3^^. ^^^j 
cona, .7 Apr, .77a ro j,^^^ j^ ^^^ ^„ ,, 
72; buried at Santa r 






A I. Charles = A2. M A t' «" 

J o a n teuri- 

Baptista,-'^- o' 

and CO,' ° "■ 

of Ch!"=> I-> 

Amadeu? ° ' 

II., Duke of 
Savoy, King 
of Cyprus 
and J e r u- 
salem, 1637- 
1675, _ b. at 
Turin, 20 
June 1634 ; 
d- 12 June 
1675, aged 

Savoy), >'■ i'- 
Duke it>36; 
Nemouri J""^ 
II Apr. \d. 18 
lit. II 01 1676, 
May ip- 
d. 15 I 

1724. s 
80 ; 2nd \ 

Bi. Victor Amadeus Il'hris- 
Duke of Savoy, Kin'aria, 
of Cyprus and Jerusalen- (by 
1675-1730; KingofSiciljJ^n-' 
1713-1720; and" King d-lon^i 
Sardinia, 1720-1730 ; t Ver- 
in Turin, 14 May i665D9<^ ^ 
sue. his father, 12 Jun 
1675 I abdicated, 2 Sep 
1730 ; d. 31 Oct. 1732. 


Regi- = Ai4. Isabel 


n a 1 d II 
Duke of 
Parma and 
P 1 a c e n z a, 
1646-1694, b. 
17 Sept. 
1630 ; sue. 
his father, 
loor 12 Sept. 
1646 ; d. 8 
Dec. 1694. 

of Este, da. 
of Francis I., 
Duke of 

163 s 





A15. Pfailip = Ai6. 
William, " " 
1685-1690, h. 
5 Nov. 1615 ; 
sue. his 
f a t h e r in 
N e u bu rg, 
20 Mar. 
1653/4 ; be- 
came Elector 
1685 ; d. at 
Vienna, 2 
Sept. 1690, 
aged 75. 

beth, da. of 
George II., 

of Hesse- 

m. 24 Aug. 

became a 
Catholic ; d. 
3 Aug. 1709. 

I i''9° I 

B7. Edward II. (Farnese), = B8. Dorothy Sophia of 
Duke of Parma, b, 12 the Rhine, b. 5 July 
Aug. 1666 ; d.v.p. 5 Sept. 1670 ; w. 3 Apr. 1690 ; 
1693, aged 27. rem., 8 Dec. 1695, her 

brother-in-law, Francis, 

Duke of Parma, who d. 

26 Feb. 1727 ; she d. 15 

Sept. 1748. 


Ci. Charle°~i724i = C4. Elizabeth Farnese, b. 25 Oct. 1692 ; 

Sardinia, O'les, 29 
Savoy, 173c I Nov. 
his father, 'vour of 
20 Feb. 177: death, 
"crown ; 

III. (by proxy at Parma, 16 Sept., and in 
person) at Guadalaxara, 25 Dec. 1714 ; d. 
II July 1766 ; 2nd wife. 

NOS. 6 AND 8. 

Seize Quartiers o 


de jure King of En( as King 

LAND, Scotland, ETDuke of 

1807-1819, i__ on his 

AND OF e latter's 

VICTOR I., ttlement, 

de jure King of ENcEng^and, 

LAND, Scotland, ET^-ted the 

1S19-1824. . Charles 

aged 6<|. 


CharIcs=A^. Mary 

n., Duke of 
Savoy, King 
of Cyprus 
and J e r u- 
salem, 1637- 
1675, i. at 
Turin, ao 
June 1634 ; 
//. 12 June 
167S1 aged 

bnptista, da. 

and co.-h. 
of Cbarlc;; 
AiTiadeus (of 
Savoy), 5tl' 
Duke of 
Nemours, 6. 
II Apr, 1644; 
>i/. J I or 20 
May 1665 ; 
(/■ I s Mar. 



Pliilip, = A4. HEN- 



Princess of 



da., and in 
lier issue (13 

July 1807) 
sole heir of 



ist Duke of 
Orleans, etc., 
so cr. Mar. 

1661, yr. son 
of I. o u i s 

Castle of St. 
21 Sept. 1640; 
d. at St. 
Cloud, 9 
June 1701, 
aged 61. 


A5. William, =A6, 

t Land' 
grave ol 

became a 
Catholic, /'. 
1648 ; </. ac 
Nov. 1725, 
aged 77. 

E.KCter, 16 
June 1644 ; 
»i, at Paris 
in the Chapel 
Royal, 31 
Mar. 1661 ; 
d. at St. 
Cloud, 30 
June 1670, 
aged 26; bur. 
at St. Denis, 
21 Aug. fol- 
lowing; ist 
wife, •■ 

I 1684 

Bi, Victor Amadeiib IL, = II2. 

Duke of Savoy, King 
of Cyprus and Jerusalem, 
'675-1730; KingofSicily, 
i7'3-i72o; and King of 
Sardinia, 1730-1730; d. 
in Turin, 14 May 1666; 
sue, his father, 12 June 
167s ; abdicated, a Sept. 
'730; d. 31 Oct, 1732, 

Anne Mary of Or- 

leans, yr. da., but in her 
issue (13 July 1807) sole 
heir of her mother ; d. at 
St. Cloud, 27 Aug. 1669, 
and bapt. at Pans in the 
Chapel of the Royal 
Palace, 8 Apr. 1670; ;«. 
by pro.\y at Versailles, 
10 Apr. 1684 : rf. a6 Aug. 
1728, aged 59. 

Anne, eldest 
da. of 

"t h a r I 

L ce w e n- 
siein - Wer 
theim, i. 
1652; ///, 
1669; ei. 

A7. ^fa.xi. = A3. M.- 


i ! 

Count and 
ist Prince 
of.- LcEWen- 
stein - Wer- 
theim, Im- 
perial Stadt- 
koldcr of 
Bavaria and 
Milan, cr. a 
Prince of 
the Empire, 
3 Apr 
f>. 14 
Dec. : 

Ag. Louis = Aio. Ma 

d. a6 

Polyjiei XIV., King 
of France 
and Navarre, 
1643 - 17 IS. 
*. at St. 
Germains, 5 
Sept. 1636 ; 
d. at Ver- 
sailles, I 
Sept. 1715, 
aged 77; 
bur. at St. 

16 Aug. I 
d. 13 P 

20 Nov. 1725 ; d. 29 Nov. 

Nov. 1704; d. 5 
i7S3i aged'65 ; 2n 

Theresa (of 
Austria), In- 
fanta of 
Spain, only 
da. of Philip 
IV., King of 
Sp.iin, d. 20 
Sept. 1638 ; 
m. 9 June 
1660; d. at 
Versailles, 30 
July 1683 ; 
bur. at St. 


Ferdi- = 

Elector of 
1651 - 1679, 
i. 31 Oct. 
1636 ; sue. 
his father, 17 
Sept, 1651 ; 
d. 26 May 
1679, aged 

Ais, Ade- 
etta, db. of 

AmadeUii I., 
D u k tj of 
Savoy, d. 
6 Nov. 1636 ; 
HI. 22 June 
165=; rf. 18 
Mar, .1676, 
aged 41. 

i 1704 I 

B3. Ernest LeCHJold, = B4, Eleanor Mary Anr 

Landgrave of Hesse- of Lccwenstein - We 

Roltenburg, i. 25 June iheim, /'. i Apr. i68£ 

""' " HUC. his father 

Bs. Louis, Dauphin, i. 
at Foniainebleau, i Nov, 
i66i, and bapt. at St. 
Germains, 24 iMar. 1668 ; 
K.H.G,, 1661 ; at 
the Castle of Meudon, 
14 Apr. 171 1 ; bur, in the 
Abbey of St. Denis, 16 
Apr. following ; eldest 

B6. Mary Anne (Jhris- 
tina Victoria of Ba' 
i'. 7 Nov. 1660; >K( (by 
prox;y at Munich, 78 J 
and in person) at Ch: 
7 Mar, i63o; d. at 
sailles, 20 Apr. 
bur, at St. Denis. 

690 ; 

RcRi- = Ai4. Isabel A 




Parma and 
1646-1694, Ir. 
17 Sept, 
1630 ; sue. 
his father, 
1646; d. 8 
Dec. 1694. 


of ^i 

ol Francis I. 

Duke of Palatine, 

Modena, 6. 1685-1690, d. 

1635; /'(. 5 Nov. 1615 ; 

1664; d. sue. his 

1666; 3nd father in 

wife. Ncuburg, 

2 o Ma r. 

1653/L; •"=■ 

came Elector 


1685 ; d. at 

Vienna, a 

Sept. 1690, 

aged 75. 

Philip=Ai6. Kliia- 

beth, da. 

of He 

m. 94 Aug. 
, '653; 
became n 
3 Aug. I 

B7. Edward n.(Farnese), = B8. Dorothy Sophia of 
Duke of Parma, d. 12 the Rhi^e, d. 5 July 
5 Sept. 

Aug. 1666 ; d.v.^ 
1693, aged 2 

[670 ; tn. 3 Apr. 
rem., 8 Dec. i6js, her 
brother-in-law, Francis, 
Duke of Parma, who d. 
26 Feb. 1727 ; she d, 15 
Sept. 1748. 

Ci. Charles Emmanuel 
Sardinia, Cyprus, and Jerusali 
Savoy, 1730-17731 ''•■ 27 Api 
his father, 3 Sept. 
20 Feb. 1773. 

in,, King of = C2. Polyxena Christine Jane of Hesse- 

, Duke of 

701 ; sue. 

d, at Turin, 

Nos. 6 AND 8. 

Seize Quartiers of 


d£ Jure King of Eng- 

LAUu, Scotland, etc, 



de jure King of Eng- 
land, Scotland, etc., 

Rottenburg, b. 21 Sept. 1706; m. (by 
proxy at Roltenburg, 23 July, and in 
person) at Thonon, 20 Aug. 1724; d. 13 
Jan, 1735 ; bur. in the Cathedral and in 
1786 transferred to the Basilica of Soperga ; 
eldest da. ; 2nd wife. 

C3. Philip V.) King of Spain, i7o[>-i724i 
and again 1724-1746, b, at Versailles, 29 
Dec. 1683 ; sue. as King of Spain, '1 Nov. 
1700; abdicated, 15 Jan. 17241 in lElvour of 
his son Lewis, but on the latter's; death, 
31 Aug. following, resumed the 
d. 9 July 1746 ; 2nd son. 

Dr. Vicior Amadeus III., King of S?= D2. Mary Antoinette Fcrdinanda, Infanta 

dinia, Cyprus, and Jerusalem, Duki 
Savoy, 1773-T796, b. 26 June 1726; d. 
apoplexy at Moncalieri, 16 Oct, 1796. 

of Spain, b. 17 Nov. 1729; m. 31 May 
1750; d. at Turin, ig Sept. 1785 ; bur. in 
the Basilica of Soperga; nth and yst. clr. 

C4. Elizabeth Farnese, b. 25 Oct. 1692 ; 
tn. (by proxy at Parma, 16 Sept., and in 
person) at Guadalaxara, 25 Dec. 1714 ; d. 
II July 1766 ; and wife. 

CHARLES, IV., 1807-1819, b. in Turin, 24 May 175 
sue. his father under the style of Charles Emmaou 
IV. as King of Sardinia, Cyprus, and Jerusalem, ai 
Duke of Savoy, 16 Oct. 1796, and on the extinction 
the issue of King James 11. and VII., 13 July 180 
would, but for the Act of Settlement, have become I 
hereditary right King of England, Scotland, Franc 
and Ireland; abdicated the Sardinian throne, 4 Jui 
ifloa ; d.s.p. 6 Oct. 1819, aged 68. 

VICTOR I., 1819-1824, &. 24 July 1759; sue. !as King 
of Sardinia, Cyprus, and Jerusalem^j and IDuke of 
Savoy, under the style of Victor Emmanuel I., on his 
brother's abdication, 4 June i8oz, and on the latter's 
death, 6 Oct. 1819, virould, but for the Act of Settlement, 
have become by hereditary right King of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland; he abdicated the 
Sardinian crown in favour of his yr. brother, Charles 
Felix, 13 Mar.'iBzi ; and d.s.p.m. 10 Jan. 1824, aged 6^. 



Ai. I-igda- 

and la m, 
Louis Pala- 
I Nov/^. 6 
fl'.r'./;655 ; 
Apr. Dec. 
See Ta". 19 
B5. 1726 ; 


A15. J o h n = Ai6 

Duke of 
Hanover, b. 
25 Apr. 1625; 
became a 
Catholic in 
Italy, 1657 ; 
d. in Italy, 
28 Dec. 1679. 

dicta Henri- 
etta, da. and 

co.-h. of 
E d w a r d, 
Count Pala- 
tine of the 

grandson of 

K I N (i 

A.ND VI., /: 

1652; d. 
Aug. 1730. 


Bi. Lr and 
gundj'ie of 
6 Aug)wned 
the Cry at 
Feb._ , 1687, 
eldest . 1691; 

BS. Wilhemina Amelia 
of Hanover, b. at Han- 
over, 11/21 Apr. 1673 ; 
"'• (by proxy, 7/17 Jan., 
and in person) at Vienna, 
14/24 Feb. 1699 ; d. 10 
Apr. 1742 ; yst. da. and 

e of Austria, da. and 

)99 ; iti. 2 Sept. 1719 ; 




France, son 

Louis XIV., 
K.H.G., h. 
I Nov. 1661 ; 
d.v.p. J4 
Apr. 171 1. 
See Table 6, 

Anne Chi__ 

[ina Victoria, 11., Ditke of 

da. of Ferdi- Savoy, King 

nand Marj', of Sardinia, 

Elector of etc., b. 14 

Bavaria, b- May i«66 ; 

7 Nov. 1660; d. 31 Oct. 

m. 7 Mar. 1 7 32. See 

1680; d. 20 Table 6, B(. 
Apr. i6qo. 
See Table 6, 

Mary, da. of 
Philip, I St 
Duke of 
Orleans, and 
in her issue 
(1807) heir of 

I., b- =7 
Aug. 1669 ; 
w. 10 Apr. 
1684 ; d. 26 
Aug. 1728. 
See Table 6, 

Bi. Louis, Duke of Bur- 
gundy, and afterwards 
Dauphin, b. at Versailles, 
6 Aug. i$8a ; d.v.p. at 
the Castle of Marly, 18 
Feb. 1712; bur. .it St. 
■ Denis, 23 Mar. following ; 
eldest son. 

B2, Mary Adelaide of 
Savoy, b. 16S5 ; w. in 
the Chapel Royal, Ver- 
sailles, 7 Sept. 1697 ; d. 
at Versailles, 12 Feb. 
1712 ; bur, with husband. 

Count of 

L e z n o. 
of Poland, 
slain atDels 
in Silesia, 31 
Jan. 1703. 

B3. Stanislaus I., King 
of Poland, 1704-1709 and 
17^3-1736 ; Duke of Lor- 
raine, 1737-1766 ; b. at 
Lemburg, 18 Apr. or 20 
Oct. 1677 ; elected King, 
12 July 1704 ; crowned 
4 Oct. following ; de- 
throned by his rival, 
Augustus II. 1709, and 
retired to France ; had 
the Duchies of_ Lorraine 
and Bar assigned to 
him on the conclusion of 
peace; d. at Luneville, 
23 Feb. 1766. 

A8. Cath A9. J oh n=Aio. An ne An 

da. George III, 
(— ) Cza Elector of 
kowski, d. Saxony, 
Breslau, 1680 - 1G91, 
Dec. 1701 b. 20 June 

1647 \ d. 12. 

Sept. 1691. 

B4. Catherihe Opalinsk- 

b. 5 Nov. 1680 ; ;m. a6ol 
d. at Luneville, 19 Ma 

Sophia, da. 
of Frederic 
in., King 
of Denmark 
and Norway, 
b. I Sept. 
1647; ;«. 9 
Oct. 1666; n^ 
at Lichten- 
burg, I July 

1671 1676 

Chris- = Ai2. Sophia A13. L e o-=Ai4. Elean- 

tian Ernest, 
Margrave of 
b urg-Bay- 
reuth, 165s- 



Louisa, da. 

pold I., Em- 

of Eberhard, 
Duke of 

peror, 1658 ; 
King of 

W u r t e m- 


burg, t/t. 29 

and Arch- 

Jan. 1671 ; 

duke of 

d. 3 Oct. 


1655 ; King 

of Bohemia, 

1656 : b. g 

June 1640 ; 
d. s Alay 

len Theresa, 
da. of Philip 
Count Pala- 
tine of Neu- 
burg, ^, 6 
Jan. i655 ; 
«/. 14 Dec. 
1676 ; tl. 19 
Jan. 1726 ; 
3rd wife. 

A15. John 
Duke of 
Hanover, b. 
25 Apr. 1625; 
became a 
Catholic in 
Italy, 1657; 
d, in Italy, 
28 Dec. 1679. 


A16. Bene- 

dicta Henri- 
etta, da. and 

co.-h. of • 
E d w a r d, 
Count Pala- 
tine of the 

grandson of 

AND VI., b. 
1652; d. 
Aug. 1730. 

B5. Frederic Augustus 
I., Elector of Saxony, 
1694-1733; KingofPoland 
as Augustus II., 1697- 
1704 and 1709-1733; b. 
12 May 1670 ; sue. his 
brother, the Elector John 
George IV. , 27 Apr. 1694 ; 
elected King, 17 June 
1697 ; d. I Feb. 1733. 

B6. Christinaof Branden- 
burg, b. 19 Dec. 1671 ; 
"'■ 10 Jan. 1693; rf- 5 
Sept. 1727. 

I 1699 

B7. Joseph I., Emperor, ='B8. Wilhemina Amelia 
King of Hungary and 
Bohemia, Archduke of 
Austria, b. at Vienna, 
16/26 July 1678 ; crowned 
King of Hungary at 
Pressburg, 9 Dec. 16B7, 
and King of the Romans 
atAugsburg, 24 Jan.i6pi; 
sue. Lis father, 5 May 
1705 ; d. 17 Apr. 1711. 

of Hanover, b. at Han- 
over, 11/21 Apr. 1673 ; 
}/i. (by proxy, 7/17 Jan. , 
and in person) at Vienna, 
14/24 Feb. 1699 ; d, 10 
Apr. 1742; yst. da. and 

Ci. Louis XV., King of France and 
Navarre, 1715-1774, b. at Versailles, 15 
Feb. 1710; sue. bis great-grandfather as 
King, I Sept. i7r5 ; d. 10 May 1774 ; bur. 
at St. Denis; 3rd, but only surv., son. . 

C2. Mary Charlotte Sophia Fclicit^, b. 
23 June 1703 ; tii. (by proxy at Strasburg, 
15 Aug.' 1725, and in person) at Fontaine- 
bleau, 5 Sept. 1725 ; d. 25 June 1768 ; 
only da. and h. 

C3. Frederic Augustus II., Elector of 
Saxony, 1733-1763 ; Augustus III. as 
King of Poland, 1733-1763; b. 7 Oct. 
1696; sue. his father as Elector, i Feb. 
1733 ; elected King of Poland, s Oct. 
following; d. 5 Oct. 1763. 

C4. Mary Josephine of Austria, da. and 
co.-h., b. B Dec. iGgg', m. 2 Sept. 1719; 
d, 17 Nov. 1757. 

Di. Louis, Dauphin of France, 
2o Dec. 1765 elder son. 

I Sept. 1729; d. D2, Mary Josephine of Saxony, b, 4 Nov. 1731 ; 
9 Feb. 1747 ; d. 13 Mar. 1767. 

No. 7. 






F France), 




Mary Adelaide . CLOA Xavier of France, 
Consort of Charles, I of Piedmont, afterwards 
KING CHARLES 1 at Versailles, 23 Sept. 
1759 ; m. 6 Sept. i77?t Naples, 7 March 1802, 
in her forty-third yCanonised by Pope Pius 
VII., 10 Apr. 1808. 



AiV*- hJ''^''; ^\^- AI. = Ai6. Ricar- 
I\/S^' "^fi- o' Phonso, Ida, da. of 

tFamfihus), Novelbara, Prince of 

^073 , d. 7 rara, d. 20 

^"g-'704. Mar'. 1622° 


A ACyho), 
Ji, Prince of 
July 1690; 
Jher, Duke 

- B8. (-) Gonzaga. 

^ I' 


Iieresa, Duchess of Massa 
. 29 June 1725 ; 711. 16 Apr. 
ic. 1790 ; only child and h. 










Ai. Charles=A2, Elea- 

A3. Pbilip, = A4. Eliza- 

A5. Leopold-A6. Elea- 

A7. Lewis = Aa. I 

IV.,-Duke of 

nor, Dowa- 

ist Duke of 

beth Char- 

L, Emperor, 

nor Magda- 

Rudolph (of 

tina L 

Lorrarne, A 

ger Queen of 
Poland, da. 

Orleans, so 

lotte, da. of 

etc., 1658- 



da. of 

3 Apr. 1643; 

cr. Mar. 


1705, b. 9 

da. of Philip 

ist Prince of 


d. 18 Apr. 

of the Em- 

i66r, yr. son 

Louis, Elec- 

June 1640; 





peror Ferdi- 

of Louis 

tor Palatine, 

d 5 May 

Palatine of 

burg in the 


nand IIL, 

XIIL, King 

grandson of 

1705. Se'i 

Neuburg, 6. 

Empire, so 

20 Mar 

m. 1678 ; d. 

of France, b. 



6 Jan, 1655 ; 

cr. 1707 ; b. 

m. 12/2 

7 Dec. 1697, 

21 Sept. 


pu. 14 Dec. 

22 July 1671; 


1640 ; d, 9 

AND VL, b. 

1676 ; d, ig 

d I Mar. 

Nov. I 

June 1701. 

27 May 165a; 

Jan. 1726; 


See A3, 

became a 

3rd wife. See 

Table 6. 

Catholic 15 
Nov. 1671 ; 
m. at Cha- 
lons 31 Nov. 
following ; d. 
at St. Cloud, 
8 Dec. 1722; 
2nd wi^e. 

A13, Table?. 

r" .6,8 1 

1 i7°8 1 

Bi. Leopold Joseph 

- B2. Elizabeth Charlotte 

B3. Charles VL, Em- = 

= B4. Elizabeth Chri 

Charles, Duke of Lor- 

of Orleans, Demoiselle de 

peror. King of Hungary 

of Brunswick, b. 38 

raine, 1690-1729, b. 11 

Chartres, b. at St. Cloud, 

and Bohemia, Archduke 

1691 ; became a Cat 

Sept.i67g;K.G.F., 1690; 

13 Sept. 1676 ;?«. 13 Oct. 

of Austria, 1711-1740, b. i 

at Bamberg, i May 1 

d. 27 Mar. 1729. 

169B; d. 24 Dec. 1744. 

Oct. 16B5 ; sue. his elder 

»i. (by proxy, at Vit 

brother as King, etc., 17 

23 Apr., and in perso 

Apr. 1711; elected Em- 

Barcelona, r Aug. i 

peror, 12 Oct. ; crowned 

d. 21 Dec, 1750. 

King of Germany and the 

Romans at Frankfurt, 26 

Dec. following ; crowned 

KingofHungary,22 May 

1712, and ol Bohemia, 5 

Sept. 1723 ; d. 20 Oct. 

1740 ; the last male of 

the House of Hapsburg. 



Ci. Francis L, Emperor, 1745-1765, b. 
8 Dec, 1708 ; sue. his father as Duke of 
Lorraine, ijsg-jy^? ; Grand Duke of Tus- 
cany, 9 July 1737 ; elected Emperor, 13 
Sept. 1745 ; d. 18 Aug. 1765, 

C2, Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary 
and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, 
1740-17B0, b, 13 May 1717 ; w/. r2 Feb. 
1736; d. 29 Nov. 1780; da, and h. 

Aio. Char- 

lotteF^liciii, 2nd Duke of 

da, of John Orleans, Re- 

1692 1673 

Philip,=Ai3. Fran- A13. Charlcs=Ai4, 


n t 

Duke of France, b. at 
Hanover, a St. Cloud, 2 
great-grand- Aug. 1674 ; 
da. of KING K.H-G., 2 
JAMES I. June 1686; 
AND VI-, b. K.G.F., 7 
3 Mar. 1671 ; Aug.i7oi;rf. 
m. (byproxy, at Versailles, 
at Hanover, 2 Dec. 1723. 
28 Nov. 169s, 
andin person) 
at Modena, 
II Feb. fol- 
lowing ; </, 29 
Sept, 1 7 10. 

I .72° I 

E5. Francis IIL, Duke = B6, Charlotte of Orleans, 
of Modena, 1737-1780, A b. 22 Oct. T700 ; ;«. at 

elle de Blois, 
natural da. of Ca 
Louis XIV., 
w/. at Ver- 
sailles, 18 
Feb. 1692. 


:ybo, 1 



of ^:assa, 1 


ce of 



g tun 

710, /'. 
e 1631; 

d. 6 



_sa, da. of 
Prince of St. 
Martin, >n. 
:;673 < ^- 7 
Aug, 1704. 

Ther- A 13. Al- 


Count of 


d. 1679. 

: Feb, 


Charles I., 
Prince of 
Massa, Mar- 
quess of Car- 
rara, b. 20 ■ 
Mar, 1622 : 

Paris, 12 Feb., and again 
at Modena, 31 June 1720 1 
d. 19 Jan. 1761 ; 3rd da. 

B7. Alderanfl (Cybo), 
Duke of Massi, Prince of 
Carrara, b. 21 July 1690 ; 
sue. his brother, Duke 
Albcric IIL, 30 Nov. 
1715; d.(-) ' 

. (-) Gonzaga. 

Duke of Modena, = C4. 

C3. Hercules IIL. 

1730-1801 ; and of the Brisgau, 1801-1803 ; 
b, 22 Nov. 1727 ; abdicated in favour of 
his son-in-law, 16 Feb. 1B03 ; d. 14 Oct, 
following ; 3rd, but only surv,, son, 

_, Mary Theresa, Duchess of Massa 
and Carrara, b, 29 June 1725 ; m. 16 Apr. 
1741 ; d, 26 Dec. 1790 ; only child aqij b. 

Di. Ferdinand (of Austria), Duke ol = Da. Mary Beatrice Ricarda, Duchess of 

nos. 9 and ii. 
Seize Quartiers of 

(of Modena), 

Queen Consort of 

King Victor, 



Duke of Modena, 

Prince Consort. 

Brisgau, 1803-1805; and of Modena, 
1806 ; b. I June 1754 ; d. 24 Dec. 
4tb, but 3rd surv,, son. 

Modena and Massa, Princess of Carrara, 
1803-1829, b. 7 Apr. 1750 ; ni. 15 Oct. 1771 
d. 14 Nov, 1829; only surv. child and h. 

MARY THERESA Jane Josephine of Mod 
Queen Consort of King Victor, 1819-1824, b. i I 
1773; m. 21 Apr, 1789; (I. 39 Mar. 183a; eldest ct 

Francis IV,, Duke of Modena and Massa, Prince 
of Carrara, etc., 1815-1846, PRINCE CONSORT, 
b. 6 Oct, 1779; m. 20 June iSiz, his niece, Mary III. 
and n,, dejure Queen of England, Scotland, France, 
and Ireland ; d. ai Jan. 184C, 




^— ' . r ' ^' ^ 

1684 '720 

Ai. Victor = A2. 3- Francis = Ai4. Cbar- 
Anne '•) Duke ' lotte, da. of 
Philip Modena, Philip, 2nd 
Duke !7-i7S°! b- Duke of Or- 

AmadeusII., | 

King of Sar- ] 






b. 14 



d. SI 





3, Bi. 

leans, ?eb. i6g8 ; 
da.anc 22 Feb. 
issue 80. See 
sole ble g, B5. 
of K 


1669 ; 

Apr. il 

26 Auj 

See Ti 


A15. Alder- = Ai6. (-) 
and (Cybo), [ da. of Al 
Duke of 1 phonso(Gon 

K.G.F., b. 
22 Oct. 1700 ; 
tn. 21 June 
1720; d. 19 
Jan. 1761. 
See Table 9, 

Prince of 
Carrara,/'. 21 
July i6go ; 
^. (-). See 
Table 9, B7. 

zaga), Couni 
of Novel- 
bara. Set 
Table 9, B8. 

Bi. Charles Emm'?- Hercules III., Duke 
III., King of Sar<fModena,i78o-i8oi;and 
Cyprus, and Jerusf 'he Brisgau, 1801-1803; 
Duke of Savoy, . 22 Nov. 1727 ; rf. 14 Oct. 
1773, b. 27 Apr. 1701 803. See Table 9, C3. 
Turin, 20 Feb. 1773. 
Table 8, Ci. 1 


BS. Mary Theresa, Duch- 
ess of Massa, Princess of 
Carrara, b. 29 June 1725 ; 
W.16 Apr. 1741 ; d. 26 Dec. 
1790. See Table 9, C4. 

Qj v3' Mary Beatrice Ricarda, Duchess of 
dinia (odena and Massa, Princess of Carrara, 
Savoy, 03-1829,^. 7 Apr. 1750; m. 15 Oct. 1771 ; 
Moncali ^4 Nov. 1829. See Table 9, D2. 

No. 10. 
Seize QuartiJ 



de jure Queen' 

England, Scoti, 

ETC., 1824-184 





Ernest = A4. Eleanor 


Charles, ist 
Prince of 

stein - Wer- 
theim, b. i 
12 Nov. 1704; 
rf. 22 Feb. 
1763. See 
Table 8, B4. 

i 1724 

Bi. Charles Emmanuel = Rz, Polyxena Christine 
III,, King of Sardinia, Jane of Hesse - Rotten- 

A5. Louis,: 

K.H.G., eld- 
est son oF 
Louis XIV., 
King of 
France, h. 1 
Nov. 1661 ; 
rf.i'./.i4 Apr. 
1711. See 
Table 8, B5. 

A6. Mary 
Anne Chris- 
tina Victoria, 
da.of Ferdin- 
and Mary, 
Elector of 
Bavaria, b. 7 
Nov. 1660 ; 
«i. 7 Mar. * 
1680; d. 20 
Apr. 1690. 
.y« Table 8, 


A7. Edward = A8. Do 


Duke of 
Parma, ^.12 
Aug. 1666 ; 
1693. See 
Table 8, B7: 

in, 3 
t6go : 


Ag. Leopold 

Duke of 

K.G.F., b. 
II Sept. 1679; 
d. 27 Mar. 
1729. See 
Table g, Bi. 

beth Char- 
lotte, da. of 
Philip, I St 
Duke of Or- 
leans, half- 
sister of A3 ; 
b. 13 Sept. 
1676; /«. 13 
Oct. 1698 ; d. 
24 Dec. 1744. 
See Table 9, 


All. Charles: 
VI., Emper- 
or, etc., King 
of Germany, 

etc., 1711- 
1740,^.1 Oct. 
1685 ; d. 20 
Oct. 1740. 
See Table 9, 

A12. Eliza- 
beth Chris- 
tina, da. of 
Lewis Ru- 
dolph (of 
Tst Prince of 

burg, b, 28 
Aug. 1691 ; 
tn. I Aug. 
1708; d. 21 
Dec. 1750. 
See Table g, 


. Francis=Ai4. Chai 

A15. Aldei 
lotte, da. of and (Cybo), 
Philip, - - ■ 

Prince of 
Carrara, b. zi 
July 1600 ; 
dA-Y See 
Table g, B7. 

Cyprus, and Jerusale 
Duke of Savoy, 1730- 
1773, b. 27 Apr. 1701 ; d. at 
Turin, 20 Feb. 1773- See 
Table 8, Ci. 

I 1714 1 I 173*5 I 

B3. Philip v.. King of = B4. Elizabeth Earn B5. Francis I., Emperor, = B6. MariaTheresa.Queen 

>urg, b. 21 Sept. 1706 ; m. 
20 Aug. 1724; d. 13 Jan. 
1715 ; Slid wife. See 
Tible 8, Ca. 

Spain, 1700-1724 and 
1 7 24-1746, b. 29 Dec. 
1683 ; a, 9 July 1746 ; 2nd 
son. See Table 8, C3. 

i. 23 Oct. 1693 ; . 
Dec. 1714 ; a. II 
1766; 2nd wife. 
Table 8, C4. 

1745-17^5 ; Duke of Lor- 
raine, 1729-1737 ; Grand 
Duke of Tuscany, 1737- 
1745; King of Hungary, 
etc.; b. 8 Dec. 1708; d. 
18 Aug. 1765. See Table 
9, Ci. 

of Hungary and Bohemia, 

Archduchess of Austria, 
1740-1780,3. 13 May 1717; 
til. 12 Feb. 1736; d. 29 
Nov. 1780. See Table 9, 

Duke of Or- 
Feb. K.H.G., 

17B0. See K.G.F., b. 

Table 9, B5. 22 Oct. 1700; 
M. 31 June 
1720; a, 19 
Jan. 1761. 
J« Table g, 

B7. Hercules HI., Duke = BB. Mary Theresa, Duch- 

A16. ( - 
da. of Al 
zaga), CounJ 
of Novel 
bara. See 
Table 9, BSl 

of the Brisgau, 1801-1803; 

1803, See Table 9, C3. 

CSS of Massa, Princess of 
Carrara, 6. 29 June 1725 : 
'«,i6 Apr. 1741 ; d. 36 Dec. 
1790. i'cff Table 9, C4. 

I 1750 l_ 

Ci. Victor Amadeus III., King of Sar- = Ca. Mary Antoinette Ferdinanda, In- 
dinia, Cj^irus, and Jerusalem, Duke of fanta of Spain.i, 17 Nov. 1729; ?h. 3iMay 
Savoy, 1773-1796, b. 26 June 1726; d. at 1750; d. at Turin, ig Sept. 1785. See 
Moncalien.iG Oct. 1796. .y^f Table 8, Di. Table 8, D2. 

C3. Ferdinand (of Austria), Duke of the 
Brbgau, 1803-1805; andofModena, 1805- 
1806 ; b, I June 1754 ; d, 24 Dec. 1806. See 
Table 9, Di. 

Ci. Mary Beatrice Ricarda, Duchess o( 
Modena and Massa, Princess of Carrara, 
1603-1829, b. 7 Apr. 1750 ; wi. 15 Oct. 1771 ; 
d. 14 Nov. 1829. See Table 9, D2. 

Di. VICTOR I., King op England, Scotl: 
France, and Ireland, 1819-1824 ; King of Sardinia, 
Duke oi Savoy, 1802-1821 ; b. 24 July 1759 ; 
Jan. 1824. See Table 8. 


Seize Quartieics 


MARY III. and IL, 

de jure QuEEN OF 
England, Scotland, 

ETC., 1824-184O. 

MARY THERES-A Jane Josephine of Modena, 
Queen Consort, b. i Nov. 1773; m. zi Apr. 1789; d^ 29 
Mar. 183Z. .?« Table g. 

MARY Beatrice Vi, who, but for the Act of 
Settlement of 1707, • have been Queen of Eng:- 
land, France, and U as Mary HI,, and Queen 
of Scotland as Ma, 1824-1840, b, 6 Dec. 1792 ; 
m. zo June 1812, Fi IV., Duke of Modena; d. 
15 Sept. 1840. 




1698 1736 

vi. Leopold = A2;is = .\ 14. Maria 
Joseph I be^fj 
Charles, I lot.i-. 
)uke of Lor- 
aine, 1690- 
729,K.G.F, leas 
. II Sept. Se^. 
679; ei. 27 I't.fg 
vlar. 1729. i6ci 
^ee Table De 
I, Bi. Set 

Queen of 
Hungary and 

of Austria, 
1 740-1 7 80, b. 
13 iMayi7i7; 
in. 12 Feb. 
1736; d. 29 
Nov. 1780. 
See Table g, 

A 1 5. Her- 
cules HI., 
Duke of 
1780-1 801 ; 
and of the 

1801-1803; b. 
22 Nov. 1727; 
d. 14 Oct. 
1803. See 
Table 9, C3. 


= Ai6. Mary 
Duchess of 
Massa, Prin- 
cess of Car- 
rara, b. 29 
June 1725 ; 
m. 16 Apr. 
1741 ; d. 26 
Dec. 1790. 
See Table g, 


P.I. Francis I., ^inand (of Aus- = B8. Mary Beatrice Ric- 

King of Germae of the Brisgau, 
1745-1765, b. 8 Dandof Modena, 
d. 18 Aug. 1763; 3. 1 June 1754; 
as A13. ec. 1806. See 


arda, Duchess of Modena 
and Massa, Princess of 
Carrara, b. 7 Apr. 1750 ; 
m. 15 Oct. 1771 ; d. 14 
Nov. 1829. See Table 9, 

Ci_. 1^ THERESA Jane Josephine 
Bris|i, Queen Consort, b. i Nov. 
180^ Apr. 1789; d. 29 Mar. 1832; 
but 1. See Table 9. 

No. la 

Seize QuaS 



King of En 







A(. Leopold 

Duke of Lor- 
raine, 1690- 
i7a9,K.G.F , 
b. II Sept. 
1679; d. 27 
Mar. 1720. 
See Table 
II, Bi. 




ji. King of 

beth Char- 
lotte^ da. of 
Philip, ist 
Duke of Or- 
leans, 6. 13 

Sept. 1676 ; Bohemia, 
'"- 3/13 Oct. Archduke of 
1698; d. 24 AusCria,i7ii- 
Dec. 1744- 1740, ^.lOct. 
See Table 1685 ; d. 20 
II, Bz. Oct. 1740. 

See Table 
II, B3. 


A3. Charles = A4. Eliza' 
VI., Empei ' ■ "' ■ 

beth Chris- 
tina, da. of 
Lewis Rud- 
olph (of 
ist Prince of 
B 1 a n c k e a- 
burg, ii. 28 
Aug. 11591 ; 
m. I Aug. 

Dec. 1750. 
Sec Table 
II, B4. 

A5. Francis=A6. 
III.,Dukeof ■ 

M o d e n a, 
1737-1780, 6. 
a Feb. i6g8 ; 
d. 22 Feb. 
1780. See 
Table 1 1, B5. 



lotte, da. of and (Cybrf^ 

Philip, 2nd Duke o|' 

Duke of Mass a, 

Orleans, Prince rff 

K.H.G., Carrara,*, i 

-K.G.F.,*. 22 Julyi69o;rf. 

Oct. 1700; w/. See Tabp 

21 June 1720; ii;B7. 
d. 19 Jan. 
1761. See 
Table II, B6. 

o f A Emmanuel 

Charles = Aic 
_ _ __ ena 

phonsofdil., King of 
zaga), Ci Sardinia, 
of Ncetc, Dukeof 
bara. Savoy, 1730- 
Table 11,1773, I'- 27 
Apr, 1701; d. 
aoFeb. 1773. 
See Table 8, 




of Ernest 



of Hesse- 


b. 21 Sept. 

1706 ; m. 20 

724; d. 

Philip = 

v., King of 
Spain, 1700- 
1724 and 
1724-1746, b. 
29 Dec. 1683 ; 
(i. 9 July 
1746. See 
Table 8, C3. 

13 Jar 
2nd wife. 
See Table 8, 

Eliza- A13. Franci5 = Ai4. Maria A15. 

beth, da. of 
Duke of Par- 
ma, ^250ct, 
1692 ; ?>;. as 
Dec. 1714;^. 
II July 1766; 
and wife. 
See Table 8, 

I., Emperor, 
King of Ger- 
many, etc, 

1745-1765. t- 
a Dec 170J ; 

d. 18 Aug. 

1765. See 
Table 9, Ci. 


Queen of 

Hungary and 

of Austria, 
1740-1780, b. 
13 Mayi?!?; 
m. 12 Feb. 
1736; rf. ag 
Nov. 1780. 
See Table g, 

cules III., 
Duke of 

1801-1803; !*• 
aaNov. 1727; 
d. 14 Oct. 
1S03. See 
Table g, C3. 

A 16. Mar 
Duchess I 
Massa, Prii 
cess of Ca 
rara, b. s 
June „.. 
m, 16 Ap 
1741; d. a 
Dec, 1791 
See Table 1 

Hi. Francis I,, Emperor, 
King of Germany, etc., 
'745-'76S> *■ 8 Dec. 1708 ; 
d. 18 Aug. 1765. Same 


Ba. Maria Theresa, Queen 
of Hungary and Bohemia, 
Archduchess of Austria, 
1740-1780,^. 13 May 1717; 
vt. 12 Feb. 1736 ; a. 29 
Nov. 1780, Same as A14, 

B3. Hercules III., Duke = B4, Mary Theresa, Due B5, Victor AmadeusIII., 
of Modena, 1 780-1 801 ; ess of Ma.s!a, Princess Kingof Sardinia, Cyprus, 
and of the Brifgau, 1801- Carrara, i. 29 June 172 and Jerusalem, Duke of 
1803; *, 22 Nov. 1727; <f. ni. 16 Apr. 1741 ; d. Savoy, 1773-1796, b. 26 
14 Oct. 1803. Same as Dec. 1790. Same as Ai June 1726; a. 16 Oct. 
Ais. 1796. i"« Table 8, Di. 

B6. MaryAntoinetteFer- 
dinanda. Infanta of Spain, 
b. 17 Nov. 1729 ; m. 31 
May 1750: d. 19 Sept. 
1785. See Table 8, Dj. 

B7. Fer4inand (of Aus- 
tria), Dukfe of the Brisgau, 
1803-1805! and of Modena, 
1805-1806 [ (5. 1 June 1754; 
d. 24 Dec. 1806. See 
Table 9, Di. 

B8. Mary Beatrice Ric 
arda, Duchess of Modem 
and Massa, Princess o 
Carrara, i. 7 Apr. 1750 
fit. 15 Oct. 1771 ; d. 1. 
Nov. i8aQ. See Table 9 

I 1771 I 

Ci. Ferdinand (of Austria), Duke of the = Ca. Mary Beatrice Ricatda, Duchess cf 
Brisgau, 1803-1805; and Of Modena, 1805- Modena and Massa, Princess of Carrara, 
1806;*. I June 1754 : (f. 24 Dec. 1806; ;4tn, b. 7 Apr. 1750; m. 13 Oct. 1771;^. 
but 3rd surv., son. Same as B7. Nov. iBag. Same as F" 

C3. VICTOR I,, King of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland, 1819- 
i8a4; King of Sardinia, Cyprus, and 
Jerusalem, Duke of Savoy, 1802-1821 ; 
*. 24 July 1759 ; d,s.p.m, 10 Jan. 1824. 
See Tabic 8. 

Di. Francis IV., Duke 
Massa, Prince of Carrara, 
Oct. 1779; d. 21 Jan. 1846 

Seize Quartiers 



King of England, 

Scotland, etc., 


and of his BROTHER, 


C4. MAR^ THERESA Jane Josephine 
of Modena, Queek Consort, o. 1 Nov. 
1773; tft. ai Apr, 1789; rf. ag Mar. 1832; 
eldest child. See Table g. 

Modena : Da. MARY III., Queen of England, 

815-1846, 6 France, and Ireland, II. Queen of 

See Table Scotland, 1824-1840, b. 6 Dec. 1792 ; »t. 20 

June i8i2 ; d. 15 Sept. 1840, i5'«Table 10, 

FRANCIS I., 6. 1 June 1819; sue. his mother FERDINAND Victor {of Lorraine-Hapsburg-Este)', 
Sept. 1840, as de jure hereditaria King of Englai Archduke of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland; his father, ai Jj Prince of Modena, and by hereditary descent Prince 
1846, under the style of FRANCIS V., as Duke of England and Scotland, b. zo July 1821 ; d. 15 Dec. 
Modena.etc; andtheDuchessMary Louisa of Pani 1849. 
18 Dec. 1847, in the Duchy of Guastalla ; dispossess 
of his Italian states by the King of Sardinia, 18 M; 
i860 ; rf. zo Nov, 1875. 





)uke f 
)eux P° ' 

Nov. ;j^' 
u c. ■ ■ 

athei * 


ine of 



/. 3 ; 



-ike = Ai4, 

beth Ernest- 
ine, da. of 

Frederick I., 
Duke of 
Saxe - Hild- 
fi. 3 Aug. 
1713; »/. 15 
Feb. 1735 ; 
(/. 29 June 

(/. 21 
as B3, 


Prince = Ai6. Mary 
Albert ine. 
da. of Chris- 
tian Charles, 
Count of 
L i n a n ge- 
D a X b u r g- 
6. 16 Mar. 
d. II 
as B4. 


William of 

yr. son of 

A5, fi. 21 

July 1722 



wz. 16 


-harles. Grand 

Bi- lof Mecklenburg- 

Michae 1794-1816, 6. 

Field-. 1 741; sue. his 

Armies Adolphus Fred- 

ii. 15 A jis DuUe, 2 June 

issumed the title 

d Duke, 28 June 

. 6 Nov. 1816. 

B8. Princess Frederica 
of Hesse-Darmstadt, i. 
20 Aug. 1752 ; i/r. 18 Sept. 
1768 ; ti. 22 May 1782 ; 
eldest da. and co-h. to 
her brothers, ist wife, 
sister to C2. 

chess Charlotte of Mecklenburg- 
i. 17 Nov. 1769 ; j>!. 3 Sept. 1785 ; 
y 1818; eldest d . 





lian III., 
D 11 k c of 
OiiiiK Ponls, 

1733-1735. ^^ 

7 Nov. 167.) ; 
sue. his 
father as 
Count Pala- 
tini; of IJir- 
kcnfclcl, 26 
Apr. 1717; 
d. 3 ^'^^■ 

da, of Louis 
Crato, Count 
of Nassau- 
h. 12 Aug. 
1701; '«■ 
ar Sept. 
1 719; d. 25 
Mar. 1774. 

Charles £m- 
m a n a e 1 
A u g u s t us, 

Prince of 

K.G.F., b. 
2 Nov. 1694; 
d. 18 July 


Princess of 
Radzivil, in 

in right of 
her mother, 
da. and co. - 
h, of Charles 

Elector _ of 

h. 17 Mar. 
1693 ; m. 2 
May 1717 ; 
d. at Man- 

Bi. Duke Frederick 
Michael of Deux Fonts, 
Field - Marshal Imperial 
.'Vrmies, /'. 27 Feb. 1724 ; 
d. IS Aug. 1767 ; and son. 

746 t 

Ba. Frances of Soulz- 
bach, b. 16 June 7724 ; 
m, 6 Feb. 1746 ; d. 15 
Nov. 1794. 

VIII., Land- 
grave of 


1739-1768, L 

5 Apr. ifigi ; 
d. 17 Oct. 


Hanau, b 
2 May 1700 
III. 5 Apr 
1717 ; d. : 
July 1726. 

a. of tian Charli 
Reg- Rein hard, 
IL, Count of 
of Lina n gc- 

b. Daxburg- 

bourg), b. 4 
July 1695 ; 
d. (— ). 


Cbris-=A8. Ca A9. 


Ernest =Aic 

ine Po Frederick 
ena, di H-. Duke of 

Lew Saxc ■ Hild- 
Coun burghausen. 

Sola 1724-1745. <*■ 
Rodelb 17 Dec. 1707: 
b. 30 sue. h [ s 
1702 ; * fa ther, 9 
Nov. Mar. 1724 ; 
d. (— ). d. 13 Aug. 



Count of 
E rbac h- 

fi. 29 Sept. 

1700; m. 19 

July 1726; 

d. 7 May 


Augustus I,, 
Duke 01 

S a X e- 
Weimar, b. 

igApr. i688; 


I «735 
Sophia A13. D luce = Atj. Eli 
■lotte Charl.fs beth Erni 


da. of George 

Margrave of 
reuih, b. 27 
July 1713 ; 
m. 7 Apr. 
1734; ' 

Louis Frad- 
crick ol 

M e c k 1 e n- 
b, 23 Fab. 
1 708 ; rf. I 4 
June 1752. 



1 Ernesi- 

Frederick I., 
Duke of 
Saxe . Hild- 
b. 3 Aug. 
1713; *»• IS 
Feb. 1735 ; 
d, 39 June 

Prince = A 16. 

G e o r g e 
William of 
yr. son of 
As, b. 21 
July 1723 ; 
d, at June 
1782. Same 
as B3. 


L o u i s f 
A 1 b e r t i ne, 
dft. of Chris- 
tian Charles. 
Count o'r 



b. 16 Mar. 
«. 1 6 

(I. II Mar. 
1818. Same 
as B4. 


I 1748 

B3. Prince George WiU = B4, 
liam of Hesse-Darmstadt, 
b. 21 July 1722; d.' 21 
June 1782 : 2nd son. 
Same as A15. 

. _ Countess M 
Louisa Albertinc 
sheim, b. 16 Mar. 17 
7«. 16 Mar. 1748; d. 
Mar. i8i3. Same 

B5. Ernest 

Frederick = B6. 

III., Duke of Saxe-Hild- 
burghausen, 1745 ~ 1780, 
b. 10 June 1727 ; d, 23 
Sept. 1780. 

Duchess Ernestine 

Augusta Sophia of Saxe- 

Weimar, h. 4 Jan. 

m. I July 1758; 
Sept. 1780. 

B7. Charles, Grand 
Duke of Mecklenbure- 
Strelitz, 1794-1816, 2. 
to Oct. 1741 ; sue. his 
brother Adolphus Fred- 
>eric IV. as Duke, 2 June 
1794 ; assumed the title 
of Grand Duke, aS June 
1815; rfl 6 Nov. 1816. 


88. Princess Frederics 
of Hesse-Darmstadt, b. 
aoAug.1752; III. i8Sept. 
1768 ; d. 22 May 1782 ; 
eldest da. and co-h. to 
her brothers, ist wife, 
sister to Ca. 

1806-1825, b. 27 May 1756 ; 
brother Charles II. in Deux Pont; 

King of Bavaria, =02. 

Maximilian I, 


er Charles ll. in Deux Fonts, i Api 
79S, and his cousin, the Elector Charles 
Theodore, in the Palatinate and Bavaria, 
i5 Feb, 1799; assumed the title of King, 
I Jan. 1806; d. 13 Oct. 1825. 

Princess Augusta of Hesse-Darm- 

stadt, b, 14 Apr. 176s ; w. 30 Sept. 1785 ; 
d. 30 Mar. 1796; 4th and yst. da. and 
co-b. of her brothers. iSt wife, sister to 

I ■ »78S I 1 

C3. Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburg- = C4, Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg. 
hausen, 1780-1826, and of Saxe-Altenburg, Strelitz, i. 17 Nov. 1769 ; 7/f, 3 Sept, 1785 ; 
1826-1834; p- 29 Apr. 1763; received <f. 14 May 1818; eldest d . '* 

Altenhurg in exchange for Hildburg 
hausen, 1826; d. 2 Sept. 1834, 

Di. Louis I., King of Bavaria, 1825-1848, 6. 35 = Da- Princess Theresa Charlotte Louisa Frederica of Saxe- 

1786 ; abdicated 20 Mar. 1848 ; d. 29 Feb, 1868, 

No 13. 

Seize Quartiers of 


(ok Bavaria), 

Queen Consort of 


Altenbiirg, b. 8 July 1792 ; 

! Oct. 1810; d. 26 Oct. 

ADELGONDA Aue Charlotte Caroline Eliaa- 
beth Amelia Mary i Lonisa of Bavaria, Queen 
Consort, 1842-1875, »w QUEEN DOWAGER, 
b. at Wurzburg:, xg 5*3 ; m. at Munich, 30 Mar. 
1842, KING FRANI. Lady of thel Orders of 
Theresa and St.[Bllii etc. 





Ai. Francis = A2. M'^'^^lia, 

I., Emperor, 
King of Ger- 
many, etc., 

1745-1765, l-- 
8 Dec. 1708 ; 
d. 18 Aug. 
176s ; a Gt.- 


AND VI. See 
Bi, Table 12. 



Queen "\^PS 
Hung^ King 

Bohem^'' , °' 
Archducfy- ^- 24 
of Ausi 7^4; 
1740-178J i""« 
13 May I ^-27 
w. 12 1 '760 ; 

1736; Z-^^- 
Nov. i.-GT.- 

c NDDA. 

Table T^KING 

A 1 3. Freder- 
ic Eugene, 

1795 - 1797. 
o. 21 Jan. 
1732 ; sue. 
his brother, 
Duke Lewis 
Eugene, 20 
^lay 1795; d. 
23 Dec. 1797. 


= Ai4. Freder- 
ica Dorothy 
Sophia, da. 
of Frederic 

Margrave of 
Schwedt, Ik 
iS Dec. 1736; 
)>!. 29 Nov. 

1753 ; «'■ 9 
Mar. 1798 ; a 

D A. OF 


and also of 

his sister 



Ai5.Charles, = Ai6. Caro- 

Duke of Nas- 
sau - Weil- 
burg, 1753- 
1788, L 16 
Jan. 1735;^. 
28 Nov. 1788. 

ine, da. of 
William (of 
Orange) IV., 

of Holland 
by his wife 
Anne, da. 
of KING 
II.,etc.,<J. 28 
Feb. 1743 ; 
w. s Mar. 
1760 ; d. 6 
May 1787. 

Bi. Ferdinand (of ^\^^' 
tria), Duke of the Brisi-"^"]:- 
1803-1805; and of PS;^- 
dena, 1805-1806 ; 1. 1 j'' '^"^ 
1754 ; d. 24 Dec. 18 
3rd son. Same as A7. 

I «797 I 

B7. Duke Louis of Wur- = B8. Henrietta of Nassau- 
temberg,a Gen. in Russian I Weilburg, i. 22 Apr. 1780; 
Army, b. 30 Aug. 1756 ; d. j i?i. 28 Jan. 1797 ; d. 2 Jan.' 
20 Sept. 1817; 2nd son. 1857; 2nd wife. 

1819 I 

Ci. Frar .^'"'"'^^ = *-4- Mary Dorothy, Duchess of Wiirtem. 

Massa, .^'"^- °^ ^erg, /-. i Nov. 1797; m. 24 Aug. 1819; 

6 Oct. 3 Jan. d. 30 Mar. 1855 ; eldest da., 3rd wife. 
Table 11, 

f Austria, 
1831 ; «;., 

^ 1854, the 
I 1874, by 
14 Feb 

No. 14. 
Seize Quartieh 



Queen of EnglaI 

Scotland, etcI 

Whom God preseri 




Ai. FTancis= 

I.j Emperor, 
King of Ger- 
many, etc., 
17^5-1765, b. 
8 Dec 1708 ; 
il. J 8 Aug. 
1765 ; a Gt.- 


AND VI. Sec 

Ur, Table 12. 


Th _ , 

Queen of 



of Austria, 

13 May 171 7; 
w/. 12 Feb. 
1736; d. 29 
Nov. 1780. 
Set B2. 


A3. Hercules = A4, 
III., Diike - 
of Modena, 

and of the 

1801-1803; b. 
22 Nov. 1727; 
rf. 14 Oct. 
1803; a Gt.- 

CT.-GT. -GT,- 



through two 
lines. See 
B3, Table la. 

Duchess of 
Massa, Prin- 
cess of Car- 
rara, b, 29 
June 1725 ; 
6 Ap) 

174 1 

d. 26 


See B' 4, 

Table 12^ 

Bi. Ferdinand {of Aus- 
tria), Duke of ihe Brisgau, 
1803-1805; and of Mo- 
dena, 1805-1B06 ; b. I June 
1754 ; d. 24 Dec. 1806 ; 
3rd son. Same as A7, 

B2. Mary Beatrice Ric- 
arda, Duchess of Modena 
and Massa, Princess of 
Carrara, b. 7 Apr. 1750; 
m. 15 Oct. 1771 ; d. 14 
Nov. 1829. Same as A8. 


As. Victor =A6. Blary A7. Fcrdin- = A8. M: 

III., King 
of Sardinia, 
Cyprus, and 

Duke of Sa- 
voy, 1773- 
1796, b. 26 
June 1726 ; 
d. 16 Oct. 
1796 ; a Gt.- 
CT. -Grand- 
son OF 

I. See Bs, 
Table 12. 

Infanta of 

"da. of King 
Philip v., 
b. 17 Nov. 
1729; "'■ 31 
19 Sept. 1785. 
See B 6, 
Table 12. 

and (of Aus' 
the Brisgau, 
1803 - 1805 ; 
and of 
M.o d e n a, 
1805-1806; t. 
1 June 1754 ; 
d. 24 Dec. 
1S06 ; a Gt.- 

CT.-GT, -GT.- 

AND VI. See 
B7, Table 12. 

arda, Di 
ess of I 
dena : 
Massa, P 
cess of C 
rara,*. 7^ 
1750; m. 
Oct 1 77 1 
14 Nov. i! 
a Gt. - c 

GT, -GT.-t 


OF Ki: 


AND ^ 

through * 
BB, Table 

Ag. Francis = Aio. Mar y 

I.i Empi . 
King of Ger- 
many, etc., 
1745-1765, b. 
8 Dec 1708 ; 
d. 18 Aug, 
J765 ; a Gt.- 


Same as 

I 1789 I 

AfANUEL I., King of Jane Josephine, Quef 
England, Scotland, Consort, b. i Nov. 
France, and Ireland, m. 21 Apr. 1789; 
1819-1824; KingofSar- Mar, 183a. See C 
DiNiA, Cyprus, and Table la. 
Jerusalem, Duke of 
Savov, 1802-1821 ; b. 24 
Julyi7S9;(£.j./S,w/. lojan. 
1824. J«C3, Table la. 


Queen of 


of Austria , 
1740-1781, b. 
13 May 1717; 
nt. 12 Feh, 
1736 ; d. 29 
Nov. 1780. 
Same as Aa. 



, Charle5=Ai2 

HI., Duke 
of Parma, 
Naples and 
Sicily, 1734; 
and King of 
Spain, 1759- 
1788 ; b. 20 
Jan. 1716; d. 
13 Dec. 1788. 

Es. Leopold II. 

peror,-King of Germany, 
Hungary, Bohemi^, etc., 
Archduke of Austria, 
etc., 1790-1793; Grand 
Duke of Tuscany, 17(55- 
1^92 ; b. 5 May 1747 ; sue. 
his brother, Joseph II., 20 
Feb. 1790 ; d.x Mar. 1792 ; 
3rd, but and surv., son. 


Em- = B6. 

da. of 
IIL, King 
of Roland, 
Elector of 
Saxony, ^.24 
Nov. 1724 ; 
m. 19 June 
1738;! d. 27 
Sept. I 1760 ; 
a Gt.-gt.- 
GT. i gt.- 
of king 
and VI. 

Mary Louisa, In- 


Amelia, A13. Freder-=Ai4. Freder- 

1795 - 1797. 
b. 21 Jan. 
1732; sue. 
bis brother, 
Duke Lewis 
Eug&ne, 20 
May 1795; d. 
23 Dec. 1797. 

fanta of Spain, h. ?4 Ni 
1745; "'■ 5 Aug. 176s; d. 
18 May 1792 ; 51!!, ' 
eldest surv., da. 1 


ica Dorothy 
Sophia, da. 
of Frederic 

Margrave of 

Schwedt, b. 
18 Dec- 1736; 
wi, 39 Nov, 
1753; d 9 
Mar. 1798 ; a 

D a. op 

and also of 

his sister 

B7. Duke Louis of WOr- 
temberg,a Gen. in Russian 
Army, o, 30 Aug. 1756 ; d. 
20 Sept. T817; and son. 


Ai5.Charles, = Ai6. 

Duke of Nas- 
sau - Weil- 
burg, 1753- 
1788, h. 16 
Jan. 173s; rf. 


William (c 
Orange) IV 
of Hoi Ian 
by his wii 
Anne, di 
of KIN< 


II.,etc,i5. ! 
Feb. 174; 
m. 5 Ma' 
1760 ; d. 
May 1787. 

B8. Henrietta of Nassau' 
Weilburg, b. 22 Apt. 1780 
in. 28 Jan. 1797 ; d. 2 Jan, 
1857 ; and wife. 

Ci. Francis IV., Duke of Modena and = C2. MARY Beatrice III., Queen 

iMassa, Prince of Carrara, 1315-1846, b. 
6 Oct. 1779; d. 21 Jan. 1846.- See. 
, fable II. 

No. 14. 




Queen of England, 

Scotland, etc. 
Whom God piei^erve. 

England, France, and Ireland, 
II. Queen of Scotland, 1824-1840, 
b. 6 Dec. 1792 ; tn. 29 Jan. i3ia ; d. 15 
Sept. 1840. See Table 10. 

C3. Joseph, Archduke of Austria, I Prince 
of Hungary and Bohemia, Palatine of 
Hungary, 0. 9' Mar. 1776; d, 13 Jan. 
1847 ; 7tn, but 5th surv,; son. 


C4. Mary Dorothy, Duchess of WUrtem. 
berg, b. i Nov. 1797; fi- 24 Au^. 1819; 
d, 30 Mar. 1855 ; eldest da., 3rd wife. 

I ■ • :84? I 

Di. Ferdinand Victor, Prince of Great Britain and Irelar = Da. H.L and R.H. Elizabeth, Archduchess of Austria, 
Archduke of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohem Princess of Hungary and Bohemia, b. 17 Jan. '1831; »i,, 
Prince of Modena, etc., b. 20 July 1821 ; d, 15 Dec. 184 'st, at Scbcenbrunn, 4 Oct. 1847 ; 2ndly, 18 Apr, 1854, the 
>T. son. See Table 12. Archduke Charles Ferdinand, who d. 20 Nov. 1874, by 

whom she had further issue. She rf. at Vienna, 14 Feb 
1903- , 

Mary Theresa Henrietta DorotKof Lorralne-Hapsburgr-Este), Arch- 
duchess of Austria, Princess o'Jungary and3 Bohemia, Princess of 
Modena, Duchess of Massa, Prii^s of Carrara, who, but for the Act of 
Settlement of 1707, would now ; reigning as MARY IV., Queen of 
England, France, and Ireland, id MARY III., Queen of Scotland, 
and who is also by descent Queerf Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia— 
b. at Brunn, z July 1849; m. at'ienna, ao Feb. 1868, H.R.H. Princa 
Louis of Bavaria ; sue. her uncle>ing Francis, 20 Nov. 1875 ; only child. 
Heir of line of KING CHARLE;., of King Henry VII. the first of the 
Tudors, of King Henry M. the firpf the Plantagenets, of King Robert 
the Bruce, etc., being descende^rom the Martyr King through one 
line, and from KING JAMES land VI. through twelve. She also 
unites in her person the represeation of both the Sovereign lines of 
the Duchy of Brittany, of the Ral Houses of Savoy and Lusignan, 
the Princely House of Este, etc. 





X746 1768 
Duke = A2. Frances,'- = Ai2- ^aro- 
line, da. of 


Michael of 
Deux Fonts, 
Field - Mar- 
shal Imperial 
Armies, b. 27 
Feb. 1724 ; 

d. 15 


da. of Joseph 
Emmanuel, >i 
Hereditary ' i 
Prince o fS 
15 June 1724] ; 
" FebvS 

}n. 6 


d. 1 40 


13- 1- 

the Emperor 
Francis I., a 
GT. -Grand- 
da. OF 
AND VI. {see 
Ai, Table 

14). ^- 13 
Aug. 1752 ; 
m. 12 May 
1768 ; d. 8 
Sept. 1814. 


eric Christ- 
ian, Elector 
of Saxony, 
1763-1763, a 
GT. -Grand- 
son OK 

AND VI., /'. 

S Sept. 1722 ; 
sue. his 
father, 5 Oct. 
1763; d. 17 
Dec. follow- 


Fred- = Ai4. Mary 
da. of 
Elector of 
Bavaria, a 
GT. -Grand- 
da. OF 
and VI., b. 
18 July 1724; 
;«. 20 June 
1747; d. 23 
Apr. 17S0. 


Ais. Ferdin- = Ai6. Amelia, 

and, Duke 
of Parma, 
1765-1801, a 


I., b. 20 Jan. 
1751 ; ii. 8 
Oct. 1802, 
his states 
having been 
annexed to 
France, 21 
Mar. 1801. 

da. of the 
Francis 1., a 
GT. -Grand- 
da. OF 
AND VI. {sec 
Ai, Table 
14), b. 27 
Feb. 1746 ; 
m. ig July 
1769 ; d. 18 
June 1804. 

Bi. Maximilian I., King 
of Bavaria, 1806-1825, b. 
27 May 1756; sue. his 
brother, Charles II., in 
Deux Fonts, i Apr. 1795 ; 
his cousin, Charles Theo- 
dore, in the Electorate 
of the Palatinate and 
Bavaria, 16 Feb. 1799 ; 
assumed the title of King, 
I Jan. 1806; d. 13 Oct. 
1825. .y^e Ci, Table 13. 

Ci. Louis I. 


a Amelia of the 

lies, b. 27 July 

19 Sept. 1790 ; 

ept. i8o2 ; ist 

B7. Maximilian of Sax- 
ony, 1^. 13 Apr. 1759 ; heir 
to his brother, King 
Anthony, but renounced 
the succession, 13 Sept. 
1830; d. 3 Jan. 1838 ; 5th 


B8. Caroline of Parma, 
b. 22 Nov. 1770; »«. 9 
May 1792 ; d. i Mar. 
1804; ist wife. 


jjDuke of Tuscany, = C4 

/'. 25 Aug. i'7S637; abdicated, 
U. 29 Feb. 1868/° ; «'dest son. 

Mary Anne of Saxony, /5. 15 Nov. 

1799; tn. 16 Nov. 1817; d. 24 Mar. 1832 ; 
3rd da., ist wife. 

•ly, Archduchess of 

ohemia, /'. i Apr. 

26 Apr. 1864 ; 2nd 

No. 15. 

Seize Quartieks of 



OF Bavakia, K.G.F., 

Prince Consort. 




Michael of 
iJcuK Ponl.s, 
Field - Mar- 
shal Imperial 
Armies, b. s? 
Feb. 1724 ; 
d. 15 Aug. 
1767, Sec 
Hi, Table 


da, of Joseph 
Prince of 
m. 6 Feb. 
1746; tf. 15 
Nov. 1794. 
See Bz, 
Table 13. 

Prince=A4. Mary 


G c o r B <: 

William of 





d. : 

ian Charles, 
Count of 
D axburg- 

16 Mai 


III., Duke 
of Saxe- 
b a u 5 e n, 
1745 - 1780, 
i). 10 June 
1727 ; d. 22 
Sept. 1780. 


18 18. See 
A16, Table 

A6. Ernest- 
ine Augusta 
Sophia, da. 
of Ernest 
Augustus I., 
Duke of 

i. 4 Jan. 
1740; m, I 
July 1753 ; 
a. 10 June 
1^85; 3rd 

A7, Charles, 
Grand Duke 
of Meckjen- 

S t r e 1 i t z, 


1794 - 


Adol phus 
2 June 1794; 
assumed the 
1 1 I ! e of 
Grand Duke, 
d. 6 Nov. 
1816. See 
B7, Table 

:A8. Fr - 

da. of Pri ; 
G e o r : 
Will i.i 
of Hes- 



Sept. 17; 


Bi. Maximilian I., King 
of Bavaria, 1806-1825, /'. 
:.-7 May 1756; .sue. his 
Krother, Charles II., in 
i Icux Fonts, I Apr. 1795 ; 
Ills cousin, Chailes Theo- 
dore, in the Electorate 
of the Palatinate and 
Bavaria, 16 Feb. 1799; 
assumed the title of King, 
I Jan. 1806; d, 13 Oct. 
1835, 5"«Ci, Table 13. 


Augusta of Hesse- 
Darmstadt, b, 14 Apr. 
1765 ; )it. 30 Sept. 17G5 ; 
d. 30 Mar. 1796; 4th and 
yst. da. and co-h. to her 
brothers; ist wife. See 
C2, Table 13. 

I 178s 

B3. Frederick, Dake of = B4. 
Saxe • Hildburghausen, 
1780 -1826, and Saxe- 
Altenburg, 1826 - 1834 ; 
b. 29 Apr. 1763 ; d. 29 
Sept. 1834. See C3, 
Tatic 13. 

Charlotte of Mec 
lenburg - Strelitz, b. 
Nov. 1769 ; m. 3 'Sep 
1785; d. 14 May iSiI 
eldest da. SecC^, Tab 

Ci. Louis I., King of Bavaria, i825-rB 
b. 25 Aug, 1786; abdicated, 20 Mar. i3 
d. 29 Feb. 1868. Sec Dr, Table 13. 

Ca. Theresa Charlotte Louisa Frederica 

Amelia of Saxe-Altenburg, b, 8 July 1792; 
m. 12 Oct. 1810; d. 26 Oct. 1854, See 
Da, Table 13- 

Aq. Leopold = Aio. Mary 
II., Emper- Louisa, 



Archduke_ of 
A u s t r i a, 
1790 - 1792 ; 
Grand Duke 
of Tuscany, 

.765 - 1792 ; 

o, s May 
1747 ; d. 1 
Mar. 1792 ; 
a Gt. - GT.- 
GT. ■ G T.- 
Grand SON 
See Es, 
Table 14. 

Spain, da. of 
Charles III., 
King of 
Spain, b. 24 
Nov. 1745; 
»i. 5 Aug. 
1765; ^- 18 
May 1 792 ; 
a Gt. ■ GT.- 

G R A N D D A. 



See B 6, 
Table 14, 

. Ferdin-=^i3, 
id IV., 

of Naples, 
1759- 1806; 
III, Kink 
of Siciljf, 
1759- 1815!; 
and I. King 
of the Twto 
J815- 1825; 
b. 12 Jait. 
1751; d. -4 
Jan. 1825. I 

line, da. of 
the Emperor 
Francis I., a 
GT. - Grand- 
da. OF 
AND VI. (see 
Ai, Table 
14), 6. 13 
Aug. 1752 ; 
m, 12 May 

A13. Frcd-=Ai4. 
eric Christ- 
ian, Elector 
of Saxony, 
1763-1763, a 
GT. -Grand- 
son OK 
K I N G 

AND VI., /'. 

5 Sept, 1722 ; 
sue, his 
father, 5 Oct. 
1763; d. 17 
Dec. follow- 


da. of 
Elector of 
Bavaria, a 
GT, -Grand- 
■DA. OF 

AND VI., b. 
in. 20 June 
1747; a. 23 
Apr. 1780, 



Aig. Ferdin- = Ai6. Am 
and, Duke 
of Parma, 
1765-1801, a 


I,, b. 30 Jan. 

1 75 1 



his states 
having been 
annexed to 
France, ai 
Mar. 1801, 

E m p e 
K I N 


Ai, T 

1769 ; (i 
June i8c 

B5. - Ferdinand 
Grand T)uke of T;uscany, 
1^92-1801, and 1814-1824; 
Elector of Salzburg, 1802- 
1805; Elector and Grand 
Duke of Wurzburg, 1805- 
.1S14; b. 6 May 1769; d. 
18 June 1824 ; znd son. 

Two Sic3ies, b, 27 July 
1773; fa. ig Sept. 1790; 
d. 19 Sept. 1802; 1st 
wife. ' 

B7. Maximilian of Sax- 
ony, b. 13 Apr. 1759 ; heir 
to his brother, King 
Anthony, but renounced 
the succession, 13 Sept. 
1830; d. 3 Jan. 1838; 5tTi 

B8. Caroline of Pat 
b. 22 Nov, 1770; ti 
May 1792 ; rf. I r 
1804 ; ist wife. 

C3. Leopold II., Grand Duke of Tuscany, 
1824-1859, b. 3 Oct. i7d7 ; abdicated, 2 
July 1859 ; d. 29 Jan, 1870 ; eldest son. 


C4. Mary Anne of Saxony, b. 13 Nov, 
1799 ; M. 16 Nov. 1817 ; d. 24 Mar. 183a ; 
3rd da., ist wife. 

No. 15. 

Seize Quartieks of 



OP Bavauia, K.G.F., 

Prince Consort, 

844 I 

Di. Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, i. at Wurzbu= D2. H.I. and R.H. Augusta of Tuscany, Archduchess of 
2 Mar. 1821 ; Regent for his cousin. King Otho, 10 Ji Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bbhemia, b. i Apr. 

1835; m. at Florence, 15 Apr, 1644; <f. 26 Apr, 1861: 2nd 
and only surviving child of ist wife. 

H,R.H. LOUIS of lavaria, Prince Consort, 
K,G.F., K.H,B„ K.B. etc.. Field-Marshal of the 
Bavarian Armies, deeded from King Charles I. 
through one line, ancim King James I, and VI. 
through seven, as sho ibove, b. at Munich, 7 Jan. 
1845; m. at Vienna, Feb. 1868, Her Majesty 


IT) in M in in 

' \o in in in t^ in t^ a\ r^co m*o rs.oD in^o vo m-o rr o c^ iri\o 


^ . M . fn . f, M N N ro • ^ m 

ro ■ N CO 


aabie sbovoim tbe ©aternal IRationalitig of eacb ot tbe Sijteen Hncestors of tb. 
Successive Sovereigns of BnglanO anO of tbeir Consorts since 1154 


Henry 11-, 1154-1189 
Eleanor of Aquitaine, 1154-1204 
Henry the Yr., 1170-1183 
Margaret of France, 1170-1197 
Richard I., 1189-1199 . 
Berengaria of Navarre, 1191-^- 1234 
John, 1199-1216 
Isabel of Gloucester, 1199-1200 
Isabel of AngoulSme, i2oo-c. 1245 
Henry HI., 1216-1272 . 
Eleanor of Provence, 1236-1291 
Edward I., 1272-1307 . . _ 
Eleanor of Castile, 1272-1290 . 
Margaret of France, 1299-1317 
Edward II., 1307-1327 . 
Isabel of France, 1308-1358 . 
Edward III., 1327-1377 . 
Philippa of Hainault, 1328-1369 
Richard II., 1377-1399 ■ 
Anne of Bohemia, 1382-1394 • 
Isabel of France, 1396-1409 

Henry IV., 1390-1413 . 

Lady Mary de Bohun, 1/. 1304 
Jane of Navarre, 1403-1437 ■ 

Henry v., 1413-1422 

Katherine of France, 1420-1437 

Henry VI., 1422-1461 and 1470-147 

Margaret of Anjou, 1445-1482 

Edward IV,, 1461-1470 and 1471- 

Elizabeth Wydville, 1464-1492 

Edward V,, 1483- 1483 . 

Richard III., 1483-1.485 . 

Lady Anne Nevill, 14B3-1485 . 

Henr>- VII., 1485-1509 . 

Elizabeth of York, 1486-1503 . 

Henry VIII, , 1500-1547 . 

(-atiietuie nuiward, 1540-1541; - 

Catherine Parr, 1543-1548 

Edward VI., 1547-1533 . 

Jane, iS53-'553 • 

Lord Guilford Dudley, 1553 - 

Marj-I., 1553-1558. 

Philip of Spain, 1554-1558 

Elizabeth, 1558-1603 

Mary II., Queen of Scots, ,1558-1587 

James I. and VI., 1587-1603-1625 

Anne of Denmark, 1603-1619 . 

Charles I., 1625-1649 . ' . 

Henrietta Mary of France, 1625-1669 

Charles II., 1649-1685 


Catherine of Bragai 
James II. and VII., 


, _-. .-1589-1701 
Lady Anne Hyde . 
Mary of Modena, 1685-1718 . 
Mary (II.), 1689-1694 
William III., 1689-1702 . 
Jamea III. and VIII., 1701-1766 
Clementina of Poland, 1719-1735 
Anne, 1702-1714 
George of Denmark, 1702-1708 
George I., 1714-1727 
Sophia Dorothy of Zelle, 1714-1726 
George II., 1727-1760 
. Caroline of Brandenburg, 1727-1737 
George III., 1760-1830 . 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg, 1761-181B 
Charles HI., 1766-1788 . 
Louisa of Stolberg, 1772-1824 . 
Henry IX., 1788-1807 
Charles IV., 1807-1819 . 
Clotilda of France . 
Victor I., 1819-1824 
Mary Theresa of Modena, 1810-18^2 
George IV.. 1820-1830 . 
Caroline of Brunswick, 1820-1321 
Mary HI. and II., 1824-1840 . 
Francis IV. of Modena, 1824-1846 
William IV., 1830-183;; . 
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, 1830-1 
Victoria, 1837-1901 .... 
Albert of Saxe-Coburg, 1B40-1861 
Francis I., 1840-187^ 
Adelgonda of Bavaria, 1842 . 
Mary IV. and III., ^875 
Louts of Bavaria, 1873 , 
tJdward VII., 1901 . 
Alexandra of Denmark, 1901 . 


Ube Xeoitimist 1kalen&av for 1910 103 

Docuntcnte relattno to tbc Succcaeion 

The following are copies of six original documenls intimately affecting the 
history of this country and the succession of the throne. The first is the 
text of that famous Declaration of Indulgence, which cost King James II. 
and VII. the throne ; the next four are protests of this king and of three of 
his excluded successors ; and the sixth is that of Anne, Duchess of Savoy 
(afterwards Queen of Sardinia), the daughter of the Princess Henrietta 
Anne, Duchess of Orleans and grand-daughter of King Charles I., against 
the Act of Settlement. This protest was read in the House of Lords on 
the passing of that Act, and is of special importance, for it is often sought 
mischievously, in the history books, to slur over the fact that, after the 
extinction of King James II. and VII. 's descendants, the crown passed 
by right to those of his sister the Princess Henrietta Anne. That they 
were aware of this reversionary right so far back as 1701 is amply proved 
by the protest here given. 


PIis Majesty's Gracious Declaration 

James R. 

Our Conduct has been such at all times as ought to have persuaded the 
world that We are firm and constant to Our Resolutions, yet that easy People 
may not be abused by the malice of crafty wicked men. We think fit to declare, 
That Our Intentions are not changed since the Fourth of April, 1687, when 
We issued out Our Declaration for Liberty of Conscience in the following 

His Majesty's Gracious Declaration to all His Loving Subjects 
FOR Liberty of Conscience 

James R. 

It having pleased Almighty God not only to bring Us to the Imperial 
Crown of these Kingdoms through the greatest difficulties, but to preserve Us 
by a more than ordinary Providence upon the Throne of Our Royal Ancestors, 
There is nothing now that We so earnestly desire as to Establish Our Govern- 
ment upon such a Foundation as may make Our Subjects happy, and unite 
them to Us by Inclination as well as Duty ; Which We think can be done by 
no Means so effectually, as by Granting to them the free Exercise of their 
Religion for the Time to come, and add that to the perfect Enjoyment of their 
Property, which has never been in any Case Invaded by Us since Our coming 
to the Crown ; which being the two Things Men value most, shall ever be 
preserved in these Kingdoms during Our Reign over them, as the truest 
methods of their Peace and Our Glorj'. We cannot but heartily wish, as it 
will easily be believed, That all the People of Our Dominions were members 
of the Catholick Church, yet We humbly thank GoD, it is, and hath of long 
time been Our constant Sense and Opinion (\vhich upon divers Occasions We 
have declared) That Conscience ought not to be constrained, nor People forced 
on matters of mere Religion : It has ever been directly contrary to Our Inclina- 
tion, as We think it is to the Interest of Government which it destroys by 

I04 TTbe Xeoitimist 1kalenC>ar tor 191° 

Spoiling Trade, Depopulating Countries, and Discouraging Strangers ; and 
finally that it never obtained the End for which it was employed : and in this 
We are the more confirmed by the Reflections We have made upon the conduct 
of the Four last Reigns. For after all the frequent and pressing Endeavours 
that were used in each of them to reduce the Kingdom to an exact Conformity 
in Religion, it is visible the Success has not answered the Design, and that 
the Difficulty is invincible. We therefore out of Our Princely Care and 
Affection unto all Our Loving Subjects that they may live at Ease and Quiet 
and for the increase of Trade and encouragement of Strangers, have thought 
fit by virtue of Our Royal Prerogative to Issue forth this Our Declaration of 
Indulgence : making no doubt of the Concurrence of Our Two Houses of 
Parliament when We shall think it convenient for them to meet. 

In the first Place We do Declare, That We will Protect and Maintain the 
Archbishops, Bishops, and Clergy, and all other Our Subjects of the Church 
of England, in the free Exercise of their Religion, as by Law Established, and 
in the quiet and full Enjoyment of all their Possessions, without any Molesta- 
tion or Disturbance whatsoever. 

We do likewise Declare, That it is Our Royal Will and Pleasure, That 
from henceforth the Execution of all and all manner of Penal Laws in Matters 
Ecclesiastical, for not coming to Church, or not Receiving the Sacrament, or 
for any other Nonconformity to the Religion Established, or for or by reason 
of the Exercise of Religion in any manner whatsoever, be immediately Sus- 
pended ; and the further Execution of the said Penal Laws and every of them 
is hereby Suspended. 

And to the end that by the Liberty hereby granted, the Peace and Security 
of Our Government in the Practice thereof may not be endangered, We have 
thought fit, and do hereby straitly Charge and Command all Our Loving 
Subjects, That as We do freely give them Leave to Meet and Serve GoD 
after their own Way and Manner, be it in Private Houses or in Places pur- 
posely Hired or Built for that use ; so that they take especial care, that 
nothing be Preached or Taught amongst them which may any ways tend to 
Alienate the Hearts of Our People from Us or Our Government ; And that 
their Meetings and Assemblies be peaceably, openly, and publickly held, and 
all Persons freely admitted to them ; And that they do signify and make 
known to some one or more of the next Justices of the Peace, what Place or 
Places they set apart for those uses. 

And that all Our Subjects may enjoy such their Religious Assemblies with 
Greater Assurance and Protection, We have thought it requisite, and do hereby 
Command, That no Disturbance of any Kind be made or given unto them, 
under Pain of Our Displeasure, and to be further proceeded against with the 
uttermost severity. 

And forasmuch as We are desirous to have the Benefit of the Services of all 
Our Loving Subjects, which by the Law of Nature is inseparably annexed to, 
and inherent in. Our Royal Person ; And that none of Our Subjects may for 
the future be under any Discouragement or Disability (who are otherwise well 
inclined and fit to serve Us) by Reason of some Oaths or Tests, that have been 
usually Administered on such Occasions ; We do hereby further Declare, That 
it is Our Royal Will and Pleasure, That the Oaths commonly called, Tki 
Oaths of Slip re mac y and Allegiance, and also the several Tests and Declarations 
mentioned in the Acts of Parliament made in the 25th and 30th Years of the 
Reign of Our late Royal Brother King Charles the Second, shall not at any 
time hereafter be required to be taken, Declared, or Subscribed by any Person 
or Persons whatsoever, who is or shall be Employed in any Office or Place 
of Trust either Civil or Military, under Us or under Our Government. And 

Ube Xegttimist IkalenDar for 1910 105 

We do further Declare it to be Our Pleasure and Intention from time to time 
hereafter, to grant Our Royal Dispensations under Our Great Seal to all Our 
Loving Subjects so to be Employed, who shall not take the said Oaths, or 
Subscribe or Declare the said Tests or Declarations in the above-mentioned 
Acts and every of them. 

And to the end that all Our Loving Subjects may receive and enjoy the full 
Benefit and Advantage of Our Gracious Indulgence hereby intended, and may 
be Acquitted and Discharged from all Pains, Penalties, Forfeitures and Dis- 
abilities by them or any of them incurred or forfeited, or which they shall or 
may at any time hereafter be liable to, for or by reason of their Nonconformity, 
or the Exercise of their Religion, and from all Suits, Troubles, or Disturbances 
for the same ; We do hereby give Our Free and Ample Pardon unto all Non- 
conformists, Recusants, and other Our Loving Subjects, for all Crimes and 
Things by them committed or done contrary to the Penal Laws formerly made 
relating to Religion and the Profession or Exercise thereof. Hereby Declaring, 
That this Our Royal Pardon and Indemnity shall be as Good and Effectual 
to all Intents and Purposes, as if every Individual Person had been therein 
particularly named, or had particular Pardons under Our Great Seal, which We 
do likewise Declare shall from time to time be Granted unto any Person or 
Persons desiring the same : Willing and Requiring Our Judges, Justices, and 
other Officers, to take Notice of and Obey Our Royal Will and Pleasure herein 
before Declared. 

And although the Freedom and Assurance We have hereby given in relation 
to Religion and Property might be sufficient to remove from the Minds of Our 
Loving Subjects all Fears and Jealousies in relation to either ; yet We have 
thought fit further to Declare, That We will Maintain them in all their Pro- 
perties and Possessions, as well of Church and Abbey-Lands, as in any other 
their Lands and Properties whatsoever. 

Given at Our Court at Whitehall, the Fourth Day of K^xW, 1687. In the 
Third Year of Our Reign. 

Ever since We granted this Indulgence, We have made it Our principal 
Care to see it preserved without distinction ; as We are encouraged to do so 
daily by Multitudes of Addresses and many other Assurances We receive from 
Our Subjects of all Persuasions, as Testimonies of their Satisfaction and Duty ; 
the Effects of which We doubt not but that the next Parliament will plainly 
shew, and that it will not be in vain that We have resolved to use Our utter- 
most endeavours to Establish Liberty of Conscience on such just and equal 
Foundations, as will render it unalterable and secure to all People the free 
Exercise of their Religion for ever ; by which future Ages may reap the benefit 
of what is so undoubtedly for the general Good of the whole Kingdom. It is 
such a Security We desire without the burthen and constraint of Oaths and 
Tests, which has been unhappily made by some Governments, but could never 
support any, nor should men be advanced by such means to Offices and Employ- 
ments, which ought to be the Reward of Services, Fidelity, and Merit. We 
must conclude. That not only good Christians will join in this, but whoever is 
concerned for the increase of the Wealth and Power of this Nation. It would, 
perhaps, prejudice some of Our Neighbours who might lose part of those vast 
Advantages they now enjoy, if Liberty of Conscience were settled in these 
Kingdoms, which are above all others most capable of Improvements and of 
commanding the Trade of the world : In pursuance of this great work. We 
have been forced to make many changes both of Civil and Military Officers 
throughout Our Dominions, not thinking any ought to be employed in Our 
Service, who will not contribute towards the establishing the Peace and Great- 

io6 Zbc Xeoitimtst 1kalen&ar tor 1910 

ness of their Country, which We most earnestly desire, as unbiassed Men may 
see by the whole Conduct of Our Government and by the Condition of Our 
Fleet, and of Our Armies, which with good Management shall be constantly 
the same, and greater, if the Safety or Honour of the Nation require it. We 
reconunend these considerations to all Our Subjects, and that they will reflect 
on their present Ease and Happiness, how for above Three Years that it hath 
pleased GoD to permit Us to Reign over these Kingdoms, We have not 
appeared to be that Prince Our Enemies would have made the World afraid 
of. Our chief Aim having been not to be the Oppressor, but the Father of Our 
People ; of which We can give them no better Evidence than by Conjuring 
them to lay aside all private Animosities as well as groundless Jealousies and 
to choose such Members of Parliament as may do their part to finish what 
We have begun for the Advantage of the Monarchy, over which Almighty 
God hath placed Us, being resolved to call a Parliament that shall meet in 
November next, at furthest. 

Given at Our Court at Whitehall, the Twenty-Seventh Day ^ April, l6SS. 
In the Fourth Year of Our Reign. 


James, by the Grace of God King of England, etc., to all Princes, 

Potentates, etc. 

After so long and ruinous a war to Christendom, being convinced that all 
the contending parties are disposed to peace, and even on the point of con- 
cluding it, without our participation, we think it requisite in this conjuncture, 
to make use of the only means remaining in our Power to assert our undoubted 
right by a Solemn Protestation against whatever may be done to our prejudice. 

It is not our design to enter into a discussion of what is past, since the 
notoriety of what has happened to us had rendered it unnecessary, nor can we 
suppose, that any one can doubt of the justice of our cause ; the condition we 
are reduced to since the Prince of Orange got possession of our Kingdoms is 
not our only trouble, for such is our unalterable love to our people, that we 
cannot without sorrow see their blood and treasure lavished in so unjustifiable 
a cause, nor can we but further reflect, that if any peace be made in our wrong, 
that they must become a prey to foreigners, for to such they must be subject 
while this usurpation lasts ; we are likewise sensibly concerned not to have 
been in a condition of pursuing our inclinations and interest in preserving the 
peace of Christendom, and preventing the many unavoidable mischiefs of war ; 
and whereas it was maliciously pretended by our enemies, that we had made a 
Secret League with France, we declare on the word of a King we never made 
any League with that Crown, much less against the King's Confederates in 
this war. 

We desire those Princes will weigh how dangerous the precedent they make 
may prove to themselves, and since ours is the common cause of all Sovereigns, 
we call for their assistance in the recovery of our Kingdoms : let them reflect 
how glorious such a resolution would be, and how suitable to the true interest 
of those who are born to govern, let them judge whether the former Treaties 
(which we offer to renew with them) will not prove more lasting ; and whether 
the peace now treated of, will not be better secured by our guarantee, than if 
they accept of the like offers from a Prince, who has neither title nor succession. 

Ube Xeaitimfst Iftalenbar tor 1910 107 

for should we have Children hereafter, they stand excluded from the immediate 
Claim to those Crowns even by the pretended present settlement made since 
his Usurpation ; but since we perceive the Confederate Potentates insist to 
have that Usurpation made as a ground of a future peace, we find ourselves 
obliged not to let our silence be interpreted as a tacit acquiescence, to what may 
be concluded in prejudice of us or our Lawful heirs. 

We therefore Solemnly protest (and in the strongest manner we are able) 
against all whatsoever may be treated of, regulated, or stipulated with the 
Usurper of our Kingdoms, as being null by default of a Lawful Authority. 

We protest in particular against all Treaties of Alliance, confederation and 
commerce, made with England since the Usurpation, as being null by the same 
want of authority, and consequently incapable of binding us, our lawful heirs, 
Successors, or Subjects. 

We further protest in general, against all Acts whatsoever that pretend to 
confirm, authorise, or approve directly or indirectly the Usurpation of the 
Prince of Orange, against all the proceedings of his pretended Parliaments and 
whatever tends to the subversion of the fundamental Laws of our Kingdom, 
particularly those relating to the Succession to our Crowns. 

We protest likewise and declare, that no omission or defect in forms are, 
or can be of prejudice to us, our lawful heirs. Crowns, or Subjects, reserving 
and asserting by these presents under our great seal all our rights, and claims 
which remain, and shall remain in their full force, and no extremity shall 
oblige us to renounce or compromise. 

To conclude, we protest that after this we shall not think ourselves an- 
swerable before God or men, for the ill consequences, the injustices already 
done, or hereafter may be done to us, will draw on our Kingdoms and all 

GIVEN, etc., the 8th June, 1697. 


Manifesto. James IIL, ey the Grace of God King of Great 
Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc. 
To ALL Kings, Princes, and Potentates ; and to all Our 


In the conjuncture equally extraordinary and important, where Our here- 
ditary Right to the Crown of England is most unjustly violated, and in which 
the Sovereign Princes of Europe are also so strongly interested ; We could not 
remain silent, without failing in Our duty both to Ourself and to those whom 
it concerns. 

It is known to every one that by the Revolution of 1688 the English 
Monarchy was overthrown, and that by it a commencement was made to lay 
the foundations of a Republican government by means of the attribution to 
themselves of the sovereign power by the people, when they, assembled 
together without any authority, pretended to constitute themselves into a 
Parliament, and arrogated to themselves the right to depose and to elect their 
Kings, against the fundamental laws of the country, in despite of the most solemn 
Oaths by which Christians are capable of being bound. It also cannot be ignored 
that the late King our Father of glorious memory suffered by this most unjust 
and violent revolution. After his'STeath the succession to the Crown that the 
Prince of Orange had usurped passed legitimately to Us according to the 

i ! I 


io8 xrbe Xeottimtst Ifialenbar tor 191° 

fundamental Laws of the State. We claimed Our Rights by Our Declaration, 
sealed with Our Seal, dated the 8th October, 1701 ; and as soon as it shall 
please the Divine Providence to place Us in a position to undertake their 
recovery, We shall use all diligence and just efforts that nothing shall be 
wanting on Our part, so that no one shall be able to impute to Us the bad 
success of this expedition. 

After having been apprised that a Peace was being negociated, and that in 
the Treaty which was on the point of being concluded, no respect had been 
paid to Our Rights, We published Our Protestation from Saint German-en- 
Laye, dated the 25th April, 1712, in the most solemn and the most authentic 
manner that the state in which We were then placed permitted to Us, sustain- 
ing Our incontestable Right to Our Crowns, and protesting against all to Our 
Prejudice stipulated in the said Treaty. 

Although since that time We have been obliged to quit France, and to retire 
into a more distant country. We have not lost sight of Our Kingdoms and our 
Peoples, persuaded that sooner or later it will please God to render justice to 
Us and to recall Our subjects to the obedience which they owe to Us, and to re- 
establish Us upon the Throne of Our Fathers ; and We have not ceased to 
hope that, in spite of the revolt declared by some and the forced engagements 
of others, the God of Lights will open their eyes, and will convince them, not 
only of the evident injustice which is done to Us and to the Crown, but also of 
■ I* •■ 'j ' ' the dangerous consequences which will result against themselves. It is not j 

fU.' ^ ^, Our interest only which makes Us act thus ; the natural and unutterable love fr^-* 
*-4( Cm*" '* which We have for Our People is such, that as We cannot see without sorrow " 1 
*>€^T their blood and their treasures squandered in the last war in opposition to Our 

y^ indubitable Right ; so also We cannot but resent with extreme affliction their 

being liable to be subjected to an arbitrary power, and to become the prey of 

Moreove)-, the Elector of Briinsivick is one of the most distant of all Our 
Relations, a7id consequently one of the last of those ivho can after Us lay claim 
to Our Crotvns. Besides, it is evident that nothing is more contrary to the 
maxims of England than to have established with so much injustice the Suc- 
cession in the House of a Prince who is a foreigner, so powerful and absolute 
in his States that he has never experienced the least contradiction on the part 
of his subjects ; a Prince who has no knowledge of our laws, our customs, 
our manners, our language ; moreover, who is sustained by a numerous army 
of his own subjects, supported by the assistance which a neighbouring State 
is obliged to give him when he is in need of it ; and favoured by several thou- 
sands of strangers, refugees in England, for more than thirt}' years, who will 
be devoted to him on all occasions. 

Moreover, what can Our Subjects have to face but Wars and infinite 

Divisions which will necessa)-ily follow the reversal of a Law so Sacred and 

so Fundamental as that of hereditary Right, which, up to this time, has 

always been maintained against the like usurpations even when they have 

had the greatest success ; however long they may have lasted, the government 

could not remain in tranquillity until it had been replaced itpon its ancient and 

solid foundation. 

. It is also necessary to consider the great number of lliose whose Rights 

fL^pji 'ifter Us, and before the House of Hanover are as clear and also as unques- 

Aj* ^.^ lionable as Our Own. Ought it not to be borne in mind that they lack neither 

' "^ the will nor the power to assert their Rights each in his turn, and to sustain 

an eternal war against Our Kingdoms, which would unfailingly be accompanied 

by Civil War which will be the inevitable consequence of the intestine 

divisions which disturb them. 


ITbe Xeoitfmist IRalen^ar for 191° 109 

Nothing then is more evident than that our People will never know the 
enjoyment of lasting peace and happiness until the re-establishment of the 
Succession in the direct line by recalling Us, the immediate and Legitimate 
heir, and the sole Englishman by birth remaining in the Royal Family, It t , 
is for this that We have waited, because it is the true interest of Great Britain ; / 

and We have had reason to hope that a Nation, which wants neither wisdom ,-,' ^ 

nor prudence, would provide itself with so good an opportunity for its security , / ,7 

as Our Restoration, which We prefer to owe to its good will, rather than to 
the consequence of a war for which the justice of Our Cause would not be 
able to console Us because of the sorrows it would inflict on Our Kingdoms. • 

But why risk all these troubles when it is known, or at least to the well- 
disposed it can be known, in all the nation the reiterated and irrevocable 
assurances that We have given, signed with Our hand, that when it shall 
please God to re-establish Us upon the Throne, the Laws of the Country will 
be the rule of Our Government ; that We will accord a general Amnesty to 
Our subjects for all that has been done against the Laws; and that we will 
give all the surety and satisfaction they may desire for the preservation of their 
religion, of their rights, liberties, and properties. 

Nevertheless, all these advances on Our part have been of no avail ; for 
after the decease of the Princess, Our Sister, whose good intentions in Our ^* **" 9?"* 
favour were well known to Us, and had caused Our inaction during recent .•^' '^ 
years, and which could not be carried out in consequence of her sudden death ; ^ 

it has happened against Our expectations that Our peoples instead of profiting 
by this favourable opportunity to put everything in order, and to co-operate 
with the veritable interests of the Realm by rendering justice to Us and doing 
justice to themselves ; have without delay proclaimed for their King a foreign 
Prince to Our prejudice against the fundamental Laws of the hereditary 
Right of the Crown which no known Act can justly abrogate. 

Injustice and violence having thus come to their height We have thought it 
due to Our duty, to Our honour, and to an indispensable obligation which We 
owe to Ourself, Our posterity, and Our Peoples to use all Our efforts to 
sustain Our Rights in the best manner open to us. This is the reason that 
upon the first advices we received of the state of affairs. We quitted Our 
ordinary residence to betake Ourself to some place in Our States with the in- 
tention of placing Ourself at the head of those of Our faithful subjects who were 
disposed to sustain Our Rights, and with Us to oppose themselves against all 
the forces of the foreign invasion ; but wishing to pass through France for our 
embarkation, not only was all assistance refused Us in consequence of the 
engagements which had been contracted in the late Treaty of Peace ; but also 
opposition was offered to Our passage, so much so that we were obliged to 
return to Lorraine. 

In such an afflicting mischance, and in the midst of the obstacles We have 
encountered on all sides. Our consolation is that We have at least done all 
that was in Our power to accomplish Our just ends, and that we have nothing 
to reproach Ourself with ; but as Our Cause is the Cause of Justice itself, 
We hope that Providence, when it shall see fit, will give Us the means to 
sustain it, that God will at length touch the hearts of Our subjects with true 
repentance for the ciying injuries We have received from them, and that they 
will be animated with a desire to return to their duty. 

If affairs remain in this bad plight, ought not all the Princes and Potentates 
who are at present at Peace to reflect seriously on the dangerous example 
which is before their eyes; several amongst them ought to fear the union of 
the forces of England with those of the States of the Elector of Hanover, of 
which the exorbitant power will accord but little with the balance of Europe 

no ubc %CQitimiBt 1Ralen&ar tor 191° 

J^X/A, i-* f ' f^"" which they have fought all through the last war. It is then with justice, 
J /a and conformably to their true interests, that We demand for the recovery of 

>^T iHUr*- • OO""^ Rights, their assistance, that their honour, as well as their interest, obliges 
, ^them to accord Us as much as is in their power. 

^'v**i For the rest in this sad conjuncture where all has failed Us, that which can- 

' not be taken from Us is the Liberty with which We declare in the face of all 

the world that as Our Right is inalienable, we are resolved, by the help of God, 
never to give it up with life. 

This is why We protest again solemnly by these Presents, and in the most 
strong manner that is possible to Us, against all kinds of injustice committed 
against Us, Our Legitimate Heirs and Successors. We reserve and preserve by 
these Presents, signed with Our Hand, and Sealed with Our Great Seal, all 
Our Rights and Pretensions which remain and will remain in their full force, 
declaring that hereafter We shall not hold Ourself responsible before God or 
before men for all the pernicious consequences that this new usurpation of Our 
jCrowns will call down upon Our Subjects and upon all Christendom. 

Given at Our Court at Plombieres, the 29th day of August, 1714, in the 
V * f thirteenth Year of Our Reign. 

i , ■■ James R. 


i i^J^ '■'' 


Charles, Prince of Wales, Regent of Great Britain, etc. To 
ALL Kings, Princes, Republiques, etc. 

No one is ignorant of the Hereditary Rights of Our Royal House to the 
Throne of Great Britain. It is needless to enter into a particular Detail 
thereof. All Europe is acquainted with the Troubles which have so often 
disturbed these Kingdoms, and the Wrongs We have suffered. She knows 
that length of Time cannot alter the Constitution of the State ; nor ground a 
Prescription against the Fundamental Laws. She cannot see without Astonish- 
ment that We should remain silent, while the Powers in War are holding a 
Treaty for a Peace which may, without regard to the Justice of Our Cause (in 
which all Sovereigns are interested), agree upon and stipulate Articles pre- 
judicial to Our Interests, and to those of the Subjects of Our Most Honoured 
Lord and Father. 

For these Causes, authorised by the Examples of Our Most Honoured 
Grandfather, and Our Most Honoured Lord and Father, We, as well as in the 
Name of Our Most Honoured Lord and Father, who has given Us full Powers, 
by committing to Us the Regency of His Kingdoms, as also in Our Own and 
proper Name, as Natural Heir to the Crown, Protest in the Most Solemn 
Manner, and in the Best Form that may be done, against all that may be said, 
done, or stipulated, in the Assembly now held at Aix-la-Chapclle, or in any 
other Assembly, which in consequence thereof may be held in any other place, 
to the Prejudice or Diminution of the Lawful Rights of Our Most Honoured 
Lord and Father, of Our Own, or those of the Princes or Princesses of Our 
Royal House that are or shall be born. 



ITbe Xegfttmi6t IRalenDar for 1 910 m 

We Protest in like Manner against all Conventions, which may be stipu- 
lated in the Assemblies aforesaid, which shall be contrary to the Engagements 
before made with Us. 

Declaring by these Presents, that We look upon, and shall ever look upon, 
as null and void and ineffectual, all that may be agreed upon and stipulated, 
which may tend to the Diminution of Our Just Rights, and the Recognition of 
any other Person whatsoever, in Quality of Sovereign of the Realms of Great 
Britain, other than the Person of the Alost High and Most Excellent Prince 
James III., Our Most Honoured Lord and Father, and in Default of Plim, to 
the Person of His next Heir, conformably to the Fundamental Laws of Great 

We declare to all the Subjects of Our Most Honoured Lord and Father, 
and more particularly to those who have lately given Us such strong Proofs of 
Their Attachment to Our Royal Family and the Ancient Constitution of the 
State, that nothing shall alter the warm and sincere Love which Our Birth 
inspires Us with for them, and that the just Sense which We have of their 
Fidelity, Zeal, and Courage, will never be effaced from Our Hearts ; That far 
from listening to any Proposal which may tend to annul or weaken those in- 
dissoluble Bonds which unite Us, we look upon Ourselves, and shall always 
look upon Ourselves, under the most intimate and indispensable Obligation to 
be constantly attentive to Everything that may contribute to their Happiness ; 
and that We shall be ever ready to spill even the last Drop of Our Blood, to 
deliver them from a Foreign Yoke. 

We Protest and declare, that the Defects which may be in this Present 
Protestation shall not hurt or prejudice Our Royal House, and We reserve 
to Ourselves all Our Rights and Actions, which remain safe and entire. 

Given at Paris the l6th July, 1748. 

C. P. R. 


We, Henry Benedict Mary, son of James HL, King of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Bishop of Frascati, 
considering that we are mortal, and not knowing the time and the hour when 
Almighty God will be pleased to call us to Him, have resolved, now that we 
are in good health, and in the full enjoyment of all our faculties, to make our 
last disposition, and to provide, as well as to that which relates to our funeral, 
as for the salvation of our soul and our temporal affairs. In consequence we 
dispose, by our last will, in the manner following : — 

We repose such full confidence in our dearly beloved friend Monsignor 
Angelo Cesarini, Bishop of Milesi, and Rector of our Seminary ; he has ever 
given us such great proofs of his integrity, fidelity, discretion, high respect 
and love for ourselves, that we are satisfied it is our duty to confide to no one 
but him the important deed with which we are now occupied. 

Of all our real estate, household goods, money, diamonds, rings, jewels, 
credits, and rights of our royal house, which belong to us, of whatsoever kind 
and nature they may be, and wherever placed, situated, or established, of 
every right of our house and family, belonging to and devolved upon us, 
accepted or acknowledged, transmitted or transmissible, we appoint, declare, 
and institute for our universal fiduciary heir the above-named Monsignor 
Cesarini, Bishop of Milesi, and Rector of our Seminary, with whom we have 

1 Registered at Rome, 1810. 

I 12 

tr(3e Xecjttimist IkalenDar iov 1910 

daily passed the greatest part of our life, and to whom we have especially con- 
fided our precise will and dispositions : consequently we will and ordain thai 
what shall be declared, commanded, desired, and explained Ijy him, shall be 
considered as if we had really declared, commanded, and willed it ourselves, 
such being our will, communicated and entrusted to him concerning whomso- 
ever shall succeed to our inheritance and to all our rights, credits, and posses- 
sions, as well as our legacies of whatever kind, quality, and quantity they may 
be, bequests, the execution of which we have equally confided to him ; and 
also concerning the disposal of our chapel and sacred ornaments, jewels, or 
plate belonging to the same chapel. 

For the disposal of these objects, we declare that we have in our possession 
a special apostolic Indult from the Sovereign Pontift' Benedict XIV, We 
likewise recognise in the above-named prelate the right of disposing of any- 
thing belonging to us, for which purpose we have already declared to the said 
fiduciary heir our sentiment and will. 

We also expressly declare that all the objects which shall be found in our 
inheritance, real estate, household goods, plate, trinkets, diamonds, jewels, 
and orders, as well as the insignia of our crown, decorations, valuable effects, 
credits of our royal house, our proper actions, rights, and claims, of what kind 
soever they are, belong specially and fully to us, are of our free property and 
possession, inasmuch as they are derived partly from the inheritance of the 
ancestors of our royal house and family devolved upon us, and partly as bought 
and accumulated by us. 

We further declare and direct that our above-named fiduciary heir shall not 
be compelled by any one to manifest, declare, and explain the trusts we have 
committed to him, so long as he shall not think it proper and convenient to do 
so ; it being our pleasure that he may have all the convenience necessary to 
make any such communication or declaration, either entirely or partially, 
according to the circumstances and seasons which he shall judge most proper, 
such being our determination, and our precise or very will. And should it ever 
happen that any person, even of Sovereign Rank, and under any pretext, 
pretension, and title whatever, attempt in any manner to compel him, before 
he shall himself desire to make such a manifestation, declaration, and explana- 
tion, wholly or in part ; in that case we appoint, declare and institute himself 
our universal proprietary heir, with full liberty to enjoy and to dispose of our 
inheritance, moveable and real goods, rights as above-named, and without any 
condition or restitution whatever. We will, moreover, and ordain, that if 
there shall be found annexed to the present disposition, or on or near our 
person, or in our palaces of Rome and Frascati, or with our above-named 
fiduciary or trustee, other papers signed by us, they are to be considered as 
forming a substantive part of the present disposition, and our said fiduciary 
heir shall give full execution to their contents with the greatest punctuality 
and exactitude, and we doubt not, but, on the contrary, we feel assured, that 
he will conform to them, and execute them. 

We moreover declare that, in consideration of the great losses we have 
suffered at the period of the revolution in Rome, not only in our funded 
property, and the furniture of our palaces, plate, and other valuable things, 
and on account of other applications we were previously bound to make of our 
jewels and other efiects in order to assist the government, at the request of the 
Sovereign Pontiff", it has not been in our power to follow in this fiduciary 
disposition, as it was our desire, the impulses of our heart in those things con- 
cerning ourselves and our inheritance, and the persons in our service, and those 
likewise who might deserve our regard. 

Finally, it is our intention to renew here, and to consider as expressly 

Ube Xeoftimtst 1kalen&ar for 1 9^0 113 

inserted in it, our protest, deposited in the acts of the notary Cataldi on the 
27th January, 1784, and published on the 30th January, 1788, at the death of 
our most serene brother, relative to the transmission of our rights of succession 
to the throne and crown of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, in behalf 
of the Prince on whom they devolve by right [dejure], by proximity of blood, 
and by rights of succession ; we declare to transmit these rights to him in the 
most explicit and solenm form. Such is our last will and testamentary dis- 
position, dictated word by word {de verba ad verbu/n). It is our will that it 
have perpetual validity, and the best and most valid title competent to us to 
give it. 

Given at our residence in Frascati, on the 15th of Jtdy, 1802. 

Henry Roi. 


We, Henry Mary Benedict Clement, Cardinal Duke of York, younger son 
of James III., King of England, France, Scotland, and Ireland, Defender of 
the Faith : 

Whereas by advice received from Florence, of date the 23rd January current, 
we are on the point of losing the most serene Charles Edward, our very dear 
brother-german, lawful successor of James III. to the kingdoms of England, 
France, Scotland, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith : we declare and protest, 
in the most legal form, with all the solemnities possible, and in every other 
way that may be of utility and advantage as in duty bound to our Royal person 
and to our country, to reclaim to ourselves the right of succession belonging 
to us to the kingdoms of England, France, Scotland, and Ireland, in case our 
most serene Brother (which God forbid) should be no more; against which 
cannot be opposed, either before God or before men, the sacred episcopal 
character with which we are clothed. 

And whereas, in consideration of the critical circumstances of our Royal 
Family, we wish to obviate every difficulty that might give us trouble, we mean 
still to retain the title (which in that event no longer belongs to us) of Duke of 
York, with all the rights thereto annexed, as we have hitherto been in use to 
do, and that as a title of incognito. For this purpose we renew every necessary 
protestation and declaration, in the manner aforesaid, and with all possible 
solemnities. That in retaining (as we do of our own will, and by way of 
incognito), the title of Cardinal Duke of York, in similar deeds, either public 
or private, which we have passed or shall pass, after having obtained the 
aforesaid right of succession ; we do not prejudice, much less ever renounce 
our right, and that which we have, and mean to have and to retain always, 
to the aforesaid kingdoms ; more especially which belong to us as the true, 
last, and lawful heir of our Royal Family, notwithstanding the aforesaid title, 
which we are pleased to retain as a simple incognito. 

Lastly, we expressly declare by the present protest, our will is, that as 
soon as Providence shall have disposed of our person, the rights of succession 
to the crown of England, France, Scotland, and Ireland, should remain in 
their full force and strength, with the Prince to whom the right shall belong 
by proximity of blood. 

Such being Our will and pleasure. 

From the Palace of Our residence, the 27th day of January, 1784. 

Cardinal Duke of York. 

114 XTbe Xegitimtst 1kalent)ar tor 191° 


Anna Aurelianensis Dux Sabaudiae, etc. , et per matrem Henricam Regalem 
Magnae Britanniae Principem, ipsa quoque Regio Angliae sanguine prognata, 
tanto ejusmodi decus habet in pretio, ut differe nequeat ulterius id palam testari 
incliLae Anglorum genti, ex quo ad culmen hujus solii jura ducere magnopere 
gloriatur. Quam ob rem non nescio statutum in praesentibus Parliamenti 
commitiis ordinem successionis definire, Regi eidemque Parliamento exponit 
se post Regem Gulielmum Terlium et Principem Annam a Dana, prinium 
sibi in successione gradum vindicare secundum leges et consuetudinem Angliae, 
quae semper proximiorem Lineam remotiori anteposuerunt. Cum hisce paucis 
de suo jure indubitato plenissime liqueat, ulterioribus probationibus non eget, 
unumque superest ut adversus qualemcumque deliberationem aut decisionem 
contrariam protestatur, prout hie omni meliori mode, et efficaciori forma pro- 
testatur, consuetudini potius quam necessitati serviens, quid tam alte de tanti 
Regis tantique Senatus sapientia sentit, ut nihil quidquam ab iis vereatur quod 
sibi et liberis nocere possit. 

Subsignatus ipse Comes Maffei Suae Regia Celsitudinis a Sabaudia penes 
Suam Majestatem Brittanicam Ablegatus extraordinarius, de mandato speciali, 
ac nomine Suae Regiae Celsitudinis Ducissae Sabaudiae suprascriptam pro- 
testationem Amplissimo Angliae Senatui offero. Londoni die vigesima sexta 
Martii Stilo veteri, novo autem sexta Aprilis 1701. 

D. Annibal Comes Maffel. 


On scait de bonne part que le Prince d'Orange, dans le prochain Parlement, 
veut tacher de faire passer un acte pour faire tomber la succession a la couronne 
d'Angleterre sur la maison d' Hannover immediatement apres sa mort et celle 
de la Princesse de Dannemark, au prejudice de tous les Princes qui y ont un 
droit plus immediat. Et d'autant que S.A.R. Mme. la Duchesse de Savoie 
et ses enfants sont incontestablement les plus proches heritiers de cette 
courrone apres S.M.B., le Prince de Galles, etla Princesse, qui pour des raisons 
assez connues ne peuvent pas faire devant ces messieurs du Parlement une 
protestation de leurs droits dans les formes en tel cas usitees, il semble que 
S.A.R. M. le Due de Savoie, ferait tort aux justes pretentions de sa famille s'il 
ne faisait pas, par son ambassadeur en Angleterre, une protestation publique 
contre un procede si injuste, si injurieux et si prejudiciable a sa Maison. 

Le temps propre pour faire une semblable protestation sera lorsque quelque 
vote ou resolution aura passe dans I'une ou I'aulre des deux Chambres du 
Parlement pour dresser un acte de reglement de la succession en faveur de 
la Maison d'Hannover, comme cy-dessus. Laquelle resolution, suivant la 
coutume, doit etre par un imprime rendu public, par un ordre signe par 
rOrateur de la Chambre ; c'est alors qu'il semble que I'Arabassadeur de 
Savoie devrait envoyer, dans une lettre addressee au dit Orateur, la protesta- 
tion au nom de Leurs Altesses Royales et de leurs enfants, pour Otre lue et 

1 A copy of this Protest will be found entered in iht Journal 0/ the House 0/ Lords, 

Xlbe Xeoitimtst Ikalen^ar tor 19 lo 


communiquee a la Chambre, dont I'effet sera, ou d'empecher le progres et 
I'achevement d'un tel acte, ou au moins de conserver les droits de Leurs A.R. 
et de leurs enfants contre un precede si injuste et si contraire en meme temps 
aux lois fondamentalles de I'Angleterre. 

APRIL 14, 1701 

. . . The protest of Madame the Duchess Royal has been read in the 
House of Lords by the Chancellor, and it is commonly said by all that, if your 
Royal Highness had proposed to send the Prince Royal of Piedmont here to 
be educated in the Protestant religion, there would be no difficulty in receiving 
him as nearer the crown than those of Hanover ; but besides the matter of 
religion, there is very little security of succession to whoever may be named 
now, but when the time comes, the opinion is that he will succeed who shall 
then have most power, and the strongest party in the country, and the 
circumstances of the moment will have a great share in deciding the question. 

Zhc HDart^r IR0U of Xoplt^ 

1570. January, at Durham : ^ 

100 or 106 Loyalists, includ- 
ing Alderman Struther and 
the Rev. Thomas Plumtree. 
,, January, at Barnard Castle : 

20 Loyalists. 
,, January, in Darlington Ward : 

99 or 105 Loyalists. 
,, January, in Easington Ward : 

20 Loyalists. 
,, January, in Stockton Ward : 

55 Loyalists. 
,, January, in Chester Ward : 

20 or 21 Loyalists. 
,, January, in Richmondshire : 

231 Loyalists. 
,, January 2, in Northumberland : 

19 Loyalists. 
,, January, at Ripon : 

Constables of the West Riding 
(save Wetherby, Toplif, 
Boroughbrig, and Tad- 
caster), with the townsmen 
of Ripon and the serving- 
men of the West Riding. 
,, January, at Wetherby, Toplif, 
Boroughbrig, and Tadcaster : 

1570. The constables and towns- 
men engaged in the Rebel- 
,, January, at Thirske : 

(8) The townsmen of Thirske, 
with the constables and 
serving-men of the North 
,, January 16, at Allerton : 
Christopher Hancock. 
Richard Wynde. 
Randall Horner. 
Robert Hickley. 
Henry Thompson. 
Allan Lynsley. 
William Tayler. 
,, January 22, of Craven : 

At Threffold, Robert Araye. 
At Rylleston, Richard Kaley. 
At Hanlyth, William Scrans- 
,, January 27, of Cliveden : 
At Gisburgh, James Hill. 
,, ,, Hugh Stoker. 

At Great Ayton, John Atkin- 
,, ,, William Topley. 

1 It is impossible to be quite accurate as to the numbers of those who suffered for their 
share in the Northern Rebellion. No two lists agree. Sir George Bowles, however, 
reported, January 23, 1570, that he had put to death about 600, besides those " disposed of 
by Sussex. — Ed. 


Ube Xcoitimist Ikalen^ar for 191° 






At Yarme, John Johnson. 
,, ,, Richard Yonge. 
,, ,, John Pearson. 
,, ,, Robert Thomp- 
March 24, at York : 
Simon Digby, Esq. 
John Fulthropp, Esq. 
Robert Pennyman. 
Thomas Bishop, the younger, 
May 27, at Tyburn : 

Thomas Norton, gentle- 
Christopher Norton, gentle- 


August 8, at Bishop of London's 
Gate : 
John Felton. 
April 5, at Stirling : 

John Hamilton, Archbishop 
of St. Andrews. 
June I, at Tyburn : 
Dr. John Story. 
John Throgmorton, Esq., of 

Thomas Brook, Esq., of 

George Redman, Esq., of 

Kenelm Barney. 
Edmund Mather. 
November 28, at Tyburn : 
John Hall, gentleman. 
Oswald Wilkinson, Gaoler 
of York Castle. 
June 2, on Tower Hill : 

Thomas Howard, Duke of 
August 22, at York : 

Thomas Percy, Earl of 
August 3, at Edinburgh Cross : 
Sir William Kirkaldy, Laird 

of Grange. 
Sir James Kirkaldy, brother. 

, at Tyburn : 

Francis Throckmorton, Esq. 
-, in Palace Yard, West- 

minster : 
Dr. William Parry. 
15S6. September 20, at St. Giles's in 
the Fields : 

15S6. Anthony Babington, Esq., 

of Dittrick, Derbyshire. 
John Savage, Colonel. 
John Ballard, priest. 
Patrick Barnwell, gentle- 
Charles Tilney, Esq., late of 

Edward Abington, Esq., of 

Hunlyppe, Worcester. 
Chidioc Tichbourne. 
,, September 21, at St. Giles's in 

the Fields : 
Thomas Salisbury, Esq., of 

Henry Donne. 
Edward Jones, Esq., of 

John Charnock, Esq., of 

Robert Gage, of Surrey. 
John Travers, of Lancashire, 

Jerome Bellamy. 
1587. February 8, at Fothcringhay 

Castle : 
Mary, Queen of England, 

Scotland, France, and 

May 12, on Tower Hill : 

Thomas Wentworth, Earl of 



1643. May 30, at Bristol 

Robert Yeoman, citizen. 
George Bouchier, citizen. 
July 5, at Fetter Lane, Hol- 
born : 


July 5, at Royal Exchange, 
Cornhill : 



November 27, in London : 
Daniel Kniveton, haber- 
August I, 2, or 3, at Edinburgh 
Cross : 
William Maxwell, of Mid- 
December 23, on Tower 
Hill : 
Sir Alexander Carew. 
January i, on Tower Hill : 
Sir John Holham. 
Captain Hotham (son). 

Ubc Xeoitimist 1F^alen&ar for 191° 


1645. January lo, on Tower Hill : 

William Laud, Archbishop 
of Canterbury. 
,, February 20 : 

Cornelius, Baron Macguire. 
,, November 25, in Scotland : 

Lord William Murray. 

1646. January 20, at Edinburgh : 

Sir Robert Spottisvvood. 

1647. February 10, at Westminster : 

Captain Burleigh. 
,, May 8, in Wales : 
^Captain Foyer. 
'February 15, at Pontefract : 

Beaumont, minister. 

August 28, at Colchester : 
Sir Charles Lucas. 
Sir George Lisle. 
December 29, in St. Paul's 
Churchyard : 
Major Pitcher. 

, at Covent Garden : 

Captain Poyer. 

1649. January ^o, at Whitehall : 

King Charles L 
,, March 9, in Old Palace Yard : 
James Hamilton, Duke of 

Hamilton, K.G. 
Henry Rich, Earl of Holland. 
Arthur Capell, Lord Capell. 
, March 30, at the Market Cross, 
Edinburgh : 
George Gordon, Marquis of 
,,, August 23, at York : 
Major John Morris. 
Cornet Michael Blackburn. 

1650. May 21, in Edinburgh : 

James Graham, Marquis of 
,, May, in Scotland : 

Sir Henry Hurry. 

Sir Francis Hay. 

Colonel Spots wood. 

40 others (including Mon- 
trose's Irish officers), with- 
out trial. 
,, , in Glasgow : 

Sir William Rollo. 

Sir Philip Nisbit. 

Ogilvy, of Innerqu- 

harity (aged iS). 
,, , in St. Andrews : 

Nathaniel Gordon. 

1650. Alexander Guthrie. 

,, July 18, in London, Old Ex- 
change, Cornhill : 
Dr. Levens, M.D. 
,, August 22, on Tower Hill : 

Colonel Eusebius Andrews, 
of Gray's Inn. 
,, October 8, at Tyburn : 
■ • Benson. 

1 65 1. March 4, on Tower Hill : 

Sir Henry Hyde. 
,, April 29, on Tower Hill : 
Captain Brown Bushel. 
,, May 19 : 

Peter Wright, chaplain to 
the Marquis of Winchester. 
,, August 10, on Tower Hill : 

John Gibbons. 
,, August 10 (or 22), on Tower 
Christopher Love, Presby- 
terian minister. 

,, , at Limerick : 

Jordan Roche, alderman. 
Edmund Roche. 
David Roche. 
And 21 others. 
,, October 15, at Bolton : 

James Stanley, Earl of 
,, October 22, at Chester : 

Sir Timothy Fetherston- 
,, October, at Shrewsbury : 
Colonel John Benbow. 

1653. , at Cork : 

Colonel the Plon. William 

1654. June 23 : 

Father Southworth, Catholic 
priest (72 years old). 
,, July 10, at Newgate (or Char- 
ing Cross) : 
Peter Vowel. 
,, July 10, on Tower Hill : 

Colonel John Gerhard. 

1655. May 16, at Exeter : 

Colonel John Penruddock. 
Colonel Hugh Groves. 
Richard Reeves, or Rives, 

Edward Davey, gentleman. 
Thomas Poulton, innkeeper. 
Edward Willis, innkeeper. 


Uhc Xeaitimist IRalenDar tor 191° 









Thomas Hillard 

yard, yeoman. 
John Haynes. 
James Horsington, 
Huist, gentleman. 
John Giles, alias Hobbs, 
May 16, at Chard : 

2 Loyalists. 
May 16, at Salisbury : 


, of Hungerford, and 

three others. 
June 8, on Tower Hill : 
Sir Henry Slingsby, Knt. 
Dr. Hewit, D.D. 
July 2, at Tower Street : 

Colonel Edward Ashton. 
July 2, at the Cross in Cheap- 
side : 
John Bettely. 
July 4, at London : 
Edward Stacey. 

Godfrey Cross, Esq. , of Kent. 

Patrick Harding. 
January 28, at Tyburn : 

John Ashton, Esq. 
February 7, at Tyburn : 
Thomas Ashton, Esq. (?) 

, near Wexford : 

Michael Connor. 
February 13, at Glencoe : 
Ian McDonald, of Glencoe. 

McDonald, of Auchin- 


McDonald, of Auch- 

Together with 25 of the Clan 
McDonald of Glencoe, 
and many women and 
(or 4 ?) April 6, at Edinburgh 
Cross : 
Captain James Middleton. 
William Nicholson. 
William Wethame. 
May 25, at Edinburgh Cross : 
Alexander Haly-1 soldiers in 
burton, |- the Bass 

William Fraser, J Rock Fort. 
June 15, at Tyburn : 

William Anderton, printer. 

1693. , at Tyburn (?) : 

John Golding, mariner. 
Thomas Jones, seaman. 
John Ryan, seaman. 
Darby Collins, seaman. 
Richard Shivers, seaman. 
Patrick Quidley, seaman. 
John Slaughter, seaman. 
Constantine de Hartley, sea- 

1693 or 1694. 

William Newbolt, printer. 
Edward Butler, printer. 

1694. March 28, at Castletown, Edin- 

burgh : 
John Trotter, merchant. 
Alexander M'Leish, seaman. 

1695. December22, on Tower Hill (?) : 

Richard Graham, Viscount 
Preston, Lord Esk, 

1696. March 18, at Tyburn : 

Captain Robert Charnock, 
Fellow of Magdalen Col- 
lege, Oxford. 

Edward King, gentleman. 

Thomas Keys, yeoman. 
,, April 13, at Tyburn : 

Sir John Friend, Bart. 

Sir William Perkins, Knt. 
,, April 19, at Tyburn : 

Ambrose Rook wood, briga- 

Robert Lowick, major. 

Charles Cranbourn, captain. 
, , November 6 : 

Captain Vaughan. 

1697. January 28, on Tower Hill : 

Sir John Fenwick, Bart. 

16 — . , in London : 

James Boucher,aide-de-camp 
to the Duke of Berwick. 
1707. April 28, at Tyburn : 

William Grey. 
1715. September 9 and 10, at Wor- 
cester : 
Two Loyalists. 
,, October 28, at Tyburn : 

Joseph Sullivan, alias Silver. 
Robert Whitty. 
Felix Hara. 
,, November 31, at Tyburn 
Captain Gordon. 
Captain Kerr. 
Captain Dorrell. 

Zhc Xcoitimtst 1Ralen^at for 19^0 



1 71 5. December I, at Preston : I 1716. 

Major Nairne. ! 

Captain Philip Loclvhart, ,, 

brother of Lockhart of 

Captain John Shafto. 
Ensign Dalziel, brother of 

the Earl of Carnwath. 
Captain Erskine.^ 
December 7 : 




1716. January 28, at Preston : 
.■ Roger Muncaster, attorney. 

/ Three others. 

January 28, at Liverpool : j 17 18. 

Cornet Shuttleworth. 
Four others. ^7^9- 

February 9, at Preston : 
John Oard, Esq., of Lanes. 
Richard Chorley, Esq., of 
Chorley Hall, Lancashire. 
Charles Chorley (son), gentle- 1 723. 
February 9, at Liverpool : i745' 

John Hunter, Esq, , of North- 
Ten others. 
February 18, at Lancaster: 1746. 

Hercules Durham. 
Donald Robertson. 
John Crow, of Aberdeen. 


February 18, at Manchester : 
^JI]hoSj_Syddallj hairdresser. 
February 24, on Tower Hill : 
James Radclyffe, Earl of 

William Gordon, Viscount 
February 25, at Liverpool : 
George CoUingwood, Esq., of 
May 14, at Tyburn : 

Colonel Henry Oxburgh. 
May 25, at Tyburn : 

Colonel Richard Gascogne. 
July 13, at Tyburn : 

William Paull, Fellow of St. 
John's College, Cambridge, 
vicar of Orton, Leicester- 

Mr. Justice John Hall, of 
October 2, on Lancaster Moor : 

John Bruce, captain. 

John Winkley. 

Thomas Shuttleworth. 

Two others. 
October 2, at Preston : 

George Hodgson. 

William Charnley. 
October 18, at Carlisle : 

October 18, at Tyburn : 

December i, at Preston : 

March 17, at Tyburn : 

James Sheppard. 
October : 

The Rev. Mr. Maddison. 
November 6, at Tyburn : 
John Matthews, printer (aged 
May 17, at Tyburn : 

Christopher Layer, of Booton. 
December 25, at Carlisle : 
Five of General Cope's 
troopers, who had joined 
the Prince Regent. 
April 17, in the courtyard of 
Colloden House : 
19 officers shot. 
36 officers hung as deserters. 
July 30, at Kennington : 
Francis Townley, Esq. 
George Fletcher, chapman. 
Thomas Chadwick, tallow- 
James Dawson, gentleman. 
John Barwick, gentleman. 
Andrew Blood, alias Blyde, 

sThomas Syddall, peruke 
~" maker. " "* 

Thoma~> David Morgan, 

Thomas Theophilus Deacon, 
August 18, on Tower Hill : 
William Boyd, Earl of Kil- 
Arthur Elphinstone, Lord 

1 Omitted in some lists. 


Ube Xeaitimist Ikalcnbar for 1910 

1746. August 22, at Kennington : 

David, alias Donald, alias 
Daniel Macdonald, gentle- 

James Nicholson, gentleman. 

Walter Ogilvie, gentleman. 
,, October i8, at Cadisle : 

Thomas Cappock, Bishop 
Designate of Carlisle. 

John Henderson, writer. 

John MacNaughten, watch- 

James Brand, rt//ajrBran, Esq. 
Donald McDonald, Esq., of 
Kinloch Moidart. 

Donald MacDonald, of Tigh- 
nadris, gentleman. 

Francis Buchanan, Esq., of 
Arn Prior. 

Hugh Cameron, yeoman. 

Edward Roper, weaver. 
,, October 21, at Brampton, near 
Carlisle : 

Peter Taylor, joiner. 

Michael Dellard, alias Dil- 
lard, woolcomber. 

James Innes, gentleman. 

Donald MacDonald, yeoman. 

Patrick Lindesay, gentleman. 

Thomas Park, shoemaker. 
,, October 28, at Penrith : 

John Rowbotham, carpenter. 

Valentine Holt, shoemaker. 

Andrew Swan, shoemaker. 

James Harvie, innholder. 

David Home, gentleman. 

Robert Lyon, clerk in holy 

Philip Hind, gentleman. 
,, November i, at York : 

George Hamilton, gentle- 

Edward Clavering, gentle- 

Daniel Eraser, farmer. 

Charles Gordon, farmer. 

Benjamin Mason, weaver. 

James Mayne, tallow-chand- 

William Conolly, labourer. 

1746. William Dempsey, carpenter. 
Angus MacDonald, joiner. 
James Sparks, framework 

, , November 8, at York : 

David Row, gentleman. 

William Hunter, smith. 

John Endsworth, labourer. 

John Maclean, labourer. 

John Macgregor, labourer. 

Smith Mackenzie, labourer. 

Alexander Parkes, barber. 

Thomas MacGinnis, labourer. 

Archibald Kennedy, silver- 

James Thompson, gardener. 

Michael Brady, brushmaker. 
,, November 13, at York : 

James Reid, labourer. 
,, November 15, at Carlisle : 

Sir Archibald Primrose, Bart. 

Chas. Gordon, of Dalpersy, 

Patrick Murray, goldsmith. 

Patrick Keis, cabinetmaker. 

Alex. Stevenson, joiner. 

Robert Reid. 

John Wallace, miller. 

James Mitchell, labourer. 

Molyneux Eaton, weaver. 

Thomas Hayes, labourer. 

Barnaby Matthews, labourer. 
, , November 22, at Kennington : 

Sir John Wedderburn, Bart. 

John Hamilton, Esq. 

Jas. Bradshaw, chapman. 

Andrew Wood, gentleman. 

Alexander Leilh, yeoman. 
,, December 8, on Tower Hill : 

Charles Ratcliffe, Earl of 
,, Apiil-December, in Scotland : 

50 shol as deserters. 

81 hung as traitors. 

1747. April 9, on Tower Hill : 

Simon Eraser, Lord Lovat. 
,, December 11, in Hyde Park : 
Sergeant Smith. 
1753. June 7, at Tyburn : 

Archibald Cameron, M.D. 

Ube Xeaititnist IkaleuDar tor 1910 


a Xt0t or those attaintct) anb convicted of 
Ibtcjb tlrcaaon for abberencc to tbcir 
viGbtful SovcrciGUS since tbe ^eai of our 
Xor^ 1558 

The following list must only be regarded as tentative, although the roll of 
those attainted for their share in the '45 is very probably complete. Those 
marked * were attainted by special Acts of Parliament, and up to 1688 (with 
the exception of those convicted for proclaiming King Charles II. in 1655 
in the west), only those so attainted are given. After that date the Editor 
has endeavoured to give also the names of those who were attainted in the 
ordinary courts. Those marked t were probably afterwards reprieved. 

1568. August 8, in Scotland, for 

supporting Queen Mary 

at Langside : 
*John Hamilton, Archbishop 

of St. Andrews. 
*Lord Claud Hamilton, son 

of the Duke of Chatel- 

t*John, Bishop of Ross. 
*Sir Alexander Hepburn, 

t*Mr. David Chalmer, Pro- 
vost of Creytown. 
* Patrick Whitlaw of that 

*John Hamilton, brother to 

James Hamilton, of 

*James Hamilton, of Sprous- 

*Francis Tennet, of Laswaid. 
*Patrick Hepburn, of Kirk- 

*Henry Hepburn, of Fortoun. 
*Captain Robert Lauder. 
*Mr. Thomas Hepburn, par- 
son of Auldhanstoke. 
*Sir Andrew Hamilton, of 

*Andrew Hamilton, of 

*John Plamilton, his son and 

*John Hamilton, of Stane- 

*Andrew Hamilton, of Lek- 


1568. *Mr. James Hamilton, of 

*Alexander Hamilton, of 
Netherfield, brother to Sir 
James Hamilton, of Crau- 
ford John. 

"■•"Robert Hamilton, chamber- 
lain, of Kilwinning. 

"""Robert Hamilton, of Gavane. 

'■James Hamilton, of Rouch- 

*James Hamilton, of Wood- 

*John Hamilton, of Coltcoit. 

^Master David Hamilton, son 
to the gudeman of Both- 

*Alexander Somervell, of 

^Gilbert Abbott, of New- 

*Thomas Abbott, of Holy- 

*Ferdinando Hume, of Brum- 
,, August 8, in Scotland, for 
holding Dumbarton in 
the Queen's name : 

*John, Lord Fleming. 

"■'"John Fleming, of Boghall. 
,, August 8, in Scotland : 

*Gilbert, Earl of Cassillis. 

"^Hugh, Earl of Eglington. 
1 57 1. May 15, in England, for the 
Northern ""Rebellion": 

*Charles Nevill, Earl of 
Westmoreland. - 


XTbe OLeoitimist 1Ralen&ar for 1910 

1 57 1. *Thomas Percy, Earl of Nor- 
*Anne, Countess of Northum- 

* Leonard Dacre, called Lord 

Dacre, of Harlsey, Yorks. 

■'Edward Dacre, Esq., of 
Morton, Yorks. 

*Sir John Nevill, knight, of 
Leversedge, Yorks. 

"•'John Swinbourne, Esq., of 
Chopwell, Durham. 

■•'Thomas Markenfield, Esq., 
of Markenfield, Yorks. 

■""Egremounde Ratcliffe, Esq., 
of the City of York. 

^Christopher Nevill, Esq., of 
Kirby-Moreside, Yorks. 

*Richard Norton, Esq., of 
Norton Conyers. 

*Francis Norton, Esq., of 
Baldersbie, Yorks. 

■^George Norton, gentleman. 

■*Sampson Norton, gentleman. 

*William Norton, gentleman. 

■^Christopher Norton, gentle- 

*Marmaduke Norton, gentle- 

■^Thomas Norton, gentleman. 

*Robert Tempest, Esq., of 
Holmside, Durham. 

^Michael Tempest, his son. 

* William Smith, Esq., of 

Nunstanton, Durham. 
■''■Bryan Palmer, Esq., of 

Morton Durham. 
*George Strafford, Esq. 
*Thomas Bishop, the elder, 

gentleman, of Pucklinton, 

'^Marmaduke Blakestone, gen- 
*Cuthbert Nevell, Esq. 
■^Christopher Danby, Esq , 

of Beiston, Yorks. 
■*John TroUopp, Esq., of 

Thornley, Durham. 
*Anthony Hebborne, Esq. , 

of riardwyke, Durham. 
"* Ralph Conyers, Esq., of 

Lay ton. 
■*John Gowcr, gentleman, of 

Richmond, Yorks. 

1 57 1. *Tristram Fen wick, gentle- 
man, of Brinckebourne, 

^Anthony Wilberie, gentle- 
man, of Bransepethe, 

■"John Saltmershe, gentle- 
man, of Rednes, Yorks. 

*Henry Johnson, Esq., of 
Waltonhead, Yorks. 

■''Simon Digby, Esq., of 
Askew, Yorks. 

*John Fulthropp, Esq., of 
Islebeck, Yorks. 

*Leonard Metcalfe, Esq., of 
Burreparke, Yorks. 

^Robert Claxton, gentleman, 
of Old Park, Durham. 

*Robert Lambert, Esq., of 
Owton, Durham. 

*Ralph Conyers, gentleman, 
ofCottam, Durham. 

■"Cuthbert Wytham, gentle- 
man, of Bretonby, Yorks. 

"Robert Heighington, gentle- 
man, of Richmond, Yorks. 

"Thomas Jenny, gentleman. 

*Cuthbert Fenwick, gentle- 
man, of South Shields. 

*Cuthbert Armarer, gentle- 
man, of Belford. 

*Richard Dacre, gentleman, 
of Ayketon, Cumberland. 

*William Dacre, gentleman, 
of St. Bees, Cumberland. 

*Robert Collingwood, gentle- 
man, of Alberwicke, Nor- 

* Robert Collingwood, gentle- 
man, of Etel, Northum- 

■*John Welborne, gentleman, 
of Bransepethe. 

■^George Ilorsley, gentleman, 
of Ackelington Park, 

*Thonias Green, yeoman, of 
Tadcaster, Yorks. 

*Thomas Taylour, yeoman, 
of Tadcaster. 

\Tohn Cowper, tailor, of 
Kiswyke, Yorks. 

■'^ Ralph Swynnowe, gentleman, 
of llie City of Durham. 

TTbe Xeoitfmtst Ifjalenbar for 191° 


157 1. *James Svvynnowe, gentle- 

man, of Thornehill, Dur- 

1572. In England : 

■Thomas Howard, Dake of 
1579. In Scotland, for killing Moray 
and Lennox, and for hold- 
ing places in the Queen's 
name : 

*John Hamilton, commend- 
ator of Aberbrothock. 

"'Claud Hamilton, commend - 
at or of Paisley. 

*James Hamilton, of Wood 
houslie, called James of 

"John Hamilton, Provost of 

^' Gavin Hamilton, of Reploch. 

"'■'Robert Hamilton, of Dalserf. 

""David Hamilton, of Monk- 

"• James Muirhead, of Lauchop. 

*AndrewHamilton,of Helyes. 

*John Hamilton, of Schaw- 

""Robert Hamilton, of Leth- 

'*John Hamilton, of Kilbury. 

* Robert Balfour, brother to 
Sir James Balfour, of 

I'sons of 

*Alexander Baillie, J Alexr. 

*James Baillie, 1 Baillie,of 

*Alexander Baillie, of Little- 

*Colin MacKenzie, of Kintail. 

■*Roderic MacKenzie, his 


*John Dow McCullane. 

*Murdo McCullane. 

*John McMurdo Boysone. 

*Allester Anthone. 

*Allester Reid. 

■*"John Irwin, of Kinnock. 

*Andrew Irwin, his brother. 

*Donald Mclntaggartt. 

■^Walter Spens. 

*William Barbour. 

*Allester Dingwall. 

■*John Dow, alias McMurk. 

1579- *Finlay McAllan. 
"*John Denvne. 
*John McAlleston Roy. 
*John Keill McKenzie. 
'■'Donald Lauchlan. 
""Thomas Chisholm. 
■*Donald Moir. 
*David Morrison. 
■^John Conyngham, of Drum- 

*John Con3'ngham, his son 

and heir. 
15S6-7. In England : 

'•'Thomas Paget, Lord Paget, 

*Hon. Charles Paget. 

■'^"Sir Francis Englefield, Knt., 

late of London. 

* Francis Throckmorton, Esq., 

late of London. 
''William Shelley, Esq., late 

of Clapham, in the County 

of Surrey. 
*Anthony Babington, Esq., 

of Detrich, in Derbyshire. 
^Thomas Salisbury, Esq., late 

of Llewenny, in Denbigh. 

* Edward Jones, Esq., late of 


*Edward Abington, late of 
Hunlyppe, Worcester. 

""Charles Tilney, Esq., late of 

*Chidiock Tycheborne, late of 
Porchester, Southampton. 

""Robert Barnewall, late of 
London, gentleman. 

"*John Charnock, late of 
London, gentleman. 

*John Travers, of Prescot, 
Lancashire, gentleman. 
1640. June, in Scotland, for refusing 
to deliver up Edinburgh 
Castle when ordered to do 
so by Parliament : 

*General Patrick Ruthven, 
Lord Ettrick (afterwards 
Earl of Forth and Brent- 
1644. June, in Scotland, for their 
share in the Marquis of 
Huntley's "rebellion." 

*Sir John Gordon, Laird of 

*Capt. John Loggie, son to 


Ube XcQitimtst 1kalent)ar for 1910 

1644. Mr. Andrew Loggie, 

Minister of Raine. 
*George Gordon, of Greicht. 
*John Dalgarno, of Auchin 

*Roger Lindsay, of Maynes. 
*John Sturgeon. 
,, In Scotland, for concurrence 

in the declaration at 

Oxford and service with 

the "popish" party in 

England : 
*Ludovick, Earl of Crawford. 
*James, Earl of Montrose. 
*James, Earl of Abercorn. 
*Robert, Earl of Nithsdale. 
*George, Earl of Kinnoull. 
*John, Earl of Traquair. 
^Robert, Earl of Carnwath. 
* Patrick, Earl of Forth. 
*James, Viscount Aboyne. 
*James, Lord Ogilvie. 
*James, Lord Ythane. 
*Sir Robert Spottiswood, of 

*Sir James Galloway, Master 

of Requiestes. 
*Mr. John Maxwell, "late 

pndit (pretended) " Bishop 

of Ross. 

*Colonel Cochrane. 

*Colonel Sir John Henderson. 
*Colonel Hurrie. 
,, July 29, in Scotland, for 

concurring in Montrose's 

*William Maxwell, of Mid- 

1645. February ii, in Scotland, for 

invasion of the South : 
*James, Earl of Montrose. 
*Robert, Earl of Nithsdale. 
*James, Viscount Aboyne. 
*John, Lord Herries. 
*Colonel William Stuart. 
*Captain William RoUok. 
*Sir rhilip Nisbit. 
t*Sir James Leslie. 

Hay of Delgartie. 

*Captain William Home, 

brother to Home of 

t*Captain William Somerville. 
i*Captain Alexander Charlor. 

1645, February ii, in Scotland, for 
invasion of the North : 

*James, Earl of Montrose. 

"^Alexander McDonald, son of 
Colkitto, i.e. son of Col. 
McDonald, of Antrim. 

■'James, Earl of Airlie. 

*Sir Thomas Ogilvie, J ^ •, 
*Sir David Ogilvie, \^°^^^_ 

^John Stewart, of Auchan- 

■■'Donald Glas, McDonald, of 

*David Graham, of Gorthie. 
*Patrick Graham, feuar of 

*John McColmie (?). 
*Donald Robertson, tutor of 

*Alexander Ogilvie, younger, 

of Innerquharity. 
■*John Stewart, of Sheirglas(?). 
And certain others. 
,, February 21, in Scotland : 

*Robert, Earl of Carnwath. 
,, March 8, in Scotland : 

'"George Gordon, Marquis of 
t'*John, Earl of Traquair, 
afterwards reprieved. 
■* Alexander Gordon, of Birse- 
1646. January 16, in Scotland : 
■*Sir Robert Spottiswood. 
■*Hon. William IMurray, bro- 
ther to the Earl of Tulli- 
*Nathaniel Gordon. 
*John Gordon, of Ardlogy. 
*Andrew Guthrie, son to 
Mr, John Guthrie, " late 
pretended " Bishop of 
1649. January 22, in Scotland : 

*John Macdonald, Captain of 
Clanranald, of Island 
*Alistair McDonald. 
*Angus McDonald, of Largie. 
■*Murdock Maclean, of Loch- 

*Duncan Stewart, younger, ol 

Uhc Xeoitimist Ikalen^ar for i9^< 


1649. *Alexander Stewart, of Inver- 

*Hector McLean, of Kingei- 

1655. April 19, in England, for pro- 
claiming King Charles II. 

in the West : 
John Penruddock, Esq., of 

Compton Chamberlain, 

Hugh Grove, gentleman, of 

Chessenbury, Wilts. 
Robert Duke, gentleman, of 

Stuckton, Southampton. 
Richard Rives, gentleman, of 

Renipton, Southampton. 
Francis Jones, gentleman, of 

Beddington, Surrey. 
Thomas Fitzjames, gentle- 
man, of Hanley, Dorset. 
George Duke, gentleman, of 

Stuckton, Dorset. 
Edward Davey, gentleman, 

of London. 
Thomas Poulton, innholder, 

of Pewsey, Wilts. 
Edward Willis, innholder, of 

New Sarum, Wilts. 
Nicholas Mussel, yeoman, of 

Steeple Langford, Wilts. 
William Jenkins, gentleman, 

of Fordingbridge, Hants. 
Thomas Hillyard, yeoman, 

of Upton, Southampton. 
Robert Harris, cordwainer, 

of Blandford, Dorset. 
John Biby, gentleman, of 

Compton Chamberlain, 

Wilts. , 
John Cooke, of Polterne, 

William Wake, gentleman, 

of Blandford, Dorset. 
Christopher Haviland, la- 
bourer, of Longton, Dor- 
Hans Stiver, gentleman, of 

New Sarum, Wilts, 
James Horsington, alias 

Huish, gentleman, of New 

Sarum, Wilts. 
John Giles, alias Hobbs, 

yeoman, of New Sarum, 


1655. Abraham Wilson, cutler, of 
New Sarum, Wilts. 
Joseph Collier, gentleman, ot 
Steeple Langford, Dorset. 
Richard Browne. 
1690. In England : 

*William Herbert, Marquis 
of Powis, K.G. 
,, In Scotland : 

*Jaraes Seton, Earl of Dun- 

"John Graham, of Claver- 
house, late Viscount Dun- 

* David Graham, Viscount 

"Louis Crichton, Viscount 

*James Galloway, Lord Dun- 
Edward Griffin, Lord Griffin. 

*Major William Graham. 

*Colonel Alexander Cannon. 

"John Cleiland, of Fasken. 

"Hon. Colin McKenzie, uncle 
to Earl of Seaforth. 

*Sir John Drummond. 

■■■"William Crawford, younger, 
of Ardmillan. 

"James Crawford, brother of 

* Robertson, of Strowan. 

■^ Halyburton, of Pitcurr. 

* Halyburton. 

* Halyburton, deceased. 

*James Edmundston, of New- 

*Sir Ewan Cameron, of 

*John Cameron, son and heir 
of Lochiel. 

*Donald McDonald, younger, 
of Sleat. 

*John, Laird of MacNaughton. 

*John Grant, of Ballindal- 

*Patrick Stewart, of Appin. 

* Maclan, alias McDon- 
ald, of Glencoe. 

*Alexander McDonald, of 

*Donald McNeill, of Galla- 

*Sir John McLean, of Dowart. 


Zbc Xeaitimist Ikalenbar tor 19 lo 

1690. And divers others their as- 

sociates and accomplices. 

1691. January 17 and 19, in Eng- 

land : 
Richard Graham, Lord Esk, 

Viscount Preston. 
John, a/ias Thomas Ashton. 
1 690- 1. In Ireland : 

*Richard Talbot, Earl of 

*Donough. McCarty, Earl of 


Richard Power, 6th Baron of 

le Power and Curragh- 

more, ist Earl of Tyrone.^ 

*William Dungan, Earl of 

*Euphemia Dungan, Coun- 
tess of Limerick, 

* Peter Plunket, Earl of Fin- 

*Patrick Sarsfield, Earl of 

*Honora Sarsfield, Countess 
of Lucan. 

*Bryan Magennis, Viscount 

*Daniel O'Brien, Viscount 

*Peirs Butler, Viscount Gal- 

*Sir Valentine Browne, Vis- 
count Kenmare. 

*Richard Butler, Viscount 

*Peirs Butler, Viscount Iker- 

*William Bourke, Lord Cas- 
tle Connell. 

*Theobald Bourke, Lord 

*Barnaby Fitzpatrick, Lord 
Upper Ossory. 

*Randall, Lord Dunsany. 

* Plunkett, Lord Louth. 

*Claude Hamilton, Viscount 
Strabane (Earl of Aber- 

•Theobald Butler, Lord 

•Nicholas Browne, Lord Cas- 
tlerosse, eldest son of Vis- 
count Kenmare. 

1 Died a prisoner in the 

1 690- 1. *Lord Dunboyne. 

Hon. John Bourke, eldest 

son of Lord Brittas. 
*Hon. John Butler, eldest 

son of Lord Galmoye. 
Almeric de Courcy, Lord 

*John Power, afterwards de 

jure 9th Lord Power and 

*Sir Garrett Aylmar, of Bul- 

*Lady Ellen Aylmar. 
*Sir Richard Nagle, Speaker 

of the House of Commons. 
*Sir Eustace, Bart., of 

Castle Martin. 
•Sir Patrick Trant, Bart. 
*Sir Nugent, of Moy- 

rath, Bart. 
*Sir Tyrrell, of Lynn, 

And over a thousand others. 

1692. In Scotland, for holding the 

Bass Rock Fort for King 

James VII. : 
Alexander Halyburton. 
William Fraser. 

1693. In England : 

William Anderton, printer. 
John Golding, mariner. 
Thomas Jones, seaman. 
John Ryan, seaman. 
Darby Collins, seaman. 
Richard Shivers, seaman. 
Patrick Quidley, seaman. 
John Slaughter, seaman. 
Contantine de Hartley, sea- 
,, In Scotland : 

Kenneth, Earl of Seaforlh. 
Robert Calder. 
169(3)4. In England : 

William Newbolt, printer. 
Edward Butler, printer. 

1694. In Scotland, for holding the 

Bass Rock Fort for King 
James VII. : 
John Trotter, merchant. 
Alexander McLeish, seaman. 
James Middlelowne. 
"William Nicholsone. 
William Wetham. 
Tower, October 14, 1690. 

Xlbe XeoitiiniBt IRaleu^ar tot 









In England : 

*James Fitzjames, Duke of 
Tames Bourchier, 

Peter Cook. 
Alexander Knightley. 
July II, in Scotland : 

*Richard Maitland, Earl 

*John Drummond, Earl 

'■'Charles Middlelon, Earl 

*Sir Adam Blair, of Car 

*Collin, Earl of Balcarras. 

*Sir William Wallace, 

^Alexander McLean. 

*Alexander Robertson, 

*John Johnstone, brother 
the Earl of Annandale. 

^"Alexander Maitland, brother 
to the Earl of Lauder- 

* Maxwell, of Orchyaird- 


*Thomas Wallace, of Elders- 

*( William) Graham, younger, 
of Duntroon. 

"Alexander Trotter, brother 
to the Laird of Morton- 

*Charles Kinnaird, brother to 
the Lord Kinnaird. 

*David Lindesay, secretary to 
Lord Melfort. 

^General Thomas Buchan. 

*Lieut.-Gen. Cannon. 

'Sir Charles Cairney. 

*Captain Andrew Ruther- 

"Captain Deans. 

*Captain McAdams. 

'Captain Ruthven. 

*Lieut. Isaac Threcald. 

*Lieut. George Skein. 

*Lieut, John Forrester. 

*Lieut. Auchmontie. 

*Ensign Alexander Innes. 

* Lieut. Daniel Baynes. 


1695. *Lieut. John Baynes. 

*Ensign William Stowan. 

*Ensign Robert Maxwell. 

*Lieut. George Hempseid. 

*Ensign William Ramsay, late 
of Hodge's regiment. 

*Ensign Laurence Drum- 
mond, late of Hodge's 

■'Lieut. Patrick Auchmonty, 
late of tbe Scots Guards. 

"Capt. Robert Somervall. 

"Capt. William Davidson. 

* Lieut. William Mayne. 
"Lieut. James Henryson. 
*Lieut. Samuel Maxwell. 
*Ensign Robert Sutherland. 
*Ensign Alexander Sinclair. 
■■■'Ensign Charles Patoun. 
'"Lieut. William Maxwell. 
*Lieut. John Bell, in Offer- 
rails' regiment. 

Ensign William Innes, in 
Offerralls' regiment. 

'"Ensign William Lyon, in 
Offerrall's regiment. 

'"'Lieut. James Brodie. 

* William Suther-^ nephews of 

land, |_Maj.-Gen. 

'Henry Suther- j Suther- 
land, J land. 

'^'William Sinclair, son of 
Sinclair of Dun. 

''Robert Kinloch, of . 

'■'Mr. William Pearson, son of 
the minister of Stirling. 

*Mr. David Drummond, at- 
tendant on Earl of Mel- 

'"Alexander Nisbit, son of 

Nisbit, merchant in 


"Mr. James Oswald, chaplain 
to Lady Halkit. 

'■' Cuthbert, son to 

Cuthbert, Provost of In- 

'"'Sir James Montgomery, 

■"Capt. Patrick Graham. 
*Capt. Robert Charteriss. 
*Capt. William Charteriss. 

'* Lieut. -Col. Rattray. 

•Lieut. -Col. Oliphant. 



Zbc Xeoitiinist 1kalen&ai for 19 lo 

1695. *LieiU.-Col. Douglas. 

*Robert Stewart, agent in 

*Ensign John Menzies, son of 

Menzies of Comrie. 
*Major John Gordon. 

* Hamilton, of Killrach- 


Carmichael, of Ballrae. 

*Capt. James Murray, brother 
to Stenhope. 

^Lieut. James Murray. 

*Capt. John Livingston. 

*Capt. Lieut. John Crighton. 
Allan Macdonald, captain 
of Clan Ronald. 

*Capt. Robert Dunbar. 

■■'Alexander Trait, skipper in 
Leith, called White Alex- 

* Irvine, of Stapletown. 

*Capt. William Moir. 

*Col. Wauchop. 

*Sir John McLeod. 
And their heirs - apparent 
and nearest of kin. 
1696. In England : 

*Sir John Fenwick, Bart. 

*Sir George Barclay, Knt. 

* Johnson, a/ias Harri- 

* Durant, a/tas Durance. 

■* Michael Hare. 

*Major George Holmes. 

*Philip Handford, ah'as 

* Richard Richardson. 

^'John Maxwell. 

* Bryerley. 

* Plowden. 

* Counter. 

*Capt. Hungate. 

*Robert Charnock. 

*Edward King. 

*Thomas Keys. 

*Ambrose Rookwood. 

*Sir John Friend, Bart. 
Sir William Perkins, Knt. 
Robert Lowick. 
Charles Cranbouin. 
1 701. In England : 

"James, T'rince of Wales. 

*Mary of Modena, Queen- 

17 14. In Great Britain : 

■'Henry St. John, Viscount 
1 71 5-6. In Great Britain : 

■'James Butler, Duke of 
Ormond (E. ), Earl of 
Ormond (I.), and Lord 
Dingwall (S.). 
*John Erskine, Earl of Mar. 
■'William Murray, Marquis of 
Tullibardine, eldest son of 
the Duke of Athol. 
^James Livingston, Earl of 
Linlithgow and Callendar. 
*James Drummond, Lord 
Drummond, son and heir 
of the Earl of Perth. 
*William McKenzie, Earl of 

■'James Carnegie, Earl of 

■*James Maule, Earl of Pan- 
*William Livingstone, \'is- 

count Kilsyth. 
'James Seton, Viscount King- 
James Radclifife, Earl of 

Robert Dalziel, Earl of Carn- 

William Maxwell, Earl of 

George Seton, Earl of Win- 

William Gordon, Viscount 

William Widdrington, Lord 

William Murray, Lord Nairn. 
"Robert Balfour, Lord Bal- 
four of Burleigh. 
■"Kenneth Sutherland, Lord 

James Ogilvic, Lord Ogilvie, 
son and heir of the Earl of 
■*John Sinclair, Master of Sin- 
clair, son and heir of Lord 
Hon. Charles Radclifi'e, bro- 
ther of Lord Derwent- 

XTbe Xcoitimist 1Ralcn&ar for 191° 


1 71 5-6. *Hon. William Sutherland, 
Laird of Roscommon, 
brother of Lord Duffus. 

Hon. Charles Widdrington, 
brother of Lord Widdring- 

Hon, Peregrine Widdring- 

Charles Frazer, Lord Frazer, 
of Kinmundie (?). 

Hon. John Murray-Nairn, 
son and heir of Lord 

Hon. James Home, son or 
brother of Earl of Home. 
*William Graham, of Dun- 

troon. Viscount Dundee. 
*Colonel the Hon. John 
Hay, son of the Earl of 
*Sir David Thrippland, of 

*Sir Hugh Paterson, of Ban- 

*Sir Donald McDonald, of 

*Sir John Preston, of Preston 

*SirJohn Mackenzie, of Coul. 

Francis Anderson, Esq., of 
Lestock Hall. 

Hugh Anderton. 

John Ashton. 

John Blair, of Glascune. 

John Bruce. 

Michael Balfour, of Ferret. 

Richard Butler, Esq., of 
Raclif, Lancashire, 

Archibald Bennet, of Car- 
lops. , 

Richard Billsborough. 

Thomas Briers, of Preston, 

Robert Cowper,of Lancaster, 

Richard Chorley, of Chorley 
Hall, Esq. 

Charles Chorley, Esq. 

George Clifton, of Preston. 

George Collingwood, of Es- 
lington Hall, Northumber- 
land, Esq. 

Edward Core. 

John Crow, of Aberdeen. 

171 5-6. "William Clepham, major. 

"Colin Campbell, Laird of 

"John Cameron, younger, of 

^Robert Campbell, alias 
McGregor, commonly 
called Rob Roy. 
*Roderic Chisholm, of Strath- 
Alexander Carnagy, of Bal- 

Andrew Cassie, of Kirkhouse. 
Robert Daniel, gentleman. 
John Dalton, Esq., of Lan- 
John Dalton, priest. 
Roger Dicconson, Esq. 

Dorrell, captain. 

Hercules Durham. 
Sylvester Douglas, of White- 

Thomas Errington, Esq. 
Thomas Forster, Esq. 
^Alexander Farquharson, of 

"Thomas Forster, younger, 

George Gibson, Esq. 
John Gregson, Esq. 

Gordon, captain. 

Richard Gascogne, Esq. 
*John Grant, Laird of Glen- 

*Thomas Gordon, Laird of 
Achintowel, major-general. 
John Hall, Esq., of North- 
umberland, J. P. 
CJabriel Hesketh, gentleman. 
Albert Hodgson, Esq. 
Philip Hodgson, Esq. 
John Hunter, Esq., of North- 
Felix Hara. 
*George Hamilton, major- 

Kerr, captain. 

Jordan Langdale, Esq., of 
Salmsbury, Lancashire. 

Lindsay, of Pitscandly. 

John Leyburne, Esq. 
*James Malcolm, of Grange. 
*John MacKinnon, of Mac- 


Zbc Xegitimtst IkalenDar tor 1910 

1715-6. "John McKenzie, of Avoch. 
*Donald McKenzie, of Kil- 
Ronald McDonald, of Moi- 
*Roderic McKenzie, of Fair- 
*Alexander Mackenzie, of 

Apple Crosse. 
^Alexander Mackenzie, of 

*Alexander Mackenzie, of 

*John McDougall, of Lome. 
^Alexander McDonald, of 

*William Mackintosh, of 
Borlum, Esq., commonly 
called Brigadier Mackin- 
*Ronald McRonald, captain 

of Clan Ronald. 
*Alexander McDonald, Laird 

of Glengarry. 
*JohnMcCra, of Darachcarty. 
*George Mackenzie, of Balla- 

*Master George Mackenzie, 
son of Delvin. 
Alexander Menzies. 
Angus Mackintosh. 
William Mackintosh. 
James Maqueen. 
Roger Muncaster. 


Alexander Macrudder. 
William Moodie or Mudie, 

Laird of Melsetter. 
Captain James Moodie, of 
*John Oliphant, late Bailie, 
of Dundee. 
Henry Oxburgh, Esq. 
John Oard, Esq., of Lanca- 
John Parkinson, gentleman. 
William Paul, clerk in holy 

Andrew Pitcairn, of that ilk. 
John Plessington, gentleman. 
John Robertson. 
Donald Robertson. 
of Strowan. 

17 15-6. "Hugh Rosse, Laird of Clara. 
James Ramsay, of Drum- 

Patrick Robertson, of Blair- 

Donald Robertson, of 

*Master John Stuart, of In- 

*James Stirling, of Keir. 
*Robert Stuart, of Appin. 
John Stuart, of Kynochan. 
Robert Scarisbrick, Esq. 
William Shaftoe, Esq. 
Richard Sherburne. 
Ralph Shuttleworth. 
Richard Shuttleworth. 
Ralph Standish, Esq., of 

James Singleton. 
Thomas Stanley, Esq. 
Edward Swinburne. 
James Swinburne. 
John Sturzaker. 
Joseph Sullivan. 
Thomas Syddall,hairdresser. 
Robert Shaw. 
John Thornton, Esq. 
Christopher Trap, gentle- 

Robert Talbot, captain. 
William Tunstall. 
Joseph Wadsworth. 
Thomas Walton, gentleman. 
Thomas Walmsly, gentle- 
Edward Winkley, Esq. 
■'Master John Walkinshaw, 
of Scotstowne. 
Richard Wythington, or 

Wytherinton, Esq. 
Robert Whitty. 
Nicholas Wogan, captain. 
Charles Woga.n,an/e-de-cam/> 
to General Forster. 
In Great Britain : 

James Sheppard. 
In Great Britain : 

Maddison, clerk in holy 



John Matthews, printer. 
In Great Britain : 

Christopher Layer, Squire 

of Booton, near Aylsham. 

trbe Xealtlmtst 1Ralen&at for 19^0 


1723. John Plunkett. 
Charles Kelly. 
1729. April 3, in Great Britain : 

*Philip Wharton, Duke of 
1745-6. In Great Britain : 

*James Drummond, Duke of 
William Bo3'd, Earl of Kil- 
*Alexander Erskine, Earl of 
George Mackenzie, Earl of 

Charles Radclyffe, Earl of 
*William Drummond, Vis- 
count Strathallan. 
*James Graham, Viscount 
Simon Eraser, Lord Lovat. 
Arthur Elphinstone, Lord 
*Alexander Forbes, Lord 

*John Nairn, Lord Nairn. 
*David Wemyss, Lord Elcho, 
eldest son of the Earl of 
*David Ogilvie, Lord Ogilvie, 
eldest son of the Earl of 
*Hon. James Drummond, 
eldest son and heir of 
Lord Strathallan. 
*Hon. Simon Eraser, son and 

heir of Lord Lovat. 
John Mackenzie, Lord Mac- 
leod, son and heir of the 
Earl of Cromartie. 
*Lord Lewis Gordon, brother 

of the Duke of Gordon. 
*Lord George Murray, brother 

of the Duke of Athol. 
*Lord John Drummond, 
brother of the Duke of 
Hon. Willftm Murray, of 
Taymount, brother to Earl 
of Dunmore. 
*Sir William Gordon, of 
Park, Bart. 
Sir James Kinloch, of Kin- 
loch, Bart. 

1745-6. Sir David Murray, of Stan- 
hope, Bart. 
Sir Archibald Primrose, of 

Dunipace, Bart. 
Sir John Wedderburn, of 

Blackness, Bart. 
John Brown, of Beauchamp. 
Francis Buchanan, of Arn- 
prior, Esq. 
*Alexander Cameron, of 

Dungallon, gentleman. 
*Donald Cameron, the youn- 
ger,of Lochiel, gentleman. 
*Ludovick Cameron, of Tor- 
castle, gentleman. 
*Francis Farquharson, of 

Monaltrie, gentleman. 
*John Gordon, of Glenbucket, 
the elder, gentleman. 
George Hamilton, Esq., of 

John Hamilton, Esq. 
James Hay, Esq. 
Henry Kerr, of Gradyne, 

Roderick Maccallock, of 
Glastulich, gentleman. 
*Alex. Macdonald,of Glencoe, 

*Alex. Macdonell, of Kep- 
poch, gentleman. 
Donald Macdonald, Esq., of 
*Alex. Macgilivrae, of Drum- 

aglash, gentleman. 
*John MacKinnon, of Mac- 
Kinnon, gentleman. 
Lauchlan Maclauchlan, of 
Castle-Lauchlan, gentle- 
*Evan Macpherson, of Clunie, 
Lawrence Mercer, of Mil- 
ginch and Lethinday, 
*Robert Mercer or Nairn, 
Esq., of Aldie. 
David Morgan, Esq. 
*John Murray, of Broughton, 

*Laurence Oliphant, of Gask, 

elder, gentleman. 
*Charles Stewart, of Ardsheil, 

132 XTbe Xegitimist 1kalen&ar tor 1910 

1 745-6. Francis Townley, gentleman. 

Alexander Abernethy, sur- 

George Abernethy, gentle- 

James Ancrum, gentleman. 

Alex. Anderson, of Aberdeen. 

Gilbert Barclay, labourer. 

William Barclay, cabinet- 

John Barnaghy, labourer. 

John Bartlet, shoemaker. 

Lewis Barton, weaver. 

William Beard, gardener. 

John Beaton, apothecary. 

John Berwick, gentleman. 

Andrew Blood or Blyde, 
gentleman or farmer. 

Geo. Boyd or Boy, labourer. 

James Bradshaw, warehouse- 

Michael Brady, brushmaker. 

James Brand, gentleman. 

William Brittough or Bratter, 

Richard Brown, carpenter. 

John Burnett, gentleman. 

Allen Cameron, gentleman. 
*Archibald Cameron, doctor, 
brother to Lochiel. 

Hugh Cameron, yeoman, 

Angus Campbell, labourer. 

John Campbell, labourer. 

Peter Campbell, labourer. 

James Campbell-Macgregor, 

James Chadwick or Chad- 
dock, labourer. 

Thomas Chadwick or Chad- 
dock, tallow-chandler. 

Edward or Edmond Claver- 
ing, gentleman. 

Jlenry Clerk or Clark, 

William Conolly, labourer. 

William Cooke, labourer. 

John Coppock, tailor. 

Thomas Coppock, clerk. 

James Creighton, smith. 

William Crossby, weaver. 

John Cruickshanks, elder, 

Alexander Davidson, shoe- 

1745-6. John Davidson, labourer. 

James Dawson, gentleman. 

Charles Deacon, gentleman. 

Thomas Deacon, gentleman. 

Michael Dellard or Dillard, 

William Dempsey, carpenter. 

Daniel or Donald Duff, la- 

John Duncan, chapman. 

William Duncan, tailor. 

Molyneux Eaton, weaver. 

John Endsworth, labourer. 

John Farquharson, yeoman. 

William Farrier, mason. 
"''William Fidler, clerk in the 
auditor's office. 

Stephen Fitzgerald, gentle- 
man or yeoman. 

George Fletcher, chapman. 

John Flint, butcher. 

James Forbes, labourer. 

Robert Forbes, printer. 

Daniel Eraser, farmer. 

Roger Fulthrope, baker. 

Thomas Furnival, chapman. 

James Gadd, printer. 

John Gaddes, labourer. 

Alexander Goodbrand, chap- 

Charles Gordon, gentleman. 

CharlesGordon, husbandman 
or gentleman. 

Charles Gordon, of Tarpesso, 
*James Gordon, gentleman. 

James Graham, younger, of 
Airth, gentleman. 

William Grant, shoemaker. 

William Gray, surgeon. 

William Hargrave, labourer. 

George Hartley, weaver. 

John Hartley, carpenter. 

Thomas Harvey, weaver. 

James Harvie, innholder. 

Adam Hay, gentleman. 

*John Hay, portioner of Rest- 
alrig, Writer to the Signet. 

Peter Hay, labourer. 

William Hay or Jay, la- 

Thomas Hayes, labourer. 

John Henderson, gentleman. 

Valentine Holt, cloth worker. 

XLhc Xeoitimlst 1kalen&ai' tor 191° 


1745-6. David Home, gentleman. 

William Home, gentleman. 

Philip Hunt. 

William Hunter, smith. 

Alexander Hutchinson, la- 

John James Jellins, labourer. 

Andrew Johnson, gentleman, 
son to Knockhill. 

James Innes, gentleman, 
brother to Cockston. 

Thomas Keightly. 

Patrick or Peter Keir, 

Arch. Kennedy, silversmith. 

Alex. Kinloch, merchant. 

Charles Kinloch, gentleman. 

William Lackey or Leak, 

Thomas Lawson, chapman. 

Samuel Lee. 

Alex. Leith, farmer, 

Peter Lindesay, gentleman. 

James Lindsay, shoemaker. 
*George Lockhart, gentle- 
man, son and heir of 

Simon I>ugtown, tailor. 
*Andrew Lumsdale or Lums- 
dain, son to William Lums- 
dain, writer in Edinburgh. 

Robert Lyon, clerk. 

James Maccoiley or Mac- 
cally, labourer. 

^neas Macdonald, gentle- 
man, brother to Kinloch- 

Angus Macdonald, joiner. 
*Arch. Macdonald, son of 

David or Daniel or Donald 

Macdonald, gentleman. 

*Donald Macdonald, of Clan- 

ronald, jun., gentleman. 
*Donald McDonald, of Loch- 
garie, gentleman. 

Donald McDonald, of Tein- 
dreish, gentleman. 

Peter or Patrick McDonald, 

Ronald McDonald, of the 
Edinburgh City Guard. 

Thomas Magennis, labourer. 

John Macgregor, labourer. 

1745-6. Alex. Macgowther or Robert- 
son, the elder, gentleman. 
*Lauchlan Macintosh, mer- 
chant, of Inverness. 

John Mackeine, or Mac- 
kenzie, labourer. 

Alexander Mackenzie, gentle- 

Donald Mackenzie, labourer. 

Hector Mackenzie, yeoman. 

Simon Mackenzie, labourer. 

John Macknell or Magnell, 

Alex. Maclauchlan, gentle- 

JamesMaclauchlan, labourer. 

John Maclauchlan, labourer. 

Alex. Maclean, chapman. 

John Maclean, labourer. 
•■'Alex. Macleod, gentleman. 

John Macquin, labourer. 

John Macnaughton, watch- 

James Main, tallow-chandler. 

Benjamin Mason, weaver. 

Barnabas Matthew, labourer. 

Matthew Matthew, weaver. 

Robert Maxwell, writer in 

James Mellin, weaver. 

George Mill or Mills, la- 

James Mitchell, labourer. 

Walter Mitchell, labourer. 

Henry Moir, gentleman, 

Robert Moir, gentleman. 

Richard Morrison, wig- 

Patrick Murray, goldsmith. 

Robert Murray, gentleman. 

Alexander Nichols, labourer. 

James Nicholson, gentle- 

David Ogilvie, labourer, 

Walter Ogilvie, gentleman, 

Charles Oliphant, gentle- 
* Lawrence Oliphant, of Gask, 
the younger. 

Thomas Park, shoemaker. 

Alexander Parker, barber. 

Archibald Paton, joiner. 

Andrew Porteous, merchant, 

John Porteous, cordwinder. 


XTbe Xeoitimist 1kalen&ar for 19^0 

1745-6. John Poustie, tailor. 

George Ramsay, gentleman 
or labourer. 

Robert Randel, exciseman. 

John Ratcliff or Radcliffe, 

James Read, labourer. 

Robert Read. 

Charles Robinson, labourer. 

John Robotham or Row- 
bottom, carpenter. 

Edmund Roper, weaver. 
*Malcolm Ro:^s, son of 

David Row or Roe, gentle- 

Hugh Roy, labourer. 

John Sanderson, gentleman. 

John Sanderson, labourer. 

Alexander Scott, tailor. 

John Scott, labourer. 

William Scott, labourer. 

William Sharpe, gentle- 

Thomas Siddall, peruke- 

John Small, labourer. 

James Smith, gentleman. 

William Smith, labourer. 

James Sparkes, framework 

William Steben or Stephan. 

Alexander Steel, labourer. 

Alexander Stevenson, joiner. 

Patrick Stewart, labourer. 

1745-6. Duncan Stewart, tailor. 

*John Stewart, called John 
Roy Stewart. 

James Stormonth, gentle- 

James Stuart or Steuart, 

Robert Stuart, labourer. 

Andrew Swan, shoemaker. 

Christopher Taylor, gentle- 

Peter Taylur, joiner. 

Robert Taylor, shoemaker. 

James Thompson or Thom- 
son, gardener. 

Robert Tinsley, weaver. 

Thomas Turner, shoemaker. 

Thomas Turner, weaver. 

John Walker, labourer. 

John Wallace or Wallis, 

George Waring, weaver. 

Matthew Waring, weaver. 

Thomas Watson, tobacconist. 

David Webster, labourer. 

James Webster, labourer. 

James Wilding or Wheeld- 
ing, scarlet dyer or gentle- 

David Wilkie, labourer. 

William Windstanley or 
Winstanley, weaver. 

James Wishart, labourer. 

Andrew Wood, gentleman, 

Robert Wright, gentleman. 

trbe Xeoltlmtst IRalenbar tor 19 



^be 1Ramc0 of tboae persona wbo were 
lEyeinptet) from tbe Hcts of Snbemnit^ of 

1641, 1645, 1647, 1651, 1654, 1690, 1717, aub 

A List of those Exempted from Peace 
IN 1641 (Scotland) and Declared Incapable of Pardon 

The Scottish Prelates. 
John, Earl of Traquair. 
Sir Robert Spottiswood. 

Sir John Hay. 

Master William Balcanqual, 

Those Exempted in 1645 (Scotland) 

James Graham, Marquis of Montrose. ! 

James Ogilvie, Earl of Aivlie. 

James Gordon, Lord Viscount 

Aboyne. 1 

Allister McDonald. i 

Graham (younger), 

Graham, of Gorthie. 

of Inch- 

Sir William Rollo. 
Nathaniel Gordon. 

Those Declared Incapable of being Included in any Pardon by 
Act of Parliament (Scotland), March 12, 1647 

James Graham, Marquis of Montrose. 

Allister McDonald. 

James Gordon, Mscount Aboyne. 

George Gordon, Marquis of Iluntly. 
Ludovick Lindsay, Earl of Crawford. 
Sir John Hurrie. 

Those Exempted in 165 i (England) 

Charles Cavendish, Viscount Mans- 
field, son of the Marquis of New- 

George Goring, Earl of Norwich. 

George Goring, Lord Goring (perhaps 
better known as Gen. Goring), 
eldest son of above. 

Hon. Charles Goring. 

Those Exempted in 1654 (Scotland) 

King Charles II. 

Henrietta Maria, Queen-dowager. 

James, Duke of York. 

James, Duke of Hamilton (deceased). 

William, Duke of Hamilton(deceased). 

John, Earl of Crawford and Lindsay. 

James, Earl of Callendar. 

William, Earl Marischal. 

Alexander, Earl of Kelly. 

John, Earl of Lauderdale. 

John, Earl of Loudoun. 

Kenneth, Earl of Seaforth. 

John, Earl of Athol. 
Robert, Viscount Kenmure. 
Archibald, Lord Lome, eldest son of 

the Marquis of Argyll. 
James, Lord Machton, eldest son of 

the Earl of Loudoun. 
Hugh, Lord Montgomery, son of the 

Earl of Eglinton. 
George, Lord Spynie. 
William, Lord Cranstoun. 
John, Lord Sinclair. 
Thomas Dayell, late Major-General. 


Ubc Xeoitimlst 1Ralen&ai' tor 191° 

John Middleton, late Lieut-General. 
James, Viscount Newbiirgh. 
John, Lord Bargeny. 
Sir Thomas Thomson. 

James Edmeston, Lord of Womat. 
Archibald, Lord Napier. 
William, Earl of Glencairn. 

Those Exempted in 1690 

William Herbert, Marquis of Powis. 
Theophilus Hastings, Earl of Hunt- 
Robert Spencer, Earl of Sunderland. 
John Drummond, Earl of Melfort. 
Roger Palmer, Earl of Castlemain. 
Nathaniel Crewe, Bishop of Durham. 
Thomas Watson, Bishop of St. David 's. 
Henry Jermyn, Lord Dover. 
Lord Thomas Howard. 
Sir Edward Hales. 
Sir Francis Withers. 
Sir Edward Lutwyche. 
Sir Thomas Jenner. 
Sir Nicholas Butler. 
Sir William Herbert. 

j Sir Richard Holloway. 
j Sir Richard Heath. 
1 Sir Roger L'Estrange. 
i William Molyneux. 
' Thomas Tyndesley. 
j Colonel Townley. 
I Colonel Lundy. 
! Robert Brent. 

Edward Morgan. 

Philip Burton. 

Richard Graham. 

Edward Peter. 

Obadiah Walker. 

Matthew Crone. 

George, Lord Jeffreys (deceased). 

Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford. 
Simon, Lord Harcourt, Lord Chan 

cellor of England. 
Matthew Prior. 
Thomas Harley. 
Arthur Moor. 
James Duke Crispe. 

Those Exempted in 17 17 
Butler Nodes. 

Daniel O'Brien (Obryan). 

William Redmayne. 

Robert Thompson, factor to the 

Viscount of Arbuthnot. 
All and every person and persons of 

the name and clan of MacGregor. 

Those Exempted in 1747 

The Earl of Traquair. 
The Earl of Kellie. 
The Earl of Clancarty. 
Sir James Stewart, Bart. 
Sir John Douglas, Bart. 
Sir James Harrington, Bart. 
Sir James Campbell, Bart. 
Sir William Dunbar, Bart. 
Sir Alexander Bannerman, Bart. 
Archibald Stewart, Provost of Edin- 
Peter Barry, M.D. 
Thomas Blair, of Glasclune. 
Alexander Blair, writer, of Edinburgh. 
Peter Byers, of Toulay. 

James Carnegie, of Boysack. 
Charles Gumming, of Kinnimond. 
William Gumming, jun., of Pitully. 
Roderick Chisholm, of Gomar. 
Alexander Cameron, of Dungallon. 
William Drummond, of Bahaldie, 
William Drummond, of Callendar. 
James Eraser, of Foyers. 
Simon Fraser, of Avochnacloy. 
John Fraser McGelispick. 
Hugh, son of Alexander Fraser, 

Leat Clan. 
James Farquharson, of Balmoral. 
John Fullerton, jun., of Dud wick. 
John Dow Fraser. 


xrbe OLeoitlmfst IRalenbar for 1910 


John Fraser, of Browick. 

Thomas Fraser, of Gortuleg. 

Alexander Garioch, of Margie. 

Arthur Gordon, of Carnsusie. 

George Gordon, of Hawhed. 

John Gordon, of Abachie. 

James Gordon, of Gobardie. 

Francis Gordon, of Mill of Kincardine. 

Robert Gordon, jun., of Logic. 

James Gordon, of Glasterum. 

Robert Graham, of Garrick. 

Patrick Grant, of Glenmorriston. 

John Graham, of Kilmardinny. 

David Hunter, of Bruntside. 

John Holden, of Lanrick. 

Alexander Holden, his son. 

Andrew Hay, jun., of Ranus. 

Alexander Irvine, of Drum. 

George Kelly. 

James Levistonne, postmaster of Fal- 

Cole Macdonald, of Bariedale. 

Gregor MacGregor. 

Malcolm Macleod, of Rosa. 

Archibald Menzies, of Segan. 

Gilbert Menzies, jun., of Pitfoddles. 

Thomas Mercer, merchant, of Aber- 

William Moir, of Lonemay. 

James Moir, of Stonywood. 

^neas Macdonald, late banker in 

James Macdonald, brother of Mac- 
donald of Kinloch Moidart. 
John Murray, late Clerk of the 
Customs at Alloa. 

Donald Macdonald, of Inveroy. 
John Macdonald, sen., of Glengarry. 

Alexander Macdonald, of Glencoe. 

Robert Murray, of Glencarnock. 

Thomas Ogilvie, of East Mill. 

Alexander Ogilvie, of Acherus. 

Thomas Ogilvie, of Coul, merchant, 
of Dundee. 

John Riddle, of Grange. 

David Robertson, of Easter Bleaton. 

George Robertson, of Faskeely. 

James Robertson, of Blairfitty. 

Alexander Robertson, of Struan. 

Duncan Robertson, of Drummeachan. 

Donald Smith, merchant in Aberdeen. 

David Smith, of Inveramsay. 

Daniel Spalding, of Ashentually. 

James Stirling, of Craig Barnett. 

Charles Stuart, of Ballachallan. 

David Stuart, of Kynnachin. 

Robert Stewart, of Killiharry. 

John Turner, jun., of Turner Hall. 

Alexander Thomson, of Fetchfield. 

David Tulloch, of Bugtown. 

William Vaughan, of Courtfield, in 
the County of Monmouth. 

Andrew Wauchope, Esq., of Nidre. 

Alexander White, jun., of Ardlehill. 

138 TTbe Xeotttmtst Iftalenbar for 191° 

a Sbort account of tbe iproceebinge in tbc 
(Bonvcntion parliament of 1689, an^ of 
tbe act of Settlement (170 1 ), tbe abjura^ 
tion act, tbe Septennial act, anb tbe 
Settlement of tbe Succession in Scotland 

Showing the relative strength of the Jacobites and Whigs on 
THE Various Divisions, together with the Names of those 
Members of both Houses of the English Parliament who 
voted against making the Prince and Princess of Orange, 
King and Queen ; of those Members of the House of Commons 
WHO voted against the Act of Settlement ; of the Peers who 
protested against the Abjuration Act, and the Names of the 
Members of the Scottish Parliament who voted against the 
Act of Union, etc. 


The Prince of Orange, having assumed the government (December 26, 
1688), summoned a Convention Parliament to meet at Westminster on 
January 22 following. When it assembled, it was found that about two-thirds 
of the members of the Lower House were Whigs, and after a long debate the 
Commons resolved (January 28) — " That King James II., having endeavoured 
to subvert the constitution of this Kingdom, by breaking the original compact 
between the King and the people, and by the advice of Jesuits, and other 
wicked persons having violated the fundamental laws, and having with- 
drawn himself out of the Kingdom, has abdicated the government, and that 
the throne is thereby vacant." This was carried with only three negatives, 
the Royalists offering very little opposition, being naturally discouraged by the 
flight of the King, and probably considerably overawed by the Dutch Guards 
stationed in and around Westminster, and the Lords' concurrence was desired. 
The next day (29th) the Whigs had a further triumph in the Commons, when 
it was resolved unanimously — "That it hath been found by experience incon- 
sistent with the safety and welfare of this Protestant Kingdom to be governed 
by a Popish prince." 

In the Upper House there was much less unanimity, the Tories there being 
much more numerous in proportion than in the Commons. They agreed to 
accept the second resolution of the Lower House, but this, as it was pointed 
out, was only an "abstract proposition" ; and then, before debating the first 
resolution, they decided to discuss whether, if the Throne were vacant, "a 
regency, with the administration of regal power under the style of King 
James II., during the life of the said King James, be the best and safest 
way to preserve the Protestant religion and the laws and liberties of this 
Kingdom." This was supported by Archbishop Sancroft, by Lords Notting- 
ham, Clarendon, etc., and by all those who really wished for James's return, 
as well as by those who, while wishing to exclude him from the government, 
did not consider that Parliament had power to depose him ; and was opposed 
by Halifax and Danby, and was only lost by a majority oi /wo — 51 to 49. 

The question of regency having been settled, the Lords returned to the 
original resolution of the Commons, and resolved by a majority of seven, 53 
to 46, that there was an original compact between the King and the people. 
They concurred without much debate on the rest of the Commons' vote until 

Ubc Xeattimlst maleiiDar for 19 lo 139 

tliey came to the clause, that King James had " abdicated " the government, 
for which they substituted "deserted." They next omitted by a majority of 
fourteen, 55 to 41, the final and most important clause in the Commons' 
resolution — namely, that " the throne was thereby vacant." 

The Tories in the Lower House now recovered their courage on perceiving 
that the action of the Lords was favourably received in the country, and also 
by observing that the King's party out of doors had become much stronger 
than it had hitherto appeared ; and they mustered 151 against 282 in favour of 
agreeing with the Lords in omitting the clause about the vacancy of the throne. 

Such was the position of affairs, when William, seeing that the crown was 
about to slip from his grasp, sent for Halifax, Danby, and the other political 
chiefs, and explained to them that he would not consent to be regent, neither 
would he agree to share the government with his wife for her lifetime ; and 
he requested them to come to some decision at once. This explicit declaration 
immediately brought about a change. Some professed fear of a civil war ; 
others that William would seize the crown if it were not granted to him. 
Accordingly, at the conference which followed between the two Houses, the 
Lords gave way to force of circumstances, and agreed not to insist on their 
original vote. By a majority oi fifteen, 62 to 47, they now decided that the 
throne was vacant, and followed this up by a resolution that the Prince and 
Princess of Orange should be declared King and Queen of England, and all 
the dominions thereunto belonging. Forty peers, including twelve bishops 
out of seventeen present, formally protested. On February 13 the Commons, 
having made William accept a Bill of Rights, agreed to this, and William and 
Mary were accordingly proclaimed King and Queen. 

"And yet," says Hallam in his Constitutional History, "only eight years 
before, nay much less, the nation had declared by its representatives the incom- 
petency of a full Parliament, with a King at its head, to alter the lineal course 
of succession. No Whig even had then dared to assert the doctrine that not 
only a King, but an entire Royal Family, might be set aside for public con- 
venience." How much less then had an illegal convention, assembled at the 
bidding or a foreign invader, a right to dispose of the crown ? 

In Scotland a meeting of the Estates of that kingdom was called together 
"under extraordinary circumstances," by the Prince of Orange, March 14, 
16S9, and the convention was " turned into a Parliament" June 5 thereafter. 
Immediately it met a letter from King James was handed in by a Mr. Crane, 
and read March 16, and on i\pril 11 following, the Lords Dundee and Living- 
stone and other Jacobites having withdrawn, William and Mary were declared 
King and Queen of Scotland, only twelve, of whom seven were Bishops, 
having the courage to vote against the resolution, and this although the 
Scottish Parliament had, like that of England, passed in 1681 an Act "ac- 
knowledging and asserting the right of succession to the Imperial Crown of 
Scotland," which declared that " the kings of this realm, deriving their royal 
power from God Almi?;hty alone do succeed lineally thereto according to the 
known degrees of proximit}'in blood, which cannot be interrupted, suspended, 
or diverted by any Act or Statute whatsoever, and that none can attempt to 
alter or divert this said succession without involving the subjects of this king- 
dom in perjury and rebellion. That upon the death of the King or Queen 
who actually reigns, the subjects of this kingdom are bound, by law, duty, 
and allegiances, to obey the next immediate lawful heir, either male or female, 
upon whom the rights or administration of the Government is immediately 
devolved ; and that no difference of religion nor no Act of Parliament made, 
or to be made, can alter or divert the rights of succession or lineal descent 
of the Crown to the nearest and lawful heirs." 


XTbe Xeaitimist 1kalen5ar tor 1910 

The following is a list of those members of both Houses of the English Con- 
vention who were against making the Prince and Princess of Orange king and 

The following peers voted in 

The Duke of Somerset. 

The Duke of Ormond. 

The Duke of Southampton. 

The Duke of Grafton. 

The Duke of Beaufort. 

The Duke of Northumberland. 

The Earl of Kent. 

The Earl of Pembroke. 

The Earl of Clarendon. 

The Earl of Rochester. 

The Earl of Craven. 

The Earl of Westmoreland. 

The Earl of Scarsdale. 

The Earl of Chesterfield. 

The Earl of Lichfield. 

The Earl of Yarmouth. 

The Earl of Lindsay. 

The Earl of Nottingham. 

The Viscount Weymouth. 

The Lord Coventry. 

The Lord Brook. 

The Lord Leigh. 

The Lord Ferras. 

The Lord Ma3mard. 

favour of a regency : — 

The Lord Chandos. 
The Lord Jermyn. 
The Lord Arundel. 
The Lord Dartmouth. 
The Lord Godolphin. 
The Lord Griffin. 
And five others. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury. 
The Archbishop of York. 

The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 
The Bishop 

of Norwich, 
of Winchester, 
of Ely. 
of St. Asaph, 
of Bath and Wells, 
of Peterborough, 
of Chichester, 
of Rochester, 
of St. David's, 
of Oxford. 
of Gloucester, 
of Lincoln. 

The following gentlemen voted in the Commons in favour of agreeing with 
the Lords that the Throne was not vacant : — 

Lore Norris. 

Sir Ralph Verney. 

Sir Levinus Bennet. 
Sir Robert Cotton. 
Sir Robert Sawyer. 

Sir Bourchier Wrey. 
Francis Robarts. 
Sir John St. Aubyn. 
Charles Godolphin. 
Nicholas Glyn. 
John Tanner. 
Alexander Pendarvis. 
James Praed. 
John Rashleigh. 
Francis Vivian. 
John Specot. 

Sir John Tredenham. 
Henry Seymour. 
Sir John Coryton. 
John Prideaux. 

Sir Christopher Mus- 

John Coke. 

Sir Edward Seymour. 
Christopher Bale. 
Sir John Fowell. 
Rawlin Mai lack. 
William Cary. 
Henry Northleigh. 
Sir Arthur Chichester. 
Edmond Walrond, 
William Hayn. 
William Coleman. 

Thomas Strangeways. 
John Pole. 
Sir Robert Napier. 
Edward Nicholas. 
Richard Fowns. 
William Okeden. 

William Lampton. 
Robert Byerly. 
George Morland. 

William Cook. 
Thomas Master. 
Sir Francis Russell. 

He refordsh ire. 
Henry Cornwall. 

John Brigg. 

Ube Xeoitimfst Ikalenbar for 191° 


Sir John Banks. 
Sir Roger Twisden. 
Caleb BanlvS. 

Francis Cholmondley. 
Sir Edward Chisnal. 

Sir Thomas Halford. 
Thomas Babington. 

Charles Bertie. 
Sir John Brownlow. 

Sir Charles Gerard, 
Ralph Hawtrey. 

Marquis of Worcester. 

Sir William Cook. 
Sir Nevel Catlyn. 
Sir John Turner. 
Sir Francis Guybon. 

Edward Montague. 
Gilbert Dolben. 
Sir Justinian I sham. 
Lord Wenman. 

William Forster. 
Philip Bickerstaft". 
Sir Ralph Car. 
John Fenwick. 

Lord Eland. 

Ox on. 
Sir Robert Jenkinson. 
Sir Thomas Clarges. 
Henry Berty. 
Sir John Dryley. 

Sir ThomasMackworth. 

Edward Kynaston. 
Andrew Newport. 
Sir Francis Edwards. 
Sir Edward Acton. 
George Weld. 

Sir Richard Hart. 
Sir John Knight. 
Edward Berkley. 
Sir William Basset. 
Sir William Portman. 
John Sandford. 
Sir Francis War. 
Francis Luttrell. 
Nathaniel Palmer. 
Sir Edward Wyndham. 
William Helyar. 
John Hunt. 
Thomas Sanders. 


Francis Morley. 
Sir Benjamin Newlands. 
Sir Robert Holms. 
Earl of Ranaleigh. 
Thomas Done. 
Francis Guin. 
William Etrick. 
John Pollen. 


John Grey. 
Robert Burdet. 
John Chetwynd. 
Sir Henry Gough. 

Sir John Cordell. 
Sir John Rous. 
Sir John Barker. 
Thomas Glemham. 
Sir Henry Johnson. 
William Johnson. 
Sir John Poley. 
Thomas Knyvet. 
Henry Pooley. 
Sir Robert Davers. 
Sir Thomas Harvey. 

John Weston. 
White Tichbourne. 

Sir William Morley. 
John Alford. 
Charles Goring, junr. 
William Morley. 

Sir Richard Verney. 
Sir George Cave. 
Lord Digby. 
William Colmon. 

Richard Lowther. 
William Cheyne. 

Lord Cornbury. 
Robert Hyde. 
Richard Lewis. 
Peregrine Bertie. 
Henry Chivers. 
Walter Grub. 
Charles Fox. 
Sir Edmond Warnford. 
John Dean. 
Sir John Emle. 
Sir George Willoughby. 

Henry Parker. 
Sir John Matthews. 

Hon. PeregrineOsborne. 
Sir Jonathan Jennings. 
Christopher Tancred. 

E. Jones, of Buckland. 

Sir Richard Middleton. 
Edward Brenton. 

Thomas Mansell. 

Sir William Wogan. 


Ube Xe^itimist Ikalenoar tor 191° 

^bc Bet of Settlement, 1701 

This Act, which was entitled "An Act for the further limitation of the 
Crown, and better securing the rights and liberties of the subjects," was passed 
in consequence of the death of the young Duke of Gloucester, the only child of 
the Princess Anne, and settled the succession to the Crown on the Electress 
Sophia of Hanover (the daughter of Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, and 
granddaughter of James I. and VI.) and her heirs, to the exclusion of all the 
descendants of Charles I. It was by no means popular, and was only passed 
in the Commons by a majority of one, a fact that is generally ignored in the 
History Books. The figures were : — 

For the Bill . . . .118 

Against . . . ■ n? 

Majority . . i 

The following Peers signed a formal protest against the Act : — 

Francis North, Lord Guildford. 
John Jeffreys, Lord Jeffreys. 

Robert Leke, Earl of Scarsdale. 
Other Windsor, Earl of Plymouth. 
Theophilus Hastings, Earl of Hunt- 

The following is a list of those who voted against the Bill in the House of 
Commons : — 

Sir John Stonehouse, Bart. 
William Jennens, Esq. 
Thomas Kendal, Esq. 
Sir Simon Harcourt, Knt., Solicitor- 
Simon Harcourt, Esq., Ailesbury. 
Sir Henry Parker, Knt. 
Sir Samuel Gerrard, Bart. 
Kichard Crawley, Esq. 
Cjranado Pigott, Esq. 
The Hon. Arthur Annesley. 
Sir George Warburton, Bart. 
Sir Roger Mostyn, Bart, 
James BuUer, Esq. 
William Gary, Esq. 
Henry, Lord Hyde. 
William Pole, Esq. 
Francis Scobell, Esq. 
Sir Henry Seymour, Bart. 
Alexander Pendarves, Esq. 
John Manley, Esq. 
George Granville, Esq. 
Henry Flemming, Esq. 
John Anstis, Esq. 
Sir Nicholas Morrice, Bart. 
John Tredenham, Esq. 
Sir William Coryton, Bart. 
Sir Christopher Musgrave, Bart, 

Richard Musgrave, Esq. 

Christopher Musgrave, Esq. 

John Curzon, Esq. 

Thomas Coke, Esq. 

John Harpur, Esq. 

Thomas Coulson, Esq. 

John Woolcomb, Esq. 

Nicholas Hooper, Esq., Serjeant-at- 

Richard Hele, Esq. 
James Bulteel, Esq. 
Sir John Lear, Bart. 
Richard Reynell, Esq. 
Frederick Home, Esq. 
Thomas Strangeways, Esq. 
Thomas Chaffin, Esq. 
Nathaniel Napier, Esq. 
The Hon. Henry Thynne. 
George St. Loe, Esq. 
Edward Nicholas, Estj. 
Richard Fownes, Esq. 
Sir Robert Eden, Bart. 
Sir Henry Bcllasyse, Bart. 
Thomas Conyers, Esq. 
Sir Charles Barrington, Bart. 
William Fytche, Esq. 
John Comyns, Esq. 
Right Hon. John How. 

Xlbe Xeottimist malen&ar for 1910 


William Tyn. 

Charles Cox, Esq., of Cirencester. 

Henry Gorges, Esq. 

Henry Cornwall, Esq. 

Ralph Freeman, Esq. 

John Gape, Esq. 

Charles Cssar, Esq. 

Richard Goulston, Esq. 

Henry Lee, Esq. 

Richard Knatchbull, Esq. 

William Cage, Esq. 

The Hon. Heneage Finch. 

Thomas Bliss, Esq. 

Thomas King, Esq. 

Richard Fleetwood, Esq. 

Robert Heysham, Esq. 

John Ward, Esq., of Newton. 

Thomas Leigh, Esq., of Lyme. 

The Hon. John Verney. 

Sir George Beaumont, Bart. 

James Winstanley, Esq. 

The Hon. Lewis Dymoke. 

Sir John Thorold, Knt. 

Sir Thomas Meres, Knt. 

Arthur Moon, Esq. 

The Hon. William Cecil. 

The Hon. Charles Bertie. 

Hugh Smithson, Esq. 

Thomas Cross, Esq. 

Sir Francis Child, Knt. 

Thomas Blofield, Esq. 

Sir Justinian Isham, I3art. 

Francis Arundel, Esq. 

John James, Esq. 

William Levinz, Esq. 
Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bart. 
William Bromley, Esq. 
Thomas Rowney, Esq. 
Francis Norreys, Esq. 
The Hon. Charles North. 
Richard Holford, Esq. 
Roger Owen, Esq. 
John Kynaston, Esq. 
Richard Mytton, Esq. 
Sir Edward Aston. 
Nathaniel Palmer, Esq. 
Sir Francis Warr, Bart. 
Sir Thomas Wroth, Bart. 
Sir Jacob Banks, Knt. 
George Pill, Esq. 
Henry Holmes, Esq. 
William Stephans, Esq. 
Francis Gwyn, Esq. 
Edward Bagot, Esq. 
Joseph Girdler, Serjeant-at-Law. 
Sir Robert Davers, Knt. 
Morgan Randyl, Esq. 
Thomas Grey, Esq. 
Henry St. John, Esq. 
Robert Byerley, Esq. 
The Lord Viscount Bulkley. 
The Right Hon. Thomas Mansel of 

In all 117. 

Tellers for the Noes : 
Sir Willoughby Hackman, Knt. 
Richard Crawley, Esq. 

Zbc Bb juration Bet of 1702 

The Abjuration Act, or, as it was called, " An Act for the further security of 
his Majesty's person and the succession of the Crown in the Protestant Line," 
required all persons who held any office, civil, military, or spiritual, to solemnly, 
on their " conscience," abjure the " pretended Prince of Wales," and to swear 
allegiance to William as "rightful" and "lawful" King; and by a further 
clause the oath of allegiance might be tendered by any Justice of the Peace to 
any subject of his Majesty's, and if it was refused the recusant might be sent 
to prison, to lie there as long as he continued obstinate. 

The Bill was violently opposed in both Houses of Parliament, and the 
clause making the oath compulsory was only carried, in the Commons like 
the Act of Settlement, by a majority of one, viz. : — 

For the Bill .... 193 
Against . . . . 192 


144 Ube Xeoitimlst 1Ralen^ar for 1910 

Fifteen Peers and ninety-two M.P.'s declined to subscribe, and ten Peers 
presented a formal protest against it. 

In Scotland no voter was allowed to vote without first having taken this 

Burton says,' "The definition of persons required to take the Abjuration 
Oath is an attempt, and a successful one, to exhaust the gentry and the 
educated community." It includes the holders of all public offices, members 
of the Universities, and all teachers, clergymen, and legal practitioners ; and, 
as a general remedy of omissions, the oath might be tendered " to any person 
or persons whatsoever." 

The Bill was reintroduced at the accession of the Elector, George I., 17 14, 
and on the death of King James III., 1766, and was not finally repealed 
until 1858. 

The following is a list of those Peers who protested. Those against whose 
names an asterisk (*) appears signed their names against the first clause of the 
protest only, which was afterwards expunged from the Journals of the House. 
Lord Craven signed in both places. 

Daniel Finch, Earl of Nottingham. 
Charles Finch, Earl of Winchelsea. 
*Louis de Duras, Earl of Feversham. 
*Thomas Tufton, Earl of Thanet. 
* George Booth, Earl of Warrington. 
Robert Leke, Earl of Scarsdale. 
Other Windsor, Earl of Plymouth. 
Basil Fielding, Earl of Denbigh. 
*Henry Compton, Bishop of London. 

*Thomas Spratt, Bishop of Rochester. 
*Henry Yelverton, Viscount Longue- 

Thomas Thy nne. Viscount Weymouth. 
^^'illiam Craven, Lord Craven. 
William Stawel, Lord Stawel. 
Francis North, Lord Guildford. 
John Jeffreys, Lord Jeffreys. 

^be Settlement of tbe Succe69ton in 


Although there had been considerably more unanimity in conferring the 
Crown on William and Mary in Scotland than in England, the reverse was the 
case when it came to the question of settling the Crown on the House of 
Hanover, and permanently excluding the Legitimate Line. The Scottish Con- 
vention resolutely declined to pass an Act of Settlement such as had been 
passed in England, and on May 6, 1703, it met and passed an Act of Security, 
refusing to accede to the Protestant Succession as established in the Princess 
Sophia in England, and giving Parliament the power to name a successor in 
case of the Queen's demise. This received the Royal assent, September 16, 
and was immediately followed by an Act of the English Parliament, declaring 
all Scottish subjects aliens while it remained in force. 

It was this that determined the Ministers of the Princess Anne to force 
through the Act of Union at all risks, for they clearly perceived that the Act 
of Security was but a preliminary step towards settling the Succession in the 
rightful line and recalling James VIII. Accordingly, when the Scottish 
Parliament met on October 13, 1706, a Bill was introduced for an Act of 
Union with England, and was carried, January 16, 1707, by a judicious 
distribution of honours and bribes, the Yeas being 1 10 and the Noes 69. It was 
bitterly resented by the people of Scotland, who saw their native Sovereigns and 

' See his History of Queen Anne. 

TLbc Xegitimist 1f{alen&ar tor 1910 


their national independence swept away together, and it was equally opposed 
by the Jacobites under the Duke of Hamilton and by Fletcher of Saltoun. 
The two first clauses declared — 

(I) That the two kingdoms of England and Scotland shall, upon the ist 
day of May next ensuing the date hereof, and for ever after, be vmited into 
one kingdom by the name of Great Britain, etc. etc. 

(II) That the Succession to the Monarchy of the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and the dominions thereunto belonging after her most Sacred Majesty, 
and in default of issue of her Majesty, to remain and continue to the most 
Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and 
the Heirs of her body, being Protestants, upon whom the Crown of England 
is settled by Act of Parliament, made in England the twelfth year of the reign 
of his Majesty, King William HI., etc. etc. 

A list of those members of the Scottish Parliament who voted against the 
Act of Union and the Succession of Hanoverian Dynasty here follows : — 

0/^/te Nobility. 

The Duke of Hamilton. 
The Marquis of Annandale. 
The Earl of Erroll. 
The Earl of Marischal. 
The Earl of Buchan. 
The Earl of Caithness. 
The Earl of Wigtown. 
The Earl of Galloway. 
The Viscount Stormont. 
The Viscount Kilsyth. 
Lord Saltoun. 
Lord Sempill. 
Lord Oliphant. 
Lord Balmerino, 
Lord Blantyre. 
Lord Bargany. 
Lord Belhaven. 
Lord Colvill. 
Lord Kinnaird. 

Of the Barotts. 

Sir John Lawder of Fountainhall. 
Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun. 
Sir Robert Sinclair of Longformacus. 
Sir Patrick Home of Rentoun. 
Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto. 
William Baillie of Lamingtoun. 
John Sinclair, younger, of Stevensone. 
James Hamilton of Aikenhead. 
Mr. Alexander Fergusson of Isle. 
Sir Hugh Cathcart of Carletown. 
John Brisbane, younger, of Bishops- 
Mr. William Cochrane of Kilmarnock. 
Sir Humphrey Colquhoun of Luss. 
Sir John Houston of that Ilk. 

Robert Rollo of Powhouse. 
Thomas Sharp of Houston. 
John Murray of Strowan. 
Alexander Gordon of Pitburg. 
John Forbes of Culloden. 
David Bethune of Balfour. 
Major Henry Balfour of Dunbog. 
Mr. Thomas Hope of Rankeiller. 
Mr. Patrick Lyon of Auchterhouse. 
Mr. James Carnegie of Phinhaven. 
David Graham, younger, of Fintrie. 
William Masewell of Cardines. 
Alexander McKege of Palgowan. 
James Sinclair of Stempster. 
Sir Henry Innes, younger, of that Ilk. 
Mr. George McKenzie of Inchcoulter. 

Of the Boroughs. 

Robert Inglis. 

Alexander Robertson. 

Walter Stewart. 

Hugh Montgomery. 

Alexander Edgar. 

Alexander Duff. 

Francis Molison. 

Walter Scott. 

Robert Scott. 

Robert Kellie. 

John Hutcheson. 

Archibald Scheills. 

Mr. John Lyon. _ 

George Brodie. 

George Spens. 

Sir David Cuningham. 

Mr. John Carruthers. 

George Sterne. 

John Bayne. 

Mr. Robert Eraser. 

146 TTbe Xegitimtst 1kalent>ar for 19 lo 

^be Septennial Bet, 17 16 

The Septennial Act, enabling the first Parliament of the Elector George I., 
which had been elected for only three years, to continue for seven years, was 
brought in because the strong popular feeling at the time in favour of the 
House of Stuart made it unsafe for the Whig Ministry to run the risk of a 
general election. The right of a sitting Parliament to lengthen its own 
existence was violently contested at the time, and sufliciently reveals to us how 
hard driven the Whigs were to keep themselves in power and the Elector 
George on the throne. 

The following were the divisions : — 

In the 

For the Act 

Upper House. 




In the 
For . 

Lower House, 




The following are the names of the chief speakers against the Septennial 


The Duke of Bucking- 
The Duke of Shrewsbury. 
The Earl of Abington. 

Mr. Robert Heysham. 

Mr. Chetwynd. 

Lord Paget. 

Mr, Snell. 

Mr. Shippen. 

Mr. Wykes. 

Mr. Hutchinson. 

In the Lords. 
The Earl of Nottingham, 
The Earl Paulet. 
The Earl of Aylesford. 
The Earl of Peterborough. 

In the Commons. 
Mr: Jeffries. 
Sir Thomas Cross. 
Mr. Bromley. 
Mr. Archer. 

Sir W^illiam Whitelocke. 
I^ord Guernsey. 
Sir Thomas Hanmer. 

The Earl of Anglesey. 
The Bishop of London, 
Lord Trevor, 
Lord Foley. 

Mr. Lechmere. 
General Ross. 
Sir Robert Raymond. 
Mr. Hungerford. 
Mr. Ward. 

The following noblemen failing to attend the first Convention summoned 
by the usurpers, William and Mary, were each fined ^1^1200: — 

Earls of Caithness, Murray, Home, Perth, Southesk, Galloway,' Traquair, 
Airly, Kincardyne,' Belcarras, and Aberdeen. 

Viscounts of Stormonth, Frendraught, Kingstown,' Oxenford, and 

Lords Sinclair, Oliphant, Lovat, Lindoris, Balmerinoch, Bamf, Colvill, 
Newark, Nairne, Kinnaird, and Glasford. 

' Afterwards " excused on account of infirmity." 

TTbe Xeoitlmlst 1Ralen&ar for 1910 


H Xt6t of tboae titles still un^cr Bttatnbcr 
for jTibeltt^ to tbe Xcgtttmate B^naati^ 


Family Name 


Date of 

Date of 


Present Peers, 
Remarks, etc. 





Duke of Berwick 
and Alba. 


Widdrington . 

Fen wick of Fenwick 
and Wallington. 

Seton . 


Keith . 





Maule . 

Boyd . 


Seton . 



Fraser . 

Sinclair . 

Forbes . 


Derwentwater I 1688 






















Fraser of Kil- 

Balmerino and 



{\lfA\ Extinct. 

1716 I (?) 

1728 ' In abeyance. 











, 1620 




! 1600 


: 1641 




> 1661 






Clementina L Maule 

Earl of Erroll. 
Earl of Erroll. 
Mrs. Wingate. 
Earl of Erroll. 
Duke of Sutherland. 

I Graham of Fintry. 


Heir in New York. 



Sir C, Forbes, Bart. 


TTbe Xegitimist IRalen^ar for 1910 



Family Name 

Talbot . 


Butler . 

De la Poer 

Bourke . 

Burgh . 

Tyrrell of Lynn 
Nugent of Moyrath 
Trant of Queen's Co. 
Macdonel of Moye . 
Eustace of Castle 




Date of ; Date of : 
Creation 'Attainder 

1685 I 169I 
1685 1 169I 1 




Le Power and 

Bourke of Castle 

Upper Ossory 












Present Peers, 
Remarks, etc. 

Justin McCarty (re- 
sides in U.S.A.). 

Heir in France, if 
not extinct. 

Heir probably in 

Butler of Garren- 

Heir probably in 

Heir in Spain, if 

not extinct. 






I69I 1 

Count de la Poer. 

Heirs to these titles 
are probably to be 
found in France 
or Spain. 


t6qi I ^^ "°^ extinct, heirs 

Tfiofi I ^^^ probably on 

TfioT '■^^ Continent. 

No^e. — A list of the Titles conferred by our exiled Sovereigns since the 
Revolution in 1688 having been exhaustively worked out by the Marquis 
of Ruvigny and Raineval, and published in 1904, in a volume entitled 
The Jacobite Peerage, Grants of Honour, etc., readers are referred to that 
work, as the subject is too wide to be brought within the limits of a 
Kalendar. — Ed. 

TLbc Xeaitimist *lkalen&ar for 1910 149 

a XiBt of tbe niMni6tcr0, etc., of tbe £j:tlcb 


Revised from Tke Jacobite Peerage, etc. 

King James II. and VII. on his arrival at St. Germains formed the 
following Court : — 


1689 John (Drmnmond), ist Earl of Melfort, K.T., Principal Secretary 

of State. 
,, Hon. Henry Browne, Secretary of State for England. 
,, Father Lewis Innes, Principal of the Scots College in Paris, 

Secretary of State for Scotland. 
,, Sir Richard Nagle, Secretary of State for Ireland. 

1690 Sir James Montgomery, of Schermarley, Secretary of State for Scot- 


1693 Johri (Drummond), ist Duke of Melfort, and Charles (Middleton), 

2nd Earl of Middleton, Joint Secretaries of State. 

1694 The Earl of Middleton and John Carlyll, Joint Secretaries of State. 
1703 Charles (Middleton), 2nd Earl of Middleton, created ist Earl of 

17 1 3 Sir Thomas Higgons. 

1715 Henry (St. John), ist Earl of Bolingbroke. 

1716 John (Erskine), ist Duke of Mar, K.G., K.T. 
1724 John (Hay), ist Earl of Inverness, K.T. 
1727 Sir John Grseme, 1st Baronet. 

,, James (Murray), 1st Earl of Dunbar, K.T. 

1747 Daniel (O'Brien), ist Earl of Lismore, K.G. 

1759 John (Graeme), ist Earl of Alford. 

1763 James Edgar, Secretary (untitled). 

1764 Andrew Lumsden, Secretary (untitled). 

1768 John Baptist Caryll, 3rd Baron Caryll and Durford, K.T. 


1689 William (Herbert), 1st Duke of Powis, Lord Chamberlain. 

,, Walter, Lord Dungan, eldest son of the ist Earl of Limerick, Gentle- 
man of the Bedchamber. 

, , John Prieur, Page of the Bedchamber. 

,, Charles Forestier, Page of the Bedchamber. 

,, Arthur Magennis, Equerry to the King. 

,, Sir John Sparrow, Clerk-Controller of the Household. 

,, Nathaniel Gautherne, Clerk of the Kitchens and Spicery. 

,, Richard Crump, Yeoman of the Pantry and Ewry. 

,, Francis Miner, Yeoman of the Pastry. 

, , Jeremiah Broomer, First Yeoman of the Kitchen. 

,, Charles Macarty, Yeoman of the Butteries and Chaundry. 

,, Thomas Atkins, Master Cook in Ordinary to His Majesty's Person. 

,, James Menzies, Yeoman of the Silver Scullery, 

,, John Read, Yeoman of the Confectionery, 

1691 Bevil Skelton, Controller of the Household. 

15° XTbe XcGitimist Ikalen^av for 1910 

1692 Father Dominick White, \p ,■ /King's Chaplain. 

,, Father Manusat, / " \King's Confessor. 

,, Dr. Daniel Day, Physician to the Family and Household. 

,, Ginnari, His Majesty's First Painter. 

,, Robert Strickland, Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen. 

,, Henry Conquest, Commissioner of the Household. 

1694 Don James Ronchi, First Almoner to the Queen. 

,, Don Pellegrino Ronchi, Second Almoner. 

1691; Francis Plowden,"! TT j /- ■ /-. j- 

, , Edmund Perkins! ) U"^^"" Governors m Ordmary. 

,, Thomas Nevil, "I 

,, Thomas Belasis, /-Grooms of the Bedchamber in Ordinary. 

,, Walter Strickland, J 

,, James Symes, \Gentlemen Waiters in Ordinary to the Prince of 

,, Lawrence Dupuy,/ Wales. 

,, Sir William Waldegrave, First Physician to the King. 

,, Denis Granville, Dean of Durham, Chaplain to the King. 

1696 Richard Hamilton, Master of the Robes. 

,, David Nairne, Clerk of Her Majesty's Council, Registrar of Her 

Court, and Keeper of the Seal of her Council. 

,, James Porter, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 

,, Hon. John Stafford Howard, Controller of the Household. 

,, James (Drummond), 4th Earl of Perth, Governor to the Prince of Wales. 

1 697 Lewis Inese, Principal of the Scots College in Paris, Almoner to the Queen. 

1698 Sir Richard Nagle, 1 ^ . . r.i_ tt 1. u 
,, Sir William Elhs, /Commissioners of the Household. 

,, Pierce (Butler), 3rd Viscount Galmoye, Gentleman of the Bed- 

,, Dudley Bagnall, Groom of the Bedchamber. 

1699 Father Naish, Chaplain to the Queen. 

,, Innocentio Fede, Master of the Music of the Chapel Royal, and Master 
of Her Majesty's Private Music. 

1700 Count Charles Molza, Gentleman Usher of Her Majesty's Privy 


,, Roger North, Attorney-General to Queen Mary. 

,, Robert Strickland, promoted to be the Queen's Treasurer and Re- 
ceiver of all her rents and revenues. 

,, Francis Plowden, Controller of the Household. 

,, Sir John Gifford, Bart., ] 

,, Charles Leyburne, J- Grooms of the Bedchamber. 

,, Thomas Sakvill, J 

,, Dominick Sheldon, ^ n j r- . .u r. ■ cwr t 

\Ar;n;„.^ Ti;^i „ /V>- \ } under Grooms to the Prince of Wales. 

,, William Dickeson (Dicconson), / 

,, Thomas Sheridan, "j ^ . . r.i it 1 u 

„ Sir Richard Bulstrode, | Commissioners of the Household. 

1 701 Nestor Helme, Watchmaker to the King. 
,, Robert Power, King's Counsel. 

Mary of Modena, Queen Regent, i6th Sept. i7oi-2ist June 1706. 

,, James (Drummond), 1st Duke of Perth, Governor to the King, 

,, Dominick Sheldon,") tt j ^^ * ^u -f 

„ William Dickeson. | ^""^^^ Governors to the King. 



Xlbe Xeaitimist 1kalen&ar tor 191° 151 

'Grooms of the Bedchamber. 

1701 James Porter, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household. 

,, Richard Hamilton, Master of the Robes. 

,, Thomas Neville, ^ 

,, Charles Leybourne, 

,, Thomas Sackville, 

,, Sir John Gifford, 

,, David Lloyd, 

,, Richard Biddulph, 

,, Sir Randel Macdonnell, 

,, George Rattrey, 

,, Charles Booth, 

,, Richard Trevanion, 

,, Daniel Macdonnell, 

,, Dennis Carney, ^ 

" TSlnas^wKell [centlemen Ushers of the Presence. 

,, John Copley, J 

,, Christopher Williams, Yeoman of the Counting-House. 

,, Charles Macartie, Gentleman and Yeoman of the Wine Cellar. 

,, Doctor John Betham, Preceptor to the Iving. 

,, Doctor John Ingleton, Under Preceptor to the King. 

The Duchess of Perth, '\j^^^i^^ of the Bedchamber to the Queen. 
The Countess or Almond, f ^ 

The Countess Molza, 


" Mr?ltSknd' hBedchamber Women to the Queen. 

',[ Mrs! Biddulph, ' i 
,, Count Molza, "\ 

Mr. Cane -Gentlemen Ushers of the Privy Chamber. 

Mr. Caryll, j 
Mr. Hatcher, J 
Guy Foster, ^ 

Joseph Persico, ( Gentlemen Ushers of the Presence. 

Edmund Barry, | 

Matthew Turene, j 

Roger Strickland, Page of Honour. 

Ralph Sheldon, \Fauerries 

, , Richard Biddulph, / ^'quei^^es. 

,, Robert Buckenham, Equerry of the Great Stables. 

,, John Lewen, Riding Purveyor. 

,, Gerald Devereux, Purveyor of the Stables. 

,, Captain Henry Griffith, Yeoman Saddler. 

,, Jolie Falvie, Harbourer of the Deer. 

" {?^''^l^^y>' jCoachmen. 

,, Henry Kerby,J 

,, Sir Charles Cartaret, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod. 

,, Henry Conquest, Clerk of the Green Cloth. 

,, John Dutton, ^ 

, , John Bagott, 

„ James Neagle, loentlemen Ushers of the Privy Chamber. 

,, Thomas Higgms, j ■' 

,, James Symes, i 

, , Lawrence Dupuy, ' 

,, Francis Plowden, Controller of the Household. 

152 Ube Xeaitimist IkalenOar for 191° 

1 701 John Stafford, Vice-Chamberlain to the Queen. 

" Vu^'^iF P^^'^^'i King's Messengers. 

,, John Nash, J ^ ^ 

, , John Constable, First Physician in Ordinary to the King. 

,, Calahan Garvan, Physician to the Household. 

' ' ?u "? ^u'^'^rl^ I Clerks of the Green Cloth. 

,, Christopher Chilton, j 

,, The Countess of Monmouth and Middleton, Governess to H.R.H. the 

Princess Louisa. 

,, Elizabeth Symes,"\ 

,, Mary Plowden, I Bedchamber Women to H.R.H. the Princess 

,, Rose Lee, j Louisa. 

,, Bridget Nugent, J 

,, Elizabeth Martinash, Nurse to H.R.H. the Princess Louisa. 

, , Daniel Fullan, | p^ to H. R. H. the Princess Louisa. 

,, John Wilkie, j ^ 

,, John White, Pursuivant of the Kingdom of Ireland. 

1702 James Therry, Athlone Pursuivant. 
,, Count Anthony Davia, 
,, Walter Strickland, 
,, Thomas Neville, 

„ James Falvey, ^Grooms of the Bedchamber. 

,, Oliver Nicholas, 

,, Finch, I 

,, James Griffen, I 

,, Richard Bagott, / 

,, Thomas Godert, a 

" Francis Neper, Uentlemen of the Privy Chamber. 

,, Richard Fermer, j 

,, Richard Waldegrave,J 

,, Denis Granville, D.D., Dean of Durham, Chaplain to the last two 
, Kings, still retained in the Royal Household. 

,, Richard Richardson, Keeper of the Privy Garden at Whitehall. 

Sir John Lidcot, Latin Secretary. 

James Connock, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber. 

Thomas Lee, Groom of the Privy Chamber. 

Father Ruga, the Queen's Confessor. 

1703 Robert Strickland, Treasurer of the Queen's Household. 
„ The Duke of Perth, ] 

,, The Earl of Newcastle, > Gentlemen of the Bedchamber. 

, , The Earl of Clancarty, J 

1704 Theobald Butler, ^ 

„ Joseph de Chaumont, I Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. 

,, Captain John Ryan, | ^ 

,, Patrick Fitzgerald, J 

,, Anne Nugent, Bedchamber Woman to the Princess. 

1706 Alexander Knightly, ^ 
,, Hon. Richard Bourke, [Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. 

,, Thomas Napier, J 

" ft'"'^ T'T^' JGentlemen Ushers. 
,, David Nagle, j 

;; LaSc" Wood"' } Physicians in Ordinary to His Majesty. 
,, Roger Strickland, Groom of the Bedchamber. 



tTbe Xecjitimist 1Ralen&ar for 1910 153 

1706 Lady Mary Carteret, jj^^i^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
,, Dame Conock, J -<- i 

1707 John Thomas Woodhouse, OcuHst to the King. 
,, John Nugent, Equerry to the Stables. 

1708 Teresa Strickland, Maid of Honour. (On her marriage with John ,.^, . 

Stafford, the King promised her ;^200O and the Queen ;[{J'iooo ' / 

within one year of the Restoration. ) y*-^-»— *^. 

1709 Dr. Macghie, Physician to the King. \ 
,, Lord Edward Drummond, Grentleman of the Bedchamber, 

1 7 10 Edmund Fitzgerald, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber. 

171 1 John Faure, the King's Dancing Master. 
,, Lieutenant-General Dominick Sheldon, Vice-Chamberlain of the 

,, Capt. Janus Goolde, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber. 
,, Randal Macdonnel, Equerry of the Stables. 

" T d M '}- Bedchamber Women to the Princess. 

1712 Daniel Huoluhan, M.D., His Majesty's Physician. 

1713 David Nairne, Private Secretary to the King. 
,, John Middleton, Lord Clermont, Gentleman of the Bedchamber. 

1 7 14 Lewis Inese, Lord Almoner. 
1716 John (Erskine), ist Duke of Mar, Gentleman of the Bedchamber. 

,, Dr. John Blair, Physician in Ordinary. 

,, Bernard Howard, Groom of the Bedchamber. 

;; pSck Ab^e^rcrom^^^^^^ Majesty's Physicians Extraordinary. 

I7'l8 jlme^Hay,^'''™'}^'' Majesty's Chirurgeons. 

,, John Hay, Groom of the Bedchamber. 

,, Antony David, one of His Majesty's Painters. 

,, John Peter Straglia, one of His Majesty's Musicians, 

,, John Baptist Ronchi, Preacher to the King. 

,, William Dugud, His Majesty's Jeweller. 

1724 Father Bernardin Mombruie, Theologian to the King. 

1726 Sir William Ellis, Treasurer of the Household, and Keeper of the 

King's Palace in Rome. 

1727 Jerome Benozzi, one of His Majesty's Physicians Extraordinary. 
, , James Murray, Earl of Dunbar, Governor to the Prince of Wales. 
,, Sir Thomas Sheridan, Under Governor to the Prince of Wales, 
,. I^aurence Mayers, Priest, Preceptor to the Prince of Wales, 
,, The Countess of Nithsdale, Governess to the Duke of York. 


1689 John Cusack, Deputy Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Matthew Kennedy, LL.D.,\,j . (-u„--„„„y 

Richard Butler, LL.D., J ^^'^steis ni (.nancery. 

Sir Patrick Tranl, 

Francis Plowden, 

John Trinder, -Commissioners of the Revenue, 

William Dickenson, 

Richard Collyns, 

James Nihill, Agent or Solicitor to the said Commissioners. 

154 ^be Xeoitimist Ikalenbar for 1910 

1689 Randle McDaniel, Clerk of the Crown and Peace, and Prothonotary 

and Clerk of Common Pleas. 
,, Dr. Michael Plunkett, Master in Chancery. 
,, John Kearny, Clerk of the House of Commons. 
,, James Nagle, Sergeant-at-Arms. 

,, Lieut. -Gen. Justin McCartie, Master of the Ordnance. 
,, John Shee, Commissary of the Musters. 
,, Col. William Hansel Barker, Lieutenant of the Ordnance. 
,, Richard Talbot of Malahide, Auditor-General. 
,, Richard Nagle, Attorney-General. 
,, Sir Richard Kearny, Ulster King-at-Arms, to whom was given the 

order for the form of barons' coronets. 
,, Thomas Arthur, Clerk of the Hanaper, and Clerk of the Crown in the 

Court of Chancery. 
,, Donnogh (Macarty), 4th Earl of Clancarty, Clerk of the Crown and 

Peace of Munster. 
,, Thomas Peppard, Mayor of Drogheda (2nd year). 
,, Francis Stafford, Clerk of the Pipe in the Court of Exchequer. 
,, Richard (Talbot), ist Duke of Tyrconnell, "j 

,, Henry (Jermyn), 1st Baron Dover, |_ Commissioners of 

,, Bruno Talbot, Chancellor of the Exchequer, j the Treasury. 

,, Sir Stephen Rice, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, J 
,, Roger (Maguire), 5th Lord Inniskillin, Lord Lieutenant of Fermanagh. 
,, Walter, Lord Dungan, Prothonotary of the Common Pleas of the 

,, William Dorington, Registrar of the Court of Chancery. 
,, Sir Michael Creagh, Paymaster of the Army. 
1 69 1 Henry Arundell, ] Given commissions to pardon any subjects who 
,, George Holeman, V may return to their duty, and reward them in 
,, Edward Perkins, J proportion to whatever service they had done. 
1695 Sir William Ellis, Commissioner and Controller-General of the 

revenue from prizes, etc. 
,, John Roettiers and his sons James and Norbert, Engravers-General of 

the Mint ; with warrants to make puncheons and dies for coining 

five-pound pieces ; all instruments, tools, and engines fit and 

necessary for edging and milling all gold and silver to be coined 

in the Mint. 
1 701 Norbert Roettiers, Warrant for making and engraving the Great Seals 

of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 

1 72 1 John (Erskine), Duke of Mar, Lord Lieutenant and High Com- 


1722 Sir Henry Goring, Governor of Bristol. 

1723 Simon (Eraser), Lord Loval, Lord Lieutenant of Inverness, Nairn, and 

Order for Lord Loval, to seize Inverness and be Governor thereof. 
Order for Col. John Stewart of Kinnachin, to raise Atholl men, 

" whereas we are resolved to make an attempt for the recovery of 

our Kingdoms.'' 
Order for Col. John Stewart, to seize the Castle of Blair in Atholl 

and be Governor thereof. 
Sir James Campbell of Auchenbrcck, Lord Lieutenant of Argyll ; also 

to seize Inverary and be Governor thereof. 
James (Hamilton), 5th Duke of Hamilton, Lord Lieutenant of Lan- 

nerech, Clidesdalc, and Renfrew. 

Zbc Xeoitimist 1kalen&ar for 1 910 155 

1723 Alexander (Montgomerie), lOth Earl of Eglinton, Lord Lieutenant of 
,, William (Cunningham), I2th Earl of Glencairn, Lord Lieutenant of 

Dumbarton, and Governor of Dumbarton Castle. 
,, James (Fleming), 6th Earl of Wigton, Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire. 
,, John (Erskine^, Duke of Mar, Commissioner to the Parliament. 

1727 Roettiers (son of Norbert Roettiers), Engraver-General of the 

Mint in succession to his father. 
,, James (Murray), Earl of Dunbar, Power to open all letters addressed 
to the King or to Sir John Grreme. 
1732 James (Butler), Duke of Ormonde, Regent (England and Ireland) 

during the King's absence 
1743 Le Sieur Jean Corroye Liegois, " Expeditionnaire du Roy" at the 
Court of Rome. 
,, Dec. 23. (iTommissiort of |Ugc;un to Cbarlrs, |Jvincc of Malfs. 
,, Simon (Eraser), Lord Lovat, Lord Lieutenant north of the Spey, and 

to the head of the Spey to the north side of Loch Lochy. 
,, Sir James Campbell of Auchenbreck, Lord Lieutenant south of Appin 
in Lome, including the isles of Lismore, Mull, Coll, etc. 
1750 Aug. 5. OTommisston of ilUgfiui) to dearies, ^rtiui of ®hUs. 
1757 Sept. 5. ^Utu Commission of lUgnun to tlu prince of tf^lalts. 


[In 1589 the male line of the House of Valois, which had ruled over France 
for nearly three hundred years, became extinct in the person of Henry III., 
and to find a male heir it was necessary to revert to the line of Robert of 
Clermont, a younger son of St. Louis. Robert had married the heiress of 
Bourbon and had assumed that title, and his representative, at the time of the 
death of Henry, was Henry HI., King of Navarre, who, although only related 
in the eleventh degree to the late King, became King of France as Henry IV., 
and was the first sovereign of the illustrious House of Bourbon. The elder 
line continued to rule over France until 1793, when the reigning sovereign, 
Louis XVI., wasmurdered and a Republic established. Louis XVIII., a brother 
of Louis XVI., was restored in 181 4 and 181 5, but the throne was again lost 
in the person of another brother, Charles X., in 1830. King Charles died in 
exile, 1836, and was succeeded in his rights by his son, Louis XIX. (Count of 
Angouleme), who died in 1844, and was, in turn, succeeded by his nephew Henry 
v., better known perhaps as the Count de Chambord, at whose death, in 1883, 
the elder line of the House of Bourbon became extinct, and the crown passed 
(according to the Salic Law, which designates the nearest male agnate of the 
deceased king as his successor) to John de Bourbon, ex-King of Spain, head 
of the line of Bourbon d'Anjou, descended from Philip, Duke of Anjou, after- 
wards King of Spain as Philip V., second son of the Dauphin Louis, and 
grandson of Louis XIV. King John HI. died in 1887, and was succeeded by 
his son, King Charles XL, who died July 18, 1909, and was succeeded by 
his son, the present de jure King, James I.] 

HIS MAJESTY'S REPRESENTATIVE : The Count Urbain de Maille 
de la Tour- Landry. 


Paris : President, M. Maurice de Junquieres. 

Vice-Presidents, The Marquis de Chauvelin, the Viscount de Caze. 

156 Ube Xeattimtst Ikalen^ar tor 1910 

Members of the Cotnmitiee, the Count de Cathelineau, the Count 
de Blavette, the Marquis de Griffolet d'Aurimont, the Baron 
d'AuVjigny, the Viscount G. de la Houssaye, MM. Bodin de 
Mellinville, Clarens de Peyrailles, Maurice Pascal, Henri des 
Granges, Emile Scaillet. 

Brittany ; ^ President, The Viscount de Bellevue. 

Vice-Presidents, M. Perrin deCaloen, Viscount Jean de Kersabiec. 

Menibers of the Committee, The Marquis d'Anglade, Viscount 

Arthur du Noday, the Marquis de Quatrebarbes, Viscount 

Henri de Kersabiec, the Baron de Tonge, MM. Paul Gibert, 

La Motte du Portal, Peschard. 

Secretary, Viscount Olivier du Noday. 


Dol-de-Bretagne, department de I'llle-et-Vilaine : L'Avani- Garde 
de r Quest, weekly. Directeur-Geniral, M. Edgar Dibburt, Grande 
Rue, Dol. Founded August 1891, as the official organ of the Legitimist 
Party. Subscription, 5 francs per annum. 

Marseilles : Le Petit Commercial et Financier, monthly. Editor, M. 
J. Duluy, 23 Rue des Bon Enfants. Founded January 10, 1892. 
Annual Subscription, i franc 50 centimes, plus 59 centimes for postage. 



Devenu le chef de la Maison de Bourbon par la mort de mon beau-frere et 
cousin M. le Comte de Chambord, je declare ne renoncer a aucun des droits 
au trone de France que je tiens de ma naissance. 



Au lendemainde lamortsi inaltendue de voire auguste Pere, les legitimistes 
de France, dont nous sommes les mandataires, viennent deposer a vos pieds 
leurs regrets et leurs hommages, et vous saluer comme ITleritier de leurs Rois. 

1 We cannot pass over this list without some mention of the late Viscount Edward 
Sioc'han de Kersabiec, formerly President of the Legitimist Committee of Brittany. The 
descendant of an ancient Breton family, and the son of one who was condemned to death 
for his share in the attempt made by the Duchess de Berry to regain the crown for 
Henry V., he was ever loyal to the faith of his ancestors, and on more than one occasion 
proved himself a good and faithfid servant of his King. 

- The official publication of this declaration was prevented by his Majesty's death. 

Ube Xeoitimist IRalenbar for 1910 157 

En effet, notre loi seculaire nous conduit directement a vous, Monseigneur, 
malgre les liens qui vousunissent a votre chere Espagne ou tantdefidelesvous 
acclament et vous appellent. 

Mais, ce ne sont point deux couronnes a ceindre, deux trones a occuper que 
la Providence vous presente, Monseigneur ; c'est la Revolution, aujourd'hui 
maitresse des deux pays autrefois les plus soumis a Dieu et au Roi, qu'elle vous 
donne la mission de combattre et de vaincre, sous les ordres du Christ, votre 
chef et le notre. 

Si vos precedentes declarations, Monseigneur, ne nous laissent, malheureuse- 
ment, plus guere I'espoir de vous voir revendiquer, personnellement, vos droits, 
nous avons du moins la conviction que vous considererez comme un devoir de 
les affirmer et de reserver ceux des autres princes de la branche ainee de 

La force et la vitalite de notre vieille loi salique seront, alors, de nouveau 
prouvees, et nous attendrons, avec confiance le jour ou I'oeuvre admirable de 
restauration de la Monarchic chretienne, commencee par Monsieur le Comte 
de Chambord, notre regrette et bien-aime Roi, pourra etre reprise par un de 
ses legitimes successeurs. 

Notre foi grandira, notre esperance se fortifiera, et beaucoup de royalistes 
egares reviendront lutter avec nous, sous le drapeau de Jeanne d'Arc, pour la 
cause de Dieu, du Roi, et de la Patrie. 

Monseigneur, nous saluons en vous le sang de Saint Louis, d'Henri IV. et 
de Louis XIV., vos aieux. 

Que Dieu vous assiste, pour le bonheur de la France et de I'Espagne ! 

Vive le Roi ! 

Vive le drapeau blanc ! 



Je vous remercie. Messieurs, des hommages de devouement, et de fidelite 
que contient I'Adresse qui vient de m'etre lue, et, tout specialement, des sen- 
timents de condoleance que vous m'exprimez au sujet de la mort de mon 
bien-aime Pere. 

Je savais que les plus rudes epreuves n'avaient pu ni ebranler votre foi, ni 
abattre votre courage. 

Je felicite les legitimistes de France qui ont choisi, pour interprete de leurs 
voeux, le petit-fils d'un des plus illustres chefs des memorables guerres de la 
Vendee, le royaliste a qui ses services personnels ont valu Thonneur de porter 
le drapeau blanc aux obseques de ma veneree tante, Madame la Comtesse de 

Je profite volontiers de I'occasion que vous m'offrez de m'expliquer sur 
I'importante question dont vous venez de m'entretenir. 

Je suis en exil. 

Je ne veux voir dans les droits que me donne ma naissance que des devoirs 
a remplir. 

Incontestablement, la loi salique regie, d'une maniere tres precise, I'ordre 
de succession. 

Je suis I'aine des Bourbons, I'aine des descendants de Louis XIV. 

Je suis aussi I'aine des descendants de Philippe V., et, par consequent, 
d'apres la loi espagnole, le roi legitime d'Espagne. 

Un traite, dont la plupart des articles ont ete violes, defend la reunion sur 
une meme tete, des deux couronnes de France et d'Espagne. 

J'ai dit que je n'abandonnerai pas I'Espagne ; je le repete aujourd'hui. 

158 Zbc Xegitimist Ikalenbar for 19^° 

EUe m'a lie a ses destinees par les flots de sang genereux qu'elle a verses sous 
mes yeux. Je le jure : je ne I'abandonnerai jamais ! 

Mais, devenu par la mort de mon bien-aime Pere, le chef de la Maison de 
Bourbon, j'ai le devoir de reserver tous les droits qui appartiennent a ma 

Ayons confiance en Dieu, source de tous droits et de toute autorite. Livrons- 
nous a sa Providence qui conduit les evenements. 

A I'exemple de mon oncle, Monsieur le Comte de Chambord, dont la mort a 
ete un si grand malheur pour I'Europe et en particulier pour la France, ne 
pactisons jamais avec la Revolution qui opprime I'Eglise et ruine les fitats. 

Et gardens intact le depot des principes qui, seuls, sauveront les peuples 
de la race latine, en les rendant a leurs traditions monarchiques et chretiennes. 




Vetiise, le '^JuilUt, 1892. 
Mon Cher Valori, 

Comme mon repr6sentant en France, je crois necessaire de porter a 
votre connaissance la protestation adressee par moi a mon cousin le Comte de 
Paris, qui, etant un cadet de ma famille, avait cru pouvoir prendre les armoires 
qui m'appartiennent comme chef de notre maison. 

Je ne vise pas, dans cet acte, un interet dynastique, et je laisse aussi de cote 
toute question de nationalite. 

C'est mon droit et mon devoir de constater ma qualite d'alne de la maison 
de Bourbon. II s'agit d'un fait en dehors et au-dessus de toute consideration 
politique, independant des liens etablis par I'histoire entre les membres de ma 
famille et differentes nations de I'Europe. Si le Comte de Paris pouvait se 
reclamer de sa qualite de prince fran^ais, cela ne changerait en rien le fond de 
la question. 

Meme s'il revendiquait I'heritage politique de mon oncle le Comte de 
Chambord, on pourrait tout au plus s'etonner de le voir prendre nos armes 
pleines, les fleurs de lys d'Henri IV. et refuser son drapeau, mais cela laisserait 
intact mon droit heraldique. 

Mon avis est, du reste, que mon cousin ne tient pas a se placer sur ce terrain 
et se proclamer le representant de la monarchic legitime en France, puisque le 
principe de la legitimite etant le meme partout, le simple fait de ne pas se 
prononcer sur la legitimite espagnole serait une faute grave au point de vue de 
la solidarite du droit. Un Fran9ais eloigne du trone pourra peut-etre se des- 
interesser des questions touchant la legitimite en pays etrangers ; le roi legitime 
de France ne pourra le faire sans inconsequence. 

Une correspondance a ce sujet etant inutile et peu convenable entre moi et 
le Comte de Paris, et nous trouvant d'accord sur ce point-li, je vous adresse 
ces remarques pour vous faire saisir la vraie portee de ma protestation. 

Faites connaitre celle-ci, je vous prie, ainsi (]ue les autres documents ci- 
joints, aux amis de ma famille en France, de la maniere que vous croyiez la 

Connaissant de longue date I'elevation de votre esprit, la droiture de votre 
caractere, qui est \ la hauteur de votre devouement, je ne puis mieux faire que 
de m'en rapporter completement a vous pour la question de forme. 

Votre bien aflectionne, 


XLbc Xegitimtst lkalen^ar tor 191° ^59 



[La protestation du due de Madrid fut envoyee au Comte de Paris par 
i'entremise de Lord Ashburnham, qui n'a pu la remettre que le 29 Join a cause 
de I'indisposition du Prince.] 

Venise, le 23 Mai, 1892. 
Cher Cousin, 

Plusieurs de mes amis m'avaient fait observer que Votre Altesse 
Royale prenait dans ses armoiries les armes pleines des Bourbons. Le fait me 
parait invraisemblable. Des documents publics m'en prouvent I'exactitude. 
Votre Altesse Royale se sera trompee. 

La France a emprunte les fleurs de lys aux aines de notre famille, aux 
descendants de Hugues Capet, se succedant de male en male, par ordre de primo- 

C'est en vertu de cette loi, et selon les regies du blason, que moi seul, alne 
des Bourbons, chef de nom et d'armes de la race de Hugues Capet, de Saint 
Louis, et de Louis XIV. , et par moi encore mon fils et mon frere, nous avons 
le droit de porter sur I'ecusson royal, d'azur, a trois fleurs de lys d'or, sans 

Ces fleurs de lys, placees au milieu des armes de I'Espagne, sont aujourd'hui 
le symbole des droits de notre famille, que j'ai reserves pour les Bourbons, 
comme pour les Orleans. 

Done, mon cousin, sur quelque terrain que vous vous placiez, vous ne 
pouvez porter les fleurs de lys sans brisure. 

En priant Dieu qu'il vous ait en sa sainte garde, je suis 

Votre affectionne cousin, 




Stowe House, Buckingham, 

TfOjuin, i^i^z. 
Mon CHER Lord Ashburnham, 

J'ai relu la lettre que vous m'avez apportee bier et cette lecture n'a fait que 
confirmer le sentiment exprime sous la premiere impression, apres I'avoir 
ouverte devant vous. 

Ne pouvant en accepter ni la forme ni le fond, je serais oblige, dans ma 
reponse, d'entamer une polemique que je crois plus convenable et plus digne 
d'eviter entre parents. 

Je m'en tiens done a ce que je vous ai dit bier, et je saisis cette occasion 
pour vous dire tout le plaisir que j'ai eu a renouveler connaissance avec vous. 

Veuillez me croire votre affectionne, 

Philippe, Comte de Paris. 

. VII 


Monseigneur le Comte de Paris m'ayant fait prevenir qu'il m'attendait 
a dejeuner mercredi dernier, je me suis rendu a Stowe House, pres de 
Buckingham, et j'y suis arrive juste a Theure ou Ton allait se mettre a 


i6o tTbe Xeoitimtst 1Ralcn&ar for 1910 

Apres le dejeuner, le Prince m'a emmene dans sa bibliotheque, at la je 
lui ai remis la lettre de Votre Majesle. L'ayant ouverte devant moi, il I'a 
lue plus d'une fois, et apres avoir eu Fair de reflechir pendant quelques 
minutes, il m'a dit qu'il craignail de ne pouvoir y i-t'pondre. Je me suis 
incline sans faire d'observation, et alors le Prince a poursuivi a peu pres dans 
ces termes : qu'il s'agissait des amies de France, que Votre Majeste lui con- 
testait le droit de porter, et que malgre tout son respect pour la personne de 
Votre Majeste, avec qui il avait toujours tenu a maintenir des relations 
courtoises, il ne pouvait La rencontrer sur ce terrain, ni admettre une discussion 
quelconque sur son droit au titre et aux amies de Chef de la Maison de France. 
II a ajoute que tout en conservant des rapports personnels tres-cordiaux avec 
la branche regnante espagnole, il ne s'etait jamais prononce sur la question de 
la legitimite en Espagne, et que comme prince franfais, appartenant a la France 
seule, il ne croyait pas devoir s'en occuper. II a continue en insistant beau- 
coup sur les inconvenients qu'il voyait a des discussions entre princes de la 
nieme famille, et representant la meme cause, celle de la religion, du droit, 
de la monarchic, et de I'ordre social ; et enfin il a termine en me repetant 
qu'il croyait ne pouvoir et ne devoir repondre a Votre Majeste, vu que pour le 
faire il serait oblige de prendre un ton qui pourrait avoir une apparence hostile, 
et amener une dispute qu'il desirait eviter. II m'a cependant prie de ne pas 
regarder cette decision comme definitive, et d'attendre, pour la communiquer 
a Votre Majeste, qu'il me I'eut confirmee par ecrit, apres y avoir miirement 
reflechi. J'ai cru devoir me conformer a ce desir, et c'est pourquoi je me 
suis borne, ce jour-la, a prevenir Votre Majeste par le telegraphe que j'avais 
execute Sa commission. 

J'ai I'honneur aujourd'hui d'envoyer ci-joint a Votre Majeste copie d'une 
lettre que je viens de recevoir du Prince, et par laquelle Elle verra qu'il s'en 
tient a la determination qu'il m'a fait pressentir dans la conversation dont je 
viens de rapporter fidelement le sens. 

Je suis avec le plus profond respect, Sire, de Votre Majeste le tres-humble 
et tres-obeissant serviteur, 


LONDRES, V'jJlillet, 1892. 


Venise, le i^Juillet, 1892. 

Je re9ois a I'instant votre lettre avec la copie de celle a vous adressee 
par le Comte de Paris a la date du 30 Juin, et je tiens a vous remercier 
sans retard des nouvelles preuves de devouement que vous m'avez donnees dans 
I'accomplissement de cette mission. 

Ne voulant pas voir dans la lettre de mon cousin le besoin de se derober a 
une situation sans issue pour lui, je ne peux qu'applaudir d la disposition de 
son esprit, de se refuser a entanier des discussions qui ne sont pas de niise entre 
parents. Rien n'etait plus loin de ma pensee que de provoquer une polemique. 
Ma lettre du 23 mai n'avait autre but que d'elablir ma protestation. 

Ce devoir rempli, comme aine de la maison de Bourbon, il ne me reste qu'a 
rendre public I'acle que je viens d'accomplir, avec les incidents ijui I'ont 

Merci encore, mon cher Ashburnham, el croyez toujours a la constante 
amitie de votre bien affeclionne 


Ube Xeaitimist IkalenOar for 191° 161 

[Charles II. , the last Spanish sovereign of the House of Hapsburg, dying on 
November i, 1700, without issue, the Spanish Crown devolved on his grand- 
nephew, Philip, Duke of Anjou, second son of the Dauphin Louis, and 
grandson of Louis XIV. of France and Maria Theresa, the elder sister of 
Charles II. ; Philip's elder brother, the Duke of Burgundy and his father, the 
Dauphin Louis, having each renounced their rights in his favour. King Philip 
had to sustain a long war against the Archduke Charles (afterwards Emperor, 
as Charles VI.), who was a son of the younger sister of Charles II., but he 
ultimately succeeded in establishing his authority, and was recognised both by 
the Spanish nation and the Powers. Before this time there appears to have 
been no very clearly defined law of succession in Spain ; accordingly Philip, 
in order to save the country from any more succession wars, summoned the 
Cortes of the nation to meet in Madrid, to enact a law to regulate the^future 
succession to the throne. These Cortes met on October 6, 17 12, and after 
three months' deliberation agreed to a law of succession, the principal clauses 
of which were that, on the death of King Philip V., the crown should pass 
to his eldest son, and the male descendants of his eldest son in the order of 
primogeniture ; if they became extinct, then to the younger sons of Philip and 
their male descendants in the same order, until all the male descendants of 
Philip should be extinct. In the event of that happening the succession was 
to pass to the eldest daughter (or nearest female relation) of the last reigning 
male descendant of Philip or her descendants ; the new sovereign, as the 
first of a new dynasty, being bound to re-enact the regulations of the law 
of 1 713 as to male agnates. The King then wrote to the municipalities 
informing them of the result, and inviting them to send powers to their 
representatives to validate the proposed law, which they did. Finally, the 
law having been approved of by the nobles, clergy, and representatives of 
the cities assembled in Cortes, and signed by the King, was promulgated at 
Madrid on May 10, 17 13. It was in virtue of this law that, on the death 
of Ferdinand VII., in 1833, without male issue, the crown should have passed 
to his brother Don Carlos. Ferdinand, however, influenced by his fourth wife, 
Christina of Naples, an unprincipled and ambitious woman, had, shortly 
before his death, issued a decree abrogating the law of 17 13, and settling the 
succession to the crown on his infant daughter Dofia Isabel. Now the law 
of 1 7 13 had been solemnly enacted by King Philip V. (who, as the founder of 
a new dynasty, was in a very different position to Ferdinand, who was only a 
tenant for life of the sovereignty) and the representatives of the nation assembled 
together for that purpose in Cortes ; therefore, if it was to be legally repealed, 
it would have been necessary to call the Cortes for that purpose, and to obtain 
the consent of the male agnates of the dynasty who were interested in the 
matter. Ferdinand, however, had done no such thing, but had issued a 
despotic decree at his wife's bidding, with the result that at his death the 
country was plunged into a civil war between the Legitimists, who supported 
Don Carlos, the rightful heir, and the Liberals, who supported Dofia Christina 
and her daughter — a civil war that has continued more or less until the last few 
years. His present Majesty (a grandson of the first Don Carlos) has already 
made one gallant endeavour to recover his throne, and we earnestly hope and 
pray that he may yet be spared to restore peace and good government to 
his country, and to stay the revolution that has so persecuted his illustrious 

iThe death of His Majesty occurred July 18, 1909 ; but we earnestly wish the Restora- 
tion may be eflFected by his son King James III. 

i62 XTbe Xeaitimist Ikalen^ar for 191° 

y Mier. 

Right Hon. the Earl of Ashburnham. 


[Demands upon our space prevent us from giving a list of the Carlist Com- 
mittees and Clubs. There are 400 Clubs with more than 100,000 pay- 
ing members ; 4100 Juntas, or Political Committees, more than 15,000 
Municipal Councillors, and a large number of Mayors.] 


Cor r CO Espanol, Madrid ; Correo Catalan, Barcelona ; Correo de 
Guipuzcoa, San Sebastian ; El Norte, Vitoria ; Correo de Zamora, 
Zamora ; El Pensamiotto Navarro, Pamplona ; Las Libei-tades, 
Oviedo ; U Amich del Poble, Manresa ; La Defensa, Mondonedo ; 
El Conibate, Jaen ; La Tradicion Vasca, Bilbao ; El Teson Aragones, 
Zaragoza ; La Bandera Regional, Barcelona ; La Regefieraa'on, Ali- 
cante; Ausetania, Vich,La Verdad, Granada ; El Guerrillero, Valencia ; 
El Porvenir, Toledo ; La Reconqtiista, Tarragona ; Resse de P Avior, 
Mataro ; El Castell Bergadd, Berga ; El Tradicionalista, Gerona. 

Note. — Over sixteen others have been suppressed by the authorities since 
the suspension of the constitutional guarantees. 

N.B. — In the Spanish Parliament there are eight Carlist senators and 
fourteen Carlist deputies. This, however, is no indication of the 
strength of the party in the country, as the elections are managed from 
the Ministry of the Interior at Madrid, and the proportion of opposition 
deputies to be returned is a matter of previous agreement between the 
Minister and the chiefs of the Carlist and Republican parties. 



April 20, 1832. 

Convinced of the legitimate rights which I possess to the Crown of Spain, so 
long as your Majesty has no male heir to the same, I do aver that neither my 
conscience nor my honour permit me to take the oath required, or to recognise 
any other than those rights. 



Sefior : Mi nacimiento y el estado actual de Espana me obligan a poner en 
conocimiento de V. M. la siguiente abdicacion de mi augusto padre : 

" No ambicionando mas que la ventura de los espaftoles, es decir, la prosperi- 
dad interior y el prestigio exterior dc mi querida palria, creo de mi deber 

XTbe Xegfttmist Ikalen^ar for 1 910 163 

abdicar, y por las presentes abdico todos mis derechos a la Corona de Espafia 
en favor de mi muy querio hijo D. Carlos de Borbon y de Este. 
" Dado en Paris el 3 de Octubre de 1868. 

'■'■ Firmado. — JUAN DE BORBON Y DE Braganza." 

Si Dios y las circumstancias me colocan en el trono de las Espanas, me 
esforzare en conciliar lealmente las instituciones utiles de nuestra epoca con las 
indispensables de lo pasado, dejando ^ a las Cortes generales, libremente 
elegidas, la grande y dificil tarea de dotar a mi querida patria de una Consti- 
tucion que, segun espero, sera a la vez espaiiola y definitiva. El dia en que 
logre tanta dicha, estrechare con V. M., cuanto sea posible, mis relaciones 
personales y con vuestro pueblo las de mi pueblo. Recibid, Senor, la seguredad 
de mi mas alta consideracion. 

Firmado, — Carlos de Borbon y de Este. 

Paris, 22 de Octubre de 1868. 




La usurpacion cometida a la muerte del rey D. Fernando VII. va a ser 
confirmada una vez mas con la proclamacion como rey de Espafia del hijo de 
mi primo Alfonso. 

Contra aquella primitiva violacion del derecho, y contra todas sus manifesta- 
ciones sucesivas, protestaron mis antepasados, como yo proteste igualmente 
contra el acto pretoriano de Sagunto, secundandome en mi protesta vuestros 
brazos varoniles y vuestros esforzados corazones. 

Profundamente convencido de que no hay estabilidad en las leyes ni 
seguredad en las instituciones mas que a la sombra de la monarquia legitima, 
luche por mis derechos, que eran la salvaguardia de vuestra prosperidad, hasta 
que hube agotado todas los recursos materiales. 

Aquella protesta renuevola hoy, si no con las armas en la mano, ciertamente 
con no menor energia ; afirmando, con mas entereza si cabe que en las prece- 
dentes ocasiones, mi firme, inquebrantable proposito de mantener, con la ayuda 
di Dios, mis derechos en toda su integridad y de no prestarme a renuncia ni a 
transaccion de ningun genero. 

Mis derechos, que se confunden con los de Espafia, lo mismo son conculcados 
por la presencia en el trono de un principe 6 de una princessa, inconscientes 
instrumentos de la Revolucion, que por la proclamacion de una repiiblica, y 
para hacerlos valer en la forma mas eficaz, no vacilare jamas en seguir el 
camino y en escoger las procedimientos que el deber me trace. 

Espafloles : Diez aiios de amargo destierro pasados lejos de vosotros, pero con 
el corazon viviendo siempre en los campos inmortalizados por vuestras proezas 
y las de vuestros padres, han acabado de ensenarme toda la sublimidad de 
vuestra constancia. 

A las conmovedoras demostraciones de fidelidad que sin cesar haceis llegar 
hasta mi, no puedo responder mejor que sellando con esta protesta los vinculos 
indestructibles que nos unen, y dandoos la seguredad de que hasta el ultimo 
aliento estara consagrada a vosotros la vida de vuestro legitimo Rey. 

Lucerna, 20 de Mayo de 1886. 

1 Estas palabras, entendidas mal por algunos, estan explicadas en documentos y hechos 

1 64 Ubc Xegttimist 1kalen^ar tor 1910 

Zbc papal States 

[The States of the Church were annexed to the "kingdom" of Italy 
September-October 1870. His Holiness, Pope Pius IX., protested September 
20, 1870, and this protest has been several times renewed by his successor.] 

SECRETARY OF STATE : The Cardinal Raphael Merry del \'al. 

OFFICIAL ORGAN : Observatore Romano, Rome. 


Fro7n the Vatican, 

September 20, 1870. 

Your Excellency is well acquainted with the fact of the violent seizure of 
the greater part of the States of the Church made in June 1859, and in the 
September of the following year by the Government now installed at Florence. 
Equally matter of notoriety are the solemn reclamations and protests of the 
Holy See against that sacrilegious spoliation ; reclamations and protests made 
either by Allocutions pronounced in Consistory, and published in due course, 
or else by notes addressed in the name of the Sovereign Pontiff by the under- 
signed Cardinal Secretary of State to the Diplomatic Body accredited to the 
Holy See. 

In view of this fact (the occupation of Rome) which has been brought to 
pass under the eyes of all Europe, and by which the most sacred principles of 
law and right, and especially those of the law of nations, are trampled under- 
foot, His Holiness has commanded the undersigned Cardinal Secretary of 
State to remonstrate and protest loudly, and the undersigned does hereby, in 
the sacred name of His Holiness, remonstrate and protest against the unworthy 
and sacrilegious spoliation of the dominions of the Holy See which has lately 
been brought to pass ; and he at the same time declares the King and his 
Government to be responsible for all the imischiefs that have resulted, or shall 
result to the Holy See, and to the subjects of the Pontifical Power from that 
violent and sacrilegious usurpation. 

In conclusion, I have the command from His Holiness to declare, and the 
undersigned does hereby declare in the august name of His Holiness, that such 
usurpation is devoid of all effect, is null and invalid, and that it can never 
convey any prejudice to the indisputable and lawful rights of dominion and of 
possession, whether of the Holy Father himself, or of his successors in per- 
petuity ; and although the exercise of these rights may be forcibly prevented 
and hindered, yet His Holiness both knows his rights, and intends to conserve 
them intact, and re-enter at the proper lime into their actual possession. 

In apprising your Excellency official!)' b)' command of the Holy Father of 
the deplorable event which has just taken place, and the protests and re- 
monstrances which must necessarily follow it in order that your Excellency 
may be enabled to bring the whole matter to the knowledge of your Govern- 
mcnl, the undersigned Cardinal Secretary of State cherishes the persuasion 
that your Government will be pleased to lake into its earnest consideration the 

Xlbe Xegitimist IkalenOar for 191° 165 

interest of the Supreme Head of the Catholic Church, now and henceforward 
placed in such circumstances that he is unable to exercise his spiritual authority 
with that full liberty and entire independence which are indispensable for it. 

Having now carried into effect the commands of the Supreme Pontiff, it 
only remains that I subscribe myself, etc. etc. 

{Signed) J. Cardinal Antonelli. 

Zhc ^wo Slciliee 

[The late King Francis was dethroned in i860 by Garibaldi, and by the 
plebiscite of October 21, i860, the Two Sicilies were annexed to Sardinia. 
His Majesty protested against this on November 12, i860, and against the 
assumption of the title of " King of Italy" by Victor Emmanuel H., April 5, 
1 86 1. King Alphonso renewed this protest on succeeding his brother, at 
Munich, January 15, 1895.] 

Giustiniano Tomacelli Filomarino della Torre, Naples. 

LEGITIMIST COMMITTEE: Circolo Unione del Mezzogiorno, Lega 
operai autonomisti. President, H. E. Duca Giustiniano Tomacelli 
Filomarino della Torre. 


Naples: // Guelfo, Giornale de I'lndependenza Meridionale, organo 
dell' Unione del Mezzogiorno, e della Lega operai autonomisti. 
Director, Emmanuele Maltese, Via S. Giacomo, No. 22, Naples. 
Price, 5 centesimi. Annual subscription, 8 lire. 

Palermo : La Sicilia Catholica. 


[In 1 1 39 Dom Alfonso, son of Henry of Burgundy, having defeated the 
Moors at the great battle of Campo Ourique, and thereby freed Portugal from 
their dominion, was proclaimed King of Portugal on the field of battle. In 
1 143, in order to regulate the succession in his new kingdom, Dom Alfonso 
assembled the Cortes at Lamego, and it was then enacted that the crown was 
to be hereditary in the family of Dom Alfonso ; that the succession should rest 
with the eldest son of the King ; but if he had no son, then with the daughter, 
provided that she was married to, or should marry, a native prince or noble, 
but if she had contracted, or should contract, an alliance with a foreigner, she 
was ipso facto excluded from the throne, and the crown passed to the next 
heir ; and it was further enacted that the same thing should happen in the 
event of the King succeeding to, or taking possession of, the crown of a 
country larger than Portugal. Both these clauses were specially framed to 
prevent the possibility of Portugal being united to Spain. 

The Constitutions of Lamego remained in force until the Conquest of 
Portugal by Philip II. of Spain, and when Portugal recovered her independ- 
ence in 1640, under John of Braganza, the heir of the old royal line, they were 
re-enacted at a Cortes summoned specially for that purpose. In 1777 Joseph 
Emmanuel, the great-grandson of John of Braganza, died without male issue, 
and his daughter and successor, Doiia Maria I., in accordance with the laws 
of Lamego, married, by special papal dispensation, her uncle, Dom Pedro. 

1 66 Ubc Xealtimist IRalen^ar tor 191° 

In 1808 the Royal Family, being driven out of Portugal by Bonaparte, sought 
refuge in Brazil, at that time a Portuguese colony, and in 1815 Dom Joao VI., 
by a royal decree, raised Brazil into a kingdom as a reward for the loyalty of 
the Brazilians during his exile. Six years after Dom Joao was obliged to 
return to Portugal in order to settle some disturbances which had arisen in 
consequence of his absence, and shortly after his departure (October 12, 1822) 
his son, Dom Pedro, whom he had left as regent, was proclaimed Emperor 
by the Brazilians. Dom Joao at first refused to recognise him, but eventually 
agreed to abdicate the Brazilian throne in his favour. Five months later 
(March 1826) Dom Joao died, and his son, Dom Pedro, knowing that he could 
not retain both crowns, abdicated (May 2) for himself and his son all their 
rights to Portugal in favour of his daughter, Doiia Maria, on condition that 
she married her uncle, Dom Miguel, Dom Pedro's younger brother. Doiia 
Maria, however, declined to do this, and eventually married the Prince of 
Leuchtenburg, and on his death Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg, both of 
which marriages were direct contraventions of the laws of Lamego, and 
undoubtedly disqualified her from reigning, and the crown should have passed 
to Dom Miguel, who was declared King June 30, 1828. He was, however, 
compelled to quit Portugal by the Convention of Evora Monte, May 26, 1834, 
and by the law of May 29 following he was deprived of his title of Infant 
of Portugal, and he and his descendants were declared to have forfeited all 
their rights as Portuguese citizens. Dom Miguel I. died November 14, 1866, 
and was succeeded in his rights by his son, the present de jure king, Dom 
Miguel II.] 


Lisbon : A Nacao. 

Comercio do Norte. 


J'aurais proteste at declare alors (au 29 mai) cormne je le fais aujourd' hui , 
contre la capitulation du 26 mai, qui m'a ete proposee par le gouvernement 
actuellement existant a Lisbonne, si je n'avais pas ete force de faire cet acte 
pour eviter de grands malheurs et 1 'effusion du sang de mes fideles vassaux. 

Cette capitulation doit par consequent ctre considert'e coinme sajis effect. — 
Genes, le 20 Juin 1834. 

1 We shall be glad if the officials of the Miguelite party will supply us with the necessary 
information. — Ed. 

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i68 ube Xegltlmtst IRalenftar for 191° 



a %\et of tbo0e personaaes who have b\> 
Strict 1bcrcMtaii> IRigbt a prior Claim 
to tbe tlbrone of (Brcat Britain anb 
Jrclanb to tbat ot its present ©ccnpant 

1. Mary IV. and III., de jtire hereditaria Queen of England, Scotland, 

France, and Ireland ; Archduchess of Austria-Este-Modena ; wife of 
Prince Louis of Bavaria, 1849. 

2. H.R.H. Prince Robert of Bavaria, 1869. ") 

3. H.R.H. Prince Luitpold Charles of Bavaria, 1901. 

4. H.R.H. Prince Albert of Bavaria, 1905. 

5. H.R.H. Prince Rudolph of Bavaria, 1909. 

6. H.R.H. Prince Charles of Bavaria, 1874. 

7. H.R.H. Prince Francis of Bavaria, 1875. 

8. H.R.H. Princess Adelgonda of Bavaria, 1870. 

9. H.R.H. Mary, Crown Princess of the Two Sicilies, Duchess of 

Calabria, 1872. 

10. Prince Roger, Duke of Noto, 1901. 

11. Princess Antoinette of the Two Sicilies, 1898. 

12. Princess Mary Christina of the Two Sicilies, 1899. 

13. Princess Barbara of the Two Sicilies, 1902, 

14. Princess Lucy of the Two Sicilies, 1908. 

15. Prince Antony of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1901. 

16. Princess Marie Immaculee of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1904. 

17. H.R.H. Princess Hildegarda of Bavaria, 1881. 

18. H.R.H. Princess Wiltruda of Bavaria, 1884. 

19. H.R.H. Princess Helmtruda of Bavaria, 1886. 

20. H.R.H. Princess Gondelinda of Bavaria, 1891. J 
Charles XI. and VII., the late King of France and Navarre, and of Spain. 

Eldest son of Queen Mary Beatrice of Great Britain and Ireland, by 
her husband, John HI., King of France and Spain, 1848. 

21. James, Dauphin and Prince of Asturias, 1870. ^ '^■ 

22. Blanche, Archduchess Leopold Salvator of Tuscany, 1868. 

23. Archduke Rene of Tuscany, 1895. 

24. Archduke Leopold of Tuscany, 1897. 

25. Archduke Antony of Tuscany, 1901. 

26. Archduke Francis of Tuscany, 1905. 

27. Archduchess Marie Dolores of Tuscany, 1891. 

28. Archduchess Marie Immaculee of Tuscany, 1892. 

29. Archduchess Margaret of Tuscany, 1894. 

30. Archduchess Marie Antoinette of Tuscany, 1899. 

31. Archduchess Assunta of Tuscany, 1902. 

32. Princess Elvira of France and Spain, 1871. 

33. Beatrice, Princess of Roviano and Duchess of Anticoti-Cossado, 1874. 

34. Princess Margaret Massimo, 1898. 

35. Princess Fabiola Massimo, 1900. 

36. Princess Marie de las Nieves Massimo, 1902. 

37. Princess Blanche Massimo, 1906. 

38. Princess Alice, late Princess of Schonburg-Waldenburg, 1876. 

39. Prince Charles Leopold of Schonburg-Waldenburg, 1902. 

40. Don Alfonso, Infant of Spain, 1 849. 


'^ -1 



Ubc Xeoitimist 1Ralen^ar for 1910 169 

41. Henry, Duke of Parma, 1873. 

42. Prince Joseph of Parma, 1875. 

43. Prince Elie of Parma, 1S80. 

44. Prince Charles of Parma, 1905. 

45. Prince Robert of Parma, 1909. 

46. Princess EHzabeth of Parma, 1904. 

47. Princess Marie of Parma, 1906. 

48. Princess Sextus of Parma, 1886. 

49. Prince Xavier of Parma, 18S9. 

50. Prince Felix of Parma, 1893. 

51. Prince Rene of Parma, 1894. 

52. Prince Louis of Parma, 1899. 

53. Boris, Crown Prince of Bulgaria, 1894. 

54. Cj'ril, Prince of Preslav, 1895. 

55. Princess Eudoxia of Bulgaria, 1898. 

56. Princess Nadejda of Bulgaria, 1899. 
57- Princess Louise of Parma, 1872. 

58. Princess Marie Immaculee of Parma, 1874. 

59. Princess Marie Theresa of Parma, 1876. 

60. Princess Pia of Parma, 1877. 

61. Princess Beatrice, Countess Peter Lucchesi Palli, 1879. 

62. Count Antony Lucchesi Palli, 1907. 

63. Count Robert Lucchesi Palli, 1908. 

64. Princess Adelaide of Parma, 1885. 

65. Princess Frances of Parma, 1890. 

66. Princess Zita of Parma, 1892. 

67. Princess Maria Antonia of Parma, 1895. 

68. Princess Isabel of Parma, 1898. 

69. Princess Henrietta of Parma, 1903. 

70. Henry, Count of Bardi, 1 85 1. 

71. Alice, Dowager Grand-Duchess of Tuscany, 1849. 

72. Archduke Joseph Ferdinand of Tuscany, 1872. 

73. Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Tuscany, 1874. 

74. Archduke Gottfried of Tuscany, 1902. 

75. Archduke George of Tuscany, 1905. 

76. Archduchess Helene of Tuscany, 1903. 

77. Archduchess Rose of Tuscany, 1906. 

78. Archduke Henry Ferdinand of Tuscany, 187S. 

79. Louise Antoinette, Countess Montignoso, formerly wife of the King of 

Saxony, 1870. 

80. George, Prince Royal of Saxony, 1893. 

81. Prince Frederic Christian of Saxony, 1893. 

82. Prince Ernest Henry of Saxony, 1896. 

83. Princess Margaret of Saxony, 1900. 

84. Princess Mary Alice of Saxony, 1901. 

85. Princess Anne Monica of Saxony, 1903. 

86. Anne Maria Theresa, Princess of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg, 1879. 

87. Charles, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg, 1905. 

88. Prince Albert of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg, 1906. 

89. Princess Mary of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg, 1903. 

90. Princess Elizabeth of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg, 1907. 

91. Princess Margaret, 1909. 

92. Archduchess Margaret ISIaria of Tuscany, 1881. 

93. Archduchess Germana Marie of Tuscany, 1884. 

I70 XTbe Xecjttimist IRalenbar tor 19^° 

94. Archduchess Agnes Maria Theresa of Tuscany, 189 1. 

95. Frederick Augustus, King of Saxony, 1865. 

96. Prince John George of Saxony, 1869. 

97. Prince Maximilian of Saxony, 1870. 

98. Princess Matilda of Saxony, 1863. 

99. Maria, Duchess of Modena, Archduchess Otho of Austria, 1869. 
100. Archduke Charles Francis Joseph of Austria, 1887. 

loi. Archduke Maximilian Eugene Louis of Austria, 1895. 

102. Elizabeth, Dowager Duchess of Genoa, 1830. 

103. Thomas, Duke of Genoa, 1854. 

104. Prince Ferdinand of Savoy-Genoa, 1884. 

105. Prince Philip Louis of Savoy-Genoa, 1895. 

106. Prince Albert of Savoy-Genoa, 1898. 

107. Prince Eugene of Savoy-Genoa, 1906. 

108. Princess Margaret of Savoy-Genoa, 1896. 

109. Princess Marie Adelaide of Savoy-Genoa, 1904. 
no. Margaret, Dowager Queen of Sardinia, 1851. 

111. Victor Emmanuel, King of Sardinia (King of Italy), 1869. 

112. Humbert, Prince Royal of Sardinia, 1904. 

113. Princess Yolande of Sardinia, 1901. 

114. Princess Mafalda of Sardinia, 1902. 

115. Princess Giovanna of Sardinia, 1907. 

116. Amelia, Duchess of Urach, 1865. 

117. Prince William of Urach, 1897. 

118. Prince Charles of Urach, 1899, 

119. Prince Albert of Urach, 1903. 

120. Prince Everard of Urach, 1907. 

121. Princess Gabrielle of Urach, 1893. 

122. Princess Elizabeth of Urach, 1894. 

123. Princess Carola of Urach, 1896. 

124. Princess Margaret of Urach, 1901. 

125. Prince Louis of Bavaria, Prince Consort of Great Britain and Ireland, 


126. Prince Leopold of Bavaria, 1846. 

127. Prince George of Bavaria, 1880. 

128. Prince Conrad of Bavaria, 1883. 

129. Princess Elizabeth, Baroness Otho von Seefried auf Buttenheim, 1S74. 

130. Baroness Elizabeth von Seefried auf Buttenheim, 1897. 

131. Baroness Augusta von Seefried auf Buttenheim, 1899. 

132. Princess Augustine, Archduchess Joseph Augustus of Austria, 1875. 

133. Archduke Joseph Francis of Austria, 1895. 

134. Archduke Ladislaus of Austria, 1901. 

135. Archduchess Sophia of Austria, 1899. 

136. Prince Arnulph of Bavaria, 1852. 

137. Prince Henry of Bavaria, 1884. 

138. Princess Theresa of Bavaria, 1 850. 

139. Infant Alfonso (Alfonso XIII. of Spain), 1886. 

140. Infant Alfonso (of Spain), 1907. 

141. Infant Jaime (of Spain), 1908. 

142. Infanta Beatrice (of Spain), 1909. 

143. Infanta Maria de las Mercedes, 1880. 

144. Infant Alfonso, 1901. 

145. Infanta Isabella, 1904. 

146. Infanta Maria Theresa, 1882. 

XTbe Xeaitimfst Ikalenbar tor 1 910 171 

147. Infant Louis Alfonso, 1906. 

148. Infanta Isabella, Countess Girgenti, 1851. 

149. Maria della Paz, Princess Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria, 1862. 

150. Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria, 1884. 

151. Prince Adalbert of Bavaria, 1886. 

152. Princess Maria dell Pilar of Bavaria, 1891. 

153. Infanta Eulalie, Duchess of Galliera, 1864. 

154. Prince Alfonso of Montpensier, 1886. 

155. Prince Louis Ferdinand of Montpensier, 1888. 

156. Anthony, Duke of Galliera, 1866. 

157. Isabella, Dowager Duchess of Orleans (Countess de Paris), 1848. 

158. Philip, Duke of Orleans, 1869. 

159. Ferdinand, Duke of Montpensier, 1884. 

160. Amelia, Princess Charles of Saxe-Coburg (Dowager Queen of Portugal), 


161. Prince Manuel of Saxe-Coburg (King of Portugal), 1889. 

162. Helen, Duchess of Aosta, 1871. 

163. Prince Amadeus of Aosta, 1898. 

164. Prince Aynon of Aosta, 1900. 

165. Isabella, Duchess of Guise, 1878. 

166. Prince Henry of Guise. 

167. Princess Isabella of Guise, 1900. 

168. Princess Frances of Guise, 1902. 

169. Princess Anne Helena of Guise, 1906. 

170. Princess Louise of Orleans, 1882. 

171. Marie Louise, Duchess of Seville, 1868. 

172. Princess Marta Maria Elena of Bourbon y Parade, 1880. 

173. Princess Henrietta of Bourbon y Parade, 1885. 

174. Prince Francis of Bourbon y Castellvi, 1853. 

175. Prince Francis de Paula of Bourbon y de la Torre, 1882. 

176. Prince Joseph of Bourbon y de la Torre, 1883. 

177. Prince Henry of Bourbon y Leon, 1891. 

178. Prince Alfonso of Bourbon y Leon, 1893. 

179. Princess Elena of Bourbon y de la Torre, 1878. 

180. Princess Maria of Bourbon y de la Torre, 1880. 

181. Princess Maria de las Dolores of Bourbon y de la Torre, 1887. 

182. Albert, Marquis of Santa Elena, 1854. 

183. Prince Albert of Bourbon y d'Ast, 1883. 

184. Princess Ysabel of Bourbon y d'Ast, 1879. 

185. Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon y d'Ast, 1880. 

186. Princess Maria (wife of Charles Fernandez Magnieira y Oyangureu, 

Captain of Cavalry), 1858. 

187. Dona Maria Isabella of Bourbon y Gurowski, 1847. 

188. Francis, Duke of Sessa and Montemar, 1847. 

189. Francis, Marquis of Astorga, 1874. 

190. Don Louis Gonzagna Osorio de Moscoso y Bourbon, 1875. 

191. Louis, Count of Cabra, 1849. 

192. Marie Christine, Princess of Bauffremont Courtney, 1850. 

193. Prince Theodore of Bauffremont, 1879. 

194. Marie Louisa, Countess John de Merode, 1874. 

195. Countess Louisa Eugenia de Merode, 1900, 

196. Princess Helen of Bauffremont, 1878. 

197. Infanta Josephine of Spain, 1827. 

198. Don Raymond Guell y Bourbon, Marquis of Valcarios. 

172 Ube Xeoitimist Ikalenbar for 1910 

199. Don Ferdinand Gtiell y Bourbon, Marquis of Gliell. 

2<X). Francis, Duke of Marchena, 1861. 

201. Dona Marie Ciiristine de Bourljon y Muguiro, 1889. 

202. Dona Elena de Bourbon y Muguiro, 1890. 

203. Dona Angela de Bourbon y Muguiro, 1892. 

204. Don Ferdinand de Bourbon y Madan, 1891. 

205. Doila Marie Christine de Bourbon y Madan, 1886. 

206. Dona Marie Pia de Bourbon y Madan, 1888. 

207. Don Louis de Bourbon y Bernaldo de Quiros, 1887, 

208. Don Manfred de Bourbon y Bernaldo de Quiros, 1889. 

209. Infant Alphonso of Spain, 1866. 

210. Prince Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria, 1859. 

211. Prince Alphonso of Bavaria, 1862. 

212. Prince Joseph Ckmont of Bavaria, 1902. 

213. Isabella, Duchess of Genoa, 1863. 

214. Elvira, Countess of Wrbna und Freudenthal, 1868 

215. Count Rudolph von Wrbna und Freudenthal, 1892. 

216. Count Alphonso von Wrbna und Freudenthal, 1896. 

217. Countess Isabella von Wrbna und Freudenthal, 1894. 

218. Princess Clara of Bavaria, 1874. 

219. Isabella, Empress of the Brazils (C(?«;//<?i^j' i?/^;/), 1846. 

220. Peter, Prince Imperial of Brazil, 1875, 

221. Prince Louis of Brazil, 1878. 

222. Prince Anthony of Brazil, 1881. 

223. Prince Peter of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1866. 

224. Prince Augustus Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1867. 

225. Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1895. 

226. Prince Rainer of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1900. 

227. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1901. 

228. Princess Clementina of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1897. 

229. Princess Marie of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1899. 

230. Prince Louis of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1870. 

231. Prince Alphonso of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha {Duke of Oporto), 1865. 

232. Antonia, Princess of Hohenzollern, 1S45. 

233. William, Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern, 1864. 

234. Prince Frederic Victor of Hohenzollern, 1891. 

235. Prince Francis Joseph of Hohenzollern, 1891. 

236. Princess Augustine Victoria of Hohenzollern, 1890. 

237. Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Roumania, 1865. 

238. Prince Carol of Roumania, 1893. 

239. Prince Nicolas of Roumania, 1903. 

240. Princess Elizabeth of Roumania, 1894. 

241. Princess Marie of Roumania, 1899. 

242. Prince Charles Anthony of Hohenzollern, 1868, 

243. Prince Albert of Hohenzollern, 1898. 

244. Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern, 1895. 

245. Princess Marie of Hohenzollern, 1896. 

246. Louis Marie, 2nd Count of Aquila, 1845. 

247. Louis, Count of Rocca-Guiglielino, 1873. 

248. Countess Marie of Rocca-Guiglielmo, 1870. 

249. Prince Philip of Aquila, 1847. 

250. Peter, Duke of Penthievre, 1845. 

251. Frances, Duchess of Chartres, 1844. 

252. John, Duke of Guise, 1874. 

Zbc Xeoitimist 1f{alen&ar tor 1910 173 

253. Marie, Princess Waldemar ol' Denmark, 1^65. 

254. Prince Aage of Denmark, 1887. 

255. Prince Axel of Denmark, 1888. 

256. Prince Eric of Denmark, 1890. 

257. Prince Viggo of Denmark, 1893. 

258. Princess Margaret of Denmark, 1895. 

259. Margaret, Duchess of Magenta, 1869. 

260. Marie Elizabeth MacMahon, 1899. 

261. Miguel II., King of Portugal and the Algarves, 1853. 

262. Dom Miguel, Crown Prince of Portugal and Duke of Braganza, 1S78. 

263. Infant Francis Joseph of Portugal, 1879. 

264. Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal, 1881, 

265. Infanta Elizabeth of Portugal, 1894. 

266. Infanta Maria of Portugal, 1895. 

267. Infanta Mafalda of Portugal, 1898. 

268. Infanta Maria Anne of Portugal, 1899. 

269. Maria de las Neves, Infanta Alphonso of Spain, 1852. 

270. Maria Theresa, Archduchess Charles Louis of Austria, 1855. 

271. Archduchess Maria Annonciada of Austria-Hungary, 1876. 

272. Archduchess Elizabeth of Austria-Hungary, 1878. 

273. Maria Josepha, Duchess Charles Theodore in Bavaria, 1857. 

274. Duke Louis William in Bavaria, 1884. 

275. Duke Francis Joseph in Bavaria, 1888. 

276. Duchess Sophia in Bavaria, 1875. 

277. Elizabeth, Queen of Belgium, 1876. 

278. Prince Leopold of Belgium, 1901. 

279. Prince Charles of Belgium, 1903. 

280. Princess Marie of Belgium, 1906. 

281. MaryGabrielle, Princess Robert of Bavaria and Duchessof Cornwall, 1878. 

Same as Nos. 3 and 4. 

282. Adelgonda, Countess of Bardi, 1858. 

283. Maria Anne, Hereditary Grand-Duchess of Luxemburg, i86i. 

284. Princess Mary of Luxemburg, 1894. 

285. Princess Charlotte of Luxemburg, 1896. 

286. Princess Hilda of Luxemburg, 1897. 

287. Princess Antoinette of Luxemburg, 1899. 

288. Princess Elizabeth of Luxemburg, 1901. 

289. Princess Sophie of Luxemburg, 1902. 

290. Maria Antonia, Duchess of Parma, 1862. 

291. Peter, 2nd Duke of Louie (Portugal), 1830. 

292. Dom Marie Dominic de Mendonca, 1853. 

293. Dofia Anne de Jesus de Mendonca, 1854. 

294. Augustus, Count of Azambuja, 1835. 

295. Dom Nuno de Mendon9a, 1861. 

296. Dom Anthony de Mendon9a, 1862. 

297. Dom Peter de Mendon9a, 1864. 
29S. Dom Joseph de Mendonca, 1871. 

299. Dofia Antoinette de Mendon9a, 1861. 

300. Dona Anne de Mendon9a, 1863. 

301. Dona Margaret de Mendon9a, 1865. 

302. Dona Marie de Carma, Countess Henry Zileri dal \^erme degli Oblizi, 


303. Count George Zileri dal Verme, 1886. 

304. Countess Maria Antonia Zileri dal Verme, 1889. 

174 Uhc Xegittmfst Ikalenbar for 191° 

305. Countess Anna Zileri dal Verme, 1890. 

306. Countess Mary Caroline Zileri dal Verme, 1890. 

307. Countess Adelgonda Zileri dal Verme, 1893. 

308. Dona Anne Charlotte, Countess of Linhares (Portugal), 1827. 
309-317. (Counts and Countesses of Linhares?) 

318. Dona Maria, Dowager Countess of Belmonte, 1829. 
319-324. (Counts and Countesses of Belmont?) 

325. Dona Amelia de Mendon9a. 

326. Maria Theresa, Hereditary Princess of Hohenzollern, 1867. 

327. Alphonso, King of the Two SiciHes [Count of Caset'ta), 1841. 

328. Ferdinand, Prince Royal and Duke of Calabria, 1869. 

329. Prince Charles of the Two Sicilies, 1870. 

330. Prince Gennaro of the Two Sicilies, 1882. 

331. Prince Rene of the Two Sicilies, 1883. 

332. Prince Philip of the Two Sicilies, 1885. 

333. Prince Francis of the Two Sicilies, 1888. 

334. Prince Gabriel of the Two Sicilies, 1897, 

335. Princess Mary Immaculee of the Two Sicilies, 1874. 

336. Princess Mary Christina, Archduchess Peter Ferdinand of Austria, 1877. 

337. Princess Mary of the Two Sicilies, 1878. 

338. Princess Mary Josephine of the Two Sicilies, 1880. 

339. Pascal, Count of Bari, 1852. 

340. Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, 1863. 

341. Prince Maximilian of Hohenberg, 1902. 

342. Princess Sophia of Hohenberg, 1901. 

343. Otto, 8th Duke of Modena (Archduke Otto of Austria), 1865. 

344. Archduke Ferdinand Charles Louis of Austria, 1868. 

345. Duke Philip Albert of Wlirtemberg, 1893. 

346. Duke Albert Eugene of Wlirtemberg, 1895. 

347. Duke Charles Alexander of Wlirtemberg, 1896. 

348. Duchess Maria Amelia of Wlirtemberg, 1897. 

349. Duchess Maria Theresa of Wlirtemberg, 1898. 

350. Duchess Margaret of Wlirtemberg, 1902. 

351. Archduke Leopold Salvator of Tuscany, 1863. 

352. Archduke Francis Salvator of Tuscany, 1S66. 

353. Archduke Francis Charles Salvator of Tuscany, 1893. 

354. Archduke Hubert Salvator of Tuscany, 1894. 

355. Archduke Theodore Salvator of Tuscany, 1899. 

356. Archduke Maximilian Charles of Tuscany, 1902. 

357. Archduke Ernest of Tuscany, 1904. 

358. Archduchess Elizabeth Frances of Tuscany, 1892. 

359. Archduchess Hedwiga of Tuscany, 1896. 

360. Archduchess Gertrude of Tuscany, 1900. 

361. Archduchess Sophie of Tuscany, 1901. 

362. Maria Theresa, Archduchess Charles Stephen of Austria, 1862. 

363. Archduke Charles of Austria, 1888. 

364. Archduke Leo of Austria, 1893. 

365. Archduke William of Austria, 1895. 

366. Archduchess Eleanor of Austria, 1886. 

367. Archduchess Rennee of Austria, 1888. 

368. Archduchess Matilda of Austria, 1891. 

369. Caroline Maria Immaculee, Princess Augustus Leopold of Saxe-Coburg- 

Gotha, 1869. 

370. Maria Immaculee Rennee, Duchess Robert of Wlirtemberg, 1878. 

Ube Xeoitimist f<alc^^ar tor 1910 175 

371. Francis, Count of Mascali, 1837. 

372. Countess Penelope Victoria of Mascali, 1838. 

373. Antoinette, Queen of the Two Sicilies (Countess of Caserta), 1851. 

374. Carolina, Countess Andrew Zamoyski, 1S56. 

375. Count Francis de Paula Zamoyski, 1SS8. 

376. Count Stanislaus Zamoyski, 1889. 

377. Countess Maria Josepha Zamoyski, 18S7. 

378. Countess Isabella Rose Zamoyski, 1S91. 

379. Countess Theresa Zamoyski, 1894. 

380. Countess Caroline Zamoyski, 1896. 

381. Ferdinand v., Grand-Duke of Tuscany, 1872. 

382. Marie Louisa Annonciada, Dowager Princess of Isemburg - Birstein, 


383. Prince Leopold of Isemburg-Birstein, 1866, renounced the succession. 

384. Francis Joseph, 6th Prince of Isemburg-Birstein, 1869. 

3S5. Francis Ferdinand, Hereditary Prince of Isemburg-Birstein, 1901. 

386. Prince Ferdinand Charles of Isemburg-Birstein, 1906. 

387. Princess Marie of Isemburg-Birstein, 1897. 

388. Princess Alexandra Johanna of Isemburg-Birstein, 1899. 

389. Princess Sophie of Isemburg-Birstein, 1903. 

390. Princess Anne Agnes of Isemburg-Birstein, 1904. 

391. Prince Charles of Isemburg-Birstein, 1871. 

392. Prince Victor of Isemburg-Birstein, 1872. 

393. Prince Alphonso of Isemburg-Birstein, 1875. 

394. Prince Ernest of Isemburg-Birstein, 1906. 

395. Princess Margaret of Isemburg-Birstein, 1901. 

396. Princess Marie of Isemburg-Birstein, 1902. 

397. Princess Elizabeth of Isemburg-Birstein, 1904. 

398. Princess Antoinette of Isemburg-Birstein, 1867. 

399. Princess Marie of Isemburg-Birstein, 1868. 

400. Princess Elizabeth of Isemburg-Birstein, 1877. 

401. Princess Adelaide of Isemburg-Birstein, iS7S. 

402. Robert, Duke of Chartres, 1 840. 

403. Gaston, Count of Eu, Prince Consort of Brazil, 1842. 

404. Ferdinand, 2nd Duke of Nemours and Alenjon, 1844. 

405. Emmanuel, Duke of Vendome, 1872. 

406. Charles Philip, Duke of Nemours, 1905. 

407. Princess Marie Louisa of Orleans, 1896. 
40S. Princess Sophia of Orleans, 1S98. 

409. Princess Genevieve of Orleans, 1901. 

410. Louise, Princess Alphonso of Bavaria, 1869. 

411. Adam, Prince Czartoryski, 1872. 

412. Prince Witold Czartoryski, 1876. 

413. Princess Blanche of Nemours, 1857. 

414. Louisa, Princess Philip of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1858. 

415. Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 1878. 

416. Dorothy, Duchess of Sleswig and Holstein, 1881. 

417. Stephanie, Countess Lonyay, late Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary, 

and Bohemia, 1864. 

418. Archduchess Elizabeth, Princess Otto of Windisch-Graetz, 1883. 

419. Princess Clementina of Belgium, 1872. 

420. Albert, King of the Belgians, 1875 

421. Henrietta, Duchess of Vendome, 1870. 

422. Josephine, Princess Charles Anthony of HohenzoUern, 1872. 

176 XTbe Xeoitimist IRalenbar for 1910 

423. Charlotte, Empress of Mexico, 1840. 

424. Duke Philip of WUrtemberg, 1838. 

425. Duke Albert of Wiirtemberg, 1865. 

426. Duke Robert of Wiirtemberg, 1873. 

427. Duke Ulrick of WUrtemberg, 1877. 

428. Marie Isabella, Princess John George of Saxony, 1871. 

429. Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1844. 

430. Prince Augustus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1S45. 

431. Ferdinand, Prince of Bulgaria, 1S61. 

432. Clothilda, Archduchess Joseph of Austria, 1846. 

433. Archduke Joseph Augustus of Austria- Hungary, 1872. 

434. Mary Dorothy, Duchess of Orleans, 1867. 

435. Margaret Clementina, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, 1870. 

436. Francis Joseph, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis, 1893. 

437. Prince Charles Augustus of Thurn and Taxis, 1898. 

438. Prince Louis Philip of Thurn and Taxis, 1901. 

439. Archduchess Elizabeth of Austria, 1883. 

440. Archduchess Clothilda of Austria, 1884. 

441. Duke Sigefred in Bavaria, 1876. 

442. Duke Christopher in Bavaria, 1879. 

443. Duke Luitpold in Bavaria, 1890, 

444. Countess Sophia of Arco-Stepperg, 1868. 

445. Count Joseph von Arco-Zinneberg, 1881. 

446. Count Ferdinand von Arco-Zinneberg, 1882. 

447. Walburga, Countess Otto von und zu Lerchenfeld, 1873. 

448. Count Louis von und zu Lerchenfeld, 1894. 

449. Count Joseph von und zu Lerchenfeld, 1895. 

450. Count Hugo von und zu Lerchenfeld, 1896. 

451. Count Henry von und zu Lerchenfeld, 1897. 

452. Countess Marie Sidonia von Arco-Zinneberg, 1880. 

453. Countess Leopoldina Irene of Arco-Zinneberg, 1869. 

454. Count Maximilian of Arco-Zinneberg, 1850. 

455. Count Nicholas of Arco-Zinneberg, 1881. 

456. Count Aloysius von Arco-Zinneberg, 1886. 

457. Countess Leopoldina of Arco-Zinneberg, 1876. 

458. Countess Helen of Arco-Zinneberg, 1877. 

459. Countess Mechtilda of Arco-Zinneberg, 1879. 

460. Countess Marie Sophia of Arco-Zinneberg, 1882. 

461. Countess Irene of Arco-Zinneberg, 18S4. 

462. Countess Anna von Arco-Zinneberg, 1890. 

463. Countess Elizabeth von Arco-Zinneberg, 1891. 

464. Count Francis of Arco-Zinneberg, 1S51. 

465. Charles Policarpe, Count of Leiningen-Billiegheim, i860. 

466. Leopoldina, Baroness Godefroy von Vegue-Westernach, 1857. 

467. Baron Charles von Vegue-Westernach, 1SS6. 

468. Baroness Theresa von Vegue-Westernach, 1888. 

469. Baroness Maria von Vegue-Westernach, 1889. 

470. Baroness Mechtilda von Vegue-Westernach, 1894. 

471. Matilda, Baroness of Cetto, 1870. 

472. Baron Ernest von Cetto, 1897. 

473. Baroness Maria Augusta von Cetto, 1894. 

474. Baroness Leopoldina von Cetto, 1S95. 

475. Theresa, Countess of Loe-Wissen, 1835. 

476. Degenhard Bertram, 5th Count of Loe, 1889. 

TLbc Xeoitimist Ikalenbav tor 1910 177 

477. Count Clement von Loe, 1893. 

478. Count Felix von Loe, 1896. 

479. Countess Maria Matilda von Loe, 1S95. 

480. Count Louis von Loe, 1866. 

481. Count George von Loe, 1S68. 

482. Countess Louise von Loe, 1863. 

483. Countess Matilda, wife of Hans F. von Gumppenburg, 1865. 

484. John Henry von Gumppenburg, 1891. 

485. Maria Theresa von Gumppenburg, 1888. 

486. Elizabeth von Gumppenburg, 1889. 

487. Hildegarde von Gumppenburg, 1894. 

488. Sophia, Princess of Waldburg-Wolfiegg-Waldsee, 1836. 

489. Maximilian, Hereditary Count of Waldburg, 1863. 

490. Count Francis of Waldburg, 1S92. 

491. Count George of Waldburg, 1893. 

492. Count Frederic of Waldburg, 1S95. 
493- Countess Anne of Waldburg, 1896. 

494. Countess Sophia of Waldburg, 1899. 

495. Count Joseph of Waldburg, 1864. 

496. Count Louis of Waldburg, 187 1, 

497. Count Henry of Waldburg, 1874. 

498. Countess Marie of Waldburg, 1866. 

499. Elizabeth Bona, Countess of Stolberg-Wernigerode, 1867. 

500. Francis Xavier, Hereditary Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode, 1894. 

501. Count Frederic Leopold of Stolberg-Wernigerode, 1897. 

502. Count Joseph of Stolberg-Wernigerode, 1900. 

503. Countess Marie Anne of Stolberg-Wernigerode, 1895. 

504. Baron Conrad von Franckenstein, 1875. 

505. Baron Francis von Franckenstein, 1879. 

506. Margaret, Countess von und zu Elk-Iierrschaft, 1869. 

507. Count Francis von Elk-Herrschaft, 1S93. 

508. Count Henry von Elk-Herrschaft, 1896. 

509. Count Charles von Elk-Herrschaft, 1897. 

510. Countess Helen von Elk-Herrschaft, 1892. 

511. Countess Mary Ida von Elk-Herrschaft, 1898. 

512. Irene, Countess of Oberndoff, 1842. 

513. Count Francis von Oberndoff, 1862. 

514. Count Frederick von Oberndoff, 1891. 

515. Countess Hedwiga von Oberndoff, 1890. 

516. Count Maximilian von Oberndoff, 1867. 

517. Count Wolfgang von Oberndoff, 1871. 

518. Countess Antonia von Oberndoff, 1863. 

519. Anne, Dowager Countess of Stolberg-Stolberg, 1844. 

520. p'rederic Leopold, Count of Stolberg-Stolberg, 1868. 

521. Mary Pia, Baroness Maurice of Franckenstein, 1870. 

522. Baron George von Franckenstein, 1898. 

523. Baroness Sophia von Franckenstein, 1896. 

524. Countess Leopoldina of Stolberg-Stolberg, 1872. 

525. Countess Sophia of Hinckle and Baroness de Donnersmarck, 1S74. 

526. Countess Maria von Bissingen und Nippenburg, 1869. 

527. Countess Gajetan von Bissingen und Nippenburg, 1870. 

528. Countess Elizabeth von Bissingen und Nippenburg, 1873. 

529. Christina, Countess Conrad of Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1852. 

530. Count Emmanuel von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1879. 

178 Ube Xegitimist Ikalen^ar tor 1910 

531. Count Jaspar von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, iSSo. 

532. Count George von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1887. 

533. Count John von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1889. 

534. Count Christopher von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1891. 

535. Countess Maria Immaculee von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 18S1. 

536. Countess Anna von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1882. 

537. Countess Elizabeth von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1883. 

538. Countess Josepha von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1884. 

539. Countess Mechtilda von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos, 1886. 

540. Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, 


541. Archduchess Gisele, Princess Leopold of Bavaria, 1856. 

542. Marie Valerie, Archduchess Francis Salvator of Tuscany, 1868. 

543. Archduke Louis Victor of Austria- Hungary, 1842. 

544. Alfred, Prince of Montenuovo, 1854. 

545. Prince Ferdinand Bonaventure of Montenuovo, 1888. 

546. Princess Julia of Montenuovo, 18S0. 

547. Princess Maria Felice of Montenuovo, 1881. 

548. Princess Frances of Montenuovo, 1893. 

549. Count Alexander Wielopolski, 1875. 

550. Count Alfred Wielopolski, 1879. 

551. Count Albert Wielopolski, 1884. 

552. Countess Margaret, wife of Josaphat, Count von dem Broele-Plater, 


553. Marie, Countess Apponyi, 1859. 

554. Count Anthony Apponyi, 1883. 

555. Julie, wife of Henry, Count of Herberstein, 1879. 

556. Emmanuel, Duke of Aosta, 1869. 

557. Victor, Count of Turin, 1870. 

558. Louis, Duke of the Abruzzi, 1873. 

559. Humbert, Count of Salemi, 1889. 

560. Clothilda, Princess Bonaparte, 1843. 

561. Prince Napoleon Bonaparte, 1862. 

562. Prince Louis Bonaparte, 1864. 

563. Letitia, Duchess Dowager of Aosta, 1866, 

564. Maria Pia, Princess Louis of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha {Queen Dowager of 

Portugal), 1847. 

565. Archduchess Mary Theresa, Duchess Philip of Wiirtemberg, 1845. 

566. Archduke Frederic, 3rd Duke of Teschen, 1856. 

567. Archduke Albert of Austria, 1897, 

568. Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria, 1879. 

569. Archduchess Marie Anne of Austria, 1882. 

570. Archduchess Marie Henrietta of Austria, 1883. 

571. Archduchess Gabrielle of Austria, 1S87. 

572. Archduchess Isabella of Austria, 1888. 

573. Archduchess Marie Alice of Austria, 1893. 

574. Archduke Charles Stephan of Austria, i860. 

575. Archduke Eugene of Austria, 1863. 

576. Christina, Infanta Alfonso of Spain ((P«f<?« Z>(?7c/(Z^<;r ^i/a/«), 1S5S. 

577. Marie Caroline, Archduchess Regnier of Austria, 1825. 

578. John, 2nd Count of Meran, 1867. 

579. Count Francis of Meran, 1891. 

580. Count Philip of Meran, 1894. 

581. Count John of Meran, 1896. 

TLhc Xe^itimist IRalcuMt for 1910 179 

582. Countess Maria Theresa of Meran, 1S93. 

583. Countess Maria Anne of Meran, 1897. 

584. Count Francis of Meran, 186S. 

585. Countess Henriette of Meran, 1904. 

586. Countess Theresa of Meran, 1906. 

587. Count Rudolph of Meran, 1872. 

588. Count Albert of Meran, 1874. 

589. Countess Anne, Mme. Raden, 1864. 

590. Countess Marie of Meran, 1865. 

591. Caroline, Baroness Doblhoff-Dier, 1870. 

592. Baron Henry Doblhofif-Dier, 1894. 

593. Baron Franz Doblhoff-Dier, 1897. 

594. Baron John Doblhoff-Dier, 1901. 

595. Baroness Marie Doblhoff-Dier, 1896. 

596. Archduke Regnier of Austria, 1827. 

597. Marie Reniere, Countess of Waldeck, wife of Henry, Count Lucchesi-Palli, 

di Campo et Pignatelli, Prince of Campofranco, 1872. 

598. Countess Maria Renata Lucchesi-Palli, 1895. 

599. Adinolphe, Count Lucchesi-Palli, Duke della Grazia, 1840. 

600. Henry, Count Lucchesi-Palli, di Campo et Pignatelli, Prince of Campo- 

franco, 1 86 1. 

601. Charles, Count Lucchesi-Palli, 1868. 

602. Robert, Count Lucchesi-Palli, 1897. 

603. Countess Frances Lucchesi-Palli, 1894. 

604. Countess Antoinette Lucchesi-Palli, 1S99. 

605. Peter, Count Lucchesi-Palli, 1870. 

606. Count Antonio Lucchesi-Palli, 1907. 

607. Maria, wife of Edward Moora, 1862. 

608. Blanche, Altgravine George of Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim, 1865. 

609. Altgravine Josa of Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim, 1893. 

610. Altgravine Rose of Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim, 1895. 

611. Altgravine Eleanor of Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim, 1901. 

612. Caroline, Countess of Euzenberg zum Freyen und Jochelsthurm, 1872. 

613. Gabrielle, Countess Brandolin-Rota, 1875. 

614. Clementina, Dowager Countess Zileri dal Verme, 1835. 

615. Henry, Count Zileri dal Verme-digli-Obbizi, 1857. 

616. Count Robert Zileri dal Verme, 1858. 

617. Count Guilio Zileri dal Verme, 1S95. 

618. Countess Berica Isabella Zileri dal Verme, 1893. 

619. Count Luchino Zileri dal Verme, 1861. 

620. Count Alexander Zileri dal Verme, 1863. 

621. Grazcella, Duchess Jayme Alvarez-Pereira de Melo of Cardaval, 1867. 

622. Maria P'rances, Countess Emolapodilista, 1869. 

623. Count Alvise Emolapodilista, 189S. 

624. Frances, Princess Massimo and ,Vrsoli, 1836. 

625. Francis, Prince Arsoli, 1865. 

626. Prince Leon Massimo, 1896. 

627. Frederic, Prince of Roviano, Duke of Anticoti-Cossado, 1868. 

628. Gabriella, Countess Robert Zileri dal Verme, 1861. 

629. Princess Caroline Massimo, 1871. 

630. Leopold, Prince of Salm-Salm, 1838. 

631. Prince Charles of Salm-Salm, 1845. 

632. Prince Alfred of Salm-Salm, 1846. 

633. Prince Emmanuel of Salm-Salm, 1871. 

i8o XTbe Xegttimist 1F<alen^ar for 1910 

634. Prince Nicolas Leopold of Salm-Salm, 1906. 

635. Princess Isabella of Salm-Salm, 1903. 

636. Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm, 1904. 

637. Prince Francis of Salm-Salm, 1878. 

638. Prince Alfred of Salm-Salm, 1879. 

639. Princess Mary of Salm-Salm, 1874. 

640. Princess Henrietta of Salm-Salm, 1875. 

641. Princess Rose of Salm-Salm, 1878. 

642. Princess Augusta of Salm-Salm, 1881. 

643. Princess Eleanor of Salm-Salm, 1887. 

644. Adelaide, Princess Philip of Croy-Diilmen, 1S40. 

645. Prince Emmanuel of Croy, 1874. 

646. Princess Marie of Croy, 1876. 

647. Princess Marie of Salm-Salm, 1843. 

648. Princess Constance of Salm-Salm, 1851. 

649. Flaminia, Countess Ferdinand Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1853. 

650. Count Alfred WolfF-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1872. 

651. Count Paul Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1873. 

652. Count Fritz Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1874. 

653. Count Louis Anthony Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1S77. 

654. Count Ferdinand Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1881. 

655. Count Joseph Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1884. 

656. Count Francis Florentine Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1893. 

657. Countess Marie Josephine Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1876. 

658. Countess Josephine Hedwiga Wolfl-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 1879. 

659. Countess Eleanor Wolff-Metternich-zur-Gracht, 18S8. 

660. Princess Olga of Salm-Salm (wife of Alexander de Padburg), 1854. 

661. Frances, Princess Alexis of Croy-Diilmen, 1833. 

662. Prince Max of Croy-Diilmen, 1864. 

663. Eleanor, Princess of Salm-Salm, 1855. 

664. Count Manfred of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1S43. 

665. Count Rudolph of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1877. 

666. Count Armand of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1844. 

667. Count Constantine of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1846. 

668. Count Conrad of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1855. 

669. Countess Mary (wife of Amely Louis Theodore de Petersen), 1840. 

670. Countess Pauline of Salm-Hoogstraten (widow of Captain Francis 

Stotten), 1849. 

671. Count Hermann of Salm-PIoogstraten, 1S44. 

672. Count Otho of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1848. 

673. Count William of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1SS7. 

674. Count Hermann of Salm-Hoogstraten, iSSS. 

675. Count Alfred of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1851. 

676. Count Louis of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1S85. 

677. Count Otho of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1886. 

678. Count Alfred of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1888. 

679. Countess Augusta of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1845. 
6S0. Count PI ermann of Salm-Hoogstraten, 1821. 

681. Charles, Hereditary Prince of Croy, 18S9. 

682. Prince Engelbert of Croy, 1891. 

683. Prince Anthony of Croy, 1893. 

684. Princess Isabella of Criiy, 1890. 

685. Isabella, Archduchess Frederic of Austria, 1856. 

686. Natalie, Princess of Grimberghe and Rubempre, Countess of Mcrode, 1863. 

Ube Xcaitimist 1kalen^ac tor 19^0 181 

687. Charles, Prince of Rubempre, 1887. 

688. Countess Marie of Merode, 1884. 

689. Countess Henrietta of Merode, 1885. 

690. Prince Louis of Croy, 1862. 

691. Prince Francis of Croy, 1873. 

692. Eleanor, Dowager Viscountess of Chevigne, 1864. 

693. Elizabeth, Countess (Charles) de Bruce, 1865. 

694. Jeanne, Marchioness of Venevelles, 1870. 

695. Leopoldina, Princess Emmanuel of Croy-Dulmen, 1821. 

696. Prince Edward of Croy, 1843. 

697. Prince Stephen of Croy, 1872. 

698. Prince Stephen of Croy, 1898. 

699. Princess Eleanor of Croy, 1897. 

700. Margaret, Countess of Grammont, 1869. 

701. Constance, Countess of Sabran-Pontives, 1876. 

702. Countess Sybil of Sabran-Pontives, 1905. 

703. Countess Stephanette of Sabran-Pontives, 1906. 

704. Alice, Countess of Castries, 1884. 

705. Princess Pauline of Croy, 1887. 

706. Princess Emma of Cr5y, 1858. 

707. Bertha, Baroness of Landsburg-Velen, 1833. 

708. Baron Englebert von Landsburg-Velen, 1866. 

709. Baron Alfred von Landsburg-Velen, 1872. 

710. Baron Emmanuel von Landsburg-Velen, 1S76. 

711. Baron Hermann Joseph von Landsburg-Velen, 1879. 

712. Baroness Marie, wife of John, Count Prasehma, 1865. 

713. Count Joseph Ferdinand Prasehma, 1893. 

714. Count Englebert Prasehma, 1898. 

715. Count Leopold Prasehma, 1900. 

716. Countess Elizabeth Prasehma, 1895. 

717. Baroness Emma, wife of Arthur, Count von Strachwitz auf Reichenau, 


718. Count Alexander von Strachwitz, 1894. 

719. Count Rudolph von Strachwitz, 1S96. 

720. Count Stanislaus von Strachwitz, 1899. 

721. Countess Helen von Strachwitz, 1899. 

722. Countess Mary Agnes von Strachwitz, 1900. 

723. Baroness Gabrielle von Landsl^urg-Velen, 1874. 

724. Baroness Antoinette von Landsl)urg-Velen, 1877. 

725. Gabrielle, Princess Louis of Polignac, 1835. 

726. Prince Charles of Croy, 1866. 

727. Prince William of Croy, 1869. 

728. Prince Stephan of Croy, 1899. 

729. Princess Dorothy of Croy, 1900. 

730. Princess Helena of Croy, 1902. 

731. Princess Elizabeth of Croy, 1904. 

732. Prince Leopold of Croy, 1871. 

733. Prince Clement of Croy, 1873. 

734. Prince Francis of Croy, 1903. 

735. Princess Marie of Croy, 1905. 

736. Princess Wilhelmena of Croy, 1906. 

737. Prince Alexander of Croy, 1873. 

738. Princess Cunegonda of Croy, 1864. 

739. Princess Elise of Croy, 1868. 

82 xrbe Xeaitimist Ikalen^ar tor 1910 


740. Prince Philip of Croy, 1849. 

741. Princess Stephanie of Croy, 1831. 

742. Marie, Princess of Lichnowsky, 1837. 

743. Prince Charles Max of Lichnowsky, i860. 

744. Prince William of Lichnowsky, 1905. 

745. Princess Elenore of Lichnowsky, 1907. 

746. Mary Caroline, Countess of Redern, 1861. 

747. Count William von Redern, 1888. 

748. Countess Victoria von Redern, 1889. 

749. Countess Mary von Redern, 1890. 

750. Countess Margaret von Redern, 1893. 

751. Countess Hermione von Redern, 1899. 

752. Margaret, Countess of Brzezie-Lanckoronski, 1863. 

753. Countess Caroline von Brzezie-Lanckoronski, 189S. 

754. Frederick, Duke of Beaufort-Spontin, 1843. 

755. Count Henry de Beaufort, 18S0. 

756. Pauline, Princess Alphonso of Imsberg, 1876. 

757. Countess Mary de Beaufort, 1885. 

758. Countess Eleanor de Beaufort, 1891. 

759. Anna, Countess Kinsth, 1824. 

760. Andrew, Count of Thiirheim, 1S27, 

761. Count Louis of Thurheim, 1S74. 

762. Marie, Baroness von Gablenz, 1868. 

763. Theresa, Countess Joseph von Platz, 1871. 

764. Theresa, Baroness von Schwiter, 1831. 

765. Louis, loth Prince of Ligne, 1854. 

766. Princess Susan of Ligne, 18S5. 

767. Prince Ernest of Ligne, 1857. 

768. Prince Claude of Ligne, 1890. 

769. Prince Eugene of Ligne, 1893. 

770. Prince Baldwin of Ligne, 1896. 

771. Princess Jane of Ligne, 1887. 

772. Princess Isabella of Ligne, 1889. 

773. Princess Henrietta of Ligne, 1891. 

774. Princess Mary of Ligne, 1S9S. 

775. Mary, Duchess of Beaufort-Spontin, 1855. 

776. Prince Charles of Ligne, 1S37. 

777. Prince Florent of Ligne, 1881. 

778. Hedwiga, Duchess of Arenberg, 1877. 

779. Engelbept Charles, Hereditary Prince of Arenberg, 1899. 

780. Prince Edward of Ligne, 1839. 

781. Prince Albert of Ligne, 1874. 

782. Prince George of Ligne, 1S79. 

783. Princess Eleanor of Ligne, 1877. 

784. Princess Helen of Ligne, 1887. 

785. Charles, Duke of Estrees, 1863. 

786. Margaret de la Rochefoucauld, 1886. 

787. Armand, Duke of Bisaccia, 1870. 

788. Sosthcnes de la Rochefoucauld, 1897. 
7S9. Hedwiga de la Rochefoucauld, 1896. 

790. Marie de la Rochefoucauld, 1901. 

791. Count Edward de la Rochefoucauld, 1874. 

792. Elizabeth, Princess of Ligne, 1865. 

793. Marie, Duchess of Harcourl, 1871. 

Zhc XecjttimiBt IF^alenbar for 191° 183 

794. Countess Lydia de Harcourt, 1898. 

795. Countess Elizabeth de Harcourt, 1901. 

796. Carlos, 4th Prince of Clary and Aldringen, 1844. 

797. Count John Baptist of Clary, 1878. 

798. Countess Mary of Clary, 1874. 

799. Count Sigefroi of Clary, 1848. 

800. Count Alfonso of Clary, 1887. 

801. Countess Elizabeth Alexandrina of Clary, 1885. 

802. Countess Sophia of Clary, 1891. 

803. Count Manfred of Clary, 1852. 

804. Count Edmund of Clary, 1885. 

805. Countess Mary of Clary, 1886. 

806. Countess Dorothy of Clary, 1S92. 

807. Edmee, Countess Dowager of Robilant and Cereaglio, 1842. 

808. Anthony, Prince Radzivill, 1833. 

809. Prince George Radzivill, i860. 

810. Prince Albert Radzivill, 1885. 

811. Prince Charles Radzivill, 1886. 

812. Prince Leon Radzivill, 1888. 

813. Princess Rose Radzivill, 1884. 

814. Princess Theresa Radzivill, 18S9. 

815. Princess Elizabeth Radzivill, 1894. 

816. Prince Stanislaus Radzivill, 1880. 

817. Elizabeth, Countess Roman Potocki, 1861. 

818. Helen, Countess Joseph Potocki, 1874. 

819. Prince Janusz Radzivill, 1843. 

820. Prince William Radzivill, 1845. 

821. Prince Waclaw Radzivill, 18S0. 

822. Prince Casimar Radzivill, 1888. 

823. Princess Louisa Radzivill, 1876. 

824. Wanda, Princess BUichar von Wahlstatt, 1S77. 

825. Princess Gabrielle Radzivill, 1879. 

826. Matilda, Princess of Windisch-Grretz, 1836. 

827. Ferdinand, Prince Radzivill, DukeofOlyka, 1834. 

828. Prince Michael Radzivill, 1870, 

829. Prince Anthony Radzivill, 1899. 

830. Prince Charles Radzivill, 1874. 

831. Prince Janusz Radzivill, 1880. 

832. Princess Margaret Radzivill, 1875. 

833. Prince Wladislaus Radzivill, 1836. 

834. Prince Charles Radzivill, 1S39. 

835. Prince Wladislaus Radzivill, 188 1. 

836. Prince Bogislaus Radzivill, 1844. 

837. Felice, Princess of Clary and Aldringen, 1849. 

838. Princess Elizabeth Radzivill, 1S50. 

839. Felice, Altgra vine Robert of Salm-Reifferscheid-Reitz, 1815. 

840. Countess Caroline de Virieu (nee d'Ursel), 1874. 

841. Robert, 9th Duke of Ursel and Hoboken, Prince of Arche and Charle- 

ville, 1873. 

842. Charles Francis, Count d'Ursel, 1900. 

843. Countess Chantal Sabine d'Ursel, 1902. 

844. Countess Antonine d'Ursel, 1903. 

845. Count Wolfgang d'Ursel, 1882. 

846. Count Gerard d'Ursel, 1907. 

1 84 Zbc Xeoitimist Ikalenbar for 1910 

847. Countess Henrietta de Boissieu (nee d'Ursel). 

848. Countess Pauline d'Ursel. 

849. Count Leon d'Ursel, 1867. 

850. Count Xavier d'Ursel, 1902. 

851. Count Bernard d'Ursel, 1904. 

852. Count William d'Ursel, 1906. 

853. Countess Helena d'Ursel, 1901. 

854. Prince Henry of Croy, i860. 

855. Prince Alfred of Croy, 1862. 

856. Prince Ferdinand of Croy, 1867. 

857. Prince Charles of Croy, 1S69. 

858. Prince Albert of Croy, 1900. 

859. Princess Madeline of Croy, 1897. 

860. Princess Matilde of Croy, 1902. 

861. Princess Marie Immaculata of Croy, 1905. 

862. Prince Joseph of Croy, 1873. 

863. Princess Elizabeth of Croy, 1904. 

864. Marie, Countess du Chastel de la Howardrie (nee Princess of Croy). 

865. Count Jacques du Chastel, 1885. 

866. Count Emmanuel du Chastel, 18S8. 

867. Count Francis du Chastel, 1890. 

868. Count Ferdinand du Chastel, 1892. 

869. Countess Henrietta du Chastel, 1883. 

870. Princess Sophie of Croy. 

871. Sophia, Countess of Schonburg (nee d'Ursel). 

872. Countess Juliet de Busset (nee d'Ursel). 

873. Count Anthony de Busset, 1884. 

874. Count John de Busset, 1889. 

875. Countess Sophie de Busset, 1S87. 

876. Count Louis d'Ursel, 1886. 

877. Count Edward d'Ursel, 1888. 

878. Countess Anne d'Ursel, 1887. 

879. Countess Jeanne d'Ursel, 1889. 

880. Countess Juliet d'Ursel, 1890. 

881. Countess Molly d'Ursel, 1891. 

882. Countess Gabrielle d'Ursel, 1893. 

883. Countess Frances d'Ursel, 1897. 

884. Count Aymard d'Ursel, 1849. 

885. Count Conrad d'Ursel, 1891. 

886. Countess Marie Theresa de Brouchoven de Bergeyck (nee d'Ursel). 

887. Countess Bertha d' Ursel. 

888. Countess Gabrielle Ghislaine d'Ursel. 

889. Countess Margaret d'Ursel. 

890. Count Hippolyte d'Ursel, 1S50. 

891. Count John d'Ursel, 18S7. 

892. Count George d'Ursel, 1890. 

893. Count Peter d'Ursel, 1892. 

894. Countess Marie de Lictervelde (nee d'Ursel). 

895. Countess Gabrielle des Enffans d'Avernas (nee d'Ursel). 

896. Countess Isabelle d'Ursel. 

897. Count Augustus d'Ursel, 1857. 

898. Count Anthony d'Ursel, 1S96. 

899. Count Francis d'Ursel, 1899. 

900. Count James d'Ursel, 1905. 

Ubc Xeoitimist 1kalen^ar tor 1 910 185 

901. Countess Louise d'Ursel. 

902. Countess Elizabeth d'Ursel. 

903. Countess Martha d'Ursel. 

904. Countess Madeleine d'Ursel. 

905. Countess Marie Henriette d'Ursel. 

906. Count Adrien d'Ursel, 1868. 

907. Count Ernest d'Ursel, igoi. 

908. Count Emmanuel d'Ursel, 1905. 

909. Countess Aline d'Ursel, 1902. 

910. Countess Charlotte d'Ursel, 1903. 

911. Countess Amelia d'Ursel. 

912. Countess Antoinette d'Ursel. 

913. Viscountess Eleanor de Guitant (nee d'Ursel). 

914. Mark Adrien, 14th Marquis of Mun, 9th Marquis of Sarlabous, 6th 

Marquis of Leaumont, Count of Arblade, Asque, and Clarac, etc., 
Prince of Bize, etc.. Premier Marquis of France, 1868. 

915. Countess Olga de Mun, 1892/. 

916. Countess Colette de Mun, 1901. 

917. Bertrand Gabriel, Count of Alun and Arblade. 

918. Countess Marie Eugenie de Balcas (nee de Mun). 

919. Felicie de Balcas d'Aulps. 

920. Marquise Alexandrine de Pomereu (nee de Mun). 

921. Count Armand de Pomereu, 1895. 

922. Count Guy de Pomereu, 1899. 

923. Countess Alyette de Pomereu, 1903. 

924. Count Albert de Mun, 1841. 

925. Count Bertrand de Mun, 1870. 

926. Count Simone de Mun. 

927. Count Henry de Mun, 1873. 

928. Count Albert de Mun, 1902. 

929. Count Anthone de Mun, 1903. 

930. Count Fernand de Mun, 1880. 

931. Countess Margaret Marie Hennessy (nee de Mun). 

932. Patrick Hennessy, 1903. 

933. Killian Hennessy, 1905. 

934. Jacqueline Hennessy. 

935. Count Bernard I'Abbe de Mun, 1854. 

936. Antoinette, Duchess of Ursel (nee de Mun). 

937. Alix Adelaide, Countess Peter d'Harcourt (nee de Mun). 

938. Count Joseph d'Harcourt, 1S79. 

939. Bernard Peter d'Harcourt, 1905. 

940. John Henry d'Harcourt, 1906. 

941. Count Robert d'Harcourt, 1881. 

942. Slany, Viscountess de Courcy (nee d'Harcourt). 

943. Viscount Alfred Peter de Courcy, 1895. 

944. Viscount Xavier Rene de Courcy, 1898. 

945. Viscountess Claire de Courcy, 1906. 

946. Isabel, Marquise d'Argenson. 

947. Countess Charlotte de Voyer d'Argenson, 1902. 

948. Maria, Countess Roger de Francqueville-Bourbon (nee de Mun). 

949. Count Joseph de Francqueville, 1881. 

950. Count Bernard de Francqueville, 1885. 

951. Jeanne, Countess d'Ursel (nee de Francqueville). 

952. Countess Elizabeth de Francqueville. 

i86 trbe Xeoitimfst 1Ralen^ar for 1910 

953, Countess Antonine de Francqueville. 

954. Bozan Charles Hippolyte (Doublet), 9th Marquis de Persan, 1846. 
955- ^uy Alexander (Doublet), Marquis de Bandeville, 1847. 

956. Count Anne Henry Timoleon Doublet de Persan, 1849. 

957. Louis, Prince Altieri, 1878. 

958. Mark Antony Altieri^ 1891. 

959. Theodolinda, Duchess of Campobello, 1876. 

960. Maria Augusta Altieri, 1880. 

961. Camilla Altieri, 1889. 

962. Victoria, Countess Revedin di Ferrara, 1844. 

963. Christina, Countess Siciliano Nobile dei Marches! Theodoli, 1852. 

964. Alberto dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1870. 

965. Clement dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1878. 

966. Theodolo dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1882. 

967. Hugo dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1886. 

968. Laura dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1875. 

969. Maria dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1876. 

970. Beatrice dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1880. 

971. Louisa dei Marchesi Theodoli, 1881. 

972. Marie Anne, Countess Rocca-Saporiti, 1856. 

973. Prince Francis Boncompagni-Ludovisi, 1886. 

974. Princess Eleanor Boncompagni-Ludovisi, 1885. 

975. Princess Theresa Boncompagni-Ludovisi, 1889. 

976. Louisa Altieri (formerly Countess of Codroipo, marriage annulled 1897), 


977. Paul, Marquis Colloredo, 1850. 

978. Countess Livia Colloredo, 1888. 

979. Countess Eurelia Colloredo, 1892. 

980. Countess Paola Colloredo, 1894. 

981. Count Henry Colloredo, 1853. 

982. Count Rudolph Colloredo, 1879. 

983. Count Emmanuel Colloredo, 1883. 

984. Countess Maria Pia Colloredo, 1888. 

985. Guilia, Countess Monterado, 1841. 

986. Victoria, Countess Codroipo, 1S43. 

987. Thomas, Prince Antici-Mattei, 1S46. 

988. Marquis Louis Antici-Mattei, 1870. 

989. Marquis Guy Antici-Mattei, 1889. 

990. Johanna Antici-Mattei, 1883. 

991. Clotilda Antici-Mattei, 1886. 

992. Chiara Antici-Mattei, 1892. 

993. Marquis Philip Patrizi, 1859. 

994. Marquis Joseph Patrizi, 1872. 

995. Ciuendolina Boncompagni-Ludovisi, 1878. 

996. Guglielmina Boncompagni-Ludovisi, 1881. 

997. Laval Llewellyn (Nugent), Prince Nugent and 3rd Count von Nugent 

(Austria), 1870. 

998. Beatrix Lilla, Marchioness Strozzi-Sagratli (nte von Nugent). 

999. Marie, Countess Pallavacini-Fibbia, Marchioness Centurioni, married 

Lavel Jeremy (Nugent), 2nd Count von Nugent, 1876. 
1000. Johann Anton Laval (Nugent), ist Count Nugenl-Pallavacini-Centurioni 

(Austria), 1877. 
lOOi. Jane, Princess Vittorio Odescalchi (nee d'Orsay), 1846. 
1002. Camillc Charles Albert, Prince Massimo, 1S36. 

TLbc Xeoitimist ir^alenbar for 1 910 187 

003. Prince Philip Massimo, Prince Lancellotti, 1843. 

004. Prince Joseph Lancellotti, 1S65. 

005. Prince Phihp Lancellotti, 1892. 

006. Prince Maximilian Lancellotti, 1895. 

007. Princess Anna Lancellotti, 1890. 

008. Princess Frances Lancellotti, 1S93. 

009. Princess Caroline Lancellotti, 1896. 

010. Prince Louis Lancellotti, 18S1. 
on. Prince Lawrence Lancellotti, 1883. 

012. Prince Peter Lancellotti, 1 888. 

013. Princess Maria Pia Lancellotti, 1875. 

014. Princess Rufina Lancellotti, 1886. 

015. Prince Maximilian Massimo, 1S49. 

016. Philip, Prince del Drago, 1824. 

017. Ferdinand, Prince of Antuni, 1857. 

018. Alfonso del Drago, 1882. 

019. John del Drago, 1884. 

020. Rudolph del Drago, 1900. 

021. Maria Christina del Drago, 1895. 

022. Hortensia del Drago, 1897. 

023. Francis d'Assisi del Drago, Count of Ascrea, 1858. 

024. Louis del Drago, 1859. 

025. Clement del Drago, 1897. 

026. Mario del Drago, 1899. 

027. Francis, Prince Ruspoli, 1839. 

028. Alexander, Prince Cerveteri, 1869. 

029. Frances Ruspoli, 1899. 

030. Giacinta Ruspoli, 1898. 

031. John Ruspoli, 1871. 

032. Maria Ruspoli, 1874. 

033. Laura, Countess Martini Marescotti, 1S78. 

034. Giacinta Ruspoli, 1883. 

035. Alexander, Marquis of Riano, 1844. 

036. Fabrizio Ruspoli, 1878. 

037. Sforza Ruspoli, 1882. 

038. Napoleon Ruspoli, 1885. 

039. Christina, Princess Napoleon Charles Bonaparte, 1842. 

040. Princess Maria, wife of Enrico Gotti. 

041. Princess Eugenia, wife of Napoleon Ney d'Elchingen, 4th Prince de la 

Moskowa, 1872. 
1042. Albert Edward, de facto King Edward \'li, of Great Britain and 
Ireland, etc., 1 841. 

Note. — For proof of the authenticity of these 1041 prior hereditary claims 
to the throne of Great Britain and Ireland, showing the exact descent of 
each intervening personage by means of genealogical tables, pedigrees, etc., 
see Tlie Blood Royal of Britain (Messrs. T, C. & E. C. Jack), the Ahnanach 
de Gotlia for 1908, Gothaische's Genealogisches Taschenbach, and Le Livre 
d^Or, by Hiort Lorenzen. 

1 88 Zbc Xegitimist 1kalen&ar for 1910 

In the next issue of the Legitimist Kalendar a special feature will be made 
of short 


such as the following. Readers are invited to send in somewhat similar 
accounts of their own Jacobite Ancestors, which will be inserted whenever 
possible. — Ed. 



Ar?ns — On a field argent three escallops gules with a chevron sable. 
Crest — A Hart trippant. 

Sir Hugh Pollard was the son of Sir Lewes Pollard, knight, created 
baronet 31st May 1627. He was a captain in the army 1639, present at 
the battle of Newburn 28th August, returned to the Long Parliament as 
member for Beeralston, Devon, 19th November. In May-June 1641 
implicated in the First Army Plot, imprisoned in the Gatehouse, expelled 
from Parliament, and retired to Devon. On 26th September he was taken 
prisoner by the Parliamentary forces and sent to Molton. He succeeded to 
his father's estates in 1642, and set out for Holland — accompanied by Bevill 
and Grenvill Pollard, sons of Henry Pollard of Kilment — and returned with 
the Providence, a King's ship laden with arms. They were pursued by two 
Parliamentary ships, but escaped. In August he accompanied the Marquis of 
Hertford to the West, and was Major in Viscount Kilmorey's regiment in 1645, 
and created Governor of Dartmouth. He was besieged in January 1645-46 
by Fairfax, who stormed the town i8th January 1646. Pollard was 
wounded and imprisoned till May, when he was fined ;^5i8, and released 
on bail. The fine was paid 1653 and part of his estates returned to him. 
He supported Booth's rising in 165S and contributed largely to the Royalist 
exchequer. At the Restoration he was sworn as a Privy Councillor, and 
appointed Governor of Guernsey and Comptroller of the King's House'hold 
(his portrait is in Buckingham Palace). He was M.P. for Callington in 1660, 
and received a grant of ^5000 from Charles II. in 1665 ; but, owing to his 
lavish entertaining, very little except the title passed on his death, 2 1st 
November 1666, to his successor. Sir Amias Pollard. 

Anthony Pollard of Horwood, son of Bevill Pollard, fled to Holland for 
his part in the '15, while George Pollard, gentleman, of Exeter, was killed at 
Prestonpans, 1745. 

Supplement to tbe Xeoitimtst 1kalen&ar for 191° ^89 

^be 1RotHuror0 

The deprivation of the non-jurors was one of the greatest blots on the reign 
and character of William of Orange, and was more an act of revenge on his 
part for the refusal of the Tories to give way on the question of the Test Act 
than anything else. 

Early in the reign an Act had been passed that no person in future should 
be admitted to any office, spiritual or temporal, without taking an oath of 
allegiance to the reigning sovereign, and the same obligation was imposed 
upon all existing holders of civil and military offices. A great effort was made 
to exempt the present holders of ecclesiastical and academical preferments, and 
when the Bill came before the Lords they inserted a clause exempting all 
present holders of ecclesiastical benefices, unless the Government should have 
cause to call on any individual priest to give such proof of his loyalty. The 
Whig majority in the Commons, however, rejected this clause. William appears 
to have thought this a good opportunity to endeavour to effect a compromise 
with the Tories on the question of the Test Act, and he accordingly entered 
into negotiations with that party, hoping to induce them to consent to a repeal 
of that Act, if he persuaded the Whigs to accept the Lords' amendment exempt- 
ing the present holders of ecclesiastical benefices from taking the oath of 
allegiance. The Tories, however, refused to give way about the Test Act. 
William therefore determined to let the Whigs have their own way, and after a 
long contest between the two Houses, the Lords were compelled to give in, and 
the Act as passed required every holder of an ecclesiastical preferment to take 
the oaths of allegiance before the ist of February following, under the penalty 
of suspension. If by February i they had not taken them they were to be 
turned out and left to starve. 

The conduct of William in this cannot be justified, for the non-jurors — as 
those who refused the oaths were called — were not, like magistrates, concerned 
in the administration of the laws, nor, like soldiers, liable to be called on to 
defend them, and it was well known that, although they had scruples about 
breaking their oaths to King James, they were willing to live peaceably under 
William's Government. 

When February i came it was found that nine ^ bishops, including the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury and four of the seven bishops who had been tried in the 
reign of James, and some four hundred of the clergy had refused to take the 
required oaths, and they were accordingly suspended. They are truly said to 
have represented the flower of learning in the Church of England. 

King James ordered a list of those deprived to be sent him, and one was 
prepared and taken to him in 1693 by Dr. George Hickes, the deprived Dean 
of Worcester. At the request of the bishops. King James appointed two of the 
clergy upon the list for the continuance of the episcopal succession, one to be 
nominated by Archbishop Sancroft, and the other by Dr. William Llovd 
Bishop of Norwich, and his eldest Suffragan. The Archbishop nominated 
Dr. George Hickes, and the Bishop of Norwich Mr. Thomas Wagstaffe, deprived 
rector of St. Margaret Pattens and Chancellor of Lichfield, who were accord- 
ingly both consecrated in 1693, the former by the title of Suffragan of Thetford, 
and the latter by that of Suffragan of Ipswich. The new consecrations were 
simply to provide against the failure of the succession, and were forbidden to 
exercise their episcopal functions until after the death of the deprived bishops. 
It was also decided they should be consecrated Suffragans, and not to any See, 
1 Of whom six were actually deprived, the remaining three dying in the interval. 

19° Supplement to tbe Xecjlttmist 1Ralen^ar for 1910 

in order to provide against any difficulty arising, when the king was restored, 
between them and the actual holders. 

The non -jurors were subjected to double taxation, and were obliged to register 
their estates, May 1723. They formed a separate communion, which existed 
till the beginning of the present century. The regular succession of the non- 
juror bishops ended in 1775, but an mY^'w/rtr succession, begun in 1733 by the 
consecration of Roger Lawrence by a single bishop, which was held to be 
uncanonical, continued until 1805. 

In Scotland the Episcopal Church was disestablished at the Revolution, and 
the bishops and clergy were driven out and exposed to great hardships, an Act 
being passed forbidding them to minister to a congregation of more than five 
persons. They also refused to take the oaths or to pray for the reigning 
family, and continued to do so until after the death of King Charles in., in 
1 788, and even then some of them persisted in their refusal. The last clergy- 
man who, in his official character, acted upon scruples in behalf of the House 
of Stuart, was the Right Rev. David Low, Lord Bishop of Argyll and Ross, 
who died January 26, 1855. 

A branch exists in the Church in America. Samuel Seabury, the first 
bishop of this line, was consecrated Bishop of Connecticut (or Massachusetts) 
by four non-juror prelates, at Aberdeen, on November 14, 1784. 

The list of non-jurors given in the last issue of the Kalendar was carefully 
revised, and many additional names were added by the late Rev. C. F. S. 
Warren, to whom the Editor desires to pay a tribute of gratitude for his most 
valuable assistance. To the list corrected by him she has now been able to 
make a few additions. 

Bioccse of St. Bsapb 

1. Hugh Wynne, Chancellor of the Diocese : Fellow of All Souls' College, 

Oxford; B.C.L. 1667, D.C.L. 1672. 

2. Henry Price, Vicar and Prebendary of St. Asaph and Schoolmaster of 

Ruthin: of Jesus College, Oxford; B.A. 1673, M.A. 1676. 

3. Thomas Jones, Curate of Efenschtyd. 

4. John Lloyd, Rector of Llangar. 

2>iocese of asangor 

5. Richard Jones, Chancellor of the Diocese : of Jesus College, Oxford ; 

B.C.L. 1674, D.C.L. 1679 [also Chancellor of Llandaff]. 

6. Hugh Morrice, Rector of Bangor, Monachorum : of Jesus College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1673. 

Diocese of asatb an& "mnells 

7. Thomas Ken, Bishop : of New College, Oxford ; B.A. 1661, M.A. 1664, 

B.D. 167S, D.D. 1679. Died March 19, 171 1, having resigned his 
rights in 1 704. 

8. Samuel Thomas, Prebendary of [Compton Bishop] Wells, and Vicar of 

Chard: B.D. Died November 4, 1693 [Rawlinson]. ^ 

9. Walter Harte, Prebendary of [Ashill] Wells, and of [the first stall] Bristol, 

and Vicar of Taunton Dean : of Pembroke College, O.xford ; B.A. 167 1, 
M.A. 1674. Died at Kentbury, Berks, February 2, 1736, aged 85. 
10. George Hellier, Vicar of Broomfield : of Magdalene IL1II, Oxford ; B.A. 
1669, M.A. J672. 

Supplement to tbe Xeoitimist If^alenbar tor 1910 191 

. II. Robert Harsnett, Prebendary of [Warminster] Wells, and Rector of St. 
Clements, Oxford : of Christ Church, Oxford ; B.A. 1668, M.A. 1671, 
B.D. 1682, D.D. 1684. Took the oath afterwards. Died 1723. 

12. Robert Jones, Curate of Catcott, donative, and Vicar of Cannington. 

13. Richard King, Rector of Marston Bigott, sometime Amanuensis to John 

Fell, Bishop of Oxford and Chaplain to Lord Weymouth. 

14. Matthew Bryan, Rector of Lymington and Curate of Newington Butts : 

of Magdalene Hall, Oxford; B.C.L. and D.C.L. 1685. 

15. Christopher Browne, Rector of Preston : of Gloucester Hall [now 

Worcester College], Oxford ; B.A. 1673. 

16. Andrew Talbot, Vicar of Southstoke. 

17. James Crossman, Vicar of Banwell. 

18. Rotheram of . 

19. William Osbourn, Chaplain to Lord Weymouth. 

20. Street, Curate and Schoolmaster of near Bath. 

Diocese of JBristol ^ 

21. Elisha Sage. 

22. Burgess. 

23. Edwards. 

24. Flood, Vicar of Halstock. 

Diocese or Canterbury 

25. William Sancroft, Archbishop : of Emmanuel College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1637, M.A. 1641, D.D. 1662. Died at Fressingfield, November 
24, 1693. 

26. Henry Paman, Master of the F"aculties : of Emmanuel College, 

Cambridge, and Fellow of St. John's; M.D. 1658, LL.D. 1684; 
Public Orator 1672-81 ; Lecturer in Physic at Gresham College, 
1679. Died 1695. 

27. Simon Lowth, Vicar of Harbledown and Rector of Cosmas Blean : of 

Clare College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1656, M.A. 1660, D.D. 1689 ; Dean 
elect of Rochester, but never installed. Died July 3, 1720. 

28. Samuel Grascome, Rector of Stourmouth : of Magdalene College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1664, M.A. 1674. Died 1718. 

29. Isaac Gosling, Vicar of Sturry and Curate of St. Mary Bredin, 


30. William Symmes, Vicar of Chislet. 

31. Richard Johnson, Master of the King's School in Canterbury. Took 

the oath 1702. 
32. Metcalfe, Vicar of Voles Cray [probably St. Paul's Cray]. 

33. Knight, Rector of Westbere. 

34. Jones, Curate of Lydd. 

35. William Bedford, Curate of Brookland. 

36. V. Schmid or Smith, Preacher to the Walloon Congregation at Sand- 

wich. A Dutchman. 

37. Wingfield, of Canterbury, refused to qualify himself by taking the 

degree of ^LA. 

38. Mathias Earbery, Curate of Aylesford : of Trinity College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1679. 

39. Thomas Brett, LL.D., of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. After- 

wards a Bishop. 

1 N.B. — The Bristol Registers of Institutions do not exist for this date. 

192 Supplement to tbe Xeottiinist 1kalen&ar for 1910 

Wioccec of Carlisle 

40. John Leigh, Vicar of Edenhall and Long Wathby. 

41. Thomas Bell, Vicar of Askham : of St. John's College, Oxford ; B.C.L. 


42. Manton, Vicar of Crook. 

2>{occse of Cbester 

43. Thomas Cartwright, Bishop: of Queen's College, Oxford; D.D. i66l. 

Died April 15, 1689. 

44. George Newton, Rector of Cheadle and Vicar of Prestbury : of Brazen- 

nose College, Oxford; B.A. 1672, M.A. 1675. 

45. Thomas West, Rector of Childrey. 

46. Richard Crofton, Headmaster of Preston School. 

47. Thomas Pincock, Usher of Preston School. 

48. Thomas Boardman, Rector of Grappenhall. 

49. Edmund Thornley, Curate of Bury : of Jesus College, Cambridge ; B.A. 


50. James Peake, Vicar of Bowdon : Fellow of Magdalene College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1672, M.A. 1676. 

51. Thomas Mallory, Rector of Mobberley : of Brazennose College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1682. [This parish is still in the gift of the Mallorys and held 
by one.] 

52. Thomas Faulkner, Vicar of Middlewich : of Brazennose College, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1673. Afterwards took the oaths. 

53. John Crane, Curate of Winwick : of Caius College, Cambridge ; B.A. 

1664, M.A. 1668. 

54. John Oakes, Vicar ofWhitegate: of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford; B.A. 


55. Ralph Standish, Rector of : of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; 

B.A. 1677, M.A. 1681. 

56. Humphrey Oneley Vanogden, Rector of Little Budworth : of Christ 

Church, Oxford; B.A. 1674. 

57. Ralph Lowndes, Rector of Eccleston : ' of Caius College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1684, M.A. 1688. 

58. Matthew Wright, Curate of Warmingham : of Brazennose College, 

Oxford; B.A. 1678. 

59. John Farringdon, Rector of Church Minshull : of Queen's College, 

Oxford; B.A. 1673. 

60. Richardson, Curate of Nether Peover. 

61. Philip Egerton, Rector of Astbury : of Brazennose College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1683, M.A. 1686, B.D. and D.D. 1707." Afterwards took 
the oath. 

62. Richard Cumberland, Curate of Tabley. 

63. John Yates, Curate of Lymm : of Emmanuel College, Cambridge ; B.A. 

1678, M.A. 1682. 

64. Cuthbert Allen, Vicar of Hornby : of Christ's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 

1672, M.A. 1676. 

65. John Pickering, Schoolmaster of Middlewich. 

66. Philip Hutton, of West Witton : of Christ Church Oxford ; B.A. 


' Doubtless a son of Ralph Lowndes of Middlewich, whose rec.Tnlalion is given in 
KeitUwclts Appendix, signed R. L., Senior, and witnessed R. L., Junior. 

2 Son of Sir Philip Egerton, Knt., and ancestor to the present Sir Philip Egerton, Bart. 

Supplement to tbe Xeaitiniist Tkalen^ac tot 1 910 193 

67. John Davis or Davie, Vicar of Frodsham. 

68. Henry Wood, Chaplain to Mr. Cholmondeley of Holford.^ 

69. Thomas Lightfoot, Vicar of Roxby : of St. John's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1687. 

70. Henry Guy, of Kendall, not beneficed : of Queen's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1667, M.A. 1670. 

Wiocc6C ot Cbicbcster 

71. John Lake, Bishop: of College, Cambridge; D.D. 1 66 1. Died 

August 30, 1689. 

72. Robert Jenkin, Precentor, Chaplain to the Bishop, Vicar of Worthing 

and of Waterbeach [diocese of Ely] : of St. John's College, Cambridge ; 
B.A. 1677, M.A. 1681, D.D. 1709. Afterwards took the oath, and 
became Master of St. John's College, and Lady Margaret Professor 
of Divinity. Died April 7, 1727. 

73. William Snatt, Prebendary of [Seaford] Chichester, and Vicar of Cuck- 

field : of Magdalene College, Oxford ; B.A. 1664. Died December 
30, 1 72 1. [For his connection with the "Assassination" Plotters, 
1696, see Macaulay's History and Lathbury's Nonjuror s.^ 

74. Charles Smith, Vicar of Sompting and Rector of Coombe : of St. Peter's 

College , Cambridge ; B.A. 1668. 

75. Edward Wilson, Rector of Blatchington : D.D. 

76. Lewis Roberts, Vicar of West Firle and Beddingham : of Brazennose 

College, Oxford ; B.A. 1683. 

77. John Pickering, Vicar of Ferring, South Heighton, and Westham : of 

St. Alban Hall, Oxford ; B.A. 1670, M.A. 1673. 

78. Robert Nowell, Vicar of Seaford and Bishopstone : of Christ's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1673, M-A. 1677. 

79. Thomas Brett, Vicar of West Dean and Rector of Folkington. 

80. William Carr, Rector of Jevington, 

81. George Dawkins, Vicar of Icklesham : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1676, M.A. 1680, B.D. 1688. 

82. Thomas Fades, Vicar of Chiddingly. 

83. John Moor, Vicar of Rustington. 

Btoccse of St. DavtD's 

84. Michael Owen, Vicar of Langhorne and Rector of Eglwys-Cummin : 

of Christ's Church, Oxford; B.A. 1660. 

85. Timothy Powell, Vicar of St. Cleers and Rector of Robeston West : of 

Jesus College, Oxford ; B.A. 1674, M.A. 1677. 

86. Thomas Powell, Curate of Crunwere. 

87. John Lewis, Curate of Bolston. 

88. Thomas Davis, Rector of Yerbeston : M.A. 

89. William Prichard, Vicar of Eglwysword : of Wadham College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1680. Penitent. 

2)loce0e of 2)urbam 

90. Dennis Granville (brother to the Earl of Bath), Dean and Archdeacon 

of Durham, Rector of Easington, Elwick, and Sedgefield : of Exeter 
College, Oxford ; M.A. 1660, D.D. 1670. Died April 7, 1703. 
1 Probably Charles C, M.P. for Cheshire. 

194 Supplement to tbe XeQltimlst 1Ralen&ar for 191° 

91. Abraham Yapp, Precentor, and Curate of Witton Gilbert. 

92. John Hope, Curate of Easington : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1685. 

93. Nicholas Kendall, Curate oflElwick : of Exeter College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1677, M.A. 1679. 

94. John Cock, Vicar of St. Oswald's, Durham : of Christ's College, 

Cambridge; M.A. 1672. 

95. Grey, Curate in Newcastle. Went to France and changed his 


96. William Kirby, Vicar of Wickham. 

97. Thomas Baker, Rector of Long Newton and Chaplain to the Bishop : 

Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1677, M.A. 1681, 
B.D. 1688. Died July 2, 1740. [The well-known antiquary.] 

98. Charles Maddison, Vicar of Chester-le-Street : of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1681, M.A. 1685. 

99. Luke Mawburne, Rector of Crayke : of Magdalene College, Cambridge ; 

M.A. llit. reg.l 1663. 

100. Matthew Johnson, Curate of Kelloe : 'of Lincoln College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1683, M.A. 1686. Afterwards took the oath. 

1 01. Thomas Davison, Curate of Norton : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1684, M.A. 1688. Afterwards took the oath. 

SiOCCSC Ot lElB (see University of Cambridge) 
{The Ely Instihition Registers for this date are missing) 

102. Francis Turner, Bishop: of New College, Oxford; M.A. 1662, B.D. 

and D.D. 1669. Died November 2, 1700. 

103. Francis Roper, Canon of the Sixth Stall and Rector of Northwold 

(diocese of,Norwich) : Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 
1662, M.A. 1666, B.D. 1673. Died April 13, 1719. 

104. Thomas Turner, Canon of the Seventh Stall, and President of Corpus 

Christi College, Oxford. 

105. John Dowsing, Precentor: of St. John's College, Cambridge; B.A. 

1673, M.A. 1677. 

106. George Harbin, Chaplain to the Bishop, and to Lord Weymouth : of 

Emmanuel College, Cambridge; B.A. 1686. Died September 17, 
1744. (See N. CJ^ Q., Eighth Ser., i. 214.) 

107. John Fitzwilliam, Rector of Cottenham and Canon of Windsor : of 

Magdalene College, Oxford ; B.D. 1666, D.D. 1677. Died 1699. 

108. John Mallabarr, Curate of Cottenham : of Christ's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1675, ^I-A. 1679. 

109. Richard Oldham, Rector of Stretham : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673, B.D. 1681. 
no. Thomas Hall, Rector of Castle Camps: of Corpus Christi College, 
Cambridge: B.A. 1660, M.A. 1664, B.D. 1671. 

111. John Slater, Vicar of Chatteris. 

112. Thomas Dresser, Rector of Westley : of St. Catharine's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1675, M.A. 1679. 

113. Thomas Brookes, Rector of Conington : of Jesus College, Cambridge ; 

ALA. 1660. Afterwards took the oath. 

114. John Heron, Chaplain to Lord Preston: of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1687. 

Supplement to tbe Xeottimist Ikalenbar for 191° 195 

115. Thomas Leche, Vicar of Foxton : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1667, M.A. 1671, B.D. 1678. 

116. Thomas Johnson, Vicar of Madingley : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1677, M.A. 1681. 

117. Thomas Thomkinson, Vicar of Holy Trinity, Cambridge: Fellow of 

St. John's College, Cambridge; B.A. 1671, M.A. 1675, B.D. 1682. 

118. Joshua Hobson, Vicar of All Saints, Cambridge : Fellow of St. John's 

College, Cambridge; B.A. 1678, M.A. 1682. 

119. Jerman Patrick, Curate of Haddenham : of Caius College, Cambridge; 

B.A. 1668, M.A. 1672. 

120. March. 

Diocese of Bjetec 

121. Thomas Long, jun., Prebendary and Rector of Whimple : of Corpus 

Christi College, Oxford; B.A. 1667, M.A. 1670. 

122. Thomas Crosthwaite, Prebendary: of Queen's College, Oxford; B.A. 

1660, M.A. 1664, B.D. 1677, D.D. 1684. 

123. Robert Manly, Rector of Powderham : of Sidney Sussex College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1688. 

124. Edmund Ellys, Rector of East Allington. 

125. Abednego Seller, Vicar of St. Charles, Plymouth. 

126. Charles Hutton, Rector of Up-Lyme. 

127. Lewis Southcomb, Rector of Rose Ash : of Trinity College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1674. Penitent. He seems, however, to have retained his 
living, probably because he was also patron, as Southcombs are still 
patrons and incumbents. (See N. iSr" Q., Sixth Ser., xi. 11, and 
Plumptre's Life of Ken.) 

128. Lewis Southcomb, jun. 

129. Matthew NichoUs, jun.. Curate of Eggesford : of St. Alban Hall, 

Oxford; B.A. 1684. 

130. James Beaufort, Vicar of Lanteglos by Camelford : of Exeter College, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1672, M.A. 1674. 

131. Thomas Polwhele, Vicar of Newlyn : of Exeter College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1667, M.A. 1671. 
132. , Curate of Tiverton. 

133. Henry Gandy, Rector of St. Leonard's, Exeter : Fellow of Oriel 

College, Oxford ; B.A. 1670, M.A. 1674. Afterwards a Bishop. 

Diocese of Gloucester 

134. Robert Frampton, Bishop: of Christ Church, Oxford ; B.D. and D.D. 

1673. Died May 25, 1708. 

135. Thomas Bayley, Rector of Slimbridge : Fellow of Magdalene College, 

Oxford; B.A. 1662, M.A. 1665, B.D. 1675, D.D. 1684. After- 
wards took the oath. President of Magdalene College 1702. Died 

136. Humphrey Jervis, — , of : of St. Alban Hall, Oxford; B.A. 


137. James Kirkham, Rector of Wickwar. 

138. William Robinson, Vicar of Stonehouse : of Christ Church, Oxford; 

B.A. 166S, M.A. 1671. 

139. Richard Saffyn, Vicar of Berkeley. 

140. Joseph Perkins, Curate of : Penitent of Oriel College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1679. 

196 Supplement to tbe Xeottimtst Ikalenbar tor 19 10 

141. John Talbot, Rector of Fretherne : Fellow of St. Peter's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1663, M.A. 1671. Afterwards Bishop for America. 
Died 1727, having taken the oath. 

IDlocese of IbeveforD 

142. Samuel Benson, Archdeacon and Prebendary of (Warham and 

Ayleston) Hereford, and Vicar of Sellack : of Christ Church 
Oxford; B.A. 1668, M.A. 1671. Retained his living. Died 1725. 

143. Thomas Mason, Rector of Holme Lacy. 

144. John Howell, Rector of New Radnor: of Trinity College, Oxford; 

B.A. 1677, M.A. 1680. 

145. Richard Lloyd, Curate of Bridstow and Yarpole : M.A. 

146. James Gwillym, ^'^icar of Harewood, donative : of Baliol College, 

Oxford; B.A. 1679, M.A. 1682. 

147. William Morse, Rector of Llanwarne. 

148. Thomas Edwards, son of the Vicar of Kingston. 

149. John Scandrett, Vicar of Madeley : of Queen's College, Oxford; B.A. 


1 50. Richard Holder, Curate of Stanford Bishop : of Magdalene Hall, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1678, RLA. 1681. Afterwards took the oath. 

151. John Wagstaffe, Rector of Little Wenlock : of St. Catharine's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1673, M.A. 1677. 

152. Edward Farmar, Vicar of Montford : of Christ Church, Oxford ; B.A. 

1659, M.A. 1662. 

153. John Prichard of Winforton : of All Souls' College, Oxford; B.A. 


154. John Shawley, Chaplain to Lord Lexington : of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673. 

155. Daniel Bailey, of . 

156. Hunt. 

157. Palmer. 

Diocese ot XtcbfielO 

158. Thomas Brown, Archdeacon of Derby, and Prebendary of (Stotfold) 


159. Thomas Wagstaffe, Chancellor of the Church, and Rector of St. 

Margaret Pattens, London : of New Inn Hall, Oxford ; B.A. 1664, 
M.A. 1667. Afterwards a Bishop. 

160. Richard Ensor, Rector of Heckham (?) : of Magdalene College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1664, M.A. 1668. 

161. John Kettlewell, Vicar of Coleshill : Fellow of Lincoln College, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1674, ]\LA. 1677. Died April 12, 1695. 

162. Thomas Jacomb, Master of the Free School, Coleshill. 

163. Digby Bull, Rector of Sheldon : of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1672, M.A. 1676. 

164. Richard Lake, Rector of Avon Dassett : of Sidney Sussex College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673. 

165. Smith, Vicar of Liltlc Packington. 

166. Chamberlain Hamerley, \'icar of Burton Dassett : of Clare College, 

Cambridge; M.A. 1681. 

167. David Edmunds, Rector of Kenilworlh : of Jesus College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1674, M.A. 1677. Penitent. 

Supplement to tbe Xeoitimist 1f^alen^ar for 1910 197 

168. Simon Cayley, Curate of Barston (donative), in Berkeswell, and 

Chaplain to the Earl of Aylesbury : of Emmanuel College, Cam- 
bridge ; B.A. 16S1, M.A. 16S5. Afterwards took the oath. 

169. Henry Burdyn, Vicar of Beighlon : of Magdalene College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1673. 

170. Jonathan Cope, Vicar of Betley and Chaplain to Sir John Egerton : 

of Jesus College, Cambridge; B.A. 1683, M.A. 1687. 

171. John Bayley, , of Tettenhall. 

172. Thomas Wilson, Rector of Arrow. 

173. Thomas Wilson, jun., son of the above, 

174. Kent, Curate of Tissington. 

175. Oldham, Chaplain to the Earl of Chesterfield, 

H)iocesc of Xincolu 

176. Richard Carr, Prebendary and Vicar of Huntingdon : of Christ's 

College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1677, M.A. 1671, Died January 26, 

177. William Erskine, Vicar of Wrangle, Afterwards took the oaths. 

178. Ingram More, Vicar of Mumby and Strubby : of Pembroke College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1671. 

179. Jerman Dunn, Rector of Waddington : of St. Catharine's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1673, M.A. 1677. Afterwards took the oaths. 

180. Michael Mitchell, Vicar of Pinchbeck : of Clare College, Cambridge ; 

M.A. 1663. 

181. Hansted, Rector of Searby, 

182. Gosling of . 

183. Richard Hall, Rector of Kettlethorpe. 

184. John Davenport, Rector of West Rasen. Afterwards took the oaths 

and became Vicar of Great Wigston, Died 170S. 

185. Jones of . 

186. Willet of Tattershall. 

187. Daniel Potenger, Rector of Nettleton : of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1668, M.A. 1671, B.D. 1678. 

188. Charles W'olley, Rector of North Somercotes : of Emmanuel College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1673, M.A. 1677. Afterwards took the oath. 

189. John Watson, Rector of Saltfleetby, St. Clements. 

190. Martin Pinchbecke, Curate of Freiston and Schoolmaster at Butter- 

wick : of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; B.A. 1664, M.A. 1672, 

191. Christopher Cole, Rector of Billesdon. 

192. William Whatton, Chaplain to the Earl of Rutland : of Trinity College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1674, M.A. 1678. 

193. Anthony Moy, Chaplain to the Lord Ferrars of Chartley, 

194. Vincent, Curate of . 

195. Ludlam, Vicar of Great Dalby, near Melton Mowbray, 

196. Edward Maston, Vicar of Little Dalby. 

197. John Lowthorp, Rector of Coston : of St. John's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1679, M.A. 1683. 

198. Charles Pocklington, Rector of Brington, Bythorn, and Old Weston : 

of St. John's College, Cambridge; B.A. 1680, M.A. 1684, 

199. John Gilbert, Vicar of RIedmenham. 

200. James Daillon (Count de Lude), A'icar of Wrawljy-cum-Langley. 

198 Supplement to tbe Xegttfmist Ikalenbar tor 1 910 

201. Thomas Boteler, Vicar of Marsworth : Fellow of Trinity College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1662, M.A. 1666. 

202. Arthur Battel, Curate of Hertford and Usher at the School. Died 

February 20, 1734 (Rawlinson). 

203. Aaron Hodgson, Curate of and Usher of Stanstead Abbotts 

School : of Christ's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1679, M.A. 1683. 

204. Pulford, of Herts. 

205. Alexander Horton, Rector of Kelshall : of Oriel College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1677, afterwards Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
M.A. 1681. Brother-in-law to Bishop Turner of Ely. 

206. Jeremiah Donne. Afterwards took the oath. 

207. William Berkley, Rector of Clophili. 

208. George Watson, Rector of Millbrook. 

209. Forster, Curate of Tempsford. 

210. Henry Wall, Chaplain to the Countess of Kent. ' 

211. Dobree, Rector of Sansthorpe and Aswardby. 

Wioccec of XanOatf 

212. Nicholas James, of Tregare. 

213. Boteler, Rector of Cadoxton. 

214. Babington, Vicar of Trelleck. 

Diocese of XonCton 

215. Thomas Turner, Archdeacon of Essex and Prebendary (of Mapesbury) : 


216. Joseph Crowther, Precentor of St. Paul's and Prebendary (of Browns- 

wode) ; also Principal of St. Mary Hall, Oxford, Prebendary of 
Worcester, and Rector of Tredington : of St John's College, Oxford ; 
D.D. 1660. Died December 16, 1689. 

217. Richard Newcourt, Registrar of the Bishop's Court. Died 17 16. 

218. William Sherlock, Master of the Temple, Lecturer of St. Dunston's in 

the West, and Rector of Therfield : of St. Peter's College, Cambridge ; 
B.A. 1661, M.A. 1665, D.D. 1680. Afterwards took the oaths and 
was Dean of St. Paul's. Died June ig, 1707. 

219. Richard Pearson, Rector of St. Michael's, Crooked Lane : of Emmanuel 

College, Cambridge; B.A. 1666, M.A. 1670. 

220. John Audley, Vicar of St. Catharine Cree Church. 

221. Alexander Innes, Rector of St. Martin Vintry and St. Michael Royal. 

222. John Leake, Lecturer of St. Giles Cripplegate, and St. Michael 

Queenhithe. Died November 18, 1724 (Rawlinson). 

223. William Horton, Master of the Haberdashers' School. 

224. John Wood, Chaplain at Christ Church. 

225. Shadrach Cooke, Lecturer of Islington and Rector of Tanfield (dioc. 

of Chester) : of Christ's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1674, M.A. 1678. 
Afterwards took the oaths, became Vicar of Faversham and Sitting- 
bourne, and died December 6, 1724. 

226. William Maxwell, Curate of Wapping Chapel. 

227. Edward Bunnys, Curate of St. Dionis Backchurch : of St. John's 

College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1679. 

228. Nathaniel Uolford, Chaplain to the Duchess of Buckingham. 

229. Thomas Aston, Chaplain to the Earl of Clarendon : of St. Peter's 

College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1670, M.A. 1676. 

Supplement to tbe Xeoitimtst 1^Jalen^ar for 19^0 199 

230. Charles Bankes, Curate of St. Christopher's and Vicar of Cheshunt : 

of Brazennose College, Oxford; B.A. 1683. 

231. Pigeon, Curate of St. Andrew's, Undershaft. 

232. David Lindsay, Curate of Croydon. Afterwards took the oath. 

233. Richard Milles, Vicar of Ridge. Afterwards took the oath. 

234. Hill. Penitent. 

235. Arthur Pert: of Queen's College, Cambridge; B.A. 1684, M.A. 


236. James Flesher : of Christ Church, Oxford; B.A. 1681, M.A. 1683. 

237. Henry Hall : of St. John's College, Cambridge (son of the Rector of 

Castle Camps, No. no). Afterwards a Bishop. 

238. Joseph Hall. (Also son of the Rector of Castle Camps.) 

239. Ambrose Bonwicke, Headmaster of Merchant Taylors' School : of St. 

John's College, Oxford; B.A. 1672, M.A. 1675, B.D. 1682. (See 
Mayor's Life of his son Ambrose. ) 

240. Lawrence Howell, Master of Epping School : of Jesus College, Cam- 

bridge ; B.A. 1684, M.A. 1688. Died in Newgate July 19, 1720. 

241. Osborn, Curate of Aldgate. 

242. Jeremy Collier, Lecturer of Gray's Inn : of Caius College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1673, M.A. 1676. Afterwards a Bishop. 

243. Charles Trumbull, Rector of Stisted, and of Hadleigh (dioc. of Norwich), 

and Chaplain to Archbishop Sancroft : of Christ Church, Oxford ; 
B.A. 1667, B.C.L. 1670, D.C.L. 1677. (Brother to Sir William 
Trumbull, Secretary of State to William iii.) 

244. Samuel Dod, Vicar of Chigwell : Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1663, M.A. 1667. 

245. Gabriel Woodroffe, Vicar of Felsted : of Pembroke College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1676. 

246. Samuel Thurkettle, Rector of Littleton : of Christ's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1666, M.A. 1670. 

247. George Speed, Master of the School in St. Mary Axe. 

248. Castle, Reader of Ormond Chapel. 

249. James Ellerby, M.A., Vicar of Chiswick. 

250. Willoughby Mynors, Curate of Shoreditch : of Magdalene College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1711, M.A. 1715. 

251. Scott, Curate of Highgate. 

252. Isaac Sharpe, Curate of Stepney : Fellow of Magdalene College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1680, M.A. 1684. 
253- John Sherwell, Reader at Covent Garden : of Magdalene College, 
Cambridge; B.A. 1663, M.A. 1667. 

254. Gilbert Sutton, Trinity College, Cambridge. 

255. Richard Welton, Rector of Whitechapel : of Caius College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1691, M.A. 1695, D.D. 1708. Afterwards a Bishop. 

256. Nicholas Zinzano, of St. Martin's Outwich : of St. John's College, 

Oxford; B.A. 1691, M.A. 1694. 

257. Leigh, Choir Master of St. Mary Overy, Southwark. 

258. John Lindsay, Minister of Trinity Chapel, Aldersgate Street. 

259. Patrick Cockburn, Curate of St. Dunstan's. Afterwards took the oath. 

260. William Law (the well-known author) : Fellow of Emmanuel College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1708, M.A. 1712. Died April 9, 1761. 

261. Thomas Carte (the historian) : of Brazennose College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1702, M.A. King's College, Cambridge, 1706. Died April 2, 1754. 

262. Robert Nelson (author of Fasts and Festivals) : of Trinity College, 

Cambridge. Afterwards took the oath. Died January 16, 17 15. 

200 Supplement to tbe Xecitimlst Ikalenbar tor 1910 

"Bloccsc of morwicb 

263. William Lloyd, Bishop : of St. John's College, Cambridge; D.D. 1670. 

Died January i, 17 10. 

264. Gawen Nash, Minor Canon, and Vicar of IMelton : of Trinity College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1671, M.A. 1675. 

265. John Shaw, Minor Canon, and Vicar of Carleton. 

266. Richard Tisdale, Chaplain to the Bishop and Rector of Felthorpe : oi 

Queen's College, Cambridge; B.A. 1685. 

267. Thomas Wright, Vicar of Wymondham. 

268. Richard Kerrington, Rector of Tacolneston : of Pembroke College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1676, M.A. 1680, 

269. Thomas Stone, Rector of Hempstead : of Corpus Christi College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1662, M.A. 1667. 

270. Robert Munsey, Rector of Bawdeswell. 

271. Daniel Brett, Vicar of Hockham : of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1673, M.A. 1677. 

272. Bernard Skelton, Rector of Cantley. 

273. Thomas Verdon, Rector of Great Snoring : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673, B.D. 1681. 

274. John Gibbes, Rector of Gissing : of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge ; 

B.A, 1663, M.A. 1667. 

275. Francis Barber, Curate of , Norwich. 

276. Giles Wilcox, Rector of Bisley and Curate of Bungay. 

277. Hildyard, Chaplain to the Countess of Yarmouth, 

278. Henry Day, Rector of Hunstanton : of Trinity College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1668, M.A. 1672. 

279. Nathaniel Bisbie, Rector of Long Melford : of Christ Church, Oxford ; 

D.D. 1668. 

280. Edmund Beeston, Rector of Sproughton and Melton : of Trinity College, 

Cambridge ; M.A. 1660. 

281. Anthony Bokenham, Rector of Helmingham. 

282. John Owen, Rector of Tuddenham. 

283. Samuel Edwards, Vicar of Eye and Rector of Weston. 

284. William Gyffard, Rector of Great Bradley : of Queen's College, 

Cambridge; B.A, 1673, M.A. 1677. 

285. Stephen Newson, Rector of Hawkedon : of Queen's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1660, M.A. 1664. 

286. Abraham Salter, Vicar of Edwardstone : of St. Catharine's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A. 1680, M.A. 1684. 

287. George Gipps, Rector of Brockley : of Magdalene Hall, Oxford; B.A. 

1669, M.A. 1672. 

288. Thomas Ross, Rector of Rede, 

289. Thomas Rogerson, Rector of Ampton : of Trinity Hall, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1678, M.A. 1682. 

290. William Phillips, Curate of Long Melford : Fellow of St. Catharine's 

College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1684, M.A. 16S8. 

291. William Kerrington, Curate of Depden : of Pembroke College, Cam- 

bridge ; B.A. 1678, M.A. 1682. 

292. Richard Lake, Curate of Parham : of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673. 

293. Michael Gilbert, Curate of Spexhall : of Jesus College, Cambridge; 

B.A. 1687, 

294. Jonathan Moor, Schoolmaster at Long Melford. 

Supplement to tbe Xeciitimist malen^ar for 191 o 201 

295. Richard Webster, Rector of Glemsford : of Caius College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673. Afterwards took the oath. 

296. James Smith, Rector of Loiind. Afterwards took the oath. 

297. Samuel Richardson, Curate of Little Bradley. Afterwards took the 

29S. Edward Pretty, Rector of Little Cornard : of Corpus Christi College, 
Cambridge; B.A. 1677. Penitent. Afterwards again took the 
oath, and was M.A. of Clare College, 1711. 

299. Richard Kipping, Chaplain to the Bishop and Rector of Fakenham (?) : 

of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; B.A. 1665, M.A. 1669. 

300. Fisher, Curate of Washbrook. 

301. Mingay, Curate of Holverstone. 

302. John Pitts, Rector of St. Lawrence, Norwich : of Pembroke College ; 

B.A. 1677. 

303. Richardson, Curate of Great Thurlow. 

304. Christopher Seaman, Rector of Wiveton and Little Snoring : of Trinity 

College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1666, M.A. 1670. 

305. Francis Wace, Rector of Blakeney : of Caius College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1681, M.A. 1685. 

306. Cole, Rector of Chelsworth. 

"JDiOCCBC of ©jtOrD (see University of Oxford) 

307. Edward Winford, Rector of Harpsden : of All Souls' College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1670, ALA. 1674, B.D. 1682, D.D. 1687. 

308. William Cole, Vicar of Charlbury ; Fellow of St. John's College, 

Oxford. Died March 10, 1735. 

309. Lawrence Squibb, Vicar of Stanton St. John : of New College, Oxford; 

B.C.L. 1670. He, however, retained his living. 

310. Roger Laurence, M.A. 17 13. Afterwards a Bishop. 

311. Richard Rawlinson : of St. John's College, Oxford; B.A. 1711, 

M.A. 1713, D.C.L. 1719. Afterwards a Bishop. 

312. Timothy Mawman : of Queen's College, Oxford; B.A. 1705. After- 

wards a Bishop. 

313. Samuel Parker, son of the Bishop of Oxford, and author oi Bibliotheca 

Biblica. Died July 14, 1730. Ancestor of J. H. Parker, M.A., and 
other Parkers of Oxford. 

Diocese ot ^eterborougb 

314. Thomas White, Bishop. Died May 30, 1698. 

315. John Hughes, Minor Canon, and Curate of Eye. 

316. John Bagshaw, Vicar of Sibbertoft : of Christ Church, Oxford; B.A. 

1674, M.A. 1677, B.D. 1685. 

317. Thomas Arnold, Rector of Deene : of St. Peter's College, Cambridge ; 

LL.D. 1680. 

318. Moses Some, Rector of Broughton : of Sidney Sussex College, Cam- 

bridge; B.A. 1667, M.A. 1671. 

319. Boteler, Rector of Litchborough. 

320. John Cuffe, Rector of Wicken. 

321. Hilkiah Bedford, Rector of Whittering : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1683, M.A. 1687. Afterwards a Bishop. 

322. Jonathan Ives, Vicar of St. Giles, Northampton : of St. Edmund Hall, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1673, M.A. 1676. 

323. John Wilson, Rector of , Northampton. 

202 Supplement to tbe Xegttfmist 1fjalen&ar for 191° 

324. Samuel Hawes, Rector of Braybrooke and Chaplain to Lord Griffin : 

of Trinity College, Oxford; B.A. 1672, M.A. 1676. Afterwards a 

325. John Richardson, Rector of North Luffenham. 

326. Edward Marston, Curate of Rushton : of Queen's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1678. Afterwards took the oath. 

327. William Richards, Rector of Helmdon and Lecturer of St. Andrew's, 

Newcastle: of Trinity College, Oxford; B.A. 1662, M.A. 1666. 

328. Richard Nicholls, Vicar of Welton : of New Inn Hall, Oxford; B.A. 

1682, M.A. 1685. Died December 29, 1717 ; buried at Welton. 

Diocese of TRocbester 

329. Henry Barrow, Vicar of Horton Kirby. 

330. Robert Orme, M. A., Vicar of Wouldham. Penitent. Died January 14, 

1733 (Rawlinson). 

Diocese of Salisbury 

331. Robert Tutt, Subdean. 

332. John Martin, Prebendary (of Preston) and Rector of Melcombe Horsey : 

of Trinity College, Oxford; B.A. 1670. Died November 3, 1693 

333. Nathaniel Spinckes, Prebendary (of Major Pars Altaris), and Rector of 

St, Martin's, Salisbury : of Jesus College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1673, 
M.A. 1676. Afterwards a Bishop. 

334. Thomas Smith, Prebendary of Heytesbury : Fellow of Magdalene 

College, Oxford; B.A. 1660, M.A. 1663, B.D. 1674, D.D. 1683. 
Died May 11, 17 10. 

335. William Beach, Rector of Orcheston St. George ; of Baliol College, 

Oxford; B.A. 1665, M.A. 1667, B.D. and D.D. 1685. 

336. Jonathan Davison, Vicar of Aldworth : Fellow of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1668, M.A. 1672, B.D. 1679. 

337. Henry Jones, Rector of Sunningwell. Afterwards took the oath and 

was again Rector. Died 1709. 

338. William Sloper, Schoolmaster of Wantage : of Gloucester Hall (now 

Worcester College), Oxford ; B.A. 1683. Penitent. 

339. James Barfoot, Usher of Abingdon School : of Lincoln College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1 68 1, M.A. 1684. 
340 Thomas Stampe, Rector of Langley : of Jesus College, Cambridge ; 
B.A. 1668. Penitent. {See Flumptve s Lt/c o/A'en,u. it,"], 147, 148.) 

341. Vincent, Curate of Sulhampstead. 

Diocese of Mincbester 

342. Thomas Bradly, Rector of Walton on the Hill and of Carshalton : of 

Clare College, Cambridge; B.A. 1667, M.A. 1671. 

343. Alexander Mackintosh, Rector of Woodmansterne and Cliaplain to tlie 

First Troop of Guards. 

344. John Holbrooke, Rector of Titsey. 

345. Jeremy Oakely, Rector of Sutton : of Trinity College, Oxford; B.A. 

1670, M.A. 1673. 

Supplement to tbe Xe^itimlst IRalenbar for 1 910 203 

346. William Higden, Lecturer and Curate of Camberwell : of King's 

College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1684, M.A. 1688, D.D. 1710. Afterwards 
took the oath and became Canon of Canterbury. Died August 28, 


347. John Flood, Curate of Ringwood and Vicar of Castleton. 

348. William Hanbury, Rector of Botley : of Queen's College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1669, M.A. 1672. 

349. Edward Worsley, Rector of Gatcombe, Isle of Wight : of St. Edmund 

Hall, Oxford'; B.A. 1679, 1^1- A. 1682. Son of Sir Edward Worsley, 
Knt. , a well-known Royalist. 

350. John Killingbecke : Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1670, 

M.A. 1674. 

351. Henry Johnson, Master of Wandsworth School. 

352. Thomas Lee, Master of St. Saviour's School, Southwark. 

353. Charles Buchanan, Vicar of Farnborough. Penitent,' afterwards again 

took the oaths, 

'Bioccse Of Worcester 

354. William Thomas, Bishop : of Jesus College, Oxford ; D.D. 1660. Died 

June 25, 1689. 

355. George Hickes, Dean : Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford ; B.A. 1662, 

M.A. 1665, B.D. 1675, D.D. 1679. Afterwards a^Bishop. 

356. John Griffith, Minor Canon, and Rector of St. Nicholas', Worcester : 

of Christ Church, Oxford ; B.A. 1670, M.A. 1674. 

357. Thomas Roberts, Minor Canon, and Rector of St. Swithin's, Worcester. 

358. Thomas Maurice, Minor Canon, and Curate of Claines : of Merton 

College, Oxford ; B.A. 1669. 

359. Henry Panting, Rector of St. Martin's, Worcester, and of Upton-upon- 

Severn ; M.A. of Cambridge 1688. 

360. Ralph Taylor, Rector of Stock Severn : of Trinity College, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1670, M.A. 1673, B.D. 1682, D.D. 1686. Afterwards a 

361. Ralph Norres, Vicar of South Littleton : of Christ Church, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1665. 

362. Samuel Sandys, Vicar of Willoughby : Fellow of St. Peter's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1673. 

363. Thomas Beynon, Curate of Upton-upon-Severn : of Jesus College, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1679, M.A. 1682. 

364. Thomas Keyt, Rector of Binton : of New College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1668, M.A. 1671. 

365. John March, Vicar of Long Compton : of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford ; 

B.A. 1661, M.A. 1664, B.D. 1673. 

366. John Worthington, Vicar of Offenham, and Schoolmaster of Evesham : 

Fellow of St. Peter's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1684, M.A. 1688. 

367. John Griffin, Rector of Churchill : of Merton College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1701, M.A. 1708. Afterwards a Bishop. 

2)(ocese of L^orft 

368. Samuel Crowbrow, Archdeacon of Nottingham and Prebendary of 

[Weighton] York and [North Muskham] Southwell : Fellow of 
Queen's College, Cambridge ; B.A. 1667, M.A. 1671, D.D. 1683. 

369. George Windshipp, Prebendary of York, and Rector of Malton : of St. 

John's College, Cambridge; B.A. 1675, M.A. 1681. 

J04 Supplement to tbe Xeoitimtst IRaleii^av for 19^0 

370. Holmes, Vicar-choral of York and Rector of Rustwick. 

371. John York, Vicar-choral of York and Rector of St. Peter's, York. 

372. Robert Wilson, Vicar-choral of York, Rector of Hobuston (?), Vicar of 

Welwick or Welwood, and Curate of Drypool in Holderness. 

373. John Milner, Prebendary of Ripon, and Vicar of Leeds : of Cambridge ; 

B.D. 1662 (///. reg.). 

374. Lamb, Vicar of Stillington. Penitent. 

375. Fletcher, Vicar of Marnham. 

376. John Holmes, Vicar of North Clifton. 

377. Francis Brokesby, Rector of Rowley and of Folkton : of Trinity 

College, Cambridge; B.D. 1666. Afterwards took the oaths. Died 


378. Richard Bravell, Rector of Welton : of Exeter College, Oxford; B.A. 

1666, M.A. 1669, B.D. 1680, 

379. John Symms, Rector of Langton, 

380. Henry Doughty, Curate of Robin Hood's Bay : of St. John's College, 

Cambridge ; B.A, 1686, M.A. 1689. Afterwards a Bishop. 

381. James Hope, Curate of : of Lincoln College, Oxford; B.A. 1682, 

M.A. 1685. 

382. Thomas Ross, Rector of Scalby. 

383. Thomas Ross, Rector of Hunmanby. Penitent. 

384. Richard Bosse, Vicar of Leathley : of Trinity College, Cambridge ; 

M.A. 1662. 

385. George Benlowes, Curate of Easington : of Clare College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1681. 

386. Nelson, Vicar of . 

387. Robert Montgomery. 

388. John HoUis, Vicar of Brompton : of St. John's College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1687. 

389. Brome, Rector of Middleton Tyas. Afterwards took the oath. 

390. Lucius Walker, Rector of Stokesley : of Emmanuel College, Cambridge ; 

B.A. 1667, M.A. 1671. 

391. Thomas Sagg, Reader in Christ Church, Kingston-upon-Hull : of 

Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; B.A. 1683, M.A. 1687. 

392. Marmaduke Fothergill, Rector of Skipwith : of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1673, M.A. 1677. Died September 7, 1731. 
(For a note on him, see preface to Blunt's Annotated Book of Common 
Prayer. ) 

393. Hulton or Hutton, Vicar of Bolton. 

394. Joseph Cressy, Vicar of Sheriff Hutton : of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1675. (See Plumptre's Z?/^ o/A'('«, ii. 198.) 

395. Gilbert Knight, Curate of Keyworth : of Christ Church, Oxford; B.A. 

1675, M.A. 1676. 

H)ioce5C unnamcO 

396. William Sclater : of Trinity College, Cambridge ; D.D. 1669. Known 

for his controversy on the Primitive Church with Lord Chancellor 

397. Thomas Fethplace, Curate of St. Giles (?) : of St. John's College, 

Oxford ; B.A. 1675, M.A. 1678. 

398. John Jenkins, Chaplain R.N. 

399. Creake. (Lathbury, p. 3S9. ) 

400. Holt. 

401. Thomas Brett, jun. Afterwards a Bishop. 

Supplement to tbe OLeoitiinist 1kalen^ar tot 1910 205 

TUnlversltg of ©jfor& 

{These lists from the Universities are probably of those 7uho 7uere in residence 

at the time) 

402. Roger Altham, Regius Professor of Hebrew, and Canon of Christ 

Church, 1691-97 (when he was deprived, but in 1703, on taking the 
oaths, readmitted), also Prebendary of York and Southwell : of 
Christ Church, Oxford; B.A. 1672, M.A. 1675, B.D. 1683, D.D. 
1694. Died August 15, 1714. (Not to be confounded with another 
Roger Altham, also D.D. of Christ Church (1701), who was Arch- 
deacon of Middlesex, and died February 28, 1730.) 

403. John Andrews : of Christ Church ; M.A. 

404. William Breach : of Christ Church; B.A. 1674, M.A. 1677, M.B. and 

M.D. 1687. 

405. Charles King: of Christ Church ; B.A. 1675, M.A. 1677; Chaplain to 

Mr. Chetwynd (probably John Chetwynd, M.P., of Ridge, Stafford- 

406. Robert Morgan : of Christ Church ; M.A., B.D., D.D. on taking oath 

1702 ; Prebendary of Hereford. Died 1744. 

407. John Urry, Student of Christ Church : B.A. 1686. Died 1715. 
(135). Thomas Bayley, Fellow (afterwards President) of Magdalene College. 

See above. 
(334). Thomas Smith, Fellow of Magdalene College. See above. 
(122). Thomas Crosthwaite, Fellow of Queen's College. See above, 

408. Edward Hopkins, Fellow of Lincoln: B.A. 1674, M.A. 1676, B.D. 

(133). Henry Gandy, Fellow of Oriel. See above. 
(5). Richard Jones, Fellow of Jesus. See above. 

409. John Lewis, of Jesus: B.A. 1680. 

410. Thomas Gardner, Fellow of All Souls': B.A. 1681, M.A. 1685. 
(i). Hugh Wynne, Fellow of All Souls. See above. 

411. John Bateman, Fellow of Merton : M.A. 1667, M.B. and M.D. 


412. James Acres Hall, Fellow of Brazennose. Penitent. 

413. John Adee, of Brazennose : B.A. 1688. 

414. William Pincocke, Fellow of Brazennose : B.A. 1670, M.A. 1674. 

415. Christopher Wase, of Corpus Christi, Esquire Bedell : B.A. 1684, M.A, 

1684, B.D. 1694. 

416. Francis Lee, Fellow of St. John's: B.A. 1683, M.A. 1686. (After- 

wards M.D., probably of a foreign University, perhaps Leyden. 
Doubtless the original compiler of the present lists.) 

417. William Bishop, Fellow of Baliol. 

418. Theophilus Downes, Fellow of Baliol : B.A. 1676, M.A. 1679. 

419. John Hughes, Fellow of Baliol, Chaplain to the Turkish Embassy : 

B.A. 1670, M.A. 1673, B.D. 1684. 

420. James Ellis of Oriel, Schoolmaster at Thistleworth : B.A. 1680, M.A. 


421. Henry Dodwell, of Hart Hall (afterwards Hertford College, dissolved 

1822), Camden Professor of Ancient History : M.A. incorporated 
from Dublin 16S8. Took the oath. Died June 7, 1711. 

422. William Marten, Vice- Principal of Hart Hall ; B.A. 1677, M.A. 1680. 

423. William Hind. 

2o6 Supplement to tbe Xegitimist 1kalell^ar tor 191° 


424. John Broom, j ^^ ^.^^^j^^ ^^^^^^^ 

425. William Pine, / 

426. Thomas Lewis, of Magdalene Hall. 

427. Thomas Edwards, "i 

428. Thomas Enfield, j- of Trinity College. 

429. Vincent Philips, j 

430. Bolton, "j 

431. Stephen Bowdler, 'r of Brazennose College. 

432. Stephen Sagar, J 

433. Andrews, of University College. 

434. Oswald Dykes, ) ^^ Queen's Collece 

435. Jeffery Weybergh, / *- ^ 

436. William Strahan, ^ r t> r i r^ it 

» mr-ir t> ' > of Baliol College. 

437. William Brown, J >= 

438. John Nutting, of Pembroke College. 

TUnivcrsitg ot CambrtDgc 

The first twenty -two, ( 1 1 5)-448, are the celebrated ' ' Socii Eject i " of St. fohn^s 
College, deprived at once in 17 17 

(115). Thomas Leche, B.D. ^ 

(109). Richard Oldham, B.D. |- See above. 

(273). Thomas Verdon, B.D. J 

439. John Billers : B.A. 1669, M.A. 1673, B.D. 1680. Public Orator. 

440. Robert Apleford : B.A. 1671, M.A. 1675, B.D. 1682. 

441. Thomas Alleyne : B.A. 1672, M.A. 1676, B.D. 1683. 
(117). Thomas Thomkinson, B.D. See above. 

442. John Naylor : B.A. 1675, M.A. 1679, B.D. 1686. 

443. Thomas Browne : B.A. 1675, M.A. 1679, B.D. 1687. 

444. Thomas Coke: B.A. 1676, M.A. 1680, B.D. 1688. 
(81). George Dawkins, B.D. ^ 

(97). Thomas Baker, B.D. I ^ , 
(116). Thomas Johnson, M.A. j ^ee aoove. 
(118). Joshua Hobson, M.A. j 

445. Arthur Heron: B.A. 1683, M.A. 1687. 
(321). Hilkiah Bedford, M.A. j g^e above 
(loi). Thomas Davison, M.A./ 

446. Roger Kenyon : B.A. 1685. Afterwards M.D. and Physician to the 

Court of St. Germain. Buried at St. Dunstan's in the East, April 
22, 1724. 

447. Richard Headlam : B.A. 1685. Afterwards took the oath, and was 

M.A. 1696, but must have again refused it. 
(92). John Hope, B.A. See above. 

448. William Lake: B.A. 1686. Son of the Bishop of Chichester. After- 

wards took the oath. 

449. Matthew Pearson : B.A. 1686. Afterwards took the oath, and was 

B.D. and D.D. by lit. reg. 1703. He too must have again refused. 

450. John Blackbourne, of Trinity : B.A. 1700, M.A. 1705. Afterwards a 

(201). Thomas Boteler, M.A., Fellow of Trinity. See above. 

451. Peter Redmayne, Fellow of Trinity : B.A. 1680, I\LA. 1684. 

See above. 

Supplement to tbe Xeoitiniist 1kalen5ar for 1910 207 

452. John Beaufort, Scholar of Trinity: B.A. 1696. Afterwards took the 

oath, and was M.D. 1728, 

(72). Robert Jenkin, D.D. "1 

(103). Francis Roper, B.D. [^ 

(205). Alexander Horton, M.A. j 

(380). Henry Doughty, M.A. J 

453. Charles Otway, Fellow of St. John's : B.A. 1674, M.A. 1678, LL.D. 

1688. See Monk's L?yi; of Bent ley, ii. 59. 

454. George Smith, of St. John's : B.A. 1728. Afterwards a Bishop. 

455. David Jones, of St. John's : B.A. 1686. 

456. Robert Sanderson, of St. John's: B.A. 1686. 

457. James Sanderson, of St. John's: B.A. 1687. 

458. William Emmerson, of St. John's: B.A. 16S6. 

459. Christopher Armytage, Fellow of St. Peter's College: B.A. 1680. 

M.A. 1682. 

460. John Woodward, Fellow of St. Peter's College : B.A. 1679, M.A. 

1683. Afterwards took the oath, and was D.D. 1707. 

461. Miles Barnes, Fellow of St. Peter's College : M.A. 1663, D.D. 1682. 
(366). John Worthington, Fellow of St. Peter's College. See above. 

462. John Nash, Fellow of Pembroke Hall : B.A. 1686. 

463. Henry Scrivener, Fellow of Pembroke Hall : M.B. 1686. 

464. Michael Bold, Fellow of Trinity Hall. 

465. Bartholomew Worsley, Fellow of Caius College : B.A. 1675, M.A. 


466. Thomas Tudway, of King's College: Mus. B. 1681. Afterwards took 

the oath, and was Mus.D. and Professor of Music, 1705. 

467. Ephraim Howard, Fellow of Queen's College : B.A. 1685. Afterwards 

took the oath, and was M.A. i6qo. 

468. Adam Buddie, Fellow of St. Catharine's College : B.A. 168 1, M.A. 

1685. Afterwards took the oath. 
(290), William Phillips, Fellow of St. Catharine's College. See above. 

469. William Grigg, Fellow of Jesus College: B.A. 1688. Afterwards 

took the oath, and was M.A. 1697, D.D. 1717, and Master of Clare 

470. John Maulyverer, Fellow of Magdalene College: B.A. 1666, M.A. 


471. George Major, of Emmanuel College : B.A. 1679, M.A. 1683. 


472. Stephen Philips, Scholar of Trinity College. 

473. Pinsent, \ 

474. Whiting, \ of St. John's College. 

475. Francis Rokeby, j 

5n 5relan5 

476. William Sheridan, D. D.. Bishop of Kilmore and Ardagh. Died 

October 3, 1711. 
477- Barzillai Jones, Dean of Lismore, and Treasurer of Waterford : of 
Jesus College, Oxford; B.A. 1671, M.A. 1674. 

478. John Fitzgerald, B.D., Archdeacon of Dublin. 

479. John Baynard, Archdeacon of Connor : of New College, Oxford ; B.A. 

1665, M.A. 1668. 


2o8 Supplement to tbe Xeoitimist Ikalen^ar for 191° 

480. Charles Leslie, M.A., Chancellor of Connor; the well-known apolo- 

getic. Died April 13, 1722. 

481. William Jones, Treasurer of Connor, and Chaplain to Thomas Hacket, 

Bishop of Down. 

482. Maurice Dunkyn. 

5n Scotland 

{In Scotland, as is well known, practically the whole Church was non- 
jttring, and the following names are only those of a very few of the better- 
known ones) 

483. Dr. Alexander Monro, Principal of the University of Edinburgh. 

484. Dr. Strachan, Professor of Divinity in the same. 

485. fames Gadderar, Rector of Kilmacolm, \ afterwards Bishops in Scot- 

486. John Sage, _ j land. 

487. George Brown, Minister of Kilmains. 

488. Simon Wild. 

489. Jewin. 

490. Comyns. 

491. Crawford. 

492. James Gordon, Professor of Divinity in University King's College, 

Aberdeen. Deposed by Parliamentary Commission of 1690, on 
January 25, 1697, for refusing to take oath of allegiance to William of 


( Those who refused the Abjuration Oath at the death of Ktjig James II. 
and VII.) 

1. Thomas Ackworth, Vicar of Pyrton, dioc. Oxon : Student of Christ 

Church, Oxford; B.A. 1662, M.A. 1665, B.D. 1683. 

2. William Bladon, of Woodstock : of Trinity College, Cambridge ; B.A. 

1681, M.A. 1686. 

3. Francis Giffard, Rector of Russel (or Rushall), Wilts, Salisbury. 

4. Joseph Harvey, Prebendary of Hereford, Chancellor of the Cathedral and 

Rector of Weston juxta Ross; resigned 1716: of Christ Church, 
Oxford; B.A. 1669, M.A. 1672. Died 1720. 

5. Seth Lambe, Vicar of Ealing, dioc. London : of St. John's College, 

Cambridge; B.A. 1665, M.A. 1677. 

6. Thomas Long, sen., Prebendary of Exeter : of Exeter College, Oxford ; 

B.D. 1660. 

7. Meaux, of Woodstock, Oxford. 

8. Henry Smith, Canon of Christ Church, Oxford ; B.A. 1659, M.A. 1662, 

B.D. 1671, D.D. 1674. 

9. William Thornton, Principal of Hart Hall, Oxford : of Wadham College ; 

B.A. 1662, M.A. 1665. Died September 25, 1707. 
ID. Thomas Turner, President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and 

Prebendary of London ; B.A. 1665, M.A. 1669, B.D. 1667, D.D. 

1683. Died April 30, 1714.' 
II. Thomas Worthington, of Magdalene Hall, O.xford ; B.A. 1682. Buried 

at Tamworth, March 10, 1737. 

1 Brother of Bishop Turner of Ely. Must not be confounded with Thomas Turner, Arch- 
deacon of Essex. 

Supplement to tbe Xeoltimist 1kalen^al• tor 191° 209 


1Rln0'5 College anD TUniverslts 

George Middleton, Principal. 
John Gordon, Civilist. 
James Urquhart, Regent. 
Richard Gordon, Regent. 

tlniversltg an£) illlbariscbal College 

George Keith, tenth Earl Marischal, Chancellor. 

George Liddel, Professor of Mathematics. 

Patrick Chalmers, Professor of Medicine. 

George Peacock, Regent. 

Alexander Moir, Regent. 

William Smith, Regent. 

William Merton, Regent, formerly Tutor to Earl Marischal and his brother, 

afterwards the famous Marshal Keith. 
George Keith, Regent. 

^be Cult of t^e IRopl flDart^r 

By THE Honourable Mrs. Greville-Nugent, 

Foundress and President of the Society of King Charles the Martyr. 

The veneration paid to Charles i., King and Martyr, constitutes a highly 
important feature in the history of the English Church. It is, moreover, 
bound up with the history of the nation. I propose to subjoin here a brief 
outline of its origin, partial decline, and recent revival. 

The Great Rebellion was essentially a religious as well as a political 
movement. The wind sown by Henry viii. and Elizabeth when they 
wantonly severed Ecclesia AngUcana from its ancient allegiance to the See 
of Peter, was reaped in the whirlwind of Calvinism which devastated Great 
Britain during the first half of the seventeenth century. 

At the height of this tempest arose the "White King,"' devout, learned, 
brave : of whom a great preacher eloquently said that "he could defend his 
Religion as a King, dispute for it as a Divine, and die for it as a Martyr." 
The oath " to defend the Catholic Faith," administered at his coronation, he 
made the keynote of his life, striving, as far as it lay in his power, to restore 
the traditional teaching and dignified worship of which the shepherdless sheep 
had gradually been deprived ; and strenuously opposing the attempted 
abolition of the Episcopal Hierarchy and the "sacrilegious invasions" of 
"the Church's enemies." ^ To the firmness of Charles and Archbishop Laud 
(proto-martyr of that " Eleventh Persecution ") we owe it — humanly speaking 
— that the Provinces of Canterbury and York and the now world-spread Sees 
known collectively as the "Anglican Communion," though still isolated in 
the formal schism into which Tudor rulers plunged our forefathers, can yet 
1 His own words, in " Eikon Basilik^.' 

2IO Supplement to tbe Xeaitimlst Ifcalenbar tor 1 910 

thank God that her liturgical documents and synodical enactments are 
preserved from heresy. 

Small wonder, then, that when Charles, through treaties abortive and 
battles lost, clung firmly — at the price of liberty, revenues, and life itself — to 
the doctrine of the Apostolical Succession versus Presbyterianism, he should 
be regarded as a Martyr /w vero articulo fidei by the Church for which he 

The details of his sufferings and mock-trial, his Christlike demeanour amid 
the scoffing, spitting crowd thereat, and his remarkable passion, need no 
recapitulation here. Sufficient to remember that he died in the state of grace 
essential to valid martyrdom, confessing and receiving absolution and the 
Viaticum from Bishop Juxon before, with a prayer for his murderers, " he 
knelt to the block as to a prayer-desk." Strange doves fluttered round the 
scaffold, and when his coffin had been marvellously whitened by a snowfall 
from a clear sky (as though Heaven attested his innocence) and the news 
spread of miraculous cures worked by handkerchiefs dipped in his blood, 
" proving that his late Majestic is now a Blessed Saint in Heaven," his 
canonisation by acclamation resounded through the land. Medals were 
struck displaying the emblems of martyrdom, and Bishop Duppa compiled 
prayers invoking his intercession. 

At the Restoration, Convocation hastened to decree his formal canonisation 
by the threefold method in use till the tenth century, namely, his name added 
to the Kalendar, a Proper Office for his Day compiled, and churches dedicated 
under his patronage. ^ 

His picture was hung in churches, and on the " Laud Medal" (1662) the 
Archbishop is styled Sancti Caroli Precursor. The translation of the King's 
relics to Westminster Abbey was intended. Wren designing a splendid shrine. 
But, through misappropriation of Parliamentary monies voted for this purpose, 
it was never effected, the Saint's body lying undisturbed beneath St. George's 
Chapel till 1814, when, being exposed by the profane curiosity of a Hanoverian 
prince, his physician records finding it incorrupt and emitting a sweet odour. 
His blood-stained shirt in Ashbumham church was for long the resort of 
diseased pilgrims. 

In all this we see that though Henry viii., in desecrating shrines, had 
practically extinguished the worship of the Saints in England, devotion to 
the Royal Martyr brought about a spontaneous and noteworthy recrudescence 
of Catholic teaching in this respect. 

Until circa 1760 St. Charles was ardently venerated. Later, the English 
Church, blighted and Erastianised by the Orange and Hanoverian usurpa- 
tions, gradually forgot her debt to him. The Tractarian leaders of the 
"Catholic Revival," indeed, retained the tradition; Isaac Williams and 
Keble sang of the Martyr, and Newman recalled "our own Saint Charles." 
But, with the discontinuance of the so-called "State Services" in 1859 and 
the unauthorised omission of his name from the Kalendar, there ensued what 
amounted to a ^/mj/-decanonisation.^ 

Nevertheless, though " in the sight of the unwise" it " seemed to perish," 
this cult has of late years revived in an extraordinary degree. The outcome 
of this widely re-awakening devotion is the Society of King Charles the 
Martyr, founded in 1894, when a renewal both of Puritanical iconoclasm and 

1 Benedict xiv. recognises the above as constituting valid canonisation prior to the 
tenth century, since when the right (formerly local and diocesan) of decreeing canonisations 
was transferred to Rome. The Gra;co-Russian Church still canonises independently. 

- Into this outrageous proceeding, as into all matters connected with the Acts and 
Martyrdom of St. Charles, I shall enter at greater length in my hagiographical work Flos 
Reeum Carolus, shortly, I hope, to be published. 

Supplement to tbe XeQitimfst Ikalenbar tot 1910 211 

political attempts at sacrilegious spoliation recalled the two methods of per- 
secution prevalent during the lifetime of St. Charles in so striking a manner 
as to demand a special rally to the cause of Church defence under the banner 
of the Martyr-King. 

Though but of small beginnings, our Society has increased rapidly, and 
has been instrumental in reviving the observance of January 30 in numerous 
churches both here and in America, crowded congregations assisting at the 
red Masses. Our Medal depicts the patron saint bearing palm and axe 
— instrument of his passion — with the legend Fro Ecclesia Dei. Our 
obligation is the recital of two intercessory prayers weekly for the Church. 
We shall hope, also, later on to bring a concerted effort to bear upon the 
proper authorities to restore the wrongfully expunged holy-day of obligation 
to its former place in the Kalendar. 

Meanwhile, that his prayers for our Church are being heard, who can 
doubt ? Daily we see proofs in the realisation of many projects dear to him 
whilst on earth ; the increasing restoration of the Religious, especially of 
the Contemplative Life in the English Church, and the restitution of desecrated 
abbeys to religious orders, to instance two alone. And yet another desire we 
owe to him, which though but a distant star to-day, is travelling ever nearer 
in the sky of hope: the desire to be once more "one fold under one 
shepherd." It is a significant fact that almost all the leaders of the 
"Anglo-Roman" movement (now becoming recognised as the only logical 
outcome of the Oxford Revival) are devoted clients of St. Charles. The 
late Dr. Lee, its pioneer, once wrote of this King's "earnest desire for 
Corporate Reunion" as "surely one of the brightest features in his noble 
and saintly character." The importance of such a movement, not alone 
to the English Church, but to the welfare of Christianity at large, is 
evidenced by the words of Cardinal Gibbons, "If we had the Anglicans 
with us we would conquer the world."' 

If England is ever again to be " Our Lady's dower," if the " No-Popery" 
bogey once raised by wicked men for private ends is to be finally laid, it will 
be largely due to the prayers of St. Charles Martyr that we shall owe our 
deliverance from error. I pray that in that day when Englishmen have 
expiated the sin of their forefathers and won for their Church reunion with 
the "mother and mistress of all Churches," his local canonisation may be 
ratified by Rome, and that he may be raised to the altars of an undivided 
Christendom ! 

1 See The Lamp (organ of the Anglo-Roman party, published at Graymoor, Garrison, 
N.Y., U.S.A.), vol. iii. No. 10, for October 1905, p. 147. 





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